[276] 6. Kurudhammaj±takavaººan±

Tava saddhañca s²lañc±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto eka½ ha½sagh±takabhikkhu½ ±rabbha kathesi. S±vatthiv±sino dve sah±yak± bhikkh³ pabbajitv± laddh³pasampad± yebhuyyena ekato vicaranti. Te ekadivasa½ aciravati½ gantv± nhatv± v±lukapuline ±tapa½ tappam±n± s±raº²yakatha½ kathent± aµµha½su, tasmi½ khaºe dve ha½s± ±k±sena gacchanti. Atheko daharabhikkhu sakkhara½ gahetv± “ekassa ha½sapotakassa akkhi½ pahariss±m²”ti ±ha, itaro “na sakkhissas²”ti ±ha. “Tiµµhatu imasmi½ passe akkhi, parapasse akkhi½ pahariss±m²”ti. “Idampi na sakkhissasiyev±”ti. “Tena hi upadh±reh²”ti tiya½sa½ sakkhara½ gahetv± ha½sassa pacch±bh±ge khipi. Ha½so sakkharasadda½ sutv± nivattitv± olokesi, atha na½ itaro vaµµasakkhara½ gahetv± parapasse akkhimhi paharitv± orimakkhin± nikkham±pesi. Ha½so viravanto parivattitv± tesa½ p±dam³leyeva pati. Tattha tattha µhit± bhikkh³ disv± ±gantv± “±vuso, evar³pe niyy±nikas±sane pabbajitv± ananucchavika½ vo kata½ p±º±tip±ta½ karonteh²”ti vatv± te ±d±ya tath±gatassa dassesu½. Satth± “sacca½, kira tay± bhikkhu p±º±tip±to kato”ti pucchitv± “sacca½, bhante”ti vutte “bhikkhu, kasm± evar³pe niyy±nikas±sane pabbajitv± evamak±si, por±ºakapaº¹it± anuppanne buddhe ag±ramajjhe sa½kiliµµhav±sa½ vasam±n± appamattakesupi µh±nesu kukkucca½ kari½su, tva½ pana evar³pe niyy±nikas±sane pabbajitv± kukkuccamattampi na ak±si, nanu n±ma bhikkhun± k±yav±c±cittehi saññatena bhavitabban”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te kururaµµhe indapatthanagare dhanañcaye korabye rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto tassa aggamahesiy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gahetv± anupubbena viññuta½ patto takkasil±ya½ sabbasipp±ni uggaºhitv± pitar± oparajje patiµµh±pito aparabh±ge pitu accayena rajja½ patv± dasa r±jadhamme akopento kurudhamme vattittha. Kurudhammo n±ma pañca s²l±ni, t±ni bodhisatto parisuddh±ni katv± rakkhi. Yath± ca bodhisatto, evamassa m±t± aggamahes² kaniµµhabh±t± upar±j± purohito br±hmaºo rajjug±hako amacco s±rathi seµµhi doºam±pako mah±matto dov±riko nagarasobhin² vaººad±s²ti evamete.
“R±j± m±t± mahes² ca, upar±j± purohito;
rajjuko s±rathi seµµhi, doºo dov±riko tath±;
gaºikek±dasa jan±, kurudhamme patiµµhit±”ti.
Iti ime sabbepi parisuddh±ni katv± pañca s²l±ni rakkhi½su. R±j± cat³su nagaradv±resu ca nagaramajjhe ca nivesanadv±re c±ti cha d±nas±l±yo k±retv± devasika½ chasatasahassa½ dhana½ vissajjento sakalajambud²pa½ unnaªgala½ katv± d±na½ ad±si, tassa pana d±najjh±sayat± d±n±bhiratat± sakalajambud²pa½ ajjhotthari. Tasmi½ k±le k±liªgaraµµhe dantapuranagare k±liªgar±j± rajja½ k±resi. Tassa raµµhe devo na vassi, tasmi½ avassante sakalaraµµhe ch±taka½ j±ta½, ±h±ravipattiy± ca manuss±na½ rogo udap±di, dubbuµµhibhaya½ ch±takabhaya½ rogabhayanti t²ºi bhay±ni uppajji½su. Manuss± niggahaº± d±rake hatthesu gahetv± tattha tattha vicaranti.
Sakalaraµµhav±sino ekato hutv± dantapura½ gantv± r±jadv±re ukkuµµhimaka½su. R±j± v±tap±na½ niss±ya µhito ta½ sadda½ sutv± “ki½ k±raº± ete viravant²”ti pucchi. “Mah±r±ja sakalaraµµhe t²ºi bhay±ni uppann±ni, devo na vassati, sass±ni na vipann±ni, ch±taka½ j±ta½. Manuss± dubbhojan± rog±bhibh³t± niggahaº± putte hatthesu gahetv± vicaranti, deva½ vass±pehi mah±r±j±”ti. “Por±ºakar±j±no deve avassante ki½ karont²”ti? “Por±ºakar±j±no, mah±r±ja, deve avassante d±na½ datv± uposatha½ adhiµµh±ya sam±dinnas²l± sirigabbha½ pavisitv± dabbasanthare satt±ha½ nipajjanti, tad± devo vassat²”ti. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± tath± ak±si. Eva½ santepi devo na vassi.
R±j± amacce pucchi– “aha½ kattabbakicca½ ak±si½, devo na vassati, kinti karom±”ti? “Mah±r±ja, indapatthanagare dhanañcayassa korabyarañño añjanavaººo n±ma maªgalahatth² atthi, ta½ ±ness±ma, eva½ sante devo vassat²”ti. “So r±j± balav±hanasampanno duppasaho, kathamassa hatthi½ ±ness±m±”ti? “Mah±r±ja, tena saddhi½ yuddhakicca½ natthi, d±najjh±sayo r±j± d±n±bhirato y±cito sam±no alaªkatas²sampi chinditv± pas±dasampann±ni akkh²nipi upp±µetv± sakalarajjampi niyy±detv± dadeyya, hatthimhi vattabbameva natthi, avassa½ y±cito dassat²”ti. “Ke pana ta½ y±citu½ samatth±”ti? “Br±hmaº±, mah±r±j±”ti. R±j± br±hmaºag±mato aµµha br±hmaºe pakkos±petv± sakk±rasamm±na½ katv± hatthi½ y±canatth±ya pesesi. Te paribbaya½ ±d±ya addhikavesa½ gahetv± sabbattha ekarattiv±sena turitagamana½ gantv± katip±ha½ nagaradv±re d±nas±l±su bhuñjitv± sar²ra½ santappetv± “kad± r±j± d±nagga½ ±gacchissat²”ti pucchi½su. Manuss± “pakkhassa tayo divase c±tuddase pannarase aµµhamiyañca ±gacchati, sve pana puººam², tasm± sve ±gacchissat²”ti vadi½su.
Br±hmaº± punadivase p±tova gantv± p±c²nadv±re aµµha½su. Bodhisatto p±tova nhatv± gatt±nulitto sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ito alaªkatahatthikkhandhavaragato mahantena pariv±rena p±c²nadv±rena d±nas±la½ gantv± otaritv± sattaµµhajan±na½ sahatth± bhatta½ datv± “imin±va n²h±rena deth±”ti vatv± hatthi½ abhiruhitv± dakkhiºadv±ra½ agam±si. Br±hmaº± p±c²nadv±re ±rakkhassa balavat±ya ok±sa½ alabhitv± dakkhiºadv±rameva gantv± r±j±na½ ±gacchanta½ olokayam±n± dv±rato n±tid³re unnataµµh±ne µhit± sampatta½ r±j±na½ hatthe ukkhipitv± “jayatu bhava½, mah±r±j±”ti jay±pesu½. R±j± vajiraªkusena v±raºa½ nivattetv± tesa½ santika½ gantv± “bho br±hmaº±, ki½ icchath±”ti pucchi. Br±hmaº± bodhisattassa guºa½ vaººent± paµhama½ g±tham±ha½su–
76. “Tava saddhañca s²lañca, viditv±na jan±dhipa;
vaººa½ añjanavaººena, k±liªgasmi½ nimimhase”ti.
Tattha saddhanti kammaphal±na½ saddahanavasena okappaniyasaddha½. S²lanti sa½varas²la½ av²tikkamas²la½. Vaººanti tad± tasmi½ dese suvaººa½ vuccati, desan±s²sameva ceta½. Imin± pana padena sabbampi hiraññasuvaºº±didhanadhañña½ saªgahita½. Añjanavaººen±ti añjanapuñjasam±navaººena imin± tava n±gena, k±liªgasminti k±liªgarañño santike. Nimimhaseti vinimayavasena gaºhimha, paribhogavasena v± udare pakkhipimh±ti attho. Seti nip±tamatta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– mayañhi, jan±dhipa, tava saddhañca s²lañca viditv±na “addh± no eva½ saddh±s²lasampanno r±j± y±cito añjanavaººa½ n±ga½ dassat²”ti imin± attano santakena viya añjanavaººena k±liªgarañño santike n±ga½ vo ±hariss±m±ti vatv± bahudhanadhañña½ nimimhase parivattayimha ceva udare ca pakkhipimha. Eva½ ta½ maya½ dh±rayam±n± idh±gat±. Tattha kattabba½ devo j±n±t³ti.
Aparo nayo– tava saddhañca s²laguºasaªkh±ta½ vaººañca sutv± “u¼±raguºo r±j± j²vitampi y±cito dadeyya, pageva tiracch±nagata½ n±gan”ti eva½ k±liªgassa santike imin± añjanavaººena tava vaººa½ nimimhase nimimha tulayimha, tenamh± idh±gat±ti.
Ta½ sutv± bodhisatto “sace, vo br±hmaº±, ima½ n±ga½ parivattetv± dhana½ kh±dita½ sukh±dita½ m± cintayittha, yath±laªkatameva vo n±ga½ dass±m²”ti samass±setv± itar± dve g±th± avoca–
77. “Annabhacc± cabhacc± ca, yodha uddissa gacchati;
sabbe te appaµikkhipp±, pubb±cariyavaco ida½.
78. “Dad±mi vo br±hmaº± n±gameta½, r±j±raha½ r±jabhogga½ yasassina½;
alaªkata½ hemaj±l±bhichanna½, sas±rathi½ gacchatha yenak±man”ti.
Tattha annabhacc± cabhacc± c±ti purisa½ upaniss±ya j²vam±n± y±gubhatt±din± annena bharitabb±ti annabhacc±, itare tath± abharitabbatt± abhacc±. Sandhivasena panettha ak±ralopo veditabbo. Ett±vat± att±na½ upaniss±ya ca anupaniss±ya ca j²vam±navasena sabbepi satt± dve koµµh±se katv± dassit± honti. Yodha uddissa gacchat²ti tesu sattesu idha j²valoke yo satto ya½ purisa½ k±yacideva pacc±s²san±ya uddissa gacchati. Sabbe te appaµikkhipp±ti tath± uddissa gacchant± sacepi bah³ honti, tath±pi tena purisena sabbe te appaµikkhipp±, “apetha, na vo dass±m²”ti eva½ na paµikkhipitabb±ti attho. Pubb±cariyavaco idanti pubb±cariy± vuccanti m±t±pitaro, ida½ tesa½ vacana½. Evamaha½ m±t±pit³hi sikkh±pitoti d²peti.
Dad±mi vo br±hmaº± n±gametanti yasm± ida½ amh±ka½ pubb±cariyavaco, tasm±ha½ br±hmaº± tumh±ka½ ima½ n±ga½ dad±mi. R±j±rahanti rañño anucchavika½. R±jabhogganti r±japaribhoga½. Yasassinanti pariv±rasampanna½, ta½ kira hatthi½ niss±ya hatthigopakahatthivejj±d²ni pañca kulasat±ni j²vanti, tehi saddhiññeva vo dad±m²ti attho. Alaªkatanti n±n±vidhehi hatthi-alaªk±rehi alaªkata½. Hemaj±l±bhichannanti suvaººaj±lena abhicchanna½. Sas±rathinti yo panassa s±rathi hatthigopako ±cariyo, tena saddhi½yeva dad±mi, tasm± sas±rathi hutv± tumhe sapariv±ra½ ima½ n±ga½ gahetv± yenak±ma½ gacchath±ti.
Eva½ hatthikkhandhavaragatova mah±satto v±c±ya datv± puna hatthikkhandh± oruyha “sace analaªkataµµh±na½ atthi, alaªkaritv± dass±m²”ti vatv± tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ karonto upadh±retv± analaªkataµµh±na½ adisv± tassa soº¹a½ br±hmaº±na½ hatthesu µhapetv± suvaººabhiªk±rena pupphagandhav±sita½ udaka½ p±tetv± ad±si. Br±hmaº± sapariv±ra½ n±ga½ sampaµicchitv± hatthipiµµhe nisinn± dantapura½ gantv± hatthi½ rañño ada½su, hatthimhi ±gatepi devo na vassateva. R±j± “ki½ nu kho k±raºan”ti uttari½ pucchanto “dhanañcayakorabyar±j± kurudhamma½ rakkhati, tenassa raµµhe anva¹¹ham±sa½ anudas±ha½ devo vassati, rañño guº±nubh±vo cesa, imassa pana tiracch±nagatassa guº± hont±pi kittak± bhaveyyun”ti sutv± “tena hi yath±laªkatameva sapariv±ra½ hatthi½ patinetv± rañño datv± ya½ so kurudhamma½ rakkhati, ta½ suvaººapaµµe likhitv± ±neth±”ti br±hmaºe ca amacce ca pesesi. Te gantv± rañño hatthi½ niyy±detv± “deva, imasmi½ hatthimhi gatepi amh±ka½ raµµhe devo na vassati, tumhe kira kurudhamma½ n±ma rakkhatha, amh±kampi r±j± ta½ rakkhituk±mo imasmi½ suvaººapaµµe likhitv± ±neth±”ti pesesi. “Detha no kurudhamman”ti. “T±t±, sacc±ha½ eta½ kurudhamma½ rakkh±mi, id±ni pana me tattha kukkucca½ atthi, na me so kurudhammo citta½ ±r±dheti, tasm± tumh±ka½ d±tu½ na sakk±”ti.
Kasm± pana ta½ s²la½ r±j±na½ na ±r±dhet²ti? Tad± kira r±j³na½ tatiye tatiye sa½vacchare kattikam±se pavatto chaºo n±ma hoti, ta½ chaºa½ k²¼ant± r±j±no sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹it± devavesa½ gahetv± cittar±jassa n±ma yakkhassa santike µhatv± catuddis± pupphapaµimaº¹ite cittasare khipanti. Ayampi r±j± ta½ khaºa½ k²¼anto ekiss± ta¼±kap±¼iy± cittar±jassa yakkhassa santike µhatv± catuddis± cittasare khipitv± tesu sesadis±gate tayo sare disv± udakapiµµhe khittasara½ na addasa. Rañño “kacci nu kho may± khitto saro macchasar²re patito”ti kukkucca½ ahosi p±º±tip±takammena s²labheda½ ±rabbha, tasm± s²la½ na ±r±dheti. So evam±ha– “t±t±, mayha½ kurudhamme kukkucca½ atthi, m±t± pana me surakkhita½ rakkhati, tass± santike gaºhath±”ti. “Mah±r±ja, tumh±ka½ ‘p±ºa½ vadhiss±m²’ti cetan± natthi, ta½ vin± p±º±tip±to n±ma na hoti, detha no attan± rakkhita½ kurudhamman”ti. “Tena hi likhath±”ti suvaººapaµµe likh±pesi– “p±ºo na hantabbo, adinna½ n±d±tabba½ k±mesu micch± na caritabba½, mus± na bhaºitabba½ majja½ na p±tabban”ti likh±petv± ca pana “eva½ santepi neva ma½ ±r±dheti, m±tu me santike gaºhath±”ti ±ha.