[157] 7. Guºaj±takavaººan±

Yena k±ma½ paº±met²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto ±nandattherassa s±µakasahassal±bha½ ±rabbha kathesi. Therassa kosalarañño antepure dhammav±canavatthu heµµh± mah±s±raj±take (j±. 1.1.92) ±gatameva. Iti there rañño antepure dhamma½ v±cente rañño sahassagghanik±na½ s±µak±na½ sahassa½ ±hariyittha. R±j± tato pañca s±µakasat±ni pañcanna½ dev²sat±na½ ad±si. T± sabb±pi te s±µake µhapetv± punadivase ±nandattherassa datv± saya½ pur±ºas±µakeyeva p±rupitv± rañño p±tar±saµµh±na½ agama½su.
R±j± “may± tumh±ka½ sahassagghanik± s±µak± d±pit±, kasm± tumhe te ap±rupitv±va ±gat±”ti pucchi. “Deva, amhehi te ±nandattherassa dinn±”ti. “¾nandattherena sabbe gahit±”ti? “¾ma, dev±”ti. “Samm±sambuddhena tic²vara½ anuññ±ta½, ±nandatthero dussavaºijja½ maññe karissati, atibah³ tena s±µak± gahit±”ti therassa kujjhitv± bhuttap±tar±so vih±ra½ gantv± therassa pariveºa½ pavisitv± thera½ vanditv± nisinno pucchi– “api, bhante, amh±ka½ ghare itthiyo tumh±ka½ santike dhamma½ uggaºhanti v± suºanti v±”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±ja, gahetabbayuttaka½ gaºhanti, sotabbayuttaka½ suºant²”ti. “Ki½ t± suºantiyeva, ud±hu tumh±ka½ niv±sana½ v± p±rupana½ v± dadant²”ti? “T± ajja, mah±r±ja, sahassagghanik±ni pañca s±µakasat±ni ada½s³”ti. “Tumhehi gahit±ni t±ni, bhante”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±j±”ti. “Nanu, bhante, satth±r± tic²varameva anuññ±tan”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±ja, bhagavat± ekassa bhikkhuno tic²varameva paribhogas²sena anuññ±ta½, paµiggahaºa½ pana av±rita½, tasm± may±pi aññesa½ jiººac²varik±na½ d±tu½ te s±µak± paµiggahit±”ti. “Te pana bhikkh³ tumh±ka½ santik± s±µake labhitv± por±ºac²var±ni ki½ karissant²”ti? “Por±ºasaªgh±µi½ uttar±saªga½ karissant²”ti? “Por±ºa-uttar±saªga½ ki½ karissant²”ti? “Antarav±saka½ karissant²”ti. “Por±ºa-antarav±saka½ ki½ karissant²”ti? “Paccattharaºa½ karissant²”ti. “Por±ºapaccattharaºa½ ki½ karissant²”ti? “Bhummattharaºa½ karissant²”ti. “Por±ºabhummattharaºa½ ki½ karissant²”ti? “P±dapuñchana½ karissant²”ti. “Por±ºap±dapuñchana½ ki½ karissant²”ti? “Mah±r±ja, saddh±deyya½ n±ma vinip±tetu½ na labbhati, tasm± por±ºap±dapuñchana½ v±siy± koµµetv± mattik±ya makkhetv± sen±sanesu mattik±lepana½ karissant²”ti. “Bhante, tumh±ka½ dinna½ y±va p±dapuñchan±pi nassitu½ na labbhat²”ti? “¾ma, mah±r±ja, amh±ka½ dinna½ nassitu½ na labbhati, paribhogameva hot²”ti.
R±j± tuµµho somanassappatto hutv± itar±nipi gehe µhapit±ni pañca s±µakasat±ni ±har±petv± therassa datv± anumodana½ sutv± thera½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Thero paµhamaladdh±ni pañca s±µakasat±ni jiººac²varik±na½ bhikkh³na½ ad±si. Therassa pana pañcamatt±ni saddhivih±rikasat±ni tesu eko daharabhikkhu therassa bah³pak±ro pariveºa½ sammajjati, p±n²yaparibhojan²ya½ upaµµhapeti, dantakaµµha½ mukhodaka½ nh±nodaka½ deti, vaccakuµijant±gharasen±san±ni paµijaggati, hatthaparikammap±daparikammapiµµhiparikamm±d²ni karoti. Thero pacch± laddh±ni pañca s±µakasat±ni “aya½ me bah³pak±ro”ti yuttavasena sabb±ni tasseva ad±si. Sopi sabbe te s±µake bh±jetv± attano sam±nupajjh±y±na½ ad±si.
Eva½ sabbepi te laddhas±µak± bhikkh³ s±µake chinditv± rajitv± kaºik±rapupphavaºº±ni k±s±y±ni niv±setv± ca p±rupitv± ca satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²ditv± evam±ha½su– “bhante, sot±pannassa ariyas±vakassa mukholokanad±na½ n±ma atth²”ti. “Na, bhikkhave, ariyas±vak±na½ mukholokanad±na½ n±ma atth²”ti. “Bhante, amh±ka½ upajjh±yena dhammabhaº¹±g±rikattherena sahassagghanik±na½ s±µak±na½ pañca sat±ni ekasseva daharabhikkhuno dinn±ni, so pana attan± laddhe bh±jetv± amh±ka½ ad±s²”ti. “Na, bhikkhave, ±nando mukholokanabhikkha½ deti so panassa bhikkhu bah³pak±ro, tasm± attano upak±rassa upak±ravasena guºavasena yuttavasena ‘upak±rassa n±ma paccupak±ro k±tu½ vaµµat²’ti kataññukatavedibh±vena ad±si. Por±ºakapaº¹it±pi hi attano upak±r±naññeva paccupak±ra½ kari½s³”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto s²ho hutv± pabbataguh±ya½ vasati. So ekadivasa½ guh±ya nikkhamitv± pabbatap±da½ olokesi, ta½ pana pabbatap±da½ parikkhipitv± mah±saro ahosi. Tassa ekasmi½ unnataµµh±ne uparithaddhakaddamapiµµhe mud³ni haritatiº±ni j±yi½su. Sasak± ceva hariº±dayo ca sallahukamig± kaddamamatthake vicarant± t±ni kh±danti. Ta½ divasampi eko migo t±ni kh±danto vicarati. S²ho “ta½ miga½ gaºhiss±m²”ti pabbatamatthak± uppatitv± s²havegena pakkhandi, migo maraºabhayatajjito viravanto pal±yi. S²ho vega½ sandh±retu½ asakkonto kalalapiµµhe nipatitv± os²ditv± uggantu½ asakkonto catt±ro p±d± thambh± viya os²ditv± satt±ha½ nir±h±ro aµµh±si.
Atha na½ eko siªg±lo gocarappasuto ta½ disv± bhayena pal±yi. S²ho ta½ pakkositv± “bho siªg±la, m± pal±yi, aha½ kalale laggo, j²vita½ me deh²”ti ±ha. Siªg±lo tassa santika½ gantv± “aha½ ta½ uddhareyya½, uddhaµo pana ma½ kh±deyy±s²ti bh±y±m²”ti ±ha. “M± bh±yi, n±ha½ ta½ kh±diss±mi, mahanta½ pana te guºa½ kariss±mi, ekenup±yena ma½ uddhar±h²”ti. Siªg±lo tassa paµiñña½ gahetv± catunna½ p±d±na½ samant± kalale apanetv± catunnampi p±d±na½ catasso m±tik± khaºitv± udak±bhimukha½ ak±si, udaka½ pavisitv± kalala½ mudu½ ak±si. Tasmi½ khaºe siªg±lo s²hassa udarantara½ attano s²sa½ pavesetv± “v±y±ma½ karohi, s±m²”ti ucc±sadda½ karonto s²sena udara½ pahari. S²ho vega½ janetv± kalal± uggantv± pakkhanditv± thale aµµh±si. So muhutta½ vissamitv± sara½ oruyha kaddama½ dhovitv± nh±yitv± daratha½ paµippassambhetv± eka½ mahi½sa½ vadhitv± d±µh±hi ovijjhitv± ma½sa½ ubbattetv± “kh±da, samm±”ti siªg±lassa purato µhapetv± tena kh±dite pacch± attan± kh±di. Puna siªg±lo eka½ ma½sapesi½ ¹a½sitv± gaºhi. “Ida½ kimatth±ya, samm±”ti ca vutte “tumh±ka½ d±s² atthi, tass± bh±go bhavissat²”ti ±ha. S²ho “gaºh±h²”ti vatv± sayampi s²hiy± atth±ya ma½sa½ gaºhitv± “ehi, samma, amh±ka½ pabbatamuddhani µhatv± sakhiy± vasanaµµh±na½ gamiss±m±”ti vatv± tattha gantv± ma½sa½ kh±d±petv± siªg±lañca siªg±liñca ass±setv± “ito paµµh±ya id±ni aha½ tumhe paµijaggiss±m²”ti attano vasanaµµh±na½ netv± guh±ya dv±re aññiss± guh±ya vas±pesi. Te tato paµµh±ya gocar±ya gacchant± s²hiñca siªg±liñca µhapetv± siªg±lena saddhi½ gantv± n±n±mige vadhitv± ubhopi tattheva ma½sa½ kh±ditv± itar±sampi dvinna½ ±haritv± denti.
Eva½ k±le gacchante s²h² dve putte vij±yi, siªg±l²pi dve putte vij±yi. Te sabbepi samaggav±sa½ vasi½su. Athekadivasa½ s²hiy± etadahosi– “aya½ s²ho siªg±lañca siªg±liñca siªg±lapotake ca ativiya piy±yati, n³namassa siªg±liy± saddhi½ santhavo atthi, tasm± eva½ sineha½ karoti, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ p²¼etv± tajjetv± ito pal±peyyan”ti S± s²hassa siªg±la½ gahetv± gocar±ya gatak±le siªg±li½ p²¼esi tajjesi “ki½k±raº± imasmi½ µh±ne vasati na pal±yas²”ti? Putt±piss± siªg±liputte tatheva tajjayi½su. Siªg±l² tamattha½ siªg±lassa kathetv± “s²hassa vacanena et±ya eva½ katabh±vampi na j±n±ma, cira½ vasimh±, n±s±peyy±pi no, amh±ka½ vasanaµµh±nameva gacch±m±”ti ±ha. Siªg±lo tass± vacana½ sutv± s²ha½ upasaªkamitv± ±ha– “s±mi, cira½ amhehi tumh±ka½ santike nivuttha½, aticira½ vasant± n±ma appiy± honti, amh±ka½ gocar±ya pakkantak±le s²h² siªg±li½ viheµheti ‘imasmi½ µh±ne kasm± vasatha, pal±yath±’ti tajjeti, s²hapotak±pi siªg±lapotake tajjenti. Yo n±ma yassa attano santike v±sa½ na roceti, tena so ‘y±h²’ti n²haritabbova, viheµhana½ n±ma kimatthiyan”ti vatv± paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
13. “Yena k±ma½ paº±meti, dhammo balavata½ mig²;
unnadant² vij±n±hi, j±ta½ saraºato bhayan”ti.
Tattha yena k±ma½ paº±meti, dhammo balavatanti balav± n±ma issaro attano sevaka½ yena dis±bh±gena icchati, tena dis±bh±gena so paº±meti n²harati. Esa dhammo balavata½ aya½ issar±na½ sabh±vo paveºidhammova, tasm± sace amh±ka½ v±sa½ na rocetha, ujukameva no n²haratha viheµhanena ko atthoti d²pento evam±ha. Mig²ti s²ha½ ±lapati. So hi migar±jat±ya mig± assa atth²ti mig². Unnadant²tipi tameva ±lapati. So hi unnat±na½ dant±na½ atthit±ya unnat± dant± assa atth²ti unnadant². “Unnatadant²”tipi p±µhoyeva. Vij±n±h²ti “esa issar±na½ dhammo”ti eva½ j±n±hi. J±ta½ saraºato bhayanti amh±ka½ tumhe patiµµh±naµµhena saraºa½, tumh±kaññeva santik± bhaya½ j±ta½, tasm± attano vasanaµµh±nameva gamiss±m±ti d²peti.
Aparo nayo– tava mig² s²h² unnadant²mama puttad±ra½ tajjent² yena k±ma½ paº±meti, yena yen±k±rena icchati, tena paº±meti pavattati, viheµhetipi pal±petipi, eva½ tva½ vij±n±hi, tattha ki½ sakk± amhehi k±tu½. Dhammo balavata½ esa balavant±na½ sabh±vo, id±ni maya½ gamiss±ma. Kasm±? J±ta½ saraºato bhayanti.
Tassa vacana½ sutv± s²ho s²hi½ ±ha– “bhadde, asukasmi½ n±ma k±le mama gocaratth±ya gantv± sattame divase imin± siªg±lena im±ya ca siªg±liy± saddhi½ ±gatabh±va½ saras²”ti. “¾ma, sar±m²”ti. “J±n±si pana mayha½ satt±ha½ an±gamanassa k±raºan”ti? “Na j±n±mi, s±m²”ti. “Bhadde, aha½ ‘eka½ miga½ gaºhiss±m²’ti virajjhitv± kalale laggo, tato nikkhamitu½ asakkonto satt±ha½ nir±h±ro aµµh±si½, sv±ha½ ima½ siªg±la½ niss±ya j²vita½ labhi½, aya½ me j²vitad±yako sah±yo. Mittadhamme µh±tu½ samattho hi mitto dubbalo n±ma natthi, ito paµµh±ya mayha½ sah±yassa ca sah±yik±ya ca puttak±nañca evar³pa½ avam±na½ m± ak±s²”ti vatv± s²ho dutiya½ g±tham±ha–
14. “Api cepi dubbalo mitto, mittadhammesu tiµµhati;
so ñ±tako ca bandhu ca, so mitto so ca me sakh±;
d±µhini m±timaññittho, siªg±lo mama p±ºado”ti.
Tattha api cep²ti eko apisaddo anuggahattho, eko sambh±vanattho. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– dubbalopi ce mitto mittadhammesu api tiµµhati, sace µh±tu½ sakkoti, so ñ±tako ca bandhu ca, so mettacittat±ya mitto, so ca me sah±yaµµhena sakh±. D±µhini m±timaññitthoti, bhadde, d±µh±sampanne s²hi m± mayha½ sah±ya½ v± sah±yi½ v± atimaññi, ayañhi siªg±lo mama p±ºadoti.
S± tassa vacana½ sutv± siªg±li½ kham±petv± tato paµµh±ya saputt±ya t±ya saddhi½ samaggav±sa½ vasi. S²hapotak±pi siªg±lapotakehi saddhi½ k²¼am±n± sammodam±n± m±t±pit³na½ atikkantak±lepi mittabh±va½ abhinditv± sammodam±n± vasi½su. Tesa½ kira sattakulaparivaµµe abhijjam±n± metti agam±si.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± sacc±ni pak±setv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– saccapariyos±ne keci sot±pann±, keci sakad±g±mino, keci an±g±mino, keci arahanto ahesu½. “Tad± siªg±lo ±nando ahosi, s²ho pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Guºaj±takavaººan± sattam±.