Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

J±taka-aµµhakath±

(Dutiyo bh±go)

2. Dukanip±to

1. Da¼havaggo

[151] 1. R±jov±daj±takavaººan±

Da¼ha½ da¼hassa khipat²ti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto r±jov±da½ ±rabbha kathesi. So tesakuºaj±take (j±. 2.17.1 ±dayo) ±vi bhavissati. Ekasmi½ pana divase kosalar±j± eka½ agatigata½ dubbinicchaya½ a¹¹a½ vinicchinitv± bhuttap±tar±so allahatthova alaªkataratha½ abhiruyha satthu santika½ gantv± phullapadumasassirikesu p±desu nipatitv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Atha na½ satth± etadavoca– “handa kuto nu tva½, mah±r±ja, ±gacchasi div± divass±”ti. “Bhante, ajja eka½ agatigata½ dubbinicchaya½ a¹¹a½ vinicchinanto ok±sa½ alabhitv± id±ni ta½ t²retv± bhuñjitv± allahatthova tumh±ka½ upaµµh±na½ ±gatomh²”ti. Satth± “mah±r±ja, dhammena samena a¹¹avinicchaya½ n±ma kusala½, saggamaggo esa. Anacchariya½ kho paneta½, ya½ tumhe m±disassa sabbaññubuddhassa santik± ov±da½ labham±n± dhammena samena a¹¹a½ vinicchineyy±tha. Etadeva acchariya½, ya½ pubbe r±j±no asabbaññ³nampi paº¹it±na½ vacana½ sutv± dhammena samena a¹¹a½ vinicchinant± catt±ri agatigaman±ni vajjetv± dasa r±jadhamme akopetv± dhammena rajja½ k±retv± saggapura½ p³rayam±n± agami½s³”ti vatv± tena y±cito at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto tassa aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gahetv± laddhagabbhaparih±ro sotthin± m±tukucchimh± nikkhami. N±maggahaºadivase panassa “brahmadattakum±ro”tveva n±ma½ aka½su. So anupubbena vayappatto so¼asavassak±le takkasila½ gantv± sabbasippesu nipphatti½ patv± pitu accayena rajje patiµµh±ya dhammena samena rajja½ k±resi, chand±divasena agantv± vinicchaya½ anus±si. Tasmi½ eva½ dhammena rajja½ k±rente amacc±pi dhammeneva voh±ra½ vinicchini½su. Voh±resu dhammena vinicchayam±nesu k³µa¹¹ak±rak± n±ma n±hesu½, tesa½ abh±v± a¹¹atth±ya r±jaªgaºe uparavo pacchijji. Amacc± divasampi vinicchayaµµh±ne nis²ditv± kañci vinicchayatth±ya ±gacchanta½ adisv± uµµh±ya pakkamanti, vinicchayaµµh±na½ cha¹¹etabbabh±va½ p±puºi.
Bodhisatto cintesi– “mayi dhammena rajja½ k±rente vinicchayaµµh±na½ ±gacchant± n±ma natthi, uparavo pacchijji, vinicchayaµµh±na½ cha¹¹etabbabh±va½ patta½, id±ni may± attano aguºa½ pariyesitu½ vaµµati ‘aya½ n±ma me aguºo’ti sutv± ta½ pah±ya guºesuyeva vattiss±m²”ti. Tato paµµh±ya “atthi nu kho me koci aguºav±d²”ti pariggaºhanto antova¼añjak±na½ antare kañci aguºav±di½ adisv± attano guºakathameva sutv± “ete mayha½ bhayen±pi aguºa½ avatv± guºameva vadeyyun”ti bahiva¼añjanake pariggaºhanto tatth±pi adisv± antonagare pariggaºhi. Bahinagare cat³su dv±resu catug±make pariggaºhi. Tatth±pi kañci aguºav±di½ adisv± attano guºakathameva sutv± “janapada½ pariggaºhiss±m²”ti amacce rajja½ paµicch±petv± ratha½ ±ruyha s±rathimeva gahetv± aññ±takavesena nagar± nikkhamitv± janapada½ pariggaºham±no y±va paccantabh³mi½ gantv± kañci aguºav±di½ adisv± attano guºakathameva sutv± paccantas²mato mah±maggena nagar±bhimukhoyeva nivatti.
Tasmi½ pana k±le balliko n±ma kosalar±j±pi dhammena rajja½ k±rento aguºakatha½ gavesanto hutv± antova¼añjak±d²su aguºav±di½ adisv± attano guºakathameva sutv± janapada½ pariggaºhanto ta½ padesa½ agam±si. Te ubhopi ekasmi½ ninnaµµh±ne sakaµamagge abhimukh± ahesu½, rathassa ukkamanaµµh±na½ natthi. Atha ballikarañño s±rathi b±r±ºasirañño s±rathi½ “tava ratha½ ukkam±peh²”ti ±ha. Sopi “ambho s±rathi, tava ratha½ ukkam±pehi, imasmi½ rathe b±r±ºasirajjas±miko brahmadattamah±r±j± nisinno”ti ±ha. Itaropi na½ “ambho s±rathi, imasmi½ rathe kosalarajjas±miko ballikamah±r±j± nisinno, tava ratha½ ukkam±petv± amh±ka½ rañño rathassa ok±sa½ deh²”ti ±ha. B±r±ºasirañño s±rathi “ayampi kira r±j±yeva, ki½ nu kho k±tabban”ti cintento “attheso up±yo”ti vaya½ pucchitv± “daharassa ratha½ ukkam±petv± mahallakassa ok±sa½ d±pess±m²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± ta½ s±rathi½ kosalarañño vaya½ pucchitv± pariggaºhanto ubhinnampi sam±navayabh±va½ ñatv± rajjaparim±ºa½ bala½ dhana½ yasa½ j±ti½ gotta½ kulapadesanti sabba½ pucchitv± “ubhopi tiyojanasatikassa rajjassa s±mino sam±nabaladhanayasaj±tigottakulapades±”ti ñatv± “s²lavantassa ok±sa½ dass±m²”ti cintetv± “bho s±rathi, tumh±ka½ rañño s²l±c±ro k²diso”ti pucchi. So “ayañca ayañca amh±ka½ rañño s²l±c±ro”ti attano rañño aguºameva guºato pak±sento paµhama½ g±tham±ha–
1. “Da¼ha½ da¼hassa khipati, balliko mudun± mudu½;
s±dhumpi s±dhun± jeti, as±dhumpi as±dhun±;
et±diso aya½ r±j±, magg± uyy±hi s±rath²”ti.
Tattha da¼ha½ da¼hassa khipat²ti yo da¼ho hoti balavada¼hena pah±rena v± vacanena v± jinitabbo, tassa da¼hameva pah±ra½ v± vacana½ v± khipati. Eva½ da¼hova hutv± ta½ jin±t²ti dasseti. Ballikoti tassa rañño n±ma½. Mudun± mudunti mudupuggala½ sayampi mudu hutv± mudun±va up±yena jin±ti. S±dhumpi s±dhun± jet²ti ye s±dh³ sappuris±, te sayampi s±dhu hutv± s±dhun±va up±yena jin±ti. As±dhumpi as±dhun±ti ye pana as±dh³, te sayampi as±dhu hutv± as±dhun±va up±yena jin±t²ti dasseti. Et±diso aya½ r±j±ti aya½ amh±ka½ kosalar±j± s²l±c±rena evar³po. Magg± uyy±hi s±rath²ti attano ratha½ magg± ukkam±petv± uyy±hi, uppathena y±hi, amh±ka½ rañño magga½ deh²ti vadati.
Atha na½ b±r±ºasirañño s±rathi “ambho, ki½ pana tay± attano rañño guºakath± kathit±”ti vatv± “±m±”ti vutte “yadi pana ete guº±ti vadasi, aguº± pana k²dis²”ti vatv± “ete t±va aguº± hontu, tumh±ka½ pana rañño k²diso guºo”ti vutte “tena hi suº±h²”ti dutiya½ g±tham±ha–
2. “Akkodhena jine kodha½, as±dhu½ s±dhun± jine;
jine kadariya½ d±nena, saccen±likav±dina½;
et±diso aya½ r±j±, magg± uyy±hi s±rath²”ti.
Tattha et±disoti etehi “akkodhena jine kodhan”ti-±divasena vuttehi guºehi samann±gato. Ayañhi kuddha½ puggala½ saya½ akkodho hutv± akkodhena jin±ti, as±dhu½ pana saya½ s±dhu hutv± s±dhun±va up±yena jin±ti, kadariya½ thaddhamacchari½ saya½ d±yako hutv± d±nena jin±ti. Saccen±likav±dinanti mus±v±di½ saya½ saccav±d² hutv± saccena jin±ti. Magg± uyy±hi s±rath²ti, samma s±rathi, maggato apagaccha. Eva½vidhas²l±c±raguºayuttassa amh±ka½ rañño magga½ dehi, amh±ka½ r±j± maggassa anucchavikoti.
Eva½ vutte ballikar±j± ca s±rathi ca ubhopi rath± otaritv± asse mocetv± ratha½ apanetv± b±r±ºasirañño magga½ ada½su. B±r±ºasir±j± ballikarañño “raññ± n±ma idañcidañca k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti ov±da½ datv± b±r±ºasi½ gantv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± j²vitapariyos±ne saggapura½ p³resi. Ballikar±j±pi tassa ov±da½ gahetv± janapada½ pariggahetv± attano aguºav±di½ adisv±va sakanagara½ gantv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± j²vitapariyos±ne saggapurameva p³resi.
Satth± kosalar±jassa ov±datth±ya ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± ballikarañño s±rathi moggall±no ahosi, ballikar±j± ±nando, b±r±ºasirañño s±rathi s±riputto, b±r±ºasir±j± pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

R±jov±daj±takavaººan± paµham±.