[285] 5. Maºis³karaj±takavaººan±

Dariy± satta vass±n²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto sundar²m±raºa½ ±rabbha kathesi. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± sakkato hoti garukatoti vatthu ud±ne (ud±. 38) ±gatameva. Aya½ panettha saªkhepo– bhagavato kira bhikkhusaªghassa ca pañcanna½ mah±nad²na½ mahoghasadise l±bhasakk±re uppanne hatal±bhasakk±r± aññatitthiy± s³riyuggamanak±le khajjopanak± viya nippabh± hutv± ekato sannipatitv± mantayi½su– “maya½ samaºassa gotamassa uppannak±lato paµµh±ya hatal±bhasakk±r±, na koci amh±ka½ atthibh±vampi j±n±ti, kena nu kho saddhi½ ekato hutv± samaºassa gotamassa avaººa½ upp±detv± l±bhasakk±ramassa antaradh±peyy±m±”ti. Atha nesa½ etadahosi– “sundariy± saddhi½ ekato hutv± sakkuºiss±m±”ti.
Te ekadivasa½ sundari½ titthiy±r±ma½ pavisitv± vanditv± µhita½ n±lapi½su. S± punappuna½ sallapant²pi paµivacana½ alabhitv± “api nu, ayy±, tumhe kenaci viheµhit±tth±”ti pucchi. “Ki½, bhagini, samaºa½ gotama½ amhe viheµhetv± hatal±bhasakk±re katv± vicaranta½ na passas²”ti. S± evam±ha– “may± ettha ki½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti? Tva½ khosi, bhagini, abhir³p± sobhaggappatt±, samaºassa gotamassa ayasa½ ±ropetv± mah±jana½ tava katha½ g±h±petv± hatal±bhasakk±ra½ karoh²”ti? S± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± vanditv± pakkant±. Tato paµµh±ya m±l±gandhavilepanakapp³rakaµukaphal±d²ni gahetv± s±ya½ mah±janassa satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± nagara½ pavisanak±le jetavan±bhimukh² gacchati. “Kaha½ gacchas²”ti ca puµµh± “samaºassa gotamassa santika½, ahañhi tena saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vas±m²”ti vatv± aññatarasmi½ titthiy±r±me vasitv± p±tova jetavanamagga½ otaritv± nagar±bhimukh² gacchati. “Ki½, sundari, kaha½ gat±s²”ti ca puµµh± “samaºena gotamena saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vasitv± ta½ kilesaratiy± ram±petv± ±gat±mh²”ti vadati.
Atha na½ katip±haccayena dhutt±na½ kah±paºe datv± “gacchatha sundari½ m±retv± samaºassa gotamassa gandhakuµiy± sam²pe m±l±kacavarantare nikkhipitv± eth±”ti vadi½su, te tath± aka½su. Tato titthiy± “sundari½ na pass±m±”ti kol±hala½ katv± rañño ±rocetv± “kaha½ vo ±saªk±”ti vutt± “imesu divasesu jetavane vasati, tatrass± pavatti½ na j±n±m±”ti vatv± “tena hi gacchatha, na½ vicinath±”ti raññ± anuññ±t± attano upaµµh±ke gahetv± jetavana½ gantv± vicinant± m±l±kacavarantare disv± mañcaka½ ±ropetv± nagara½ pavesetv± “samaºassa gotamassa s±vak± ‘satth±r± katap±pakamma½ paµicch±dess±m±’ti sundari½ m±retv± m±l±kacavarantare nikkhipi½s³”ti rañño ±rocesu½, r±j± “tena hi gacchatha, nagara½ ±hiº¹ath±”ti ±ha. Te nagarav²th²su “passatha samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ kamman”ti-±d²ni viravitv± puna rañño nivesanadv±ra½ agama½su.
R±j± sundariy± sar²ra½ ±makasus±ne aµµaka½ ±ropetv± rakkh±pesi. S±vatthiv±sino µhapetv± ariyas±vake ses± yebhuyyena “passatha samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ kamman”ti-±d²ni vatv± antonagare ca bahinagare ca bhikkh³ akkosant± paribh±sant± vicaranti. Bhikkh³ ta½ pavatti½ tath±gatassa ±rocesu½. Satth± “tena hi tumhepi te manusse eva½ paµicodeth±”ti–
“Abh³tav±d² niraya½ upeti, yo v±pi katv± na karomi c±ha;
ubhopi te pecca sam± bhavanti, nih²nakamm± manuj± paratth±”ti. (Ud±. 38)–

Ima½ g±tham±ha.

R±j± “sundariy± aññehi m±ritabh±va½ j±n±th±”ti purise pesesi. Tepi kho dhutt± tehi kah±paºehi sura½ pivant± aññamañña½ kalaha½ karonti. Tattheko evam±ha– “tva½ sundari½ ekappah±reneva m±retv± m±l±kacavarantare nikkhipitv± tato laddhakah±paºehi sura½ pivasi, hotu hot³”ti. R±japuris± te dhutte gahetv± rañño dassesu½. Atha te r±j± “tumhehi m±rit±”ti pucchi. “¾ma, dev±”ti. “Kehi m±r±pit±”ti? “Aññatitthiyehi, dev±”ti. R±j± titthiye pakkos±petv± sundari½ ukkhip±petv± “gacchatha tumhe, eva½ vadant± nagara½ ±hiº¹atha ‘aya½ sundar² samaºassa gotamassa avaººa½ ±ropetuk±mehi amhehi m±r±pit±, neva samaºassa gotamassa, na gotamas±vak±na½ doso atthi, amh±ka½yeva doso”’ti ±º±pesi. Te tath± aka½su. B±lamah±jano tad± saddahi, titthiy±pi purisavadhadaº¹ena palibuddh±. Tato paµµh±ya buddh±na½ mahantataro l±bhasakk±ro ahosi.
Athekadivasa½ bhikkh³ dhammasabh±ya½ katha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, titthiy± ‘buddh±na½ k±¼akabh±va½ upp±dess±m±’ti saya½ k±¼ak± j±t±, buddh±na½ pana mahantataro l±bhasakk±ro udap±d²”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, sakk± buddh±na½ sa½kilesa½ upp±detu½, buddh±na½ sa½kiliµµhabh±vakaraºa½ n±ma j±timaºino kiliµµhabh±vakaraºasadisa½, pubbe j±timaºi½ ‘kiliµµha½ kariss±m±’ti v±yamant±pi n±sakkhi½su kiliµµha½ k±tun”ti vatv± tehi y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto ekasmi½ g±make br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vayappatto k±mesu ±d²nava½ disv± nikkhamitv± himavantapadese tisso pabbatar±jiyo atikkamitv± t±paso hutv± paººas±l±ya½ vasi. Tass± avid³re maºiguh± ahosi, tattha ti½samatt± s³kar± vasanti, guh±ya avid³re eko s²ho carati, tassa maºimhi ch±y± paññ±yati. S³kar± s²hacch±ya½ disv± bh²t± utrast± appama½salohit± ahesu½. Te “imassa maºino vippasannatt± aya½ ch±y± paññ±yati, ima½ maºi½ sa½kiliµµha½ vivaººa½ karom±”ti cintetv± avid³re eka½ sara½ gantv± kalale pavaµµetv± ±gantv± ta½ maºi½ gha½santi. So s³karalomehi gha½siyam±no vippasannataro ahosi. S³kar± up±ya½ apassant± “imassa maºino vivaººakaraº³p±ya½ t±pasa½ pucchiss±m±”ti bodhisatta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ µhit± purim± dve g±th± ud±hari½su–
103. “Dariy± satta vass±ni, ti½samatt± vas±mase;
haññ±ma maºino ±bha½, iti no mantara½ ahu.
104. “Y±vat± maºi½ gha½s±ma, bhiyyo vod±yate maºi;
idañcad±ni pucch±ma, ki½ kicca½ idha maññas²”ti.
Tattha dariy±ti maºiguh±ya½. Vas±maseti vas±ma. Haññ±m±ti haniss±ma, mayampi vivaººa½ kariss±ma. Idañcad±ni pucch±m±ti id±ni maya½ “kena k±raºena aya½ maºi kilissam±no vod±yate”ti ida½ ta½ pucch±ma. “Ki½ kicca½ ‘idha maññas²’ti imasmi½ atthe tva½ ima½ kicca½ kinti maññas²”ti.
Atha nesa½ ±cikkhanto bodhisatto tatiya½ g±tham±ha–
105. “Aya½ maºi ve¼uriyo, ak±co vimalo subho;
n±ssa sakk± siri½ hantu½, apakkamatha s³kar±”ti.
Tattha ak±coti akakkaso. Subhoti sobhano. Sirinti pabha½. Apakkamath±ti imassa maºissa pabh± n±setu½ na sakk±, tumhe pana ima½ maºiguha½ pah±ya aññattha gacchath±ti.
Te tassa katha½ sutv± tath± aka½su. Bodhisatto jh±na½ upp±detv± brahmalokapar±yaºo ahosi.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± t±paso ahameva ahosin”ti.

Maºis³karaj±takavaººan± pañcam±.