[269] 9. Suj±taj±takavaººan±

Na hi vaººena sampann±ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto an±thapiº¹ikassa suºisa½ dhanañcayaseµµhidh²tara½ vis±kh±ya kaniµµhabhagini½ suj±ta½ ±rabbha kathesi. S± kira mahantena yasena an±thapiº¹ikassa ghara½ p³rayam±n± p±visi, “mah±kulassa dh²t± ahan”ti m±nathaddh± ahosi kodhan± caº¹² pharus±, sassusasuras±mikavatt±ni na karoti, gehajana½ tajjent² paharant² carati. Athekadivasa½ satth± pañcahi bhikkhusatehi parivuto an±thapiº¹ikassa geha½ gantv± nis²di. Mah±seµµhi dhamma½ suºantova bhagavanta½ upanis²di, tasmi½ khaºe suj±t± d±sakammakarehi saddhi½ kalaha½ karoti. Satth± dhammakatha½ µhapetv± “ki½ saddo eso”ti ±ha. Es±, bhante, kulasuºh± ag±rav±, nevass± sassusasuras±mikavatta½ atthi, assaddh± appasann± ahoratta½ kalaha½ kurum±n± vicarat²ti. Tena hi na½ pakkosath±ti. S± ±gantv± vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si.
Atha na½ satth± “sattim±, suj±te, purisassa bhariy±, t±sa½ tva½ katar±”ti pucchi. “Bhante, n±ha½ sa½khittena kathitassa attha½ ±j±n±mi, vitth±rena me katheth±”ti. Satth± “tena hi ohitasot± suºoh²”ti vatv± im± g±th± abh±si–
“Paduµµhacitt± ahit±nukampin², aññesu ratt± atimaññate pati½,
dhanena k²tassa vadh±ya ussuk±; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
vadhak± ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [1]
“Ya½ itthiy± vindati s±miko dhana½, sippa½ vaºijjañca kasi½ adhiµµhaha½,
appampi tassa apah±tumicchati; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
cor² ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [2]
“Akammak±m± alas± mahagghas±, pharus± ca caº¹² ca duruttav±din²,
uµµh±yak±na½ abhibhuyya vattati; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
ayy± ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [3]
“Y± sabbad± hoti hit±nukampin², m±t±va putta½ anurakkhate pati½,
tato dhana½ sambhatamassa rakkhati; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
m±t± ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [4]
“Yath±pi jeµµh± bhagin² kaniµµhak±, sag±rav± hoti sakamhi s±dhike,
hir²man± bhattu vas±nuvattin²; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
bhagin² ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [5]
“Y±c²dha disv±na pati½ pamodati, sakh² sakh±ra½va cirassam±gata½,
koleyyak± s²lavat² patibbat±; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
sakh² ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati. [6]
“Akkuddhasant± vadhadaº¹atajjit±, aduµµhacitt± patino titikkhati,
akkodhan± bhattu vas±nuvattin²; y± evar³p± purisassa bhariy±,
d±s² ca bhariy±ti ca s± pavuccati”. (A. ni. 7.63). [7]
Im± kho, suj±te, purisassa satta bhariy±. T±su vadhakasam± cor²sam± ayyasam±ti im± tisso niraye nibbattanti, itar± catasso nimm±naratidevaloke.
“Y±c²dha bhariy± vadhak±ti vuccati, cor²ti ayy±ti ca y± pavuccati;
duss²lar³p± pharus± an±dar±, k±yassa bhed± niraya½ vajanti t±.
“Y±c²dha m±t± bhagin² sakh²ti ca, d±s²ti bhariy±ti ca y± pavuccati;
s²le µhitatt± cirarattasa½vut±, k±yassa bhed± sugati½ vajanti t±”ti. (A. ni. 7.63).
Eva½ satthari im± satta bhariy± dassenteyeva suj±t± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. “Suj±te, tva½ im±sa½ sattanna½ bhariy±na½ katar±”ti vutte “d±sisam± aha½, bhante”ti vatv± tath±gata½ vanditv± kham±pesi. Iti satth± suj±ta½ gharasuºha½ ekov±deneva dametv± katabhattakicco jetavana½ gantv± bhikkhusaªghena vatte dassite gandhakuµi½ p±visi. Dhammasabh±yampi kho, bhikkh³, satthu guºakatha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, ekov±deneva satth± suj±ta½ gharasuºha½ dametv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±pes²”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepi may± suj±t± ekov±deneva damit±”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto tassa aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ nibbattitv± vayappatto takkasil±ya½ sabbasipp±ni uggaºhitv± pitu accayena rajje patiµµh±ya dhammena samena rajja½ k±resi. Tassa m±t± kodhan± ahosi caº¹± pharus± akkosik± paribh±sik±. So m±tu ov±da½ d±tuk±mopi “avatthuka½ kathetu½ na yuttan”ti tass± anus±sanattha½ eka½ upama½ olokento carati. Athekadivasa½ uyy±na½ agam±si, m±t±pi puttena saddhi½yeva agam±si Atha antar±magge kik² sakuºo viravi, bodhisattaparis± ta½ sadda½ sutv± kaººe pidahitv± “ambho, caº¹av±ce pharusav±ce m± saddamak±s²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatte pana n±µakapariv±rite m±tar± saddhi½ uyy±ne vicarante ekasmi½ supupphitas±larukkhe nil²n± ek± kokil± madhurena sarena vassi. Mah±jano tass± saddena sammatto hutv± añjali½ paggahetv± “saºhav±ce sakhilav±ce muduv±ce vassa vass±”ti g²va½ ukkhipitv± ohitasoto olokento aµµh±si.
Atha mah±satto t±ni dve k±raº±ni disv± “id±ni m±tara½ saññ±petu½ sakkhiss±m²”ti cintetv± “amma, antar±magge kik²sadda½ sutv± mah±jano ‘m± saddamak±si m± saddamak±s²’ti kaººe pidahi, pharusav±c± n±ma na kassaci piy±”ti vatv± im± g±th± avoca–
55. “Na hi vaººena sampann±, mañjuk± piyadassan±;
kharav±c± piy± honti, asmi½ loke paramhi ca.
56. “Nanu passasima½ k±¼i½, dubbaººa½ tilak±hata½;
kokila½ saºhabh±ºena, bah³na½ p±ºina½ piya½.
57. “Tasm± sakhilav±cassa, mantabh±º² anuddhato;
attha½ dhammañca d²peti, madhura½ tassa bh±sitan”ti.
T±sa½ ayamattho– amma, ime satt± piyaªgus±m±din± sar²ravaººena samann±gat± kath±nigghosassa madhurat±ya mañjuk±, abhir³pat±ya piyadassan± sam±n±pi antamaso m±t±pitaropi akkosaparibh±s±divasena pavatt±ya kharav±c±ya samann±gatatt± kharav±c± imasmiñca parasmiñca loke piy± n±ma na honti antar±magge kharav±c± kik² viya, saºhabh±ºino pana maµµh±ya madhur±ya v±c±ya samann±gat± vir³p±pi piy± honti. Tena ta½ vad±mi– nanu passasi tva½ ima½ k±¼i½ dubbaººa½ sar²ravaººatopi k±¼atarehi tilakehi ±hata½ kokila½, y± eva½ dubbaºº± sam±n±pi saºhabh±sanena bah³na½ piy± j±t±. Iti yasm± kharav±co satto loke m±t±pit³nampi appiyo, tasm± bahujanassa piyabh±va½ icchanto poso sakhilav±co saºhamaµµhamuduv±co assa. Paññ±saªkh±t±ya mant±ya paricchinditv± vacanato mantabh±º², vin± uddhaccena pam±ºayuttasseva kathanato anuddhato. Yo hi evar³po puggalo p±¼iñca atthañca d²peti, tassa bh±sita½ k±raºasannissita½ katv± para½ anakkosetv± kathitat±ya madhuranti.
Eva½ bodhisatto im±hi t²hi g±th±hi m±tu dhamma½ desetv± m±tara½ saññ±pesi, s± tato paµµh±ya ±c±rasampann± ahosi. Bodhisattopi m±tara½ ekov±dena nibbisevana½ katv± yath±kamma½ gato.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± b±r±ºasirañño m±t± suj±t± ahosi, r±j± pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Suj±taj±takavaººan± navam±.