2. Saªkhabr±hmaºacariy±vaººan±

11-12. Dutiyasmi½ pun±paranti puna apara½, na kevalamida½ akitticariyameva, atha kho puna apara½ añña½ saªkhacariyampi pavakkhissa½, suºoh²ti adhipp±yo. Ito paresupi eseva nayo. Saªkhasavhayoti saªkhan±mo. Mah±samudda½ tarituk±moti suvaººabh³mi½ gantu½ n±v±ya mah±samudda½ tarituk±mo. Upagacch±mi paµµananti t±malittipaµµana½ uddissa gacch±mi. Sayambhuñ±ºena paccekabodhiy± adhigatatt± sayameva bh³tanti sayambhu½. Kilesam±r±d²su kenacipi na par±jitanti apar±jita½, tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± µhitanti attho. Tatt±ya kaµhinabh³miy±ti ghammasant±pena santatt±ya sakkharav±luk±nicitatt± khar±ya kakkha¼±ya bh³miy±
13. Tanti ta½ paccekabuddha½. Imamatthanti ima½ id±ni vakkham±na½ “ida½ khettan”ti-±dika½ attha½. Vicintayinti tad± saªkhabr±hmaºabh³to cintesinti satth± vadati. Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±–
At²te aya½ b±r±ºas² mo¼in² n±ma ahosi. Mo¼in²nagare brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto saªkho n±ma br±hmaºo hutv± a¹¹ho mahaddhano cat³su nagaradv±resu nagaramajjhe attano nivesanadv±reti chasu µh±nesu cha d±nas±l±yo k±retv± devasika½ chasatasahass±ni vissajjento kapaºaddhik±d²na½ mah±d±na½ pavattesi. So ekadivasa½ cintesi– “aha½ gehe dhane kh²ºe d±na½ d±tu½ na sakkhiss±mi, aparikkh²ºeyeva dhane n±v±ya suvaººabh³mi½ gantv± dhana½ ±hariss±m²”ti. So n±va½ bhaº¹assa p³r±petv± puttad±ra½ ±mantetv± “y±v±ha½ ±gacchiss±mi, t±va me d±na½ anupacchindant± pavatteyy±th±”ti vatv± d±sakammakaraparivuto up±hana½ ±ruyha chattena dh±riyam±nena paµµanag±m±bhimukho p±y±si.
Tasmi½ khaºe gandham±dane eko paccekabuddho satt±ha½ nirodhasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± nirodhasam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ volokento ta½ dhan±haraºattha½ gacchanta½ disv± “mah±puriso dhana½ ±haritu½ gacchati, bhavissati nu kho assa mah±samudde antar±yo, no”ti ±vajjetv± “bhavissat²”ti ñatv± “esa ma½ disv± chattañca up±hanañca mayha½ datv± up±hanad±nanissandena samudde bhinn±ya n±v±ya patiµµha½ labhissati, kariss±missa anuggahan”ti ±k±sena gantv± tassa avid³re otaritv± majjhanhikasamaye caº¹av±t±tapena aªg±rasanthatasadisa½ uºhav±luka½ maddanto tassa abhimukha½ ±gañchi. So ta½ disv±va haµµhatuµµho “puññakkhetta½ me ±gata½, ajja may± ettha b²ja½ ropetu½ vaµµat²”ti cintesi. Tena vutta½ “tamaha½ paµipathe disv±, imamattha½ vicintayin”ti-±di.
Tattha ida½ khettanti-±di cintit±k±radassana½. Khettanti khitta½ b²ja½ mahapphalabh±vakaraºena t±yat²ti khetta½, pubbaºº±paraººaviruhanabh³mi. Idha pana khetta½ viy±ti khetta½, aggadakkhiºeyyo paccekabuddho. Tenev±ha “puññak±massa jantuno”ti.
14. Mah±gamanti vipulaphal±gama½, sassasampattid±yakanti attho. B²ja½ na ropet²ti b²ja½ na vapati.
15. Khettavaruttamanti khettavaresupi uttama½. S²l±diguºasampann± hi visesato ariyas±vak± khettavar±, tatopi aggabh³to paccekabuddho khettavaruttamo. K±ranti sakk±ra½. Yadi na karom²ti sambandho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– idam²disa½ anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ labhitv± tattha p³j±sakk±ra½ yadi na karomi, puññena atthiko n±m±ha½ na bhaveyyanti.
16-17. Yath± amaccoti-±d²na½ dvinna½ g±th±na½ aya½ saªkhepattho– yath± n±ma yo koci raññ± mudd±dhik±re µhapito lañchanadharo amaccapuriso sen±pati v± so antepure jane bahiddh± ca balak±y±d²su rañño yath±nusiµµha½ na paµipajjati na tesa½ dhanadhañña½ deti, ta½ ta½ kattabba½ vatta½ parih±peti. So muddito parih±yati mudd±dhik±raladdhavibhavato paridha½sati, evameva ahampi puññakammassa rato laddhabbapuññaphalasaªkh±ta½ puññak±mo dakkhiº±ya vipulaphalabh±vakaraºena vipula½ disv±na ta½ dakkhiºa½ u¼±ra½ dakkhiºeyya½ labhitv± tassa d±na½ yadi na dad±mi puññato ±yati½ puññaphalato ca paridha½s±mi. Tasm± idha may± puñña½ k±tabbamev±ti.
Eva½ pana cintetv± mah±puriso d³ratova up±han± orohitv± vegena upasaªkamitv± vanditv± “bhante, mayha½ anuggahatth±ya ima½ rukkham³la½ upagacchath±”ti vatv± tasmi½ rukkham³la½ upasaªkamante tattha v±luka½ uss±petv± uttar±saªga½ paññ±petv± paccekabuddhe tattha nisinne vanditv± v±sitapariss±vitena udakena tassa p±de dhovitv±, gandhatelena makkhetv±, attano up±hana½ puñchitv±, gandhatelena makkhetv±, tassa p±de paµimuñcitv± “bhante, ima½ up±hana½ ±ruyha, ima½ chatta½ matthake katv± gacchath±”ti chattup±hana½ ad±si. Sopissa anuggahatth±ya ta½ gahetv± pas±dasa½va¹¹hanattha½ passantasseva veh±sa½ uppatitv± gandham±dana½ agam±si. Tena vutta½–
18. “Ev±ha½ cintayitv±na, orohitv± up±han±;
tassa p±d±ni vanditv±, ad±si½ chattup±hanan”ti.
Bodhisatto ta½ disv± ativiya pasannacitto paµµana½ gantv± n±va½ abhiruhi. Athassa mah±samudda½ tarantassa sattame divase n±v± vivaramad±si. Udaka½ ussiñcitu½ n±sakkhi½su. Mah±jano maraºabhayabh²to attano attano devat± namassitv± mah±virava½ viravi. Bodhisatto eka½ upaµµh±ka½ gahetv± sakalasar²ra½ telena makkhetv± sappin± saddhi½ sakkharacuºº±ni y±vadattha½ kh±ditv± tampi kh±d±petv± tena saddhi½ k³pakayaµµhimatthaka½ ±ruyha “im±ya dis±ya amh±ka½ nagaran”ti disa½ vavatthapetv± macchakacchapaparipanthato att±na½ sacc±dhiµµh±nena pamocento tena saddhi½ usabhamattaµµh±na½ atikkamitv± patitv± samudda½ taritu½ ±rabhi. Mah±jano pana tattheva vin±sa½ p±puºi. Tassa tarantasseva satta divas± gat±. So tasmimpi k±le loºodakena mukha½ vikkh±letv± uposathiko ahosiyeva.
Tad± pana ²dis±na½ purisavises±na½ rakkhaºatth±ya cat³hi lokap±lehi µhapit± maºimekhal± n±ma devadh²t± attano issariyena satt±ha½ pamajjitv± sattame divase ta½ disv± “sac±ya½ idha marissa, ativiya g±rayh± abhavissan”ti sa½viggahaday± suvaººap±tiy± dibbabhojanassa p³retv± vegen±gantv± “br±hmaºa, ida½ dibbabhojana½ bhuñj±”ti ±ha. So ta½ ulloketv± “n±ha½ bhuñj±mi, uposathikomh²”ti paµikkhipitv± ta½ pucchanto–
“Ya½ tva½ sukhen±bhisamekkhase ma½, bhuñjassu bhatta½ iti ma½ vadesi;
pucch±mi ta½ n±ri mah±nubh±ve, dev² nusi tva½ uda m±nus² n³”ti. (J±. 1.10.42)–

¾ha. S± tassa paµivacana½ dent²–

“Dev² aha½ saªkha mah±nubh±v±, idh±gat± s±garav±rimajjhe;
anukampik± no ca paduµµhacitt±, taveva atth±ya idh±gat±smi.
“Idhannap±na½ sayan±sanañca, y±n±ni n±n±vividh±ni saªkha;
sabbassa ty±ha½ paµip±day±mi, ya½ kiñci tuyha½ manas±bhipatthitan”ti. (J±. 1.10.43-44)–

Im± g±th± abh±si. Ta½ sutv± mah±satto “aya½ devadh²t± samuddapiµµhe mayha½ ‘idañcidañca damm²’ti vadati, yañces± mayha½ deti, tampi mama puññeneva, ta½ pana puñña½ aya½ devadh²t± j±n±ti nu kho, ud±hu na j±n±ti, pucchiss±mi t±va nan”ti cintetv± pucchanto ima½ g±tham±ha–

“Ya½ kiñci yiµµhañca hutañca mayha½, sabbassa no issar± tva½ sugatte;
sussoºi subbh³ru vilaggamajjhe, kissa me kammassa aya½ vip±ko”ti. (J±. 1.10.45).
Tattha yiµµhanti d±navasena yajita½. Hutanti ±hunap±hunavasena dinna½. Sabbassa no issar± tvanti amh±ka½ puññakammassa sabbassa tva½ issar±, “aya½ imassa vip±ko, aya½ imass±”ti by±karitu½ samatth±. Sussoº²ti sundarajaghane. Subbh³r³ti sundarehi bhamukehi ³r³hi ca samann±gate. Vilaggamajjheti vilaggatanumajjhe. Kissa meti may± katakammesu katarakammassa aya½ vip±ko, yen±ha½ appatiµµhe mah±samudde ajja patiµµha½ labh±m²ti.
Ta½ sutv± devadh²t± “aya½ br±hmaºo ‘ya½ attan± kusalakamma½ kata½, ta½ kamma½ na j±n±t²’ti saññ±ya pucchati maññe, kathess±mi nan”ti n±v±bhiruhanadivase paccekabuddhassa chattup±hanad±napuññameva tassa k±raºanti kathent²–
“Ghamme pathe br±hmaºa ekabhikkhu½, ugghaµµap±da½ tasita½ kilanta½;
paµip±day² saªkha up±han±ni, s± dakkhiº± k±maduh± tavajj±”ti. (J±. 1.10.46)–

G±tham±ha.

Tattha ekabhikkhunti eka½ paccekabuddha½ sandh±y±ha. Ugghaµµap±danti uºhav±luk±ya ghaµµap±da½, vib±dhitap±danti attho. Tasitanti pip±sita½. Paµip±day²ti paµip±desi yojesi. K±maduh±ti sabbak±mad±yik±.
Ta½ sutv± mah±satto “evar³pepi n±ma appatiµµhe mah±samudde may± dinna½ chattup±hanad±na½ mama sabbak±madada½ j±ta½ aho sudinnan”ti tuµµhacitto–
“S± hotu n±v± phalak³papann±, anavassut± erakav±tayutt±;
aññassa y±nassa na hettha bh³mi, ajjeva ma½ mo¼ini½ p±payass³”ti. (J±. 1.10.47)–

G±tham±ha.

Tattha phalak³papann±ti mah±n±vat±ya bah³hi phalakehi upet±. Udakappavesan±bh±vena anavassut±. Samm± gahetv± gamanakav±tena erakav±tayutt±.
Devadh²t± tassa vacana½ sutv± tuµµhahaµµh± d²ghato aµµha-usabha½ vitth±rato catu-usabha½ gambh²rato v²satiyaµµhika½ sattaratanamaya½ n±va½ m±petv± k³paphiy±rittayutt±ni indan²larajatasuvaººamay±d²ni nimminitv± sattanna½ ratan±na½ p³retv± br±hmaºa½ ±liªgetv± n±va½ ±ropesi, upaµµh±ka½ panassa na olokesi. Br±hmaºo attan± katakaly±ºato tassa patti½ ad±si, so anumodi. Atha devadh²t± tampi ±liªgetv± n±v±ya patiµµh±petv± ta½ n±va½ mo¼in²nagara½ netv± br±hmaºassa ghare dhana½ patiµµh±petv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva agam±si. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“S± tattha vitt± suman± pat²t±, n±va½ sucitta½ abhinimminitv±;
±d±ya saªkha½ purisena saddhi½, up±nay² nagara½ s±dhuramman”ti. (J±. 1.10.48).
Mah±purisassa hi cittasampattiy± paccekabuddhassa ca nirodhato vuµµhitabh±vena sattasu cetan±su ±dicetan± diµµhadhammavedan²y± ati-u¼±raphal± ca j±t±. Idampi tassa d±nassa appamattaphalanti daµµhabba½. Aparim±ºaphalañhi ta½ d±na½ bodhisambh±rabh³ta½. Tena vutta½–
19. “Tenev±ha½ sataguºato, sukhum±lo sukhedhito;
api ca d±na½ parip³rento, eva½ tassa ad±sahan”ti.
Tattha ten±ti tato paccekabuddhato, sataguºatoti sataguºena aha½ tad± saªkhabh³to sukhum±lo, tasm± sukhedhito sukhasa½va¹¹ho, api ca eva½ santepi d±na½ parip³rento, eva½ mayha½ d±nap±ram² parip³ret³ti tassa paccekabuddhassa attano sar²radukkha½ anapekkhitv± chattup±hana½ ad±sinti attano d±najjh±sayassa u¼±rabh±va½ satth± pavedesi.
Bodhisattopi y±vaj²va½ amitadhanageha½ ajjh±vasanto bhiyyosomatt±ya d±n±ni datv± s²l±ni rakkhitv± ±yupariyos±ne sapariso devanagara½ p³resi.
Tad± devadh²t± uppalavaºº± ahosi, puriso ±nandatthero, lokan±tho saªkhabr±hmaºo.
Tassa suvisuddhaniccas²la-uposathas²l±divasena s²lap±ram² d±nas²l±d²na½ paµipakkhato nikkhantatt± kusaladhammavasena nekkhammap±ram², d±n±dinipph±danattha½ abbhussahanavasena tath± mah±samuddataraºav±y±mavasena ca v²riyap±ram², tadattha½ adhiv±sanakhantivasena khantip±ram², paµiññ±nur³pappaµipattiy± saccap±ram², sabbattha acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±navasena adhiµµh±nap±ram², sabbasattesu hitajjh±sayavasena mett±p±ram², sattasaªkh±rakatavippak±resu majjhattabh±vappattiy± upekkh±p±ram², sabbap±ram²na½ upak±r±nupak±re dhamme j±nitv± anupak±re dhamme pah±ya upak±radhammesu pavatt±panapurecar± sahaj±t± ca up±yakosallabh³t± paññ± paññ±p±ram²ti im±pi p±ramiyo labbhanti.
D±najjh±sayassa pana ati-u¼±rabh±vena d±nap±ram²vasena desan± pavatt±. Yasm± cettha dasa p±ramiyo labbhanti, tasm± heµµh± vutt± mah±karuº±dayo bodhisattaguº± idh±pi yath±raha½ niddh±retabb±. Tath± attano bhogasukha½ anapekkhitv± mah±karuº±ya “d±nap±rami½ p³ress±m²”ti d±nasambh±rasa½haraºattha½ samuddataraºa½, tattha ca samuddapatitassapi uposath±dhiµµh±na½, s²lakhaº¹abhayena devadh²t±yapi upagat±ya ±h±r±n±haraºanti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº± veditabb±. Id±ni vakkham±nesu sesacaritesu imin±va nayena guºaniddh±raºa½ veditabba½ Tattha tattha visesamattameva vakkh±ma. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Eva½ acchariy± hete, abbhut± ca mahesino…pe…;
pagev±nukiriy± tesa½, dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

Saªkhabr±hmaºacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.