[284] 4. Sirij±takavaººan±

Ya½ ussuk± saªgharant²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto eka½ siricorabr±hmaºa½ ±rabbha kathesi. Imasmi½ j±take paccuppannavatthu heµµh± khadiraªg±raj±take (j±. 1.1.40) vitth±ritameva. Idh±pi pana s± an±thapiº¹ikassa ghare catutthe dv±rakoµµhake vasanak± micch±diµµhidevat± daº¹akamma½ karont² catupaññ±sahiraññakoµiyo ±haritv± koµµhe p³retv± seµµhin± saddhi½ sah±yik± ahosi. Atha na½ so ±d±ya satthu santika½ nesi. Satth± tass± dhamma½ desesi, s± dhamma½ sutv± sot±pann± ahosi. Tato paµµh±ya seµµhino yaso yath±por±ºova j±to. Atheko s±vatthiv±s² sirilakkhaºaññ³ br±hmaºo cintesi– “an±thapiº¹iko duggato hutv± puna issaro j±to, ya½n³n±ha½ ta½ daµµhuk±mo viya gatv± tassa gharato siri½ thenetv± ±gaccheyyan”ti. So tassa ghara½ gantv± tena katasakk±rasamm±no s±raº²yakath±ya vattam±n±ya “kimattha½ ±gatos²”ti vutte “kattha nu kho sir² patiµµhit±”ti olokesi. Seµµhino ca sabbaseto dhotasaªkhapaµibh±go kukkuµo suvaººapañjare pakkhipitv± µhapito atthi, tassa c³¼±ya sir² patiµµh±si. Br±hmaºo olokayam±no siriy± tattha patiµµhitabh±va½ ñatv± ±ha– “aha½, mah±seµµhi, pañcasate m±ºave mante v±cemi, ak±laravi½ eka½ kukkuµa½ niss±ya te ca mayañca kilam±ma, ayañca kira kukkuµo k±larav², imassatth±ya ±gatomhi, dehi me eta½ kukkuµan”ti. “Gaºha, br±hmaºa, demi te kukkuµan”ti. “Dem²”ti ca vuttakkhaºeyeva sir² tassa c³¼ato apagantv± uss²sake µhapite maºikkhandhe patiµµh±si.
Br±hmaºo siriy± maºimhi patiµµhitabh±va½ ñatv± maºimpi y±ci. “Maºimpi dem²”ti vuttakkhaºeyeva sir² maºito apagantv± uss²sake µhapita-±rakkhayaµµhiya½ patiµµh±si. Br±hmaºo siriy± tattha patiµµhitabh±va½ ñatv± tampi y±ci. “Gahetv± gacch±h²”ti vuttakkhaºeyeva sir² yaµµhito apagantv± puññalakkhaºadeviy± n±ma seµµhino aggamahesiy± s²se patiµµh±si. Siricorabr±hmaºo tattha patiµµhitabh±va½ ñatv± “avissajjiyabhaº¹a½ eta½, y±citumpi na sakk±”ti cintetv± seµµhi½ etadavoca– “mah±seµµhi, aha½ tumh±ka½ gehe ‘siri½ thenetv± gamiss±m²’ti ±gacchi½, sir² pana te kukkuµassa c³¼±ya½ patiµµhit± ahosi, tasmi½ mama dinne tato apagantv± maºimhi patiµµhahi, maºimhi dinne ±rakkhayaµµhiya½ patiµµhahi, ±rakkhayaµµhiy± dinn±ya tato apagantv± puññalakkhaºadeviy± s²se patiµµhahi, ‘ida½ kho pana avissajjiyabhaº¹an’ti imampi me na gahita½, na sakk± tava siri½ thenetu½, tava santaka½ taveva hot³”ti uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi. An±thapiº¹iko “ima½ k±raºa½ satthu kathess±m²”ti vih±ra½ gantv± satth±ra½ p³jetv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno sabba½ tath±gatassa ±rocesi. Satth± ta½ sutv± “na kho, gahapati, id±neva aññesa½ sir² aññattha gacchati, pubbepi appapuññehi upp±ditasir² pana puññavant±na½yeva p±dam³la½ gat±”ti vatv± tena y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto k±siraµµhe br±hmaºakule nibbattitv± vayappatto takkasil±ya½ sippa½ uggaºhitv± ag±ra½ ajjh±vasanto m±t±pit³na½ k±lakiriy±ya sa½viggo nikkhamitv± himavantapadese isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± abhiññ± ca sam±pattiyo ca upp±detv± d²ghassa addhuno accayena loºambilasevanatth±ya janapada½ gantv± b±r±ºasirañño uyy±ne vasitv± punadivase bhikkha½ caram±no hatth±cariyassa gharadv±ra½ agam±si. So tassa ±c±ravih±re pasanno bhikkha½ datv± uyy±ne vas±petv± nicca½ paµijaggi. Tasmi½ k±le eko kaµµhah±rako araññato d±r³ni ±haranto vel±ya nagaradv±ra½ p±puºitu½ n±sakkhi. S±ya½ ekasmi½ devakule d±rukal±pa½ uss²sake katv± nipajji, devakule vissaµµh± bah³ kukkuµ± tassa avid³re ekasmi½ rukkhe sayi½su. Tesu uparisayitakukkuµo pacc³sak±le vacca½ p±tento heµµh±sayitakukkuµassa sar²re p±tesi. “Kena me sar²re vacca½ p±titan”ti ca vutte “may±”ti ±ha. “Ki½k±raº±”ti ca vutte “anupadh±retv±”ti vatv± punapi p±tesi. Tato ubhopi aññamañña½ kuddh± “ki½ te bala½, ki½ te balan”ti kalaha½ kari½su. Atha heµµh±sayitakukkuµo ±ha– “ma½ m±retv± aªg±re pakkama½sa½ kh±danto p±tova kah±paºasahassa½ labhat²”ti. Uparisayitakukkuµo ±ha– “ambho, m± tva½ ettakena gajji, mama th³lama½sa½ kh±danto r±j± hoti, bahima½sa½ kh±danto puriso ce, sen±patiµµh±na½, itth² ce, aggamahesiµµh±na½ labhati. Aµµhima½sa½ pana me kh±danto gih² ce, bhaº¹±g±rikaµµh±na½, pabbajito ce, r±jakul³pakabh±va½ labhat²”ti.
Kaµµhah±rako tesa½ vacana½ sutv± “rajje patte sahassena kicca½ natth²”ti saºika½ abhiruhitv± uparisayitakukkuµa½ gahetv± m±retv± ucchaªge katv± “r±j± bhaviss±m²”ti gantv± vivaµadv±reneva nagara½ pavisitv± kukkuµa½ nittaca½ katv± udara½ sodhetv± “ida½ kukkuµama½sa½ s±dhuka½ samp±deh²”ti paj±patiy± ad±si. S± kukkuµama½sañca bhattañca samp±detv± “bhuñja, s±m²”ti tassa upan±mesi. “Bhadde, eta½ ma½sa½ mah±nubh±va½, eta½ kh±ditv± aha½ r±j± bhaviss±mi, tva½ aggamahes² bhavissasi, ta½ bhattañca ma½sañca ±d±ya gaªg±t²ra½ gantv± nh±yitv± bhuñjiss±m±”ti bhattabh±jana½ t²re µhapetv± nh±natth±ya otari½su. Tasmi½ khaºe v±tena khubhita½ udaka½ ±gantv± bhattabh±jana½ ±d±ya agam±si. Ta½ nad²sotena vuyham±na½ heµµh±nadiya½ hatthi½ nh±pento eko hatth±cariyo mah±matto disv± ukkhip±petv± vivar±petv± “kimetth±”ti pucchi. “Bhattañceva kukkuµama½sañca s±m²”ti. So ta½ pidah±petv± lañch±petv± “y±va maya½ ±gacch±ma, t±vima½ bhatta½ m± vivar±”ti bhariy±ya pesesi. Sopi kho kaµµhah±rako mukhato paviµµhena v±lukodakena uddhum±ta-udaro pal±yi.
Atheko tassa hatth±cariyassa kul³pako dibbacakkhukat±paso “mayha½ upaµµh±ko hatthiµµh±na½ na vijahati, kad± nu kho sampatti½ p±puºissat²”ti dibbacakkhun± upadh±rento ta½ purisa½ disv± ta½ k±raºa½ ñatv± puretara½ gantv± hatth±cariyassa nivesane nis²di. Hatth±cariyo ±gantv± ta½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno ta½ bhattabh±jana½ ±har±petv± “t±pasa½ ma½sodanena parivisath±”ti ±ha. T±paso bhatta½ gahetv± ma½se d²yam±ne aggahetv± “ima½ ma½sa½ aha½ vic±rem²”ti vatv± “vic±retha bhante”ti vutte th³lama½s±d²ni ekeka½ koµµh±sa½ k±retv± th³lama½sa½ hatth±cariyassa d±pesi, bahima½sa½ tassa bhariy±ya, aµµhima½sa½ attan± paribhuñji. So bhattakicc±vas±ne gacchanto “tva½ ito tatiyadivase r±j± bhavissasi, appamatto hoh²”ti vatv± pakk±mi. Tatiyadivase eko s±mantar±j± ±gantv± b±r±ºasi½ pariv±resi. B±r±ºasir±j± hatth±cariya½ r±javesa½ g±h±petv± “hatthi½ abhiruhitv± yujjh±”ti ±º±petv± saya½ aññ±takavesena sen±ya vic±rento ekena mah±vegena sarena viddho taªkhaºaññeva mari. Tassa matabh±va½ ñatv± hatth±cariyo bah³ kah±paºe n²har±petv± “dhanatthik± purato hutv± yujjhant³”ti bheri½ car±pesi. Balak±yo muhutteneva s±mantar±j±na½ j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi. Amacc± rañño sar²rakicca½ katv± “ka½ r±j±na½ karom±”ti mantayam±n± “amh±ka½ r±j± j²vam±no attano vesa½ hatth±cariyassa ad±si, ayameva yuddha½ katv± rajja½ gaºhi, etasseva rajja½ dass±m±”ti ta½ rajjena abhisiñci½su, bhariyampissa aggamahesi½ aka½su. Bodhisatto r±jakul³pako ahosi.
Satth± at²ta½ ±haritv± abhisambuddho hutv± im± dve g±th± abh±si–
100. “Ya½ ussuk± saªgharanti, alakkhik± bahu½ dhana½;
sippavanto asipp± ca, lakkhiv± t±ni bhuñjati.
101. “Sabbattha katapuññassa, aticcaññeva p±ºino;
uppajjanti bah³ bhog±, appan±yatanesup²”ti.
Tattha ya½ ussuk±ti ya½ dhanasaªgharaºe ussukkam±pann± chandaj±t± kicchena bahu½ dhana½ saªgharanti.“Ye ussuk±”tipi p±µho, ye puris± dhanasa½haraºe ussuk± hatthisipp±divasena sippavanto asipp± ca antamaso vetanena kamma½ katv± bahu½ dhana½ saªgharant²ti attho. Lakkhiv± t±ni bhuñjat²ti t±ni “bahu½ dhanan”ti vutt±ni dhan±ni puññav± puriso attano puññaphala½ paribhuñjanto kiñci kamma½ akatv±pi paribhuñjati.
Aticcaññeva p±ºinoti aticca aññe eva p±ºino. Eva-k±ro purimapadena yojetabbo, sabbattheva katapuññassa aññe akatapuññe satte atikkamitv±ti attho. Appan±yatanesup²ti api an±yatanesupi aratan±karesu ratan±ni asuvaºº±yatan±d²su suvaºº±d²ni ahatth±yatan±d²su hatthi-±dayoti saviññ±ºaka-aviññ±ºak± bah³ bhog± uppajjanti Tattha mutt±maºi-±d²na½ an±kare uppattiya½ duµµhag±maºi-abhayamah±r±jassa vatthu kathetabba½.
Satth± pana im± g±th± vatv± “gahapati, imesa½ satt±na½ puññasadisa½ añña½ ±yatana½ n±ma natthi, puññavant±nañhi an±karesu ratan±ni uppajjantiyev±”ti vatv± ima½ dhamma½ desesi–
“Esa devamanuss±na½, sabbak±madado nidhi;
ya½ yadev±bhipatthenti, sabbametena labbhati.
“Suvaººat± susarat±, susaºµh±n± sur³pat±;
±dhipaccapariv±ro, sabbametena labbhati.
“Padesarajja½ issariya½, cakkavattisukha½ piya½;
devarajjampi dibbesu, sabbametena labbhati.
“M±nussik± ca sampatti, devaloke ca y± rati;
y± ca nibb±nasampatti, sabbametena labbhati.
“Mittasampadam±gamma, yonisova payuñjato;
vijj±vimuttivas²bh±vo, sabbametena labbhati.
“Paµisambhid± vimokkh± ca, y± ca s±vakap±ram²;
paccekabodhi buddhabh³mi, sabbametena labbhati.
“Eva½ mahatthik± es±, yadida½ puññasampad±;
tasm± dh²r± pasa½santi, paº¹it± katapuññatan”ti. (Khu. p±. 8.10-16).
Id±ni yesu an±thapiº¹ikassa sir² patiµµhit±, t±ni ratan±ni dassetu½ “kukkuµo”ti-±dim±ha.
102. “Kukkuµo maºayo daº¹o, thiyo ca puññalakkhaº±;
uppajjanti ap±passa, katapuññassa jantuno”ti.
Tattha daº¹oti ±rakkhayaµµhi½ sandh±ya vutta½, thiyoti seµµhibhariya½ puññalakkhaºadevi½. Sesamettha utt±nameva. G±tha½ vatv± ca pana j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± r±j± ±nando ahosi, kul³pakat±paso pana ahameva samm±sambuddho ahosin”ti.

Sirij±takavaººan± catutth±.