[252] 2. Tilamuµµhij±takavaººan±

Ajj±pi me ta½ manas²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto aññatara½ kodhana½ bhikkhu½ ±rabbha kathesi. Aññataro kira, bhikkhu, kodhano ahosi up±y±sabahulo, appampi vutto sam±no kuppi abhisajji, kopañca dosañca appaccayañca p±tv±k±si. Athekadivasa½ bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, asuko n±ma bhikkhu kodhano up±y±sabahulo uddhane pakkhittaloºa½ viya taµataµ±yanto vicarati, evar³pe nikkodhane buddhas±sane pabbajito sam±no kodhamattampi niggaºhitu½ na sakkot²”ti. Satth± tesa½ katha½ sutv± eka½ bhikkhu½ pesetv± ta½ bhikkhu½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ kira tva½, bhikkhu, kodhano”ti pucchitv± “sacca½, bhante”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi aya½ kodhano ahos²”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente tassa putto brahmadattakum±ro n±ma ahosi. Por±ºakar±j±no ca attano putte “eva½ ete nihatam±nadapp± s²tuºhakkham± lokac±rittaññ³ ca bhavissant²”ti attano nagare dis±p±mokkha-±cariye vijjam±nepi sippuggahaºatth±ya d³re tiroraµµha½ pesenti, tasm± sopi r±j± so¼asavassuddesika½ putta½ pakkos±petv± ekapaµalika-up±han± ca paººacchattañca kah±paºasahassañca datv± “t±ta, takkasila½ gantv± sippa½ uggaºh±”ti pesesi. So “s±dh³”ti m±t±pitaro vanditv± nikkhamitv± anupubbena takkasila½ patv± ±cariyassa geha½ pucchitv± ±cariye m±ºavak±na½ sippa½ v±cetv± uµµh±ya gharadv±re caªkamante geha½ gantv± yasmi½ µh±ne µhito ±cariya½ addasa, tattheva up±han± omuñcitv± chattañca apanetv± ±cariya½ vanditv± aµµh±si. So tassa kilantabh±va½ ñatv± ±gantukasaªgaha½ k±resi. Kum±ro bhuttabhojano thoka½ vissamitv± ±cariya½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± aµµh±si, “kuto ±gatosi, t±t±”ti ca vutte “b±r±ºasito”ti ±ha. “Kassa puttos²”ti? “B±r±ºasirañño”ti. “Kenatthen±gatos²”ti? “Sippa½ uggaºhatth±y±”ti. “Ki½ te ±cariyabh±go ±bhato, ud±hu dhammantev±siko hotuk±mos²”ti? So “±cariyabh±go me ±bhato”ti vatv± ±cariyassa p±dam³le sahassatthavika½ µhapetv± vandi.
Dhammantev±sik± div± ±cariyassa kamma½ katv± ratti½ sippa½ uggaºhanti, ±cariyabh±gad±yak± gehe jeµµhaputt± viya hutv± sippameva uggaºhanti. Tasm± sopi ±cariyo sallahukena subhanakkhattena kum±rassa sippa½ paµµhapesi. Kum±ropi sippa½ uggaºhanto ekadivasa½ ±cariyena saddhi½ nh±yitu½ agam±si. Athek± mahallik± itth² til±ni sete katv± pattharitv± rakkham±n± nis²di. Kum±ro setatile disv± kh±dituk±mo hutv± eka½ tilamuµµhi½ gahetv± kh±di, mahallik± “taºh±luko eso”ti kiñci avatv± tuºh² ahosi. So punadivasepi t±ya vel±ya tatheva ak±si, s±pi na½ na kiñci ±ha. Itaro tatiyadivasepi tathev±k±si, tad± mahallik± “dis±p±mokkho ±cariyo attano antev±sikehi ma½ vilump±pet²”ti b±h± paggayha kandi. ¾cariyo nivattitv± “ki½ eta½ amm±”ti pucchi. “S±mi, antev±siko te may± kat±na½ setatil±na½ ajjeka½ muµµhi½ kh±di, hiyyo eka½, pare eka½, nanu eva½ kh±danto mama santaka½ sabba½ n±sessat²”ti. “Amma, m± rodi, m³la½ te d±pess±m²”ti. “Na me, s±mi, m³lenattho, yath± panesa kum±ro puna eva½ na karoti, tath± ta½ sikkh±peh²”ti. ¾cariyo “tena hi passa, amm±”ti dv²hi m±ºavehi ta½ kum±ra½ dv²su hatthesu g±h±petv± ve¼upesika½ gahetv± “puna evar³pa½ m± ak±s²”ti tikkhattu½ piµµhiya½ pahari. Kum±ro ±cariyassa kujjhitv± ratt±ni akkh²ni katv± p±dapiµµhito y±va kesamatthak± olokesi. Sopissa kujjhitv± olokitabh±va½ aññ±si. Kum±ro sippa½ niµµh±petv± “anuyoga½ datv± m±r±petabbo esa may±”ti tena katadosa½ hadaye µhapetv± gamanak±le ±cariya½ vanditv± “yad±ha½, ±cariya, b±r±ºasirajja½ patv± tumh±ka½ santika½ pesess±mi, tad± tumhe ±gaccheyy±th±”ti sasineho viya paµiñña½ gahetv± pakk±mi.
So b±r±ºasi½ patv± m±t±pitaro vanditv± sippa½ dassesi. R±j± “j²vam±nena me putto diµµho, j²vam±novassa rajjasiri½ pass±m²”ti putta½ rajje patiµµh±pesi. So rajjasiri½ anubhavam±no ±cariyena katadosa½ saritv± uppannakodho “m±r±pess±mi nan”ti pakkosanatth±ya ±cariyassa d³ta½ p±hesi. ¾cariyo “taruºak±le na½ saññ±petu½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti agantv± tassa rañño majjhimavayak±le “id±ni na½ saññ±petu½ sakkhiss±m²”ti gantv± r±jadv±re µhatv± “takkasil±cariyo ±gato”ti ±roc±pesi. R±j± tuµµho br±hmaºa½ pakkos±petv± ta½ attano santika½ ±gata½ disv±va kodha½ upp±detv± ratt±ni akkh²ni katv± amacce ±mantetv± “bho, ajj±pi me ±cariyena pahaµaµµh±na½ rujjati, ±cariyo nal±µena maccu½ ±d±ya ‘mariss±m²’ti ±gato, ajjassa j²vita½ natth²”ti vatv± purim± dve g±th± avoca–
4. “Ajj±pi me ta½ manasi, ya½ ma½ tva½ tilamuµµhiy±;
b±h±ya ma½ gahetv±na, laµµhiy± anut±¼ayi.
5. “Nanu j²vite na ramasi, yen±si br±hmaº±gato;
ya½ ma½ b±h± gahetv±na, tikkhattu½ anut±¼ay²”ti.
Tattha ya½ ma½ b±h±ya manti dv²su padesu upayogavacana½ anut±¼anagahaº±pekkha½. Ya½ ma½ tva½ tilamuµµhiy± k±raº± anut±¼ayi, anut±¼ento ca ma½ b±h±ya gahetv± anut±¼ayi, ta½ anut±¼ana½ ajj±pi me manas²ti ayañhettha attho. Nanu j²vite na ramas²ti maññe tva½ attano j²vitamhi n±bhiramasi. Yen±si br±hmaº±gatoti yasm± br±hmaºa idha mama santika½ ±gatosi. Ya½ ma½ b±h± gahetv±n±ti ya½ mama b±h± gahetv±, ya½ ma½ b±h±ya gahetv±tipi attho. Tikkhattu½ anut±¼ay²ti tayo v±re ve¼ulaµµhiy± t±¼esi, ajja d±ni tassa phala½ vind±h²ti na½ maraºena santajjento evam±ha.
Ta½ sutv± ±cariyo tatiya½ g±tham±ha–
6. “Ariyo anariya½ kubbanta½, yo daº¹ena nisedhati;
s±sana½ ta½ na ta½ vera½, iti na½ paº¹it± vid³”ti.
Tattha ariyoti sundar±dhivacanameta½. So pana ariyo catubbidho hoti ±c±ra-ariyo dassana-ariyo liªga-ariyo paµivedha-ariyoti. Tattha manusso v± hotu tiracch±no v±, ariy±c±re µhito ±c±ra-ariyo n±ma. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Ariyavattasi vakkaªga, yo piº¹amapac±yati;
caj±mi te ta½ bhatt±ra½, gacchath³bho yath±sukhan”ti. (J±. 2.21.106).
R³pena pana iriy±pathena ca p±s±dikena dassan²yena samann±gato dassana-ariyo n±ma. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Ariy±vak±sosi pasannanetto, maññe bhava½ pabbajito kulamh±;
katha½ nu citt±ni pah±ya bhoge, pabbaji nikkhamma ghar± sapaññ±”ti. (J±. 2.17.143).
Niv±sanap±rupanaliªgaggahaºena pana samaºasadiso hutv± vicaranto duss²lopi liªga-ariyo n±ma. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Chadana½ katv±na subbat±na½, pakkhand² kulad³sako pagabbho;
m±y±v² asaññato pal±po, patir³pena cara½ sa maggad³s²”ti.
Buddh±dayo pana paµivedha-ariy± n±ma. Tena vutta½– “ariy± vuccanti buddh± ca paccekabuddh± ca buddhas±vak± c±”ti. Tesu idha ±c±ra-ariyova adhippeto.
Anariyanti duss²la½ p±padhamma½. Kubbantanti p±º±tip±t±dika½ pañcavidhaduss²lyakamma½ karonta½, ekameva v± eta½ atthapada½, anariya½ h²na½ l±maka½ pañcaverabhayakamma½ karonta½ puggala½. Yoti khattiy±d²su yo koci. Daº¹en±ti yena kenaci paharaºakena. Nisedhat²ti “m± puna evar³pa½ kar²”ti paharanto niv±reti. S±sana½ ta½ na ta½ veranti ta½, mah±r±ja, akattabba½ karonte puttadh²taro v± antev±sike v± eva½ paharitv± nisedhana½ n±ma imasmi½ loke s±sana½ anusiµµhi ov±do, na vera½. Iti na½ paº¹it± vid³ti evameta½ paº¹it± j±nanti. Tasm±, mah±r±ja, tvampi eva½ j±na, na evar³pe µh±ne vera½ k±tu½ arahasi. Sace hi tva½, mah±r±ja, may± eva½ sikkh±pito n±bhavissa, atha gacchante k±le p³vasakkhali-±d²ni ceva phal±phal±d²ni ca haranto corakammesu paluddho anupubbena sandhicchedanapanthad³hanag±magh±tak±d²ni katv± “r±j±par±dhiko coro”ti saho¹¹ha½ gahetv± rañño dassito “gacchathassa dos±nur³pa½ daº¹a½ upaneth±”ti daº¹abhaya½ p±puºissa, kuto te evar³p± sampatti abhavissa, nanu ma½ niss±ya ida½ issariya½ tay± laddhanti eva½ ±cariyo r±j±na½ saññ±pesi Pariv±retv± µhit± amacc±pissa katha½ sutv± “sacca½, deva, ida½ issariya½ tumh±ka½ ±cariyasseva santakan”ti ±ha½su.
Tasmi½ khaºe r±j± ±cariyassa guºa½ sallakkhetv± “sabbissariya½ te, ±cariya, dammi, rajja½ paµicch±”ti ±ha. ¾cariyo “na me, mah±r±ja, rajjenattho”ti paµikkhipi. R±j± takkasila½ pesetv± ±cariyassa puttad±ra½ ±har±petv± mahanta½ issariya½ datv± tameva purohita½ katv± pituµµh±ne µhapetv± tassov±de µhito d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± saggapar±yaºo ahosi.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± sacc±ni pak±setv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi, saccapariyos±ne kodhano bhikkhu an±g±miphale patiµµhahi, bah³ jan± sot±pannasakad±g±mi-an±g±mino ahesu½. “Tad± r±j± kodhano bhikkhu ahosi, ±cariyo pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Tilamuµµhij±takavaººan± dutiy±.