3. Tikanip±to

1. Saªkappavaggo

[251] 1. Saªkappar±gaj±takavaººan±

Saªkappar±gadhoten±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto ukkaºµhitabhikkhu½ ±rabbha kathesi. S±vatthinagarav±s² kireko kulaputto s±sane ura½ datv± pabbajitv± ekadivasa½ s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caranto eka½ alaªkatapaµiyatta½ itthi½ disv± uppannak±mar±go anabhirato vicari. Tamena½ ±cariyupajjh±y±dayo disv± anabhiratik±raºa½ pucchitv± vibbhamituk±mabh±vamassa ñatv± “±vuso, satth± n±ma k±mar±g±dikilesap²¼it±na½ kilese h±retv± sacc±ni pak±setv± sot±pattiphal±d²ni deti, ehi ta½ satthu santika½ ness±m±”ti ±d±ya agama½su. Satth±r± ca “ki½ nu kho, bhikkhave, aniccham±nakaññeva bhikkhu½ gahetv± ±gatatth±”ti vutte tamattha½ ±rocesu½. Satth± “sacca½ kira tva½, bhikkhu, ukkaºµhito”ti pucchitv± “sacca½, bhante”ti vutte “ki½k±raº±”ti pucchi. So tamattha½ ±rocesi. Atha na½ satth± “itthiyo n±met±, bhikkhu, pubbe jh±nabalena vikkhambhitakiles±na½ visuddhasatt±nampi sa½kilesa½ upp±desu½, t±disa½ tucchapuggala½ ki½k±raº± na sa½kilesissanti, visuddh±pi satt± sa½kilissanti, uttamayasasamaªginopi ±yasakya½ p±puºanti, pageva aparisuddh±. Sinerukampanakav±to pur±ºapaººakasaµa½ ki½ na kampessati, bodhitale nis²ditv± abhisambujjhanakasatta½ aya½ kileso ±lo¼esi, t±disa½ ki½ na ±lo¼essat²”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto as²tikoµivibhave br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbattitv± vayappatto takkasil±ya½ sabbasipp±ni uggaºhitv± b±r±ºasi½ pacc±gantv± katad±rapariggaho m±t±pit³na½ accayena tesa½ matakicc±ni katv± hiraññolokanakamma½ karonto “ida½ dhana½ paññ±yati, yehi paneta½ sambhata½, te na paññ±yant²”ti ±vajjento sa½vegappatto ahosi, sar²r± sed± mucci½su. So ghar±v±se cira½ vasanto mah±d±na½ datv± k±me pah±ya assumukha½ ñ±tisaªgha½ pariccajitv± himavanta½ pavisitv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± ramaº²ye padese paººas±la½ m±petv± uñch±cariy±ya vanam³laphal±d²hi y±pento nacirasseva abhiññ± ca sam±pattiyo ca upp±detv± jh±nak²¼a½ k²¼anto cira½ vasitv± cintesi– “manussapatha½ gantv± loºambila½ upaseviss±mi, eva½ me sar²rañceva thira½ bhavissati, jaªghavih±ro ca kato bhavissati, ye ca m±disassa s²lasampannassa bhikkha½ v± dassanti, abhiv±dan±d²ni v± karissanti, te saggapura½ p³ressant²”ti.
So himavant± otaritv± anupubbena c±rika½ caram±no b±r±ºasi½ patv± s³riyatthaªgamanavel±ya vasanaµµh±na½ olokento r±juyy±na½ disv± “ida½ paµisall±nas±ruppa½, ettha vasiss±me”ti uyy±na½ pavisitv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nisinno jh±nasukhena ratti½ khepetv± punadivase katasar²rapaµijaggano pubbaºhasamaye jaµ±jinavakkal±ni saºµhapetv± bhikkh±bh±jana½ ±d±ya santindriyo santam±naso iriy±pathasampanno yugamattadassano hutv± sabb±k±rasampann±ya attano r³pasiriy± lokassa locan±ni ±ka¹¹hento nagara½ pavisitv± bhikkh±ya caranto rañño nivesanadv±ra½ p±puºi. R±j± mah±tale caªkamanto v±tap±nantarena bodhisatta½ disv± iriy±pathasmiññeva pas²ditv± “sace santadhammo n±ma atthi, imassa tena abbhantare bhavitabban”ti cintetv± “gaccha, ta½ t±pasa½ ±neh²”ti eka½ amacca½ ±º±pesi. So gantv± vanditv± bhikkh±bh±jana½ gahetv± “r±j±, bhante, ta½ pakkosat²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto “mah±puñña, amhe r±j± na j±n±t²”ti ±ha. “Tena hi, bhante, y±v±ha½ ±gacch±mi, t±va idheva hoth±”ti gantv± rañño ±rocesi. R±j± “amh±ka½ kul³pakat±paso natthi, gaccha, na½ ±neh²”ti sayampi v±tap±nena hattha½ pas±retv± vandanto “ito etha, bhante”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto amaccassa hatthe bhikkh±bh±jana½ datv± mah±tala½ abhiruhi.
Atha na½ r±j± vanditv± r±japallaªke nis²d±petv± attano samp±ditehi y±gukhajjakabhattehi parivisitv± katabhattakicca½ pañha½ pucchi. Pañhaby±karaºena bhiyyosomatt±ya pas²ditv± vanditv± “bhante, tumhe katthav±sik± kuto ±gatatth±”ti pucchitv± “himavantav±sik± maya½, mah±r±ja, himavantato ±gat±”ti vutte puna “ki½k±raº±”ti pucchitv± “vass±rattak±le, mah±r±ja, nibaddhav±so n±ma laddhu½ vaµµat²”ti vutte “tena hi, bhante, r±juyy±ne vasatha, tumhe ca cat³hi paccayehi na kilamissatha, ahañca saggasa½vattanika½ puñña½ p±puºiss±m²”ti paµiñña½ gahetv± bhuttap±tar±so bodhisattena saddhi½ uyy±na½ gantv± paººas±la½ k±retv± caªkama½ m±petv± ses±nipi rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±d²ni samp±detv± pabbajitaparikkh±re paµiy±detv± “sukhena vasatha, bhante”ti uyy±nap±la½ sampaµicch±pesi. Bodhisatto tato paµµh±ya dv±dasa sa½vacchar±ni tattheva vasi.
Athekadivasa½ rañño paccanto kupito. So tassa v³pasamanatth±ya gantuk±mo devi½ ±mantetv± “bhadde, tay± nagare oh²yitu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha. “Ki½ niss±ya kathetha, dev±”ti. “S²lavanta½ t±pasa½, bhadde”ti. “Deva, n±ha½ tasmi½ pamajjiss±mi, amh±ka½ ayyassa paµijaggana½ mama bh±ro, tumhe nir±saªk± gacchath±”ti. R±j± nikkhamitv± gato, dev²pi bodhisatta½ tatheva sakkacca½ upaµµh±ti. Bodhisatto pana rañño gatak±le nibaddhavel±ya½ ±gantv± attano rucit±ya vel±ya r±janivesana½ gantv± bhattakicca½ karoti.
Athekadivasa½ bodhisatte aticir±yante dev² sabba½ kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ paµiy±detv± nhatv± alaªkaritv± n²camañcaka½ paññ±petv± bodhisattassa ±gamana½ olokayam±n± maµµhas±µaka½ sithila½ katv± niv±setv± nipajji. Bodhisattopi vela½ sallakkhetv± bhikkh±bh±jana½ ±d±ya ±k±sen±gantv± mah±v±tap±nadv±ra½ p±puºi. Tassa vakkalasadda½ sutv± sahas± uµµhaham±n±ya deviy± sar²r± maµµhas±µako bhassittha, bodhisatto visabh±g±rammaºa½ disv± indriy±ni bhinditv± subhavasena olokesi. Athassa jh±nabalena sannisinnopi kileso karaº¹ake pakkhitta-±s²viso viya phaºa½ katv± uµµhahi, kh²rarukkhassa v±siy± ±koµitak±lo viya ahosi. Kilesupp±danena saheva jh±naªg±ni parih±yi½su, indriy±ni aparipuºº±ni ahesu½, saya½ pakkhacchinnak±ko viya ahosi. So pubbe viya nis²ditv± bhattakicca½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi nis²d±piyam±nopi na nis²di. Athassa dev² sabba½ kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ bhikkh±bh±janeyeva pakkhipi. Yath± ca pubbe bhattakicca½ katv± s²hapañjarena nikkhamitv± ±k±seneva gacchati, eva½ ta½ divasa½ gantu½ n±sakkhi. Bhatta½ pana gahetv± mah±nisseºiy± otaritv± uyy±na½ agam±si. Dev²pi assa attani paµibaddhacittata½ aññ±si. So uyy±na½ gantv± bhatta½ abhuñjitv±va heµµh±mañcake nikkhipitv± “deviy± evar³p± hatthasobh± p±dasobh±, evar³pa½ kaµipariyos±na½, evar³pa½ ³rulakkhaºan”ti-±d²ni vippalapanto satt±ha½ nipajji, bhatta½ p³tika½ ahosi n²lamakkhik±paripuººa½.
Atha r±j± paccanta½ v³pasametv± pacc±gato alaªkatapaµiyatta½ nagara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± r±janivesana½ agantv±va “bodhisatta½ passiss±m²”ti uyy±na½ gantv± ukl±pa½ assamapada½ disv± “pakkanto bhavissat²”ti paººas±l±ya dv±ra½ vivaritv± antopaviµµho ta½ nipannaka½ disv± “kenaci aph±sukena bhavitabban”ti p³tibhatta½ cha¹¹±petv± paººas±la½ paµijagg±petv± “bhante, ki½ te aph±sukan”ti pucchi. “Viddhosmi, mah±r±j±”ti. R±j± “mama pacc±mittehi mayi ok±sa½ alabhantehi ‘mam±yanaµµh±namassa dubbala½ kariss±m±’ti ±gantv± esa viddho bhavissati maññe”ti sar²ra½ parivattetv± viddhaµµh±na½ olokento viddhaµµh±na½ adisv± “kattha viddhosi, bhante”ti pucchi. Bodhisatto “n±ha½, mah±r±ja, aññena viddho, aha½ pana attan±va att±na½ hadaye vijjhin”ti vatv± uµµh±ya nis²ditv± im± g±th± avoca–
1. “Saªkappar±gadhotena, vitakkanisitena ca;
n±laªkatena bhadrena, usuk±r±katena ca.
2. “Na kaºº±yatamuttena, n±pi mor³pasevin±;
tenamhi hadaye viddho, sabbaªgaparid±hin±.
3. “¾vedhañca na pass±mi, yato ruhiramassave;
y±va ayoniso citta½, saya½ me dukkham±bhatan”ti.
Tattha saªkappar±gadhoten±ti k±mavitakkasampayuttar±gadhotena. Vitakkanisitena c±ti teneva r±godakena vitakkap±s±ºe nisitena. N±laªkatena bhadren±ti neva alaªkatena bhadrena, analaªkatena b²bhacchen±ti attho. Usuk±r±katena c±ti usuk±rehipi akatena. Na kaºº±yatamutten±ti y±va dakkhiºakaººac³¼aka½ ±ka¹¹hitv± amuttakena. N±pi mor³pasevin±ti morapattagijjhapatt±d²hi akat³pasevanena. Tenamhi hadaye viddhoti tena kilesakaº¹en±ha½ hadaye viddho amhi. Sabbaªgaparid±hin±ti sabb±ni aªg±ni paridahanasamatthena. Mah±r±ja, tena hi kilesakaº¹ena hadaye viddhak±lato paµµh±ya mama aggi paditt±niva sabb±ni aªg±ni ¹ayhant²ti dasseti.
¾vedhañca na pass±m²ti viddhaµµh±ne vaºañca na pass±mi. Yato ruhiramassaveti yato me ±vedhato lohita½ pagghareyya, ta½ na pass±m²ti attho. Y±va ayoniso cittanti ettha y±v±ti da¼hatthe nip±to, ativiya da¼ha½ katv± ayoniso citta½ va¹¹hitanti attho. Saya½ me dukkham±bhatanti attan±va may± attano dukkha½ ±n²tanti.
Eva½ bodhisatto im±hi t²hi g±th±hi rañño dhamma½ desetv± r±j±na½ paººas±lato bahi katv± kasiºaparikamma½ katv± naµµha½ jh±na½ upp±detv± paººas±l±ya nikkhamitv± ±k±se nisinno r±j±na½ ovaditv± “mah±r±ja, aha½ himavantameva gamiss±m²”ti vatv± “na sakk±, bhante, gantun”ti vuccam±nopi “mah±r±ja, may± idha vasantena evar³po vippak±ro patto, id±ni na sakk± idha vasitun”ti rañño y±cantasseva ±k±se uppatitv± himavanta½ gantv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± brahmalok³pago ahosi.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± sacc±ni pak±setv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi, saccapariyos±ne ukkaºµhitabhikkhu arahatte patiµµhahi. Keci sot±pann±, keci sakad±g±mino, keci an±g±mino, keci arahanto ahesu½. “Tad± r±j± ±nando ahosi, t±paso pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Saªkappar±gaj±takavaººan± paµham±.