5. Mah±govindacariy±vaººan±

Pañcame sattar±japurohitoti sattabh³-±d²na½ sattanna½ r±j³na½ sabbakicc±nus±sakapurohito. P³jito naradeveh²ti tehi eva aññehi ca jambud²pe sabbeheva khattiyehi catupaccayap³j±ya sakk±rasamm±nena ca p³jito. Mah±govindabr±hmaºoti mah±nubh±vat±ya govindass±bhisekena abhisittat±ya ca “mah±govindo”ti saªkha½ gato br±hmaºo, abhisittak±lato paµµh±ya hi bodhisattassa aya½ samaññ± j±t±, n±mena pana jotip±lo n±ma. Tassa kira j±tadivase sabb±vudh±ni joti½su. R±j±pi pacc³sasamaye attano maªgal±vudha½ pajjalita½ disv± bh²to attano purohita½ bodhisattassa pitara½ upaµµh±na½ ±gata½ pucchitv± “m± bh±yi, mah±r±ja, mayha½ putto j±to, tass±nubh±vena na kevala½ r±jageheyeva, sakalanagarepi ±vudh±ni pajjali½su, na ta½ niss±ya tuyha½ antar±yo atthi, sakalajambud²pe pana paññ±ya tena samo na bhavissati, tasseta½ pubbanimittan”ti purohitena samass±sito tuµµhacitto “kum±rassa kh²ram³la½ hot³”ti sahassa½ datv± “vayappattak±le mayha½ dasseth±”ti ±ha. So vuddhippatto aparabh±ge alamatthadasso sattanna½ r±j³na½ sabbakicc±nus±sako hutv± pabbajitv± ca satte diµµhadhammikasampar±yikehi anatthehi p±letv± atthehi niyojesi. Iti jotitatt± p±lanasamatthat±ya ca “jotip±lo”tissa n±ma½ aka½su. Tena vutta½ “n±mena jotip±lo n±m±”ti (d². ni. 2.304).
Tattha bodhisatto disampatissa n±ma rañño purohitassa govindabr±hmaºassa putto hutv± attano pitu tassa ca rañño accayena tassa putto reºu, sah±y± cassa sattabh³, brahmadatto, vessabh³ bharato, dve ca dhataraµµh±ti ime satta r±j±no yath± aññamañña½ na vivadanti. Eva½ rajje patiµµh±petv± tesa½ atthadhamme anus±santo jambud²patale sabbesa½ r±j³na½ aññesañca br±hmaº±na½ devan±gagahapatik±na½ sakkato garukato m±nito p³jito apacito uttama½ g±ravaµµh±na½ patto ahosi. Tassa atthadhammesu kusalat±ya “mah±govindo”tveva samaññ± udap±di. Yath±ha “govindo vata, bho br±hmaºo, mah±govindo vata, bho br±hmaºo”ti (d². ni. 2.305). Tena vutta½–
37. “Pun±para½ yad± homi, sattar±japurohito;
p³jito naradevehi, mah±govindabr±hmaºo”ti.
Atha bodhisattassa puññ±nubh±vasamuss±hitehi r±j³hi tesa½ anuyuttehi khattiyehi br±hmaºagahapatikehi negamaj±napadehi ca upar³pari upan²to samantato mahogho viya ajjhottharam±no aparimeyyo u¼±ro l±bhasakk±ro uppajji, yath± ta½ aparim±º±su j±t²su upacitavipulapuññasañcayassa u¼±r±bhij±tassa parisuddhas²l±c±rassa pesalassa pariyod±tasabbasippassa sabbasattesu puttasadisamah±karuº±vipph±rasiniddhamuduhadayassa. So cintesi– “etarahi kho mayha½ mah±l±bhasakk±ro, ya½n³n±ha½ imin± sabbasatte santappetv± d±nap±rami½ parip³reyyan”ti. So nagarassa majjhe cat³su dv±resu attano nivesanadv±reti cha d±nas±l±yo k±retv± devasika½ aparimitadhanaparicc±gena mah±d±na½ pavattesi. Ya½ ya½ up±yana½ ±n²yati, yañca attano atth±ya abhisaªkhar²yati, sabba½ ta½ d±nas±l±su eva pesesi. Eva½ divase divase mah±paricc±ga½ karontassa cassa cittassa titti v± santoso v± n±hosi, kuto pana saªkoco. D±naggañcassa l±bh±s±ya ±gacchantehi deyyadhamma½ gahetv± gacchantehi ca mah±sattassa ca guºavisese kittayantehi mah±janak±yehi antonagara½ bahinagarañca samantato ekoghabh³ta½ kappavuµµh±namah±v±yusaªghaµµaparibbhamita½ viya mah±samudda½ ekakol±hala½ ekaninn±da½ ahosi. Tena vutta½–
38. “Tad±ha½ sattarajjesu, ya½ me ±si up±yana½;
tena demi mah±d±na½, akkhobha½ s±gar³paman”ti.
Tattha tad±hanti yad± sattar±japurohito mah±govindabr±hmaºo homi, tad± aha½. Sattarajjes³ti reºu-±d²na½ sattanna½ r±j³na½ rajjesu. Akkhobhanti abbhantarehi ca b±hirehi ca paccatthikehi appaµisedhan²yat±ya kenaci akkhobhan²ya½. “Accubbhan”tipi p±µho. Atipuººad±najjh±sayassa deyyadhammassa ca u¼±rabh±vena vipulabh±vena ca ativiya paripuººanti attho. S±gar³pamanti s±garasadisa½, yath± s±gare udaka½ sakalenapi lokena harantena khepetu½ na sakk±, eva½ tassa d±nagge deyyadhammanti.
39. Os±nag±th±ya vara½ dhananti uttama½ icchita½ v± dhana½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Eva½ mah±satto paµhamakappikamah±megho viya mah±vassa½ avibh±gena mahanta½ d±navassa½ vass±pento d±naby±vaµo hutv±pi sesa½ sattanna½ r±j³na½ atthadhamme appamatto anus±sati. Satta ca br±hmaºamah±s±le vijj±sippa½ sikkh±peti, satta ca nh±takasat±ni mante v±ceti. Tassa aparena samayena eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggato “sakkhi mah±govindo br±hmaºo brahm±na½ passati, sakkhi mah±govindo br±hmaºo brahmun± s±kaccheti sallapati mantet²”ti (d². ni. 2.312). So cintesi– “etarahi kho mayha½ aya½ abh³to kittisaddo abbhuggato ‘brahm±na½ passati, sakkhi mah±govindo br±hmaºo brahmun± s±kaccheti sallapati mantet²’ti, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ bh³ta½ eva kareyyan”ti. So “te satta r±j±no satta ca br±hmaºamah±s±le satta ca nh±takasat±ni attano puttad±rañca ±pucchitv± brahm±na½ passeyyan”ti citta½ paºidh±ya vassike catt±ro m±se brahmavih±rabh±vanamanuyuñji. Tassa cetas± cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya brahm± sanaªkum±ro purato p±turahosi. Ta½ disv± mah±puriso pucchi–
“Vaººav± yasav± sirim±, ko nu tvamasi m±risa;
aj±nant± ta½ pucch±ma, katha½ j±nemu ta½ mayan”ti. (D². ni. 2.318).
Tassa brahm± att±na½ j±n±pento–
“Ma½ ve kum±ra½ j±nanti, brahmaloke sanantana½;
sabbe j±nanti ma½ dev±, eva½ govinda j±n±h²”ti. (D². ni. 2.318)–

Vatv± tena–

“¾sana½ udaka½ pajja½, madhus±kañca brahmuno;
agghe bhavanta½ pucch±ma, aggha½ kurutu no bhavan”ti. (D². ni. 2.318)–

Upan²ta½ atithisakk±ra½ anatthikopi brahm± tassa cittasampaha½sanattha½ viss±sakaraºatthañca sampaµicchanto “paµiggaºh±ma te aggha½, ya½, tva½ govinda, bh±sas²”ti. Vatv± ok±sad±nattha½–

“Diµµhadhammahitatth±ya, sampar±yasukh±ya ca;
kat±vak±so pucchassu, ya½kiñci abhipatthitan”ti. (D². ni. 2.318)–

Ok±samak±si.

Atha na½ mah±puriso sampar±yika½ eva attha½–
“Pucch±mi brahm±na½ sanaªkum±ra½, kaªkh² akaªkhi½ paravediyesu;
katthaµµhito kimhi ca sikkham±no, pappoti macco amata½ brahmalokan”ti. (D². ni. 2.319)–

Pucchi.

Tassa brahm± by±karonto–
“Hitv± mamatta½ manujesu brahme, ekodibh³to karuºedhimutto;
nir±magandho virato methunasm±, etthaµµhito ettha ca sikkham±no;
pappoti macco amata½ brahmalokan”ti. (D². ni. 2.319)–

Brahmalokag±mimagga½ kathesi.

Tattha ma½ ve kum±ra½ j±nant²ti ve eka½sena ma½ “kum±ro”ti j±nanti. Brahmaloketi seµµhaloke. Sanantananti ciratana½ por±ºa½. Eva½, govinda, j±n±h²ti, govinda, eva½ ma½ dh±rehi.
¾sananti ida½ bhoto brahmuno nis²danatth±ya ±sana½ paññatta½. Ida½ udaka½ paribhojan²ya½ p±d±na½ dhovanattha½ p±n²ya½ pip±saharaºatth±ya. Ida½ pajja½ parissamavinodanattha½ p±dabbhañjanatela½. Ida½ madhus±ka½ atakka½ aloºika½ adh³pana½ udakena sedita½ s±ka½ sandh±ya vadati. Tad± hi bodhisattassa ta½ catum±sa½ brahmacariya½ abhisallekhavuttiparamukkaµµha½ ahosi. Tassime sabbe agghe katv± pucch±ma, tayida½ aggha½ kurutu paµiggaºh±tu no bhava½ ida½ agghanti vutta½ hoti. Iti mah±puriso brahmuno nesa½ aparibhuñjana½ j±nantopi vattas²se µhatv± attano ±ciººa½ atithip³jana½ dassento evam±ha. Brahm±pissa adhipp±ya½ j±nanto “paµiggaºh±ma te aggha½, ya½ tva½, govinda, bh±sas²”ti ±ha.
Tattha tassa te ±sane maya½ nisinn± n±ma homa, p±dodakena p±d± dhot± n±ma hontu, p±n²ya½ p²t± n±ma homa, p±dabbhañjanena p±d± makkhit± n±ma hontu, udakas±kampi paribhutta½ n±ma hot³ti attho.
Kaªkh² akaªkhi½ paravediyes³ti aha½ savicikiccho parena saya½ abhisaªkhatatt± parassa p±kaµesu paravediyesu pañhesu nibbicikiccha½.
Hitv± mamattanti “ida½ mama, ida½ mam±”ti pavattanaka½ upakaraºataºha½ cajitv±. Manujes³ti sattesu. Brahmeti bodhisatta½ ±lapati. Ekodibh³toti eko udeti pavattat²ti ekodibh³to ek²bh³to, ekena k±yaviveka½ dasseti. Atha v± eko udet²ti ekodi, sam±dhi. Ta½ bh³to pattoti ekodibh³to, upac±rappan±sam±dh²hi sam±hitoti attho. Eta½ ekodibh±va½ karuº±brahmavih±ravasena dassento “karuºedhimutto”ti ±ha. Karuºajjh±ne adhimutto, ta½ jh±na½ nibbattetv±ti attho. Nir±magandhoti kilesasaªkh±tavissagandharahito. Etthaµµhitoti etesu dhammesu µhito, ete dhamme samp±detv±. Ettha ca sikkham±noti etesu dhammesu sikkham±no eta½ brahmavih±rabh±vana½ bh±ventoti attho. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana p±¼iya½ (d². ni. 2.293 ±dayo) ±gatoyev±ti.
Atha mah±puriso tassa brahmuno vacana½ sutv± ±magandhe jigucchanto “id±nev±ha½ pabbajiss±m²”ti ±ha. Brahm±pi “s±dhu, mah±purisa, pabbajassu. Eva½ sati mayhampi tava santike ±gamana½ sv±gamanameva bhavissati, tva½, t±ta, sakalajambud²pe aggapuriso paµhamavaye µhito, eva½ mahanta½ n±ma sampatti½ issariyañca pah±ya pabbajana½ n±ma gandhahatthino ayobandhana½ chinditv± vanagamana½ viya ati-u¼±ra½, buddhatanti n±mes±”ti mah±bodhisattassa da¼h²kamma½ katv± brahmalokameva gato. Mah±sattopi “mama ito nikkhamitv± pabbajana½ n±ma na yutta½, aha½ r±jakul±na½ attha½ anus±s±mi, tasm± tesa½ ±rocetv± sace tepi pabbajanti sundarameva, no ce purohitaµµh±na½ niyy±tetv± pabbajiss±m²”ti cintetv± reºussa t±va rañño ±rocetv± tena bhiyyosomatt±ya k±mehi nimantiyam±no attano sa½vegahetu½ ekantena pabbajituk±matañcassa nivedetv± tena “yadi eva½ ahampi pabbajiss±m²”ti vutte “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± eteneva nayena sattabh³-±dayo cha khattiye, satta ca br±hmaºamah±s±le, satta ca nh±takasat±ni, attano bhariy±yo ca ±pucchitv± satt±hamattameva tesa½ citt±nurakkhaºattha½ µhatv± mah±bhinikkhamanasadisa½ nikkhamitv± pabbaji.
Tassa te sattar±j±no ±di½ katv± sabbeva anupabbaji½su. S± ahosi mahat² paris±. Anekayojanavitth±r±ya paris±ya parivuto mah±puriso dhamma½ desento g±manigamajanapadar±jadh±n²su c±rika½ carati, mah±jana½ puññe patiµµh±peti. Gatagataµµh±ne buddhakol±hala½ viya hoti. Manuss± “govindapaº¹ito kira ±gacchat²”ti sutv± puretarameva maº¹apa½ k±retv± ta½ alaªk±r±petv± paccuggantv± maº¹apa½ pavesetv± n±naggarasabhojanena patim±nenti. Mah±l±bhasakk±ro mahogho viya ajjhottharanto uppajji. Mah±puriso mah±jana½ puññe patiµµh±pesi s²lasampad±ya indriyasa½vare bhojane mattaññut±ya j±gariy±nuyoge kasiºaparikamme jh±nesu abhiññ±su aµµhasam±patt²su brahmavih±res³ti. Buddhupp±dak±lo viya ahosi.
Bodhisatto y±vat±yuka½ p±ramiyo p³rento sam±pattisukhena v²tin±metv± ±yupariyos±ne brahmaloke nibbatti. Tassa ta½ brahmacariya½ iddhañceva ph²tañca vitth±rika½ b±hujañña½ puthubh³ta½ y±va devamanussehi suppak±sita½ cira½ d²ghamaddh±na½ pavattittha. Tassa ye s±sana½ sabbena sabba½ ±j±ni½su, te k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ brahmaloka½ upapajji½su. Ye na ±j±ni½su, te appekacce paranimmitavasavatt²na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajji½su. Appekacce nimm±narat²na½…pe… tusit±na½ y±m±na½ t±vati½s±na½ c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajji½su. Ye sabbanih²n±, te gandhabbak±ya½ parip³resu½. Iti mah±jano yebhuyyena brahmalok³pago sagg³pago ca ahosi. Tasm± devabrahmalok± parip³ri½su. Catt±ro ap±y± suññ± viya ahesu½.
Idh±pi akittij±take (j±. 1.13.83 ±dayo) viya bodhisambh±raniddh±raº± veditabb±– tad± satta r±j±no mah±ther± ahesu½, sesaparis± buddhaparis±, mah±govindo lokan±tho. Tath± reºu-±d²na½ sattanna½ r±j³na½ aññamaññ±virodhena yath± sakarajje patiµµh±pana½, tath± mahati sattavidhe rajje tesa½ atthadhamm±nus±sane appam±do, “brahmun±pi s±kaccha½ sam±pajjat²”ti pavattasambh±vana½ yath±bh³ta½ k±tu½ catt±ro m±se paramukka½sagato brahmacariyav±so. Tena brahmuno attani sam±pajjana½, brahmuno ov±de µhatv± sattahi r±j³hi sakalena ca lokena upan²ta½ l±bhasakk±ra½ khe¼apiº¹a½ viya cha¹¹etv± aparim±º±ya khattiyabr±hmaº±diparis±ya anupabbajj±nimitt±ya pabbajj±ya anuµµh±na½, buddh±na½ s±sanassa viya attano s±sanassa cirak±l±nuppabandhoti evam±dayo guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Mah±govindacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.