9. Up±hanavaggo

[231] 1. Up±hanaj±takavaººan±

Yath±pi k²t±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto devadatta½ ±rabbha kathesi. Dhammasabh±yañhi bhikkh³ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, devadatto ±cariya½ paccakkh±ya tath±gatassa paµipakkho paµisattu hutv± mah±vin±sa½ p±puº²”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, devadatto id±neva ±cariya½ paccakkh±ya mama paµipakkho hutv± mah±vin±sa½ patto, pubbepi pattoyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto hatth±cariyakule nibbattitv± vayappatto hatthisippe nipphatti½ p±puºi. Atheko k±sig±mako m±ºavako ±gantv± tassa santike sippa½ uggaºhi. Bodhisatt± n±ma sippa½ v±cent± ±cariyamuµµhi½ na karonti, attano j±nananiy±mena niravasesa½ sikkh±penti. Tasm± so m±ºavo bodhisattassa j±nanasippa½ niravasesamuggaºhitv± bodhisatta½ ±ha– “±cariya aha½ r±j±na½ upaµµhahiss±m²”ti. Bodhisatto “s±dhu, t±t±”ti gantv± rañño ±rocesi– “mah±r±ja, mama antev±siko tumhe upaµµh±tu½ icchat²”ti. “S±dhu, upaµµh±t³”ti. “Tena hissa paribbaya½ j±n±th±”ti? “Tumh±ka½ antev±siko tumhehi samaka½ na lacchati, tumhesu sata½ labhantesu paºº±sa½ lacchati, dve labhantesu eka½ lacchat²”ti. So geha½ gantv± ta½ pavatti½ antev±sikassa ±rocesi. Antev±siko “aha½, ±cariya, tumhehi sama½ sippa½ j±n±mi. Sace samakaññeva paribbaya½ labhiss±mi, upaµµhahiss±mi. No ce, na upaµµhahiss±m²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto ta½ pavatti½ rañño ±rocesi. R±j± “sace so tumhehi samappak±ro, tumhehi samakaññeva sippa½ dassetu½ sakkonto samaka½ labhissat²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto ta½ pavatti½ tassa ±rocetv± tena “s±dhu dassess±m²”ti vutte rañño ±rocesi. R±j± “tena hi sve sippa½ dasseth±”ti. “S±dhu, dassess±ma, nagare bheri½ car±peth±”ti. R±j± “sve kira ±cariyo ca antev±siko ca ubho hatthisippa½ dassessanti, r±jaªgaºe sannipatitv± daµµhuk±m± passant³”ti bheri½ car±pesi.
¾cariyo “na me antev±siko up±yakosalla½ j±n±t²”ti eka½ hatthi½ gahetv± ekaratteneva viloma½ sikkh±pesi. So ta½ “gacch±”ti vutte osakkitu½, “osakk±”ti vutte gantu½, “tiµµh±”ti vutte nipajjitu½, “nipajj±”ti vutte µh±tu½, “gaºh±”ti vutte µhapetu½, “µhapeh²”ti vutte gaºhitu½ sikkh±petv± punadivase ta½ hatthi½ abhiruhitv± r±jaªgaºa½ agam±si. Antev±sikopi eka½ man±pa½ hatthi½ abhiruhi. Mah±jano sannipati. Ubhopi samaka½ sippa½ dassesu½. Puna bodhisatto attano hatthi½ viloma½ k±resi, so “gacch±”ti vutte osakki, “osakk±”ti vutte purato dh±vi, “tiµµh±”ti vutte nipajji, “nipajj±”ti vutte aµµh±si, “gaºh±”ti vutte nikkhipi, “nikkhip±”ti vutte gaºhi. Mah±jano “are duµµha-antev±sika, tva½ ±cariyena saddhi½ s±rambha½ karosi, attano pam±ºa½ na j±n±si, ‘±cariyena samaka½ j±n±m²’ti eva½saññ² hos²”ti le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi paharitv± tattheva j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi.
Bodhisatto hatthimh± oruyha r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± “mah±r±ja, sippa½ n±ma attano sukhatth±ya gaºhanti, ekaccassa pana gahitasippa½ dukkaµa-up±han± viya vin±sameva ±vahat²”ti vatv± ida½ g±th±dvayam±ha–
161. “Yath±pi k²t± purisassup±han±, sukhassa atth±ya dukha½ udabbahe;
ghamm±bhitatt± talas± pap²¼it±, tasseva p±de purisassa kh±dare.
162. “Evameva yo dukkul²no anariyo, tamm±ka vijjañca sutañca ±diya;
tameva so tattha sutena kh±dati, anariyo vuccati p±nad³pamo”ti.
Tattha udabbaheti udabbaheyya. Ghamm±bhitatt± talas± pap²¼it±ti ghammena abhitatt± p±datalena ca p²¼it±. Tassev±ti yena t± sukhatth±ya kiºitv± p±desu paµimukk± dukkaµ³p±han±, tasseva. Kh±dareti vaºa½ karont± p±de kh±danti.
Dukkul²noti dujj±tiko akulaputto. Anariyoti hirottappavajjito asappuriso. Tamm±ka vijjañca sutañca ±diy±ti ettha ta½ ta½ manat²ti “tammo”ti vattabbe tamm±ko, ta½ ta½ sippa½ ±sevati parivattet²ti attho, ±cariyasseta½ n±ma½. Tasm± tamm±k±, g±th±bandhasukhattha½ panassa rassabh±vo kato. Vijjanti aµµh±rasasu vijj±µµh±nesu ya½kiñci. Sutanti ya½kiñci sutapariyatti. ¾diy±ti-±diyitv±. Tameva so tattha sutena kh±dat²ti tamev±ti att±nameva. Soti yo dukkul²no anariyo ±cariyamh± vijjañca sutañca ±diyati, so. Tattha sutena kh±dat²ti tassa santike sutena so att±nameva kh±dat²ti attho. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “teneva so tattha sutena kh±dat²”tipi p±µho. Tass±pi so tena tattha sutena att±nameva kh±dat²ti ayameva attho. Anariyo vuccati p±nad³pamoti iti anariyo dup±han³pamo dukkaµ³p±han³pamo vuccati. Yath± hi dukkaµ³p±han± purisa½ kh±danti, evamesa sutena kh±danto attan±va att±na½ kh±dati. Atha v± p±n±ya dutoti p±nadu, up±han³pat±pitassa up±han±ya kh±ditap±dasseta½ n±ma½. Tasm± yo so att±na½ sutena kh±dati, so tena sutena kh±ditatt± “anariyo”ti vuccati p±nad³pamo, up±han³pat±pitap±dasadisoti vuccat²ti ayamettha attho. R±j± tuµµho bodhisattassa mahanta½ yasa½ ad±si.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± antev±siko devadatto ahosi, ±cariyo pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Up±hanaj±takavaººan± paµham±.