[255] 5. Sukaj±takavaººan±

Y±va so mattamaññ±s²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto eka½ atibahu½ bhuñjitv± aj²raºena k±lakata½ bhikkhu½ ±rabbha kathesi. Tasmi½ kira eva½ k±lakate dhammasabh±ya½ bhikkh³ tassa aguºakatha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “±vuso, asuko n±ma bhikkhu attano kucchippam±ºa½ aj±nitv± atibahu½ bhuñjitv± j²r±petu½ asakkonto k±lakato”ti. Satth± ±gantv± “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv± “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte “na, bhikkhave, id±neva, pubbepesa atibhojanapaccayeneva mato”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto himavantapadese sukayoniya½ nibbattitv± anek±na½ sukasahass±na½ samudd±nugate himavantapadese vasant±na½ r±j± ahosi. Tasseko putto ahosi, tasmi½ balappatte bodhisatto dubbalacakkhuko ahosi. Suk±na½ kira s²gho vego hoti, tena tesa½ mahallakak±le paµhama½ cakkhumeva dubbala½ hoti. Bodhisattassa putto m±t±pitaro kul±vake µhapetv± gocara½ ±haritv± posesi. So ekadivasa½ gocarabh³mi½ gantv± pabbatamatthake µhito samudda½ olokento eka½ d²paka½ passi. Tasmi½ pana suvaººavaººa½ madhuraphala½ ambavana½ atthi. So punadivase gocaravel±ya uppatitv± tasmi½ ambavane otaritv± ambarasa½ pivitv± ambapakka½ ±d±ya ±gantv± m±t±pit³na½ ad±si. Bodhisatto ta½ kh±danto rasa½ sañj±nitv± “t±ta, nanu ima½ asukad²pake ambapakkan”ti vatv± “±ma, t±t±”ti vutte “t±ta, eta½ d²paka½ gacchant± n±ma suk± d²gham±yu½ p±lent± n±ma natthi, m± kho tva½ puna ta½ d²paka½ agam±s²”ti ±ha. So tassa vacana½ aggahetv± agam±siyeva.
Athekadivasa½ bahu½ ambarasa½ pivitv± m±t±pit³na½ atth±ya ambapakka½ ±d±ya samuddamatthaken±gacchanto atidh±tat±ya kilantak±yo nidd±y±bhibh³to, so nidd±yantopi ±gacchateva, tuº¹ena panassa gahita½ ambapakka½ pati. So anukkamena ±gamanav²thi½ jahitv± os²danto udakapiµµheneva ±gacchanto udake pati. Atha na½ eko maccho gahetv± kh±di. Bodhisatto tasmi½ ±gamanavel±ya an±gacchanteyeva “samudde patitv± mato bhavissat²”ti aññ±si. Athassa m±t±pitaropi ±h±ra½ alabham±n± sussitv± mari½su.
Satth± ima½ at²ta½ ±haritv± abhisambuddho hutv± im± g±th± avoca–
13. “Y±va so mattamaññ±si, bhojanasmi½ vihaªgamo;
t±va addh±nam±p±di, m±tarañca aposayi.
14. “Yato ca kho bahutara½, bhojana½ ajjhav±hari;
tato tattheva sa½s²di, amattaññ³ hi so ahu.
15. “Tasm± mattaññut± s±dhu, bhojanasmi½ agiddhat±;
amattaññ³ hi s²danti, mattaññ³ ca na s²dare”ti.
Tattha y±va soti y±va so vihaªgamo bhojane mattamaññ±si. T±va addh±nam±p±d²ti tatthaka½ k±la½ j²vita-addh±na½ ±p±di, ±yu½ vindi. M±tarañc±ti desan±s²sameta½, m±t±pitaro ca aposay²ti attho. Yato ca khoti yasmiñca kho k±le. Bhojana½ ajjhav±har²ti ambarasa½ ajjhohari. Tatoti tasmi½ k±le. Tattheva sa½s²d²ti tasmi½ samuddeyeva os²di nimujji, macchabhojanata½ ±pajji.
Tasm± mattaññut± s±dh³ti yasm± bhojane amattaññ³ suko samudde os²ditv± mato, tasm± bhojanasmi½ agiddhit±saªkh±to mattaññubh±vo s±dhu, pam±ºaj±nana½ sundaranti attho. Atha v± “paµisaªkh± yoniso ±h±ra½ ±h±reti, neva dav±ya na mad±ya…pe… ph±suvih±ro c±”ti.
“Alla½ sukkhañca bhuñjanto, na b±¼ha½ suhito siy±;
³nudaro mit±h±ro, sato bhikkhu paribbaje.
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno. (Therag±. 982-983).
“Manujassa sad± sat²mato, matta½ j±nato laddhabhojane;
tan³ tassa bhavanti vedan±, saºika½ j²rati ±yu½ p±layan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.124)–

Eva½ vaººit± mattaññut±pi s±dhu.

“Kant±re puttama½sa½va, akkhassabbhañjana½ yath±;
eva½ ±hari ±hara½, y±panatthamamucchito”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.19)–

Eva½ vaººit± agiddhit±pi s±dhu. P±¼iya½ pana “agiddhim±”ti likhita½, tato aya½ aµµhakath±p±µhova sundarataro. Amattaññ³ hi s²dant²ti bhojane pam±ºa½ aj±nant± hi rasataºh±vasena p±pakamma½ katv± cat³su ap±yesu s²danti. Mattaññ³ ca na s²dareti ye pana bhojane pam±ºa½ j±nanti, te diµµhadhammepi sampar±yepi na s²dant²ti.

Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± sacc±ni pak±setv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi, saccapariyos±ne bah³ sot±pann±pi sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi arahantopi ahesu½. “Tad± sukar±japutto bhojane amattaññ³ bhikkhu ahosi, sukar±j± pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Sukaj±takavaººan± pañcam±.