4. Mah±sudassanacariy±vaººan±

28. Catutthe kus±vatimhi nagareti kus±vat²n±make nagare, yasmi½ µh±ne etarahi kusin±r± niviµµh±. Mah²pat²ti khattiyo, n±mena mah±sudassano n±ma. Cakkavatt²ti cakkaratana½ vatteti cat³hi v± sampatticakkehi vattati, tehi ca para½ pavatteti, parahit±ya ca iriy±pathacakk±na½ vatto etasmi½ atth²tipi cakkavatt². Atha v± cat³hi acchariyadhammehi saªgahavatth³hi ca samann±gatena, parehi anabhibhavan²yassa anatikkaman²yassa ±º±saªkh±tassa cakkassa vatto etasmi½ atth²tipi cakkavatt². Pariº±yakaratanapubbaªgamena hatthiratan±dipamukhena mah±balak±yena puññ±nubh±vanibbattena k±yabalena ca samann±gatatt± mahabbalo. Yad± ±sinti sambandho. Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±–
At²te kira mah±puriso sudassanattabh±vato tatiye attabh±ve gahapatikule nibbatto dharam±nakassa buddhassa s±sane eka½ thera½ araññav±sa½ vasanta½ attano kammena arañña½ paviµµho rukkham³le nisinna½ disv± “idha may± ayyassa paººas±la½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± attano kamma½ pah±ya dabbasambh±ra½ chinditv± niv±sayogga½ paººas±la½ katv± dv±ra½ yojetv± kaµµhattharaºa½ katv± “karissati nu kho paribhoga½, na nu kho karissat²”ti ekamante nis²di. Thero antog±mato ±gantv± paººas±la½ pavisitv± kaµµhattharaºe nis²di. Mah±sattopi na½ upasaªkamitv± “ph±suk±, bhante, paººas±l±”ti pucchi. Ph±suk±, bhaddamukha, pabbajitas±rupp±ti. Vasissatha, bhante, idh±ti? ¾ma, up±sak±ti. So adhiv±san±k±reneva “vasissat²”ti ñatv± “nibaddha½ mayha½ gharadv±ra½ ±gantabban”ti paµij±n±petv± nicca½ attano ghareyeva bhattavissagga½ k±r±pesi. So paººas±l±ya½ kaµas±raka½ pattharitv± mañcap²µha½ paññapesi, apassena½ nikkhipi, p±dakaµhalika½ µhapesi, pokkharaºi½ khaºi, caªkama½ katv± v±luka½ okiri, parissayavinodanattha½ paººas±la½ kaºµakavatiy± parikkhipi, tath± pokkharaºi½ caªkamañca. Tesa½ antovatipariyante t±lapantiyo ropesi. Evam±din± ±v±sa½ niµµh±petv± therassa tic²vara½ ±di½ katv± sabba½ samaºaparikkh±ra½ ad±si. Therassa hi tad± bodhisattena tic²varapiº¹ap±tapattath±lakapariss±vanadhamakaraºaparibhogabh±janachattup±hana-udakatumbas³cikattara- yaµµhi-±rakaºµakapipphalinakhacchedanapad²peyy±di pabbajit±na½ paribhogaj±ta½ adinna½ n±ma n±hosi. So pañca s²l±ni rakkhanto uposatha½ karonto y±vaj²va½ thera½ upaµµhahi. Thero tattheva vasanto arahatta½ patv± parinibb±yi.
29. Bodhisattopi y±vat±yuka½ puñña½ katv± devaloke nibbattitv± tato cuto manussaloka½ ±gacchanto kus±vatiy± r±jadh±niy± nibbattitv± mah±sudassano n±ma r±j± ahosi cakkavatt². Tassissariy±nubh±vo “bh³tapubba½, ±nanda, r±j± mah±sudassano n±ma ahosi khattiyo muddh±vasitto”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.242) nayena sutte ±gato eva. Tassa kira catur±s²ti nagarasahass±ni kus±vat²r±jadh±nippamukh±ni, catur±s²ti p±s±dasahass±ni dhammap±s±dappamukh±ni, catur±s²ti k³µ±g±rasahass±ni mah±by³hak³µ±g±rappamukh±ni, t±ni sabb±ni tassa therassa kat±ya ekiss± paººas±l±ya nissandena nibbatt±ni, catur±s²ti pallaªkasahass±ni n±gasahass±ni assasahass±ni rathasahass±ni tassa dinnassa mañcap²µhassa, catur±s²ti maºisahass±ni tassa dinnassa pad²passa, catur±s²ti pokkharaºisahass±ni ekapokkharaºiy±, catur±s²ti itthisahass±ni puttasahass±ni gahapatisahass±ni ca pattath±lak±diparibhog±rahassa pabbajitaparikkh±rad±nassa, catur±s²ti dhenusahass±ni pañcagorasad±nassa, catur±s²ti vatthakoµµhasahass±ni niv±sanap±rupanad±nassa, catur±s²ti th±lip±kasahass±ni bhojanad±nassa nissandena nibbatt±ni. So sattahi ratanehi cat³hi iddh²hi ca samann±gato r±j±dhir±j± hutv± sakala½ s±garapariyanta½ pathavimaº¹ala½ dhammena abhivijiya ajjh±vasanto anekasatesu µh±nesu d±nas±l±yo k±retv± mah±d±na½ paµµhapesi. Divasassa tikkhattu½ nagare bheri½ car±pesi “yo ya½ icchati, so d±nas±l±su ±gantv± ta½ gaºh±t³”ti. Tena vutta½ “tatth±ha½ divase tikkhattu½, ghos±pemi tahi½ tahin”ti-±di.
Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ nagare. “Tad±han”tipi p±µho, tassa tad± aha½, mah±sudassanak±leti attho. Tahi½ tahinti tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne, tassa tassa p±k±rassa anto ca bahi c±ti attho. Ko ki½ icchat²ti br±hmaº±d²su yo koci satto ann±d²su deyyadhammesu ya½ kiñci icchati. Patthet²ti tasseva vevacana½. Kassa ki½ d²yatu dhananti anekav±ra½ pariy±yantarehi ca d±naghosan±ya pavattitabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½, etena d±nap±ramiy± sar³pa½ dasseti. Deyyadhammapaµigg±hakavikapparahit± hi bodhisatt±na½ d±nap±ram²ti.
30. Id±ni d±naghosan±ya tassa tassa deyyadhammassa anucchavikapuggalaparikittana½ dassetu½ “ko ch±tako”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha ch±takoti jighacchito. Tasitoti pip±sito. Ko m±la½ ko vilepanantipi “icchat²”ti pada½ ±netv± yojetabba½. Naggoti vatthavikalo, vatthena atthikoti adhipp±yo. Paridahissat²ti niv±sissati.
31. Ko pathe chattam±det²ti ko pathiko pathe magge attano vassav±t±taparakkhaºattha½ chatta½ gaºh±ti, chattena atthikoti attho. Kop±han± mud³ subh±ti dassan²yat±ya subh± sukhasamphassat±ya mud³ up±han± attano p±d±na½ cakkh³nañca rakkhaºattha½. Ko ±det²ti ko t±hi atthikoti adhipp±yo. S±yañca p±to c±ti ettha ca-saddena majjhanhike c±ti ±haritv± vattabba½. “Divase tikkhattu½ ghos±pem²”ti hi vutta½.
32. Na ta½ dasasu µh±nes³ti ta½ d±na½ na dasasu µh±nesu paµiyattanti yojan±. Napi µh±nasatesupaµiyatta½, api ca kho anekasatesu µh±nesu paµiyatta½. Y±cake dhananti y±cake uddissa dhana½ paµiyatta½ upakkhaµa½. Dv±dasayojan±y±me hi nagare sattayojanavitthate sattasu p±k±rantaresu satta t±lapantiparikkhep±, t±su t±lapant²su catur±s²ti pokkharaºisahass±ni p±µiyekka½ pokkharaºit²re mah±d±na½ paµµhapita½. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Paµµhapesi kho, ±nanda, r±j± mah±sudassano t±sa½ pokkharaº²na½ t²re evar³pa½ d±na½ anna½ annatthikassa, p±na½ p±natthikassa, vattha½ vatthatthikassa, y±na½ y±natthikassa, sayana½ sayanatthikassa, itthi½ itthitthikassa, hirañña½ hiraññatthikassa, suvaººa½ suvaººatthikass±”ti (d². ni. 2.254).
33. Tatth±ya½ d±nassa pavattit±k±ro– mah±puriso hi itth²nañca puris±nañca anucchavike alaªk±re k±retv± itthimattameva tattha paric±ravasena sesañca sabba½ paricc±gavasena µhapetv± “r±j± mah±sudassano d±na½ deti, ta½ yath±sukha½ paribhuñjath±”ti bheri½ car±pesi. Mah±jan± pokkharaºit²ra½ gantv± nhatv± vatth±d²ni niv±setv± mah±sampatti½ anubhavitv± yesa½ t±dis±ni atthi, te pah±ya gacchanti Yesa½ natthi, te gahetv± gacchanti. Ye hatthiy±n±d²supi nis²ditv± yath±sukha½ vicaritv± varasayanesupi sayitv± sampatti½ anubhavitv± itth²hipi saddhi½ sampatti½ anubhavitv± sattavidharatanapas±dhan±ni pas±dhetv± sampatti½ anubhavitv± ya½ ya½ atthik±, ta½ ta½ gahetv± gacchanti, anatthik± oh±ya gacchanti. Tampi d±na½ uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya devasika½ d²yateva. Tad± jambud²pav±s²na½ añña½ kamma½ natthi, d±na½ paribhuñjant± sampatti½ anubhavant± vicaranti. Na tassa d±nassa k±laparicchedo ahosi. Rattiñc±pi div±pi yad± yad± atthik± ±gacchanti, tad± tad± d²yateva. Eva½ mah±puriso y±vaj²va½ sakalajambud²pa½ unnaªgala½ katv± mah±d±na½ pavattesi. Tena vutta½ “div± v± yadi v± ratti½, yadi eti vanibbako”ti-±di.
Tattha div± v± yadi v± ratti½, yadi et²ti etenassa yath±k±la½ d±na½ dasseti. Y±cak±nañhi l±bh±s±ya upasaªkamanak±lo eva bodhisatt±na½ d±nassa k±lo n±ma. Vanibbakoti y±cako. Laddh± yadicchaka½ bhoganti etena yath±bhirucita½ d±na½. Yo yo hi y±cako ya½ ya½ deyyadhamma½ icchati, tassa tassa ta½tadeva bodhisatto deti. Na tassa mahagghadullabh±dibh±va½ attano uparodha½ cintesi. P³rahatthova gacchat²ti etena y±vadicchaka½ d±na½ dasseti, yattakañhi y±cak± icchanti, tattaka½ aparih±petv±va mah±satto deti u¼±rajjh±sayat±ya ca mahiddhikat±ya ca.
34. “Y±vaj²vikan”ti etena d±nassa k±lapariyant±bh±va½ dasseti. Sam±d±nato paµµh±ya hi mah±satt± y±vap±rip³ri vemajjhe na k±lapariccheda½ karonti, bodhisambh±rasambharaºe saªkoc±bh±vena antarantar± avos±n±pattito maraºenapi anupacchedo eva, tato parampi tatheva paµipajjanato, “y±vaj²vikan”ti pana mah±sudassanacaritassa vasena vutta½. Nap±ha½ dessa½ dhana½ damm²ti ida½ dhana½ n±ma mayha½ na dessa½ aman±panti evar³pa½ mah±d±na½ dento gehato ca dhana½ n²har±pemi. Napi natthi nicayo may²ti mama sam²pe dhananicayo dhanasaªgaho n±pi natthi, sallekhavuttisamaºo viya asaªgahopi na hom²ti attho. Ida½ yena ajjh±sayena tassida½ mah±d±na½ pavattita½, ta½ dassetu½ vutta½.
35. Id±ni ta½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath±pi ±turo n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tatthida½ upam±sa½sandanena saddhi½ atthadassana½– yath± n±ma ±turo rog±bhibh³to puriso rogato att±na½ parimocetuk±mo dhanena hiraññasuvaºº±din± vejja½ tikicchaka½ tappetv± ±r±dhetv± yath±vidhi paµipajjanto tato rogato vimuccati.
36. Tatheva evameva ahampi aµµabh³ta½ sakalaloka½ kilesarogato sakalasa½s±radukkharogato ca parimocetuk±mo tassa tato parimocanassa aya½ sabbas±pateyyaparicc±go d±nap±rami-up±yoti j±nam±no bujjham±no asesato deyyadhammassa paµigg±hak±nañca vasena anavasesato mah±d±nassa vasena satt±na½ ajjh±saya½ parip³retu½ attano ca na mayha½ d±nap±ram² paripuºº±, tasm± ³namananti pavatta½ ³na½ mana½ p³rayitu½ pavattayitu½ vanibbake y±cake ad±si½ ta½ d±na½ evar³pa½ mah±d±na½ dad±mi, tañca kho tasmi½ d±nadhamme tassa ca phale nir±layo anapekkho apacc±so kiñcipi apacc±s²sam±no kevala½ sambodhimanupattiy± sabbaññutaññ±ºameva adhigantu½ dem²ti.
Eva½ mah±satto mah±d±na½ pavattento attano puññ±nubh±vanibbatta½ dhammap±s±da½ abhiruyha mah±by³hak³µ±g±radv±re eva k±mavitakk±dayo nivattetv± tattha sovaººamaye r±japallaªke nisinno jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± tato nikkhamitv± sovaººamaya½ k³µ±g±ra½ pavisitv± tattha rajatamaye pallaªke nisinno catt±ro brahmavih±re bh±vetv± catur±s²ti vassasahass±ni jh±nasam±patt²hi v²tin±metv± maraºasamaye dassan±ya upagat±na½ subhadd±dev²pamukh±na½ catur±s²tiy± itth±g±rasahass±na½ amaccap±risajj±d²nañca–
“Anicc± vata saªkh±r±, upp±davayadhammino;
uppajjitv± nirujjhanti, tesa½ v³pasamo sukho”ti. (D². ni. 2.221, 272; sa½. ni. 1.186; 2.143)–

Im±ya g±th±ya ovaditv± ±yupariyos±ne brahmalokapar±yano ahosi.

Tad± subhadd±dev² r±hulam±t± ahosi, pariº±yakaratana½ r±hulo, sesaparis± buddhaparis±, mah±sudassano pana lokan±tho.
Idh±pi dasa p±ramiyo sar³pato labbhanti eva, d±najjh±sayassa pana u¼±rat±ya d±nap±ram² eva p±¼iya½ ±gat±. Sesadhamm± heµµh± vuttanay± eva. Tath± u¼±re sattaratanasamujjale catud²pissariyepi µhitassa t±disa½ bhogasukha½ analaªkaritv± k±mavitakk±dayo d³rato vikkhambhetv± tath±r³pe mah±d±ne pavattentasseva catur±s²ti vassasahass±ni sam±patt²hi v²tin±metv± aniccat±dipaµisa½yutta½ dhammakatha½ katv±pi vipassan±ya anussukkana½ sabbattha anissaªgat±ti evam±dayo guº±nubh±v± niddh±retabb±ti.

Mah±sudassanacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.