[243] 3. Guttilaj±takavaººan±

Sattatanti½ sumadhuranti ida½ satth± ve¼uvane viharanto devadatta½ ±rabbha kathesi. Tasmiñhi k±le bhikkh³ devadatta½ ±ha½su– “±vuso devadatta, samm±sambuddho tuyha½ ±cariyo, tva½ samm±sambuddha½ niss±ya t²ºi piµak±ni uggaºhi, catt±ri jh±n±ni upp±desi, ±cariyassa n±ma paµisattun± bhavitu½ na yuttan”ti. Devadatto “ki½ pana me, ±vuso, samaºo gotamo ±cariyo, nanu may± attano baleneva t²ºi piµak±ni uggahit±ni, catt±ri jh±n±ni upp±dit±n²”ti ±cariya½ paccakkh±si. Bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½ “±vuso, devadatto ±cariya½ paccakkh±ya samm±sambuddhassa paµisattu hutv± mah±vin±sa½ patto”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, devadatto id±neva ±cariya½ paccakkh±ya mama paµisattu hutv± vin±sa½ p±puº±ti, pubbepi pattoyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto gandhabbakule nibbatti, “guttilakum±ro”tissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto gandhabbasippe nipphatti½ patv± guttilagandhabbo n±ma sakalajambud²pe aggagandhabbo ahosi. So d±r±bharaºa½ akatv± andhe m±t±pitaro posesi. Tad± b±r±ºasiv±sino v±ºij± vaºijj±ya ujjeninagara½ gantv± ussave ghuµµhe chandaka½ sa½haritv± bahu½ m±l±gandhavilepanañca khajjabhojj±d²ni ca ±d±ya k²¼anaµµh±ne sannipatitv± “vetana½ datv± eka½ gandhabba½ ±neth±”ti ±ha½su. Tena ca samayena ujjeniya½ m³silo n±ma jeµµhagandhabbo hoti, te ta½ pakkos±petv± attano gandhabba½ k±resu½.
M³silo v²ºa½ v±danto v²ºa½ uttamamucchan±ya mucchitv± v±desi. Tesa½ guttilagandhabbassa gandhabbe j±taparicay±na½ tassa gandhabba½ kilañjakaº¹³vana½ viya hutv± upaµµh±si, ekopi pahaµµh±k±ra½ na dassesi. M³silo tesu tuµµh±k±ra½ adassentesu “atikhara½ katv± v±demi maññe”ti majjhimamucchan±ya mucchitv± majjhimasarena v±desi, te tatthapi majjhatt±va ahesu½. Atha so “ime na kiñci j±nanti maññe”ti sayampi aj±nanako viya hutv± tantiyo sithile v±desi, te tatthapi na kiñci ±ha½su. Atha ne m³silo “ambho v±ºij±, ki½ nu kho mayi v²ºa½ v±dente tumhe na tussath±”ti. “Ki½ pana tva½ v²ºa½ v±desi, mayañhi ‘aya½ v²ºa½ mucchet²’ti sañña½ akarimh±”ti. “Ki½ pana tumhe may± uttaritara½ ±cariya½ j±n±tha, ud±hu attano aj±nanabh±vena na tussath±”ti. V±ºij± “b±r±ºasiya½ guttilagandhabbassa v²º±sadda½ sutapubb±na½ tava v²º±saddo itth²na½ d±rake tos±panasaddo viya hot²”ti ±ha½su. “Tena hi, handa, tumhehi dinnaparibbaya½ paµiggaºhatha, na mayha½ etenattho, apica kho pana b±r±ºasi½ gacchant± ma½ gaºhitv± gaccheyy±th±”ti. Te “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± gamanak±le ta½ ±d±ya b±r±ºasi½ gantv± tassa “eta½ guttilassa vasanaµµh±nan”ti ±cikkhitv± sakasakanivesana½ agami½su.
M³silo bodhisattassa geha½ pavisitv± laggetv± µhapita½ bodhisattassa j±tiv²ºa½ disv± gahetv± v±desi, atha bodhisattassa m±t±pitaro andhabh±vena ta½ apassant± “m³sik± maññe v²ºa½ kh±dant²”ti saññ±ya “sus³”ti ±ha½su. Tasmi½ k±le m³silo v²ºa½ µhapetv± bodhisattassa m±t±pitaro vanditv± “kuto ±gatos²”ti vutte “±cariyassa santike sippa½ uggaºhitu½ ujjenito ±gatomh²”ti ±ha. So “s±dh³”ti vutte “kaha½ ±cariyo”ti pucchitv± “vippavuttho, t±ta, ajja ±gamissat²”ti sutv± tattheva nis²ditv± bodhisatta½ ±gata½ disv± tena katapaµisanth±ro attano ±gatak±raºa½ ±rocesi. Bodhisatto aªgavijj±p±µhako, so tassa asappurisabh±va½ ñatv± “gaccha t±ta, natthi tava sippan”ti paµikkhipi. So bodhisattassa m±t±pit³na½ p±de gahetv± upak±ra½ karonto te ±r±dhetv± “sippa½ me d±peth±”ti y±ci. Bodhisatto m±t±pit³hi punappuna½ vuccam±no te atikkamitu½ asakkonto sippa½ ad±si. So bodhisatteneva saddhi½ r±janivesana½ gacchati. R±j± ta½ disv± “ko esa, ±cariy±”ti pucchi. “Mayha½ antev±siko, mah±r±j±”ti. So anukkamena rañño viss±siko ahosi. Bodhisatto ±cariyamuµµhi½ akatv± attano j±nananiy±mena sabba½ sippa½ sikkh±petv± “niµµhita½ te, t±ta, sippan”ti ±ha.
So cintesi– “mayha½ sippa½ paguºa½, idañca b±r±ºasinagara½ sakalajambud²pe agganagara½, ±cariyopi mahallako, idheva may± vasitu½ vaµµat²”ti. So ±cariya½ ±ha– “±cariya aha½ r±j±na½ upaµµhahiss±m²”ti. ¾cariyo “s±dhu, t±ta, rañño ±rocess±m²”ti gantv± “amh±ka½ antev±siko deva½ upaµµh±tu½ icchati, deyyadhammamassa j±n±th±”ti rañño ±rocetv± raññ± “tumh±ka½ deyyadhammato upa¹¹ha½ labhissat²”ti vutte ta½ pavatti½ m³silassa ±rocesi. M³silo “aha½ tumhehi samakaññeva labhanto upaµµhahiss±mi, na alabhanto”ti ±ha “Ki½k±raº±”ti? “Nanu aha½ tumh±ka½ j±nanasippa½ sabba½ j±n±m²”ti? “¾ma, j±n±s²”ti. “Eva½ sante kasm± mayha½ upa¹¹ha½ det²”ti? Bodhisatto rañño ±rocesi. R±j± “yadi eva½ tumhehi samaka½ sippa½ dassetu½ sakkonto samaka½ labhissat²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto rañño vacana½ tassa ±rocetv± tena “s±dhu dassess±m²”ti vutte rañño ta½ pavatti½ ±rocetv± “s±dhu dassetu, kataradivasa½ s±kacch± hot³”ti vutte “ito sattame divase hotu, mah±r±j±”ti ±ha.
R±j± m³sila½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ kira tva½ ±cariyena saddhi½ s±kaccha½ karissas²”ti pucchitv± “sacca½, dev±”ti vutte “±cariyena saddhi½ viggaho n±ma na vaµµati, m± kar²”ti v±riyam±nopi “ala½, mah±r±ja, hotuyeva me ±cariyena saddhi½ sattame divase s±kacch±, katarassa j±nibh±va½ j±niss±m±”ti ±ha. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± “ito kira sattame divase ±cariyaguttilo ca antev±sikam³silo ca r±jadv±re aññamañña½ s±kaccha½ katv± sippa½ dassessanti, n±gar± sannipatitv± sippa½ passant³”ti bheri½ car±pesi.
Bodhisatto cintesi– “aya½ m³silo daharo taruºo, aha½ mahallako parih²nath±mo, mahallakassa kiriy± n±ma na sampajjati. Antev±sike n±ma par±jitepi viseso natthi, antev±sikassa pana jaye sati pattabbalajjato arañña½ pavisitv± maraºa½ varataran”ti. So arañña½ pavisitv± maraºabhayena nivattati, lajj±bhayena gacchati. Evamassa gaman±gamana½ karontasseva cha divas± atikkant±, tiº±ni mat±ni, jaªghamaggo nibbatti. Tasmi½ khaºe sakkassa bhavana½ uºh±k±ra½ dassesi. Sakko ±vajjam±no ta½ k±raºa½ ñatv± “guttilagandhabbo antev±sikassa bhayena araññe mah±dukkha½ anubhoti etassa may± avassayena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti vegena gantv± bodhisattassa purato µhatv± “±cariya, kasm± arañña½ paviµµhos²”ti pucchitv± “kosi tvan”ti vutte “sakkohamasm²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ bodhisatto “aha½ kho, devar±ja, antev±sikato par±jayabhayena arañña½ paviµµho”ti vatv± paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
186. “Sattatanti½ sumadhura½, r±maºeyya½ av±cayi½;
so ma½ raªgamhi avheti, saraºa½ me hoti kosiy±”ti.
Tassattho– aha½, devar±ja, m³sila½ n±ma antev±sika½ sattatanti½ sumadhura½ r±maºeyya½ v²ºa½ attano j±nananiy±mena sikkh±pesi½, so ma½ id±ni raªgamaº¹ale pakkosati, tassa me tva½, kosiyagotta, saraºa½ hoh²ti.
Sakko tassa vacana½ sutv± “m± bh±yi, aha½ te t±ºañca leºañc±”ti vatv± dutiya½ g±tham±ha–
187. “Aha½ ta½ saraºa½ samma, aham±cariyap³jako;
na ta½ jayissati sisso, sissam±cariya jessas²”ti.
Tattha aha½ ta½ saraºanti aha½ saraºa½ avassayo patiµµh± hutv± ta½ t±yiss±mi. Samm±ti piyavacanameta½. Sissam±cariya, jessas²ti, ±cariya, tva½ v²ºa½ v±dayam±no sissa½ jinissasi. Apica tva½ v²ºa½ v±dento eka½ tanti½ chinditv± cha v±deyy±si, v²º±ya te pakatisaddo bhavissati. M³silopi tanti½ chindissati, athassa v²º±ya saddo na bhavissati. Tasmi½ khaºe so par±jaya½ p±puºissati. Athassa par±jayabh±va½ ñatv± dutiyampi tatiyampi catutthampi pañcamampi sattamampi tanti½ chinditv± suddhadaº¹akameva v±deyy±si, chinnatantikoµ²hi saro nikkhamitv± sakala½ dv±dasayojanika½ b±r±ºasinagara½ ch±detv± µhassat²ti.
Eva½ vatv± sakko bodhisattassa tisso p±sakaghaµik± datv± evam±ha– “v²º±saddeneva pana sakalanagare ch±dite ito eka½ p±sakaghaµika½ ±k±se khipeyy±si, atha te purato otaritv± t²ºi acchar±sat±ni naccissanti. T±sa½ naccanak±le ca dutiya½ khipeyy±si, ath±par±nipi t²ºi sat±ni otaritv± tava v²º±dhure naccissanti. Tato tatiya½ khipeyy±si, ath±par±ni t²ºi sat±ni otaritv± raªgamaº¹ale naccissanti. Ahampi te santika½ ±gamiss±mi, gaccha m± bh±y²”ti bodhisatta½ ass±sesi. Bodhisatto pubbaºhasamaye geha½ agam±si. N±gar± r±jadv±rasam²pe maº¹apa½ katv± rañño ±sana½ paññapesu½. R±j± p±s±d± otaritv± alaªkatamaº¹ape pallaªkamajjhe nis²di, dv±dasasahass± alaªkatitthiyo amaccabr±hmaºagahapatik±dayo ca r±j±na½ pariv±rayi½su, sabbe n±gar± sannipati½su, r±jaªgaºe cakk±ticakke mañc±timañce bandhi½su.
Bodhisattopi nh±t±nulitto n±naggarasabhojana½ bhuñjitv± v²ºa½ g±h±petv± attano paññatt±sane nis²di. Sakko adissam±nak±yena ±gantv± ±k±se aµµh±si, bodhisattoyeva na½ passati. M³silopi ±gantv± attano ±sane nis²di. Mah±jano pariv±resi, ±ditova dvepi samasama½ v±dayi½su. Mah±jano dvinnampi v±ditena tuµµho ukkuµµhisahass±ni pavattesi. Sakko ±k±se µhatv± bodhisattaññeva s±vento “eka½ tanti½ chind±”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto tanti½ chindi, s± chinn±pi chinnakoµiy± sara½ muñcateva, devagandhabba½ viya vattati. M³silopi tanti½ chindi, tato saddo na nikkhami. ¾cariyo dutiyampi chindi …pe… sattamampi chindi. Suddhadaº¹aka½ v±dentassa saddo nagara½ ch±detv± aµµh±si. Celukkhepasahass±ni ceva ukkuµµhisahass±ni ca pavattayi½su. Bodhisatto eka½ p±saka½ ±k±se khipi, t²ºi acchar±sat±ni otaritv± nacci½su. Eva½ dutiye ca tatiye ca khitte t²ºi t²ºi acchar±sat±ni otaritv± vuttanayeneva nacci½su.
Tasmi½ khaºe r±j± mah±janassa iªgitasañña½ ad±si, mah±jano uµµh±ya “tva½ ±cariyena saddhi½ virujjhitv± ‘samak±ra½ karom²’ti v±yamasi, attano pam±ºa½ na j±n±s²”ti m³sila½ tajjetv± gahitagahiteheva p±s±ºadaº¹±d²hi sa½cuººetv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±petv± p±de gahetv± saªk±raµµh±ne cha¹¹esi. R±j± tuµµhacitto ghanavassa½ vass±pento viya bodhisattassa bahu½ dhana½ ad±si, tath± n±gar±. Sakko bodhisattena saddhi½ paµisanth±ra½ katv± “aha½ te, paº¹ita, sahassayutta½ ±jaññaratha½ g±h±petv± pacch± m±tali½ pesess±mi, tva½ sahassayutta½ vejayantarathavara½ abhiruyha devaloka½ ±gaccheyy±s²”ti vatv± pakk±mi.
Atha na½ gantv± paº¹ukambalasil±ya½ nisinna½ “kaha½ gat±ttha, mah±r±j±”ti devadh²taro pucchi½su. Sakko t±sa½ ta½ k±raºa½ vitth±rena kathetv± bodhisattassa s²lañca guºañca vaººesi. Devadh²taro “mah±r±ja, mayampi ±cariya½ daµµhuk±m±, idha na½ ±neh²”ti ±ha½su. Sakko m±tali½ ±mantetv± “t±ta, devacchar± guttilagandhabba½ daµµhuk±m±, gaccha na½ vejayantarathe nis²d±petv± ±neh²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti gantv± bodhisatta½ ±nesi. Sakko bodhisattena saddhi½ sammoditv± “devakaññ± kira te, ±cariya, gandhabba½ sotuk±m±”ti ±ha. “Maya½ mah±r±ja, gandhabb± n±ma sippa½ niss±ya j²v±ma, m³la½ labhant± v±deyy±m±”ti. “V±dehi, aha½ te m³la½ dass±m²”ti. “Na mayha½ aññena m³lenattho, im± pana devadh²taro attano attano kaly±ºakamma½ kathentu, ev±ha½ v±dess±m²”ti Atha na½ devadh²taro ±ha½su– “amhehi kata½ kaly±ºakamma½ pacch± tumh±ka½ kathess±ma, gandhabba½ karohi ±cariy±”ti. Bodhisatto satt±ha½ devat±na½ gandhabba½ ak±si, ta½ dibbagandhabba½ abhibhavitv± pavatti. Sattame divase ±dito paµµh±ya devadh²t±na½ kaly±ºakamma½ pucchi. Eka½ kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le ekassa bhikkhuno uttamavattha½ datv± sakkassa paric±rik± hutv± nibbatta½ acchar±sahassapariv±ra½ uttamavatthadevakañña½ “tva½ purimabhave ki½ kamma½ katv± nibbatt±”ti pucchi. Tassa pucchan±k±ro ca vissajjan± ca vim±navatthumhi ±gatameva. Vuttañhi tattha–
“Abhikkantena vaººena, y± tva½ tiµµhasi devate;
obh±sent² dis± sabb±, osadh² viya t±rak±.
“Kena tet±diso vaººo, kena te idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca te bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
“Pucch±mi ta½ devi mah±nubh±ve, manussabh³t± kimak±si puñña½;
ken±si eva½ jalit±nubh±v±, vaººo ca te sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti.
“Vatthuttamad±yik± n±r², pavar± hoti naresu n±r²su;
eva½ piyar³pad±yik± man±pa½, dibba½ s± labhate upecca µh±na½.
“Tass± me passa vim±na½, acchar± k±mavaººin²hamasmi;
acchar±sahassass±ha½, pavar± passa puññ±na½ vip±ka½;
“tena met±diso vaººo, tena me idha mijjhati;
uppajjanti ca me bhog±, ye keci manaso piy±.
“Tenamhi eva½ jalit±nubh±v±;
vaººo ca me sabbadis± pabh±sat²”ti. (Vi. va. 329-331, 333-336).
Apar± piº¹±ya caram±nassa bhikkhuno p³janatth±ya pupph±ni ad±si, apar± “cetiye gandhapañcaªgulika½ deth±”ti gandhe ad±si, apar± madhur±ni phal±phal±ni ad±si, apar± ucchurasa½ ad±si, apar± kassapadasabalassa cetiye gandhapañcaªgulika½ ad±si, apar± maggapaµipann±na½ bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²nañca kulagehe v±sa½ upagat±na½ santike dhamma½ assosi, apar± n±v±ya upakaµµh±ya vel±ya bhuttassa bhikkhuno udake µhatv± udaka½ ad±si, apar± ag±ramajjhe vasam±n± akkodhan± hutv± sassusasuravatta½ ak±si, apar± attano laddhakoµµh±satopi sa½vibh±ga½ katv±va paribhuñji, s²lavat² ca ahosi, apar± paragehe d±s² hutv± nikkodhan± nimm±n± attano laddhakoµµh±sato sa½vibh±ga½ katv± devarañño paric±rik± hutv± nibbatt± (vi. va. aµµha. 328-336). Eva½ sabb±pi guttilavim±navatthusmi½ ±gat± chatti½sa devadh²t± ya½ ya½ kamma½ katv± tattha nibbatt±, sabba½ bodhisatto pucchi. T±pissa attano katakamma½ g±th±hiyeva kathesu½. Ta½ sutv± bodhisatto “l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, sv±ha½ idh±gantv± appamattakenapi kammena paµiladdhadibbasampattiyo assosi½. Ito d±ni paµµh±ya manussaloka½ gantv± d±n±d²ni kusalakamm±neva kariss±m²”ti vatv± ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Sv±gata½ vata me ajja, suppabh±ta½ suhuµµhita½;
ya½ addas±mi devat±yo, acchar±k±mavaººiyo.
“Im±s±ha½ dhamma½ sutv±, k±h±mi kusala½ bahu½;
d±nena samacariy±ya, sa½yamena damena ca;
sv±ha½ tattha gamiss±mi, yattha gantv± na socare”ti. (Vi. va. 617-618).
Atha na½ satt±haccayena devar±j± m±talisaªg±haka½ ±º±petv± rathe nis²d±petv± b±r±ºasimeva pesesi. So b±r±ºasi½ gantv± devaloke attan± diµµhak±raºa½ manuss±na½ ±cikkhi. Tato paµµh±ya manuss± sa-uss±h± puññ±ni k±tu½ maññi½su.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± m³silo devadatto ahosi, sakko anuruddho, r±j± ±nando, guttilagandhabbo pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Guttilaj±takavaººan± tatiy±.