[408] 3. Kumbhak±raj±takavaººan±

Amb±hamadda½ vanamantarasminti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto kilesaniggaha½ ±rabbha kathesi. Vatthu p±n²yaj±take (j±. 1.11.59 ±dayo) ±vi bhavissati. Tad± pana s±vatthiya½ pañcasat± sah±yak± pabbajitv± antokoµisanth±re vasam±n± a¹¹harattasamaye k±mavitakka½ vitakkayi½su. Satth± attano s±vake rattiy± tayo v±re, divasassa tayo v±reti rattindiva½ cha v±re olokento kik² aº¹a½ viya, camar² v±ladhi½ viya, m±t± piyaputta½ viya, ekacakkhuko puriso cakkhu½ viya rakkhati, tasmi½ tasmi½yeva khaºe uppannakilesa½ niggaºh±ti. So ta½ divasa½ a¹¹harattasamaye jetavana½ pariggaºhanto tesa½ bhikkh³na½ vitakkasamud±c±ra½ ñatv± “imesa½ bhikkh³na½ abbhantare aya½ kileso va¹¹hanto arahattassa hetu½ bhindissati, id±neva nesa½ kilesa½ niggaºhitv± arahatta½ dass±m²”ti gandhakuµito nikkhamitv± ±nandatthera½ pakkos±petv± “±nanda, antokoµisanth±re vasanakabhikkh³ sabbe sannip±teh²”ti sannip±t±petv± paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²ditv± “na, bhikkhave, antopavattakiles±na½ vase vattitu½ vaµµati, kileso hi va¹¹ham±no pacc±mitto viya mah±vin±sa½ p±peti, bhikkhun± n±ma appamattakampi kilesa½ niggaºhitu½ vaµµati, por±ºakapaº¹it± appamattaka½ ±rammaºa½ disv± abbhantare pavattakilesa½ niggaºhitv± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattesun”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto b±r±ºasinagarassa dv±rag±me kumbhak±rakule nibbattitv± vayappatto kuµumba½ saºµhapetv± eka½ puttañca dh²tarañca labhitv± kumbhak±rakamma½ niss±ya puttad±ra½ posesi. Tad± kaliªgaraµµhe dantapuranagare karaº¹ako n±ma r±j± mahantena pariv±rena uyy±na½ gacchanto uyy±nadv±re phalabh±rabharita½ madhuraphala½ ambarukkha½ disv± hatthikkhandhavaragatoyeva hattha½ pas±retv± eka½ ambapiº¹a½ gahetv± uyy±na½ pavisitv± maªgalasil±ya nisinno d±tabbayuttak±na½ datv± amba½ paribhuñji. “Raññ± gahitak±lato paµµh±ya sesehi n±ma gahetabbamev±”ti amacc±pi br±hmaºagahapatik±dayopi amb±ni p±tetv± kh±di½su. Pacch± ±gat± rukkha½ ±ruyha muggarehi pothetv± obhaggavibhaggas±kha½ katv± ±makaphalampi asesetv± kh±di½su.
R±j± divasa½ uyy±ne k²¼itv± s±yanhasamaye alaªkatahatthikkhandhavare nis²ditv± gacchanto ta½ rukkha½ disv± hatthito otaritv± rukkham³la½ gantv± rukkha½ oloketv± “aya½ p±tova passant±na½ atittikaro phalabh±rabharito sobham±no aµµh±si, id±ni gahitaphalo obhaggavibhaggo asobham±no µhito”ti cintetv± puna aññato olokento apara½ nipphala½ ambarukkha½ disv± “esa rukkho attano nipphalabh±vena muº¹amaºipabbato viya sobham±no µhito, aya½ pana saphalabh±vena ima½ byasana½ patto, ida½ ag±ramajjhampi phalitarukkhasadisa½, pabbajj± nipphalarukkhasadis±, sadhanasseva bhaya½ atthi, niddhanassa bhaya½ natthi, may±pi nipphalarukkhena viya bhavitabban”ti phalarukkha½ ±rammaºa½ katv± rukkham³le µhitakova t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattetv± “viddha½sit± d±ni me m±tukucchikuµik±, chinn± t²su bhavesu paµisandhi, sodhit± sa½s±ra-ukk±rabh³mi, sosito may± assusamuddo, bhinno aµµhip±k±ro, natthi me puna paµisandh²”ti ±vajjento sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹itova aµµh±si.
Atha na½ amacc± ±ha½su “atibahu½ µhitattha, mah±r±j±”ti. “Na maya½ mah±r±j±no, paccekabuddh± n±ma mayan”ti. “Paccekabuddh± n±ma tumh±dis± na honti, dev±”ti. “Atha k²dis± hont²”ti? “Oropitakesamassuk±s±vavatthapaµicchann± kule v± gaºe v± alagg± v±tacchinnaval±hakar±humuttacandamaº¹alapaµibh±g± himavante nandam³lakapabbh±re vasanti, evar³p± deva, paccekabuddh±”ti. Tasmi½ khaºe r±j± hattha½ ukkhipitv± s²sa½ par±masi, t±vadevassa gihiliªga½ antaradh±yi, samaºaliªga½ p±turahosi.
“Tic²varañca patto ca, v±si s³ci ca bandhana½;
pariss±vanena aµµhete, yuttayogassa bhikkhuno”ti.–

Eva½ vutt± samaºaparikkh±r± k±yapaµibaddh±va ahesu½. So ±k±se µhatv± mah±janassa ov±da½ datv± anilapathena uttarahimavante nandam³lakapabbh±rameva agam±si.

Gandh±raraµµhepi takkasilanagare naggaji n±ma r±j± uparip±s±de pallaªkamajjhagato eka½ itthi½ ekekahatthe ekeka½ maºivalaya½ pi¼andhitv± avid³re nis²ditv± gandha½ pisam±na½ disv± “et±ni valay±ni ekekabh±vena na ghaµµenti na viravant²”ti olokento nis²di. Atha s± dakkhiºahatthato valaya½ v±mahattheyeva pi¼andhitv± dakkhiºahatthena gandha½ saªka¹¹hitv± pisitu½ ±rabhi, v±mahatthe valaya½ dutiya½ ±gamma ghaµµiyam±na½ saddamak±si. R±j± t±ni dve valay±ni aññamañña½ ghaµµent±ni viravant±ni disv± cintesi “ida½ valaya½ ekekak±le na ghaµµesi, dutiya½ ±gamma ghaµµeti, sadda½ karoti, evameva ime satt±pi ekek± na ghaµµenti na vivadanti, dve tayo hutv± aññamañña½ ghaµµenti, kalaha½ karonti. Aha½ pana kasm²ragandh±resu dv²su rajjesu raµµhav±sino vic±remi, may±pi ekavalayasadisena hutv± para½ avic±retv± att±nameva vic±rentena vasitu½ vaµµat²”ti saªghaµµanavalaya½ ±rammaºa½ katv± yath±nisinnova t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattesi. Sesa½ purimasadisameva.
Videharaµµhe mithilanagare nimi n±ma r±j± bhuttap±tar±so amaccagaºaparivuto vivaµas²hapañjarena antarav²thi½ pekkham±no aµµh±si. Atheko seno s³n±paºato ma½sapesi½ gahetv± ±k±sa½ pakkhandi. Tamena½ ito cito ca gijjh±dayo sakuº± sampariv±retv± ±h±rahetu tuº¹ena vijjhant± pakkhehi paharant± p±dehi maddant± agama½su. So attano vadha½ asaham±no ta½ ma½sa½ cha¹¹esi. Añño gaºhi, sakuº± ima½ muñcitv± ta½ anubandhi½su. Tenapi vissaµµha½ añño aggahesi, tampi tatheva viheµhesu½. R±j± te sakuºe disv± cintesi “yo yo ma½sapesi½ gaºhi, tassa tasseva dukkha½, yo yo ta½ vissajjesi, tassa tasseva sukha½, imepi pañca k±maguºe yo yo gaºh±ti, tassa tasseva dukkha½, itarassa sukha½, ime hi bah³na½ s±dh±raº±, mayha½ kho pana so¼asa itthisahass±ni, may± vissaµµhama½sapiº¹ena viya senena pañca k±maguºe pah±ya sukhitena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti. So yoniso manasi karonto yath±µhitova t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattesi. Sesa½ purimasadisameva.
Uttarapañc±laraµµhe kapilanagare dummukho n±ma r±j± bhuttap±tar±so sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ito amaccagaºaparivuto vivaµas²hapañjare r±jaªgaºa½ olokento aµµh±si. Tasmi½ khaºe gop±lak± vajadv±ra½ vivari½su, usabh± vajato nikkhamitv± kilesavasena eka½ g±vi½ anubandhi½su. Tattheko tikhiºasiªgo mah±-usabho añña½ usabha½ ±gacchanta½ disv± kilesamaccher±bhibh³to tikhiºena siªgena antarasatthimhi pahari. Tassa pah±ramukhena ant±ni nikkhami½su, so tattheva j²vitakkhaya½ p±puºi. R±j± ta½ disv± cintesi “ime satt± tiracch±nagate ±di½ katv± kilesavasena dukkha½ p±puºanti, aya½ usabho kilesa½ niss±ya j²vitakkhaya½ patto, aññepi satt± kileseheva kampanti, may± imesa½ satt±na½ kampanakilese pah±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. So µhitakova t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattesi. Sesa½ purimasadisameva.
Athekadivasa½ catt±ro paccekabuddh± bhikkh±c±ravela½ sallakkhetv± nandam³lakapabbh±r± nikkhamma anotattadahe n±galat±dantakaµµha½ kh±ditv± katasar²rapaµijaggan± manosil±tale µhatv± niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya iddhiy± ±k±se uppatitv± pañcavaººaval±hake maddam±n± gantv± b±r±ºasinagaradv±rag±makassa avid³re otaritv± ekasmi½ ph±sukaµµh±ne c²vara½ p±rupitv± patta½ gahetv± dv±rag±ma½ pavisitv± piº¹±ya carant± bodhisattassa gehadv±ra½ samp±puºi½su. Bodhisatto te disv± tuµµhacitto hutv± geha½ pavesetv± paññatt±sane nis²d±petv± dakkhiºodaka½ datv± paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena parivisitv± ekamanta½ nis²ditv± saªghatthera½ vanditv± “bhante, tumh±ka½ pabbajj± ativiya sobhati, vippasann±ni vo indriy±ni, parisuddho chavivaººo, ki½ nu kho ±rammaºa½ disv± tumhe ima½ bhikkh±cariyapabbajja½ upagat±”ti pucchi. Yath± ca saªghatthera½, eva½ sesepi upasaªkamitv± pucchi. Athassa te catt±ropi jan± “aha½ asukanagare asukaraµµhe asukar±j± n±ma hutv±”ti-±din± nayena attano attano abhinikkhamanavatth³ni kathetv± paµip±µiy± ekeka½ g±tham±ha½su–
90. “Amb±hamadda½ vanamantarasmi½, nilobh±sa½ phalita½ sa½vir³¼ha½;
tamaddasa½ phalahetu vibhagga½, ta½ disv± bhikkh±cariya½ car±mi.
91. “Sela½ sumaµµha½ narav²raniµµhita½, n±r² yuga½ dh±rayi appasadda½;
dutiyañca ±gamma ahosi saddo, ta½ disv± bhikkh±cariya½ car±mi.
92. “Dij± dija½ kuºapam±haranta½, eka½ sam±na½ bahuk± samecca;
±h±rahet³ parip±tayi½su, ta½ disv± bhikkh±cariya½ car±mi.
93. “Usabh±hamadda½ y³thassa majjhe, calakkaku½ vaººabal³papanna½;
tamaddasa½ k±mahetu vitunna½, ta½ disv± bhikkh±cariya½ car±m²”ti.
Tattha amb±hamaddanti ambarukkha½ aha½ addasa½. Vanamantarasminti vana-antare, ambavanamajjheti attho. Sa½vir³¼hanti suva¹¹hita½. Tamaddasanti ta½ uyy±nato nikkhanto phalahetu vibhagga½ puna addasa½. Ta½ disv±ti ta½ phalahetu vibhagga½ disv± paµiladdhasa½vego paccekabodhiñ±ºa½ nibbattetv± ima½ bhikkh±cariyapabbajja½ upagatosmi, tasm± bhikkh±cariya½ car±m²ti. Ida½ so phalahetu vibhagga½ ambarukkha½ dassanato paµµh±ya sabba½ citt±c±ra½ kathesi. Ses±na½ vissajjanesupi eseva nayo. Aya½ panettha anutt±napadavaººan±– selanti maºivalaya½. Narav²raniµµhitanti v²ranarehi niµµhita½, paº¹itapurisehi katanti attho. Yuganti ekekasmi½ ekeka½ katv± eka½ valayayuga¼a½. Dij± dijanti gahitama½sapiº¹a½ dija½ avasesadij±. Kuºapam±harantanti ma½sapiº¹a½ ±d±ya ±haranta½. Samecc±ti sam±gantv± sannipatitv±. Parip±tayi½s³ti koµµent± anubandhi½su. Usabh±hamaddanti usabha½ aha½ addasa½. Calakkakunti calakkakudha½.
Bodhisatto ekeka½ g±tha½ sutv± “s±dhu, bhante, tumh±kameva ta½ ±rammaºa½ anur³pan”ti ekekassa paccekabuddhassa thuti½ ak±si. Tañca pana cat³hi janehi desita½ dhammakatha½ sutv± ghar±v±se anapekkho hutv± pakkantesu paccekabuddhesu bhuttap±tar±so sukhanisinno bhariya½ ±mantetv± “bhadde, ete catt±ro paccekabuddh± rajja½ pah±ya pabbajitv± akiñcan± apalibodh± pabbajj±sukhena v²tin±menti, aha½ pana bhatiy± j²vika½ kappemi, ki½ me ghar±v±sena, tva½ puttake saªgaºhant² gehe vas±”ti vatv± dve g±th± abh±si–
94. “Karaº¹ako kaliªg±na½, gandh±r±nañca naggaji;
nimir±j± videh±na½, pañc±l±nañca dummukho;
ete raµµh±ni hitv±na, pabbaji½su akiñcan±.
95. “Sabbepime devasam± sam±gat±, agg² yath± pajjalito tathevime;
ahampi eko cariss±mi bhaggavi, hitv±na k±m±ni yathodhik±n²”ti.
T±sa½ attho– bhadde, esa saªghatthero paccekabuddho dantapure n±ma nagare karaº¹ako n±ma kaliªg±na½ janapadassa r±j±, dutiyo takkasilanagare naggaji n±ma gandh±r±na½ janapadassa r±j±, tatiyo mithilanagare nimi n±ma videh±na½ janapadassa r±j±, catuttho kapilanagare dummukho n±ma uttarapañc±l±na½ janapadassa r±j±, ete evar³p±ni raµµh±ni hitv± akiñcan± hutv± pabbaji½su. Sabbepimeti ime pana sabbepi visuddhidevehi purimapaccekabuddhehi sam±n± ekato sam±gat±. Agg² yath±ti yath± hi aggi pajjalito obh±sati. Tathevimeti imepi tatheva s²l±d²hi pañcahi guºehi obh±santi. Yath± ete, tath± ahampi pabbajitv± eko cariss±m²ti attho. Bhaggav²ti bhariya½ ±lapati. Hitv±na k±m±n²ti r³p±dayo vatthuk±me hitv±. Yathodhik±n²ti attano odhivasena µhit±ni. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– r³p±di-odhivasena yath±µhite k±me pah±ya ahampi pabbajitv± eko cariss±m²ti. “Yatodhik±n²”tipi p±µho, tassattho– yato uparato odhi etesanti yatodhik±ni, uparatakoµµh±s±ni. Pabbajiss±m²ti cintitak±lato paµµh±ya hi kilesak±m±na½ eko koµµh±so uparato n±ma hoti niruddho, tassa vatthubh³to k±makoµµh±sopi uparatova hot²ti.
S± tassa katha½ sutv± “mayhampi kho s±mi, paccekabuddh±na½ dhammakatha½ sutak±lato paµµh±ya ag±re citta½ na saºµh±t²”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
96. “Ayameva k±lo na hi añño atthi, anus±sit± me na bhaveyya pacch±;
ahampi ek± cariss±mi bhaggava, sakuº²va mutt± purisassa hatth±”ti.
Tattha anus±sit± me na bhaveyya pacch±ti anus±sako ov±dako na bhaveyya dullabhatt± ov±dak±na½, tasm± ayameva pabbajitu½ k±lo, na hi añño atth²ti dasseti. Sakuº²va mutt±ti yath± s±kuºikena gahetv± sakuºapacchiya½ khitt±su sakuº²su tassa hatthato mutt± ek± sakuº² anilapatha½ laªghayitv± yath±rucitaµµh±na½ gantv± ekik±va careyya, tath± ahampi tava hatthato mutt± ekik± cariss±m²ti sayampi pabbajituk±m± hutv± evam±ha.
Bodhisatto tass± katha½ sutv± tuºh² ahosi. S± pana bodhisatta½ vañcetv± puretara½ pabbajituk±m± “s±mi, p±n²yatittha½ gamiss±mi, d±rake olokeh²”ti ghaµa½ ±d±ya gacchant² viya pal±yitv± nagaras±mante t±pas±na½ santike gantv± pabbaji. Bodhisatto tass± an±gamana½ ñatv± saya½ d±rake posesi. Aparabh±ge tesu thoka½ va¹¹hitv± attano ay±nayaj±nanasamatthata½ sampattesu tesa½ v²ma½sanattha½ ekadivasa½ bhatta½ pacanto thoka½ uttaº¹ula½ paci, ekadivasa½ thoka½ kilinna½, ekadivasa½ supakka½, ekadivasa½ atikilinna½, ekadivasa½ aloºaka½, ekadivasa½ atiloºaka½. D±rak± “t±ta, ajja bhatta½ uttaº¹ula½, ajja kilinna½, ajja supakka½, ajja atikilinna½, ajja aloºaka½, ajja atiloºakan”ti ±ha½su. Ta½ sutv± bodhisatto “±ma, t±t±”ti vatv± cintesi “ime d±rak± id±ni ±mapakkaloºika-atiloºik±ni j±nanti, attano dhammat±ya j²vitu½ sakkhissanti, may± pabbajitu½ vaµµat²”ti. Atha te d±rake ñ±tak±na½ datv± paµicch±petv± “ammat±t±, ime d±rake s±dhuka½ poseth±”ti vatv± so ñ±tak±na½ paridevant±naññeva nagar± nikkhamitv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± nagarassa s±manteyeva vasi.
Atha na½ ekadivasa½ b±r±ºasiya½ bhikkh±ya caranta½ paribb±jik± disv± vanditv± “ayya, d±rak± te n±sit± maññe”ti ±ha. Mah±satto “n±ha½ d±rake n±semi, tesa½ attano ay±nayaj±nanak±le pabbajitomhi tva½ tesa½ acintetv± pabbajj±ya abhiram±”ti vatv± os±nag±tham±ha–
97. “¾ma½ pakkañca j±nanti, atho loºa½ aloºaka½;
tamaha½ disv±na pabbaji½, careva tva½ car±mahan”ti.
Tattha tamahanti ta½ aha½ d±rak±na½ kiriya½ disv± pabbajito. Careva tva½ car±mahanti tvampi bhikkh±cariyameva cara, ahampi bhikkh±cariyameva cariss±m²ti.
Iti so paribb±jika½ ovaditv± uyyojesi. S±pi ov±da½ gahetv± mah±satta½ vanditv± yath±rucita½ µh±na½ gat±. Ýhapetv± kira ta½ divasa½ na te puna aññamañña½ addasa½su. Bodhisatto ca jh±n±bhiñña½ nibbattetv± brahmalok³pago ahosi.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± sacc±ni pak±setv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi, saccapariyos±ne te pañcasat± bhikkh³ arahatte patiµµhahi½su. Tad± dh²t± uppalavaºº± ahosi, putto r±hulakum±ro, paribb±jik± r±hulam±t±, paribb±jako pana ahameva ahosinti.

Kumbhak±raj±takavaººan± tatiy±.