10. Siªg±lavaggo

[241] 1. Sabbad±µhaj±takavaººan±

Siªg±lo m±natthaddhoti ida½ satth± ve¼uvane viharanto devadatta½ ±rabbha kathesi. Devadatto aj±tasattu½ pas±detv± upp±dita½ l±bhasakk±ra½ ciraµµhitika½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi, n±¼±giripayojane p±µih±riyassa diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya tassa so l±bhasakk±ro antaradh±yi. Athekadivasa½ bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, devadatto l±bhasakk±ra½ upp±detv± ciraµµhitika½ k±tu½ n±sakkh²”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, devadatto id±neva attano uppanna½ l±bhasakk±ra½ antaradh±peti, pubbepi antaradh±pesiyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto tassa purohito ahosi tiººa½ ved±na½ aµµh±rasannañca sipp±na½ p±ra½ gato. So pathav²jayamanta½ n±ma j±n±ti. Pathav²jayamantoti ±vaµµanamanto vuccati. Athekadivasa½ bodhisatto “ta½ manta½ sajjh±yiss±m²”ti ekasmi½ aªgaºaµµh±ne piµµhip±s±ºe nis²ditv± sajjh±yamak±si. Ta½ kira manta½ aññavihita½ dhitivirahita½ s±vetu½ na sakk±, tasm± na½ so tath±r³pe µh±ne sajjh±yati. Athassa sajjh±yanak±le eko siªg±lo ekasmi½ bile nipanno ta½ manta½ sutv±va paguºamak±si. So kira anantar±t²te attabh±ve paguºapathav²jayamanto eko br±hmaºo ahosi. Bodhisatto sajjh±ya½ katv± uµµh±ya “paguºo vata me aya½ manto”ti ±ha. Siªg±lo bil± nikkhamitv± “ambho br±hmaºa, aya½ manto tay±pi mameva paguºataro”ti vatv± pal±yi. Bodhisatto “aya½ siªg±lo mahanta½ akusala½ karissat²”ti “gaºhatha gaºhath±”ti thoka½ anubandhi. Siªg±lo pal±yitv± arañña½ p±visi.
So gantv± eka½ siªg±li½ thoka½ sar²re ¹a½si, “ki½, s±m²”ti ca vutte “mayha½ j±n±si na j±n±s²”ti ±ha. S± “±ma, j±n±m²”ti sampaµicchi. So pathav²jayamanta½ parivattetv± anek±ni siªg±lasat±ni ±º±petv± sabbepi hatthi-assas²habyagghas³karamig±dayo catuppade attano santike ak±si. Katv± ca pana sabbad±µho n±ma r±j± hutv± eka½ siªg±li½ aggamahesi½ ak±si. Dvinna½ hatth²na½ piµµhe s²ho tiµµhati, s²hapiµµhe sabbad±µho siªg±lo r±j± siªg±liy± aggamahesiy± saddhi½ nis²dati, mahanto yaso ahosi. So yasamahantena pamajjitv± m±na½ upp±detv± “b±r±ºasirajja½ gaºhiss±m²”ti sabbacatuppadaparivuto b±r±ºasiy± avid³raµµh±na½ samp±puºi, paris± dv±dasayojan± ahosi. So avid³re µhitoyeva “rajja½ v± detu, yuddha½ v±”ti rañño s±sana½ pesesi. B±r±ºasiv±sino bh²tatasit± nagaradv±r±ni pidahitv± aµµha½su.
Bodhisatto r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± “m± bh±yi, mah±r±ja, sabbad±µhasiªg±lena saddhi½ yuddha½ mama bh±ro, µhapetv± ma½ añño tena saddhi½ yujjhitu½ samattho n±ma natth²”ti r±j±nañca n±gare ca samass±setv± “kinti katv± nu kho sabbad±µho rajja½ gahessati, pucchiss±mi t±va nan”ti dv±raµµ±laka½ abhiruhitv± “samma sabbad±µha, kinti katv± ima½ rajja½ gaºhissas²”ti pucchi. “S²han±da½ nad±petv± mah±jana½ saddena sant±setv± gaºhiss±m²”ti. Bodhisatto “atthetan”ti ñatv± aµµ±lak± oruyha “sakaladv±dasayojanikab±r±ºasinagarav±sino kaººacchidd±ni m±sapiµµhena lañjant³”ti bheri½ car±pesi. Mah±jano bheriy± ±ºa½ sutv± antamaso bi¼±le up±d±ya sabbacatuppad±nañceva attano ca kaººacchidd±ni yath± parassa sadda½ sotu½ na sakk±, eva½ m±sapiµµhena lañji.
Atha bodhisatto puna aµµ±laka½ abhiruhitv± “sabbad±µh±”ti ±ha. “Ki½, br±hmaº±”ti? “Ima½ rajja½ kinti katv± gaºhissas²”ti? “S²han±da½ nad±petv± manusse t±setv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±petv± gaºhiss±m²”ti. “S²han±da½ nad±petu½ na sakkhissasi. J±tisampann± hi surattahatthap±d± kesaras²har±j±no t±disassa jarasiªg±lassa ±ºa½ na karissant²”ti. Siªg±lo m±natthaddho hutv± “aññe t±va s²h± tiµµhantu, yass±ha½ piµµhe nisinno, taññeva nad±pess±m²”ti ±ha. “Tena hi nad±pehi, yadi sakkos²”ti. So yasmi½ s²he nisinno, tassa “nad±h²”ti p±dena sañña½ ad±si. S²ho hatthikumbhe mukha½ upp²¼etv± tikkhattu½ appaµivattiya½ s²han±da½ nadi. Hatth² sant±sappatt± hutv± siªg±la½ p±dam³le p±tetv± p±denassa s²sa½ akkamitv± cuººavicuººa½ aka½su, sabbad±µho tattheva j²vitakkhaya½ patto. Tepi hatth² s²han±da½ sutv± maraºabhayatajjit± aññamañña½ ovijjhitv± tattheva j²vitakkhaya½ p±puºi½su, µhapetv± s²he ses±pi migas³kar±dayo sasabi¼±rapariyos±n± sabbe catupp±d± tattheva j²vitakkhaya½ p±puºi½su. S²h± pal±yitv± arañña½ pavisi½su, dv±dasayojaniko ma½sar±si ahosi. Bodhisatto aµµ±lak± otaritv± nagaradv±r±ni vivar±petv± “sabbe attano kaººesu m±sapiµµha½ apanetv± ma½satthik± ma½sa½ ±harant³”ti nagare bheri½ car±pesi. Manuss± allama½sa½ kh±ditv± sesa½ sukkh±petv± vall³ramaka½su. Tasmi½ kira k±le vall³rakaraºa½ udap±d²ti vadanti.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± im± abhisambuddhag±th± vatv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi–
182. “Siªg±lo m±natthaddho ca, pariv±rena atthiko;
p±puºi mahati½ bh³mi½, r±j±si sabbad±µhina½.
183. “Evameva manussesu, yo hoti pariv±rav±;
so hi tattha mah± hoti, siªg±lo viya d±µhinan”ti.
Tattha m±natthaddhoti pariv±ra½ niss±ya uppannena m±nena thaddho. Pariv±rena atthikoti uttarimpi pariv±rena atthiko hutv±. Mahati½ bh³minti mahanta½ sampatti½. R±j±si sabbad±µhinanti sabbesa½ d±µh²na½ r±j± ±si. So hi tattha mah± hot²ti so pariv±rasampanno puriso tesu pariv±resu mah± n±ma hoti. Siªg±lo viya d±µhinanti yath± siªg±lo d±µh²na½ mah± ahosi, eva½ mah± hoti, atha so siªg±lo viya pam±da½ ±pajjitv± ta½ pariv±ra½ niss±ya vin±sa½ p±puº±t²ti.
“Tad± siªg±lo devadatto ahosi, r±j± s±riputto, purohito pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Sabbad±µhaj±takavaººan± paµham±.