4. Asadisavaggo

[181] 1. Asadisaj±takavaººan±

Dhanuggaho asadisoti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto mah±bhinikkhamana½ ±rabbha kathesi. Ekadivasañhi bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ sannisinn± bhagavato mah±nikkhamap±rami½ vaººent± nis²di½su. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, tath±gato id±neva mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhanto, pubbepi setacchatta½ pah±ya nikkhantoyev±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto tassa aggamahesiy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi, tassa sotthin± j±tassa n±maggahaºadivase “asadisakum±ro”ti n±ma½ aka½su. Athassa ±dh±vitv± paridh±vitv± vicaraºak±le añño puññav± satto deviy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi, tassa sotthin± j±tassa n±maggahaºadivase “brahmadattakum±ro”ti n±ma½ aka½su. Tesu bodhisatto so¼asavassak±le takkasila½ gantv± dis±p±mokkhassa ±cariyassa santike tayo vede aµµh±rasa ca sipp±ni uggaºhitv± tesu iss±sasippe asadiso hutv± b±r±ºasi½ pacc±gami. R±j± k±la½ karonto “asadisakum±rassa rajja½ datv± brahmadattassa oparajja½ deth±”ti vatv± k±lamak±si. Tasmi½ k±lakate bodhisatto attano rajje d²yam±ne “na mayha½ rajjenattho”ti paµikkhipi, brahmadatta½ rajje abhisiñci½su. Bodhisatto “mayha½ rajjena attho natth²”ti kiñcipi na icchi, kaniµµhe rajja½ k±rente pakatiy± vasan±k±reneva vasi. R±jap±dam³lik± “asadisakum±ro rajja½ patthet²”ti vatv± rañño santike bodhisatta½ paribhindi½su. Sopi tesa½ vacana½ gahetv± paribhinnacitto “bh±tara½ me gaºhath±”ti manusse payojesi.
Atheko bodhisattassa atthacarako ta½ k±raºa½ bodhisattassa ±rocesi. Bodhisatto kaniµµhabh±tikassa kujjhitv± nagar± nikkhamitv± añña½ raµµha½ gantv± “eko dhanuggaho ±gantv± r±jadv±re µhito”ti rañño ±roc±pesi. R±j± “kittaka½ bhoga½ icchas²”ti pucchi “Ekasa½vaccharena satasahassan”ti. “S±dhu ±gacchat³”ti. Atha na½ ±gantv± sam²pe µhita½ pucchi– “tva½ dhanaggahos²”ti? “¾ma, dev±”ti. “S±dhu ma½ upaµµhahass³”ti. So tato paµµh±ya r±j±na½ upaµµhahi. Tassa paribbaya½ d²yam±na½ disv± “atibahu½ labhat²”ti por±ºakadhanuggah± ujjh±yi½su. Athekadivasa½ r±j± uyy±na½ gantv± maªgalasil±paµµasam²pe s±ºip±k±ra½ parikkhip±petv± ambarukkham³le mah±sayane nipanno uddha½ olokento rukkhagge eka½ ambapiº¹i½ disv± “ima½ na sakk± abhiruhitv± gaºhitun”ti dhanuggahe pakkos±petv± “ima½ ambapiº¹i½ sarena chinditv± p±tetu½ sakkhissath±”ti ±ha. Na ta½, deva, amh±ka½ garu, devena pana no bahuv±re kamma½ diµµhapubba½, adhun±gato dhanuggaho amhehi bahutara½ labhati, ta½ p±t±peth±ti.
R±j± bodhisatta½ pakkos±petv± “sakkhissasi, t±ta, eta½ p±tetun”ti pucchi. “¾ma, mah±r±ja, eka½ ok±sa½ labham±no sakkhiss±m²”ti. “Katarok±san”ti? “Tumh±ka½ sayanassa antok±san”ti. R±j± sayana½ har±petv± ok±sa½ k±resi. Bodhisattassa hatthe dhanu natthi, niv±sanantare dhanu½ sannayhitv± vicarati, tasm± “s±ºi½ laddhu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha. R±j± “s±dh³”ti s±ºi½ ±har±petv± parikkhip±pesi. Bodhisatto antos±ºi½ pavisitv± uparinivattha½ setavattha½ haritv± eka½ rattapaµa½ niv±setv± kaccha½ bandhitv± eka½ rattapaµa½ udare bandhitv± pasibbakato sandhiyutta½ khagga½ n²haritv± v±mapasse sannayhitv± suvaººakañcuka½ paµimuñcitv± c±pan±¼i½ piµµhiya½ sannayhitv± sandhiyuttameº¹akamah±dhanu½ ±d±ya pav±¼avaººa½ jiya½ ±ropetv± uºh²sa½ s²se paµimuñcitv± tikhiºakhurappa½ nakhehi parivattayam±no s±ºi½ dvidh± katv± pathavi½ ph±letv± alaªkatan±gakum±ro viya nikkhamitv± sarakhipanaµµh±na½ gantv± khurappa½ sannayhitv± r±j±na½ ±ha– “ki½, mah±r±ja, eta½ ambapiº¹i½ uddha½ ±rohanakaº¹ena p±temi, ud±hu adho orohanakaº¹en±”ti “T±ta, bah³ may± ±rohanakaº¹ena p±tent± diµµhapubb±, orohanakaº¹ena pana p±tent± may± na diµµhapubb±, orohanakaº¹ena p±teh²”ti. “Mah±r±ja, ida½ kaº¹a½ d³ra½ ±rohissati, y±va c±tumah±r±jikabhavana½, t±va gantv± saya½ orohissati, y±vassa orohana½, t±va tumhehi adhiv±setu½ vaµµat²”ti. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi.
Atha na½ puna ±ha– “mah±r±ja, ida½ kaº¹a½ pana ±roham±na½ ambapiº¹ivaºµa½ y±vamajjha½ kantam±na½ ±rohissati, oroham±na½ kesaggamattampi ito v± etto v± agantv± ujuññeva patitv± ambapiº¹i½ gahetv± otarissati, passa, mah±r±j±”ti vega½ janetv± kaº¹a½ khipi. Ta½ kaº¹a½ ambapiº¹ivaºµa½ y±vamajjha½ kantam±na½ abhiruhi. Bodhisatto “id±ni ta½ kaº¹a½ y±va c±tumah±r±jikabhavana½ gata½ bhavissat²”ti ñatv± paµhama½ khittakaº¹ato adhikatara½ vega½ janetv± añña½ kaº¹a½ khipi, ta½ gantv± purimakaº¹apuªkhe paharitv± nivattitv± saya½ t±vati½sabhavana½ abhiruhi. Tattha na½ devat± aggahesu½, nivattanakaº¹assa v±tachinnasaddo asanisaddo viya ahosi. Mah±janena “ki½ eso saddo”ti vutte bodhisatto “nivattanakaº¹assa saddo”ti vatv± attano attano sar²re kaº¹assa patanabh±va½ ñatv± bh²tatasita½ mah±jana½ “m± bh±yitth±”ti samass±setv± “kaº¹assa bh³miya½ patitu½ na dass±m²”ti ±ha. Kaº¹a½ otaram±na½ kesaggamattampi ito v± etto v± agantv± ujuññeva patitv± ambapiº¹i½ chindi. Bodhisatto ambapiº¹iy± ca kaº¹assa ca bh³miya½ patitu½ adatv± ±k±seyeva sampaµicchanto ekena hatthena ambapiº¹i½, ekena hatthena kaº¹a½ aggahesi. Mah±jano ta½ acchariya½ disv± “na no evar³pa½ diµµhapubban”ti mah±purisa½ pasa½sati unnadati apphoµeti aªguliyo vidh³nati, celukkhepasahass±ni pavatteti. R±japaris±ya tuµµhapahaµµh±ya bodhisattassa dinnadhana½ koµimatta½ ahosi. R±j±pissa dhanavassa½ vassento viya bahu½ dhana½ mahantañca yasa½ ad±si.
Eva½ bodhisatte tena raññ± sakkate garukate tattha vasante “asadisakum±ro kira b±r±ºasiya½ natth²”ti satta r±j±no ±gantv± b±r±ºasinagara½ pariv±retv± “rajja½ v± detu yuddha½ v±”ti rañño paººa½ pesesu½. R±j± maraºabhayabh²to “kuhi½ me bh±t± vasat²”ti pucchitv± “eka½ s±mantar±j±na½ upaµµhahat²”ti sutv± “mama bh±tike an±gacchante mayha½ j²vita½ natthi, gacchatha tassa mama vacanena p±de vanditv± kham±petv± gaºhitv± ±gacchath±”ti d³te p±hesi. Te gantv± bodhisattassa ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesu½. Bodhisatto ta½ r±j±na½ ±pucchitv± b±r±ºasi½ pacc±gantv± r±j±na½ “m± bh±y²”ti samass±setv± kaº¹e akkhar±ni chinditv± “aha½ asadisakum±ro ±gato, añña½ ekakaº¹a½ khipanto sabbesa½ vo j²vita½ hariss±mi, j²vitena atthik± pal±yant³”ti aµµ±lake µhatv± sattanna½ r±j³na½ bhuñjant±na½ kañcanap±timakuleyeva kaº¹a½ p±tesi. Te akkhar±ni disv± maraºabhayabh²t± sabbeva pal±yi½su. Eva½ mah±satto khuddakamakkhik±ya pivanamattampi lohita½ anupp±detv± satta r±j±no pal±petv± kaniµµhabh±tara½ apaloketv± k±me pah±ya isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± abhiññ± ca sam±pattiyo ca nibbattetv± j²vitapariyos±ne brahmalok³pago ahosi.
Satth± “eva½, bhikkhave, asadisakum±ro satta r±j±no pal±petv± vijitasaªg±mo isipabbajja½ pabbajito”ti abhisambuddho hutv± im± g±th± avoca–
61. “Dhanuggaho asadiso, r±japutto mahabbalo;
d³rep±t² akkhaºavedh², mah±k±yappad±lano.
62. “Sabb±mitte raºa½ katv±, na ca kañci viheµhayi;
bh±tara½ sotthi½ katv±na, sa½yama½ ajjhup±gam²”ti.
Tattha asadisoti na kevala½ n±meneva, balav²riyapaññ±hipi asadisova. Mahabbaloti k±yabalenapi paññ±balenapi mahabbalo. D³rep±t²ti y±va c±tumah±r±jikabhavan± t±vati½sabhavan± ca kaº¹a½ pesetu½ samatthat±ya d³rep±t². Akkhaºavedh²ti avir±dhitavedh². Atha v± akkhaº± vuccati vijju, y±va ek± vijju niccharati, t±va tenobh±sena sattaµµha v±re kaº¹±ni gahetv± vijjhat²ti akkhaºavedh². Mah±k±yappad±lanoti mahante k±ye pad±leti. Cammak±yo, d±ruk±yo, lohak±yo, ayok±yo, v±likak±yo, udakak±yo, phalakak±yoti ime satta mah±k±y± n±ma. Tattha añño cammak±yapad±lano mahi½sacamma½ vinivijjhati, so pana satampi mahi½sacamm±na½ vinivijjhatiyeva. Añño aµµhaªgulabahala½ udumbarapadara½, caturaªgulabahala½ asanapadara½ vinivijjhati, so pana phalakasatampi ekato baddha½ vinivijjhati, tath± dvaªgulabahala½ tambalohapaµµa½, aªgulabahala½ ayapaµµa½. V±likasakaµassa badarasakaµassa pal±lasakaµassa v± pacch±bh±gena kaº¹a½ pavesetv± purebh±gena atip±teti, pakatiy± udake catu-usabhaµµh±na½ kaº¹a½ peseti, thale aµµha-usabhanti eva½ imesa½ sattanna½ mah±k±y±na½ pad±lanato mah±k±yappad±lano. Sabb±mitteti sabbe amitte. Raºa½ katv±ti yuddha½ katv± pal±pes²ti attho. Na ca kañci viheµhay²ti ekampi na viheµhesi. Aviheµhayantoyeva pana tehi saddhi½ kaº¹apesaneneva raºa½ katv±. Sa½yama½ ajjhup±gam²ti s²lasa½yama½ pabbajja½ upagato.
Eva½ satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± kaniµµhabh±t± ±nando ahosi, asadisakum±ro pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Asadisaj±takavaººan± paµham±.