[18] 8. Matakabhattaj±takavaººan±

Eva½ ce satt± j±neyyunti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto matakabhatta½ ±rabbha kathesi. Tasmiñhi k±le manuss± bah³ aje¼ak±dayo m±retv± k±lakate ñ±take uddissa matakabhatta½ n±ma denti. Bhikkh³ te manusse tath± karonte disv± satth±ra½ pucchi½su “etarahi, bhante, manuss± bah³ p±ºe j²vitakkhaya½ p±petv± matakabhatta½ n±ma denti. Atthi nu kho, bhante, ettha vu¹¹h²”ti? Satth± “na, bhikkhave, ‘matakabhatta½ dass±m±’ti katepi p±º±tip±te k±ci vu¹¹hi n±ma atthi, pubbe paº¹it± ±k±se nisajja dhamma½ desetv± ettha ±d²nava½ kathetv± sakalajambud²pav±sike eta½ kamma½ jah±pesu½. Id±ni pana bhavasaªkhepagatatt± puna p±tubh³tan”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente eko tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ dis±p±mokkho ±cariyabr±hmaºo “matakabhatta½ dass±m²”ti eka½ e¼aka½ g±h±petv± antev±sike ±ha– “t±t±, ima½ e¼aka½ nadi½ netv± nh±petv± kaºµhe m±la½ parikkhipitv± pañcaªgulika½ datv± maº¹etv± ±neth±”ti. Te “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± ta½ ±d±ya nadi½ gantv± nh±petv± maº¹etv± nad²t²re µhapesu½. So e¼ako attano pubbakamma½ disv± “evar³p± n±ma dukkh± ajja mucciss±m²”ti somanassaj±to mattik±ghaµa½ bhindanto viya mah±hasita½ hasitv± puna “aya½ br±hmaºo ma½ gh±tetv± may± laddhadukkha½ labhissat²”ti br±hmaºe k±ruñña½ upp±detv± mahantena saddena parodi.
Atha na½ te m±ºav± pucchi½su “samma e¼aka tva½ mah±saddena hasi ceva rodi ca, kena nu kho k±raºena hasi, kena k±raºena parod²”ti? “Tumhe ma½ ima½ k±raºa½ attano ±cariyassa santike puccheyy±th±”ti. Te ta½ ±d±ya gantv± ida½ k±raºa½ ±cariyassa ±rocesu½. ¾cariyo tesa½ vacana½ sutv± e¼aka½ pucchi “kasm± tva½ e¼aka, hasi, kasm± rod²”ti? E¼ako attan± katakamma½ j±tissarañ±ºena anussaritv± br±hmaºassa kathesi “aha½, br±hmaºa, pubbe t±disova mantajjh±yakabr±hmaºo hutv± ‘matakabhatta½ dass±m²’ti eka½ e¼aka½ m±retv± matakabhatta½ ad±si½, sv±ha½ ekassa e¼akassa gh±titatt± eken³nesu pañcasu attabh±vasatesu s²saccheda½ p±puºi½, aya½ me koµiya½ µhito pañcasatimo attabh±vo, sv±ha½ ‘ajja evar³p± dukkh± mucciss±m²’ti somanassaj±to imin± k±raºena hasi½. Rodanto pana ‘aha½ t±va eka½ e¼aka½ m±retv± pañca j±tisat±ni s²sacchedadukkha½ patv± ajja tamh± dukkh± mucciss±mi, aya½ pana br±hmaºo ma½ m±retv± aha½ viya pañca j±tisat±ni s²sacchedadukkha½ labhissat²’ti tayi k±ruññena rodin”ti. “E¼aka, m± bh±yi, n±ha½ ta½ m±ress±m²”ti. “Br±hmaºa, ki½ vadesi, tayi m±rentepi am±rentepi na sakk± ajja may± maraº± muccitun”ti. “E¼aka, m± bh±yi, aha½ te ±rakkha½ gahetv± tay± saddhi½yeva vicariss±m²”ti. “Br±hmaºa, appamattako tava ±rakkho, may± katap±pa½ pana mahanta½ balavan”ti.
Br±hmaºo e¼aka½ muñcitv± “ima½ e¼aka½ kassacipi m±retu½ na dass±m²”ti antev±sike ±d±ya e¼akeneva saddhi½ vicari. E¼ako vissaµµhamattova eka½ p±s±ºapiµµhi½ niss±ya j±tagumbe g²va½ ukkhipitv± paºº±ni kh±ditu½ ±raddho. Taªkhaºaññeva tasmi½ p±s±ºapiµµhe asani pati, tato ek± p±s±ºasakalik± chijjitv± e¼akassa pas±ritag²v±ya patitv± s²sa½ chindi, mah±jano sannipati. Tad± bodhisatto tasmi½ µh±ne rukkhadevat± hutv± nibbatto. So passantasseva tassa mah±janassa devat±nubh±vena ±k±se pallaªkena nis²ditv± “ime satt± eva½ p±passa phala½ j±nam±n± appevan±ma p±º±tip±ta½ na kareyyun”ti madhurassarena dhamma½ desento ima½ g±tham±ha–
18. “Eva½ ce satt± j±neyyu½, dukkh±ya½ j±tisambhavo;
na p±ºo p±ºina½ haññe, p±ºagh±t² hi socat²”ti.
Tattha eva½ ce satt± j±neyyunti ime satt± eva½ ce j±neyyu½. Katha½? Dukkh±ya½ j±tisambhavoti aya½ tattha tattha j±ti ca j±tassa anukkamena va¹¹hisaªkh±to sambhavo ca jar±by±dhimaraºa-appiyasampayogapiyavippayogahatthap±dacched±d²na½ dukkh±na½ vatthubh³tatt± “dukkho”ti yadi j±neyyu½. Na p±ºo p±ºina½ haññeti “para½ vadhanto j±tisambhave vadha½ labhati, p²¼ento p²¼a½ labhat²”ti j±tisambhavassa dukkhavatthut±ya dukkhabh±va½ j±nanto koci p±ºo añña½ p±ºina½ na haññe, satto satta½ na haneyy±ti attho. Ki½k±raº±? P±ºagh±t² hi socat²ti, yasm± s±hatthik±d²su chasu payogesu yena kenaci payogena parassa j²vitindriyupacchedanena p±ºagh±t² puggalo aµµhasu mah±nirayesu so¼asasu ussadanirayesu n±nappak±r±ya tiracch±nayoniy± pettivisaye asurak±yeti imesu cat³su ap±yesu mah±dukkha½ anubhavam±no d²gharatta½ antonijjh±yanalakkhaºena sokena socati. Yath± v±ya½ e¼ako maraºabhayena socati, eva½ d²gharatta½ socat²tipi ñatv± na p±ºo p±ºina½ haññe, koci p±º±tip±takamma½ n±ma na kareyya. Mohena pana m³¼h± avijj±ya andh²kat± ima½ ±d²nava½ apassant± p±º±tip±ta½ karont²ti.
Eva½ mah±satto nirayabhayena tajjetv± dhamma½ desesi. Manuss± ta½ dhammadesana½ sutv± nirayabhayabh²t± p±º±tip±t± virami½su. Bodhisattopi dhamma½ desetv± mah±jana½ s²le patiµµh±petv± yath±kamma½ gato, mah±janopi bodhisattassa ov±de µhatv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± devanagara½ p³resi. Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± anusandhi½ ghaµetv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi “aha½ tena samayena rukkhadevat± ahosin”ti.

Matakabhattaj±takavaººan± aµµham±.