[264] 4. Mah±pan±daj±takavaººan±

Pan±do n±ma so r±j±ti ida½ satth± gaªg±t²re nisinno bhaddajittherass±nubh±va½ ±rabbha kathesi. Ekasmiñhi samaye satth± s±vatthiya½ vassa½ vasitv± “bhaddajikum±rassa saªgaha½ kariss±m²”ti bhikkhusaªghaparivuto c±rika½ caram±no bhaddiyanagara½ patv± j±tiy±vane tayo m±se vasi kum±rassa ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no. Bhaddajikum±ro mah±yaso as²tikoµivibhavassa bhaddiyaseµµhino ekaputtako. Tassa tiººa½ ut³na½ anucchavik± tayo p±s±d± ahesu½. Ekekasmi½ catt±ro catt±ro m±se vasati. Ekasmi½ vasitv± n±µakaparivuto mahantena yasena añña½ p±s±da½ gacchati. Tasmi½ khaºe “kum±rassa yasa½ passiss±m±”ti sakalanagara½ saªkhubhi, p±s±dantare cakk±ticakk±ni mañc±timañc±ni bandhanti.
Satth± tayo m±se vasitv± “maya½ gacch±m±”ti nagarav±s²na½ ±rocesi. N±gar± “bhante, sve gamissath±”ti satth±ra½ nimantetv± dutiyadivase buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ sajjetv± nagaramajjhe maº¹apa½ katv± alaªkaritv± ±san±ni paññapetv± k±la½ ±rocesu½. Satth± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto tattha gantv± nis²di, manuss± mah±d±na½ ada½su. Satth± niµµhitabhattakicco madhurassarena anumodana½ ±rabhi. Tasmi½ khaºe bhaddajikum±ropi p±s±dato p±s±da½ gacchati tassa sampattidassanatth±ya ta½ divasa½ na koci agam±si, attano manuss±va pariv±resu½. So manusse pucchi– “aññasmi½ k±le mayi p±s±dato p±s±da½ gacchante sakalanagara½ saªkhubhati, cakk±ticakk±ni mañc±timañc±ni bandhanti, ajja pana µhapetv± mayha½ manusse añño koci natthi, ki½ nu kho k±raºan”ti. “S±mi, samm±sambuddho ima½ bhaddiyanagara½ upaniss±ya tayo m±se vasitv± ajjeva gamissati, so bhattakicca½ niµµh±petv± mah±janassa dhamma½ deseti, sakalanagarav±sinopi tassa dhammakatha½ suºant²”ti. So “tena hi etha, mayampi suºiss±m±”ti sabb±bharaºapaµimaº¹itova mahantena pariv±rena upasaªkamitv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ suºanto µhitova sabbakilese khepetv± aggaphala½ arahatta½ p±puºi.
Satth± bhaddiyaseµµhi½ ±mantetv± “mah±seµµhi, putto te alaªkatapaµiyattova dhammakatha½ suºanto arahatte patiµµhito, tenassa ajjeva pabbajitu½ v± vaµµati parinibb±yitu½ v±”ti ±ha. “Bhante, mayha½ puttassa parinibb±nena kicca½ natthi, pabb±jetha na½, pabb±jetv± ca pana na½ gahetv± sve amh±ka½ geha½ upasaªkamath±”ti. Bhagav± nimantana½ adhiv±setv± kulaputta½ ±d±ya vih±ra½ gantv± pabb±jetv± upasampada½ d±pesi. Tassa m±t±pitaro satt±ha½ mah±sakk±ra½ kari½su. Satth± satt±ha½ vasitv± kulaputtam±d±ya c±rika½ caranto koµig±ma½ p±puºi. Koµig±mav±sino manuss± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ ada½su. Satth± bhattakicc±vas±ne anumodana½ ±rabhi. Kulaputto anumodanakaraºak±le bahig±ma½ gantv± “satthu ±gatak±leyeva uµµhahiss±m²”ti gaªg±titthasam²pe ekasmi½ rukkham³le jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di Mahallakattheresu ±gacchantesupi anuµµhahitv± satthu ±gatak±leyeva uµµhahi. Puthujjan± bhikkh³ “aya½ pure viya pabbajitv± mah±there ±gacchantepi disv± na uµµhahat²”ti kujjhi½su.
Koµig±mav±sino manuss± n±v±saªgh±te bandhi½su. Satth± n±v±saªgh±te µhatv± “kaha½ bhaddaj²”ti pucchi. “Esa, bhante, idhev±”ti. “Ehi, bhaddaji, amhehi saddhi½ ekan±va½ abhiruh±”ti. Theropi uppatitv± ekan±v±ya aµµh±si. Atha na½ gaªg±ya majjha½ gatak±le satth± ±ha– “bhaddaji, tay± mah±pan±dar±jak±le ajjh±vutthap±s±do kahan”ti. Imasmi½ µh±ne nimuggo, bhanteti. Puthujjan± bhikkh³ “bhaddajitthero añña½ by±karot²”ti ±ha½su. Satth± “tena hi, bhaddaji, sabrahmac±r²na½ kaªkha½ chind±”ti ±ha. Tasmi½ khaºe thero satth±ra½ vanditv± iddhibalena gantv± p±s±dath³pika½ p±daªguliy± gahetv± pañcav²satiyojana½ p±s±da½ gahetv± ±k±se uppati. Uppatito ca pana heµµh±p±s±de µhit±na½ p±s±da½ bhinditv± paññ±yi. So ekayojana½ dviyojana½ tiyojananti y±va v²satiyojan± udakato p±s±da½ ukkhipi. Athassa purimabhave ñ±tak± p±s±dalobhena macchakacchapan±gamaº¹³k± hutv± tasmi½yeva p±s±de nibbatt± p±s±de uµµhahante parivattitv± parivattitv± udakeyeva pati½su. Satth± te patante disv± “ñ±tak± te, bhaddaji, kilamant²”ti ±ha. Thero satthu vacana½ sutv± p±s±da½ vissajjesi, p±s±do yath±µh±neyeva patiµµhahi, satth± p±ragaªga½ gato. Athassa gaªg±t²reyeva ±sana½ paññ±payi½su, so paññatte varabuddh±sane taruºas³riyo viya rasmiyo muñcanto nis²di. Atha na½ bhikkh³ “kasmi½ k±le, bhante, aya½ p±s±do bhaddajittherena ajjh±vuttho”ti pucchi½su. Satth± “mah±pan±dar±jak±le”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te videharaµµhe mithil±ya½ suruci n±ma r±j± ahosi, puttopi tassa suruciyeva, tassa pana putto mah±pan±do n±ma ahosi, te ima½ p±s±da½ paµilabhi½su. Paµil±bhatth±ya panassa ida½ pubbakamma½– dve pit±putt± na¼ehi ca udumbarad±r³hi ca paccekabuddhassa vasanapaººas±la½ kari½su. Imasmi½ j±take sabba½ at²tavatthu pakiººakanip±te surucij±take (j±. 1.14.102 ±dayo) ±vibhavissati.
Satth± ima½ at²ta½ ±haritv± samm±sambuddho hutv± im± g±th± avoca–
40. “Pan±do n±ma so r±j±, yassa y³po suvaººayo;
tiriya½ so¼asubbedho, uddham±hu sahassadh±.
41. “Sahassakaº¹o satageº¹u, dhaj±lu harit±mayo;
anaccu½ tattha gandhabb±, cha sahass±ni sattadh±.
42. “Evameta½ tad± ±si, yath± bh±sasi bhaddaji;
sakko aha½ tad± ±si½, veyy±vaccakaro tav±”ti.
Tattha y³poti p±s±do. Tiriya½ so¼asubbedhoti vitth±rato so¼asakaº¹ap±tavitth±ro ahosi. Uddham±hu sahassadh±ti ubbedhena sahassakaº¹agamanamatta½ ucco ahu, sahassakaº¹agamanagaºan±ya pañcav²satiyojanappam±ºa½ hoti. Vitth±ro panassa aµµhayojanamatto.
Sahassakaº¹o satageº¹³ti so panesa sahassakaº¹ubbedho p±s±do satabh³miko ahosi. Dhaj±l³ti dhajasampanno. Harit±mayoti haritamaºiparikkhitto. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “sam±luharit±mayo”ti p±µho, haritamaºimayehi dv±rakav±µav±tap±nehi samann±gatoti attho. Sam±l³ti kira dv±rakav±µav±tap±n±na½ n±ma½. Gandhabb±ti naµ±, cha sahass±ni sattadh±ti cha gandhabbasahass±ni sattadh± hutv± tassa p±s±dassa sattasu µh±nesu rañño ratijananatth±ya nacci½s³ti attho. Te eva½ naccant±pi r±j±na½ h±setu½ n±sakkhi½su, atha sakko devar±j± devanaµa½ pesetv± samajja½ k±resi, tad± mah±pan±do hasi.
Yath± bh±sasi, bhaddaj²ti bhaddajittherena hi “bhaddaji, tay± mah±pan±dar±jak±le ajjh±vutthap±s±do kahan”ti vutte “imasmi½ µh±ne nimuggo, bhante”ti vadantena tasmi½ k±le attano atth±ya tassa p±s±dassa nibbattabh±vo ca mah±pan±dar±jabh±vo ca bh±sito hoti. Ta½ gahetv± satth± “yath± tva½, bhaddaji, bh±sasi, tad± eta½ tatheva ahosi, aha½ tad± tava k±yaveyy±vaccakaro sakko dev±namindo ahosin”ti ±ha. Tasmi½ khaºe puthujjanabhikkh³ nikkaªkh± ahesu½.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± mah±pan±do r±j± bhaddaji ahosi, sakko pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Mah±pan±daj±takavaººan± catutth±.