Eva½ paµisañcikkhato cassa sambodh±ya pahitattassa k±yaj²vitesu nirapekkhassa appakasireneva k±yavac²manokamm±ni suvisuddh±ni honti. So suvisuddhak±yavac²manokammanto visuddh±j²vo ñ±yapaµipattiya½ µhito ap±yup±yakosallasamann±gamena bhiyyosomatt±ya deyyadhammaparicc±gena abhayad±nasaddhammad±nehi ca sabbasatte anuggaºhitu½ samattho hot²ti aya½ t±va d±nap±ramiya½ paccavekkhaº±nayo.
S²lap±ramiya½ pana eva½ paccavekkhitabba½– idañhi s²la½ n±ma gaªgodak±d²hi visodhetu½ asakkuºeyyassa dosamalassa vikkh±lanajala½, haricandan±d²hi vinetu½ asakkuºeyyassa r±g±dipari¼±hassa vinayana½, h±ramakuµakuº¹al±d²hi pacurajan±laªk±rehi as±dh±raºo s±dh³na½ alaªk±raviseso, sabbadis±v±yanato akittimo sabbak±l±nur³po ca surabhigandho, khattiyamah±s±l±d²hi devat±hi ca vandan²y±dibh±v±vahanato paramo vas²karaºamanto, c±tumah±r±jik±didevalok±rohaºasop±napanti jh±n±bhiññ±na½ adhigam³p±yo, nibb±namah±nagarassa samp±pakamaggo, s±vakabodhipaccekabodhisamm±sambodh²na½ patiµµh±nabh³mi, ya½ ya½ v± panicchita½ patthita½, tassa tassa samijjhan³p±yabh±vato cint±maºikapparukkh±dike ca atiseti.
Vuttañceta½ bhagavat±– “ijjhati, bhikkhave, s²lavato cetopaºidhivisuddhatt±”ti (d². ni. 3.337; a. ni. 8.35). Aparampi vutta½– “±kaªkheyya ce, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ‘sabrahmac±r²na½ piyo ca assa½ man±po ca garu ca bh±van²yo c±’ti, s²lesvevassa parip³rak±r²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.65). Tath± “avippaµis±ratth±ni kho, ±nanda, kusal±ni s²l±n²”ti (a. ni. 11.1). “Pañcime, gahapatayo, ±nisa½s± s²lavato s²lasampad±y±”ti-±disutt±nañca (d². ni. 2.150; 3.316; a. ni. 5.213; mah±va. 285) vasena s²lassa guº± paccavekkhitabb±. Tath± aggikkhandhopamasutt±d²na½ (a. ni. 7.72) vasena s²lavirahe ±d²nav±. P²tisomanassanimittato att±nuv±dapar±pav±dadaº¹aduggatibhay±bh±vato viññ³hi p±sa½sabh±vato avippaµis±rahetuto sotthiµµh±nato atijanas±pateyy±dhipateyy±yur³paµµh±nabandhumittasampatt²na½ atisayanato ca s²la½ paccavekkhitabba½. S²lavato hi attano s²lasampad±hetu mahanta½ p²tisomanassa½ uppajjati– “kata½ vata may± kusala½, kata½ kaly±ºa½, kata½ bh²rutt±ºan”ti.
Tath± s²lavato att± na upavadati, na pare viññ³, daº¹aduggatibhay±na½ sambhavo eva natthi. “S²lav± purisapuggalo kaly±ºadhammo”ti viññ³na½ p±sa½so hoti. Tath± s²lavato yv±ya½ “kata½ vata may± p±pa½, kata½ luddaka½, kata½ kibbisan”ti duss²lassa vippaµis±ro uppajjati, so na hoti. S²lañca n±meta½ appam±d±dhiµµh±nato bhogabyasan±diparih±ramukhena mahato atthassa s±dhanato maªgalabh±vato ca parama½ sotthiµµh±na½, nih²najaccopi s²lav± khattiyamah±s±l±d²na½ p³jan²yo hot²ti kulasampatti½ atiseti s²lasampad±, “ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja? Idha te assa d±so kammakaro”ti-±divacanañcettha (d². ni. 1.186) s±dhaka½. Cor±d²hi as±dh±raºato paralok±nugamanato mahapphalabh±vato samath±diguº±dhiµµh±nato ca b±hiradhana½ atiseti s²la½. Paramassa cittissariyassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato khattiy±d²na½ issariya½ atiseti s²la½. S²lanimittañhi ta½ta½sattanik±yesu satt±na½ issariya½, vassasatad²ghappam±ºato j²vitato ek±hampi s²lavato j²vitassa visiµµhat±vacanato sati ca j²vite sikkh±nikkhipanassa maraºat±vacanato s²la½ j²vitato visiµµhatara½ Ver²nampi manuññabh±v±vahanato jar±rogavipatt²hi anabhibhavan²yato ca r³pasampatti½ atiseti s²la½. P±s±dahammiy±diµµh±navisese r±jayuvar±jasen±pati-±diµµh±navisese ca atiseti s²la½ sukhavises±dhiµµh±nabh±vato. Sabh±vasiniddhe santik±vacarepi bandhujane mittajane ca atiseti ekantahitasamp±danato paralok±nugamanato ca “na ta½ m±t±pit± kayir±”ti-±divacanañcettha (dha. pa. 43) s±dhaka½. Tath± hatthi-assarathapattibalak±yehi mant±gadasotth±nappayogehi ca dur±rakkha½ att±na½ ±rakkh±bh±vena s²lameva visiµµhatara½ att±dh²nato apar±dh²nato mah±visayato ca. Tenev±ha– “dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±rin”ti-±di (j±. 1.10.102). Evamanekaguºasamann±gata½ s²lanti paccavekkhantassa aparipuºº± ceva s²lasampad± p±rip³ri½ gacchati aparisuddh± ca p±risuddhi½.
Sace panassa d²gharatta½ paricayena s²lapaµipakkh± dhamm± dos±dayo antarantar± uppajjeyyu½, tena bodhisattapaµiññena eva½ paµisañcikkhitabba½– nanu tay± sambodh±ya paºidh±na½ kata½, s²lavikalena ca na sakk± lokiy±pi sampattiyo p±puºitu½, pageva lokuttar±, sabbasampatt²na½ pana aggabh³t±ya samm±sambodhiy± adhiµµh±nabh³tena s²lena paramukka½sagatena bhavitabba½, tasm± “kik²va aº¹an”ti-±din± (visuddhi. 1.19; d². ni. aµµha. 1.7) vuttanayena samm± s²la½ rakkhantena suµµhutara½ tay± pesalena bhavitabba½.
Api ca tay± dhammadesan±ya y±nattaye satt±na½ avat±raºaparip±can±ni k±tabb±ni, s²lavikalassa ca vacana½ na paccetabba½ hoti, asapp±y±h±ravic±rassa viya vejjassa tikicchana½, tasm± kath±ha½ saddheyyo hutv± satt±na½ avat±raºaparip±can±ni kareyyanti sabh±vaparisuddhas²lena bhavitabba½. Kiñca jh±n±diguºavisesayogena me satt±na½ upak±rakaraºasamatthat± paññ±p±rami-±diparip³raºañca, jh±n±dayo ca guº± s²lap±risuddhi½ vin± na sambhavant²ti sammadeva s²la½ parisodhetabba½.
Tath± “samb±dho ghar±v±so rajopatho”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.191; sa½. ni. 2.154; ma. ni. 1.291; 2.10) ghar±v±se, “aµµhikaªkal³pam± k±m±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.234; p±ci. 175) “m±t±pi puttena vivadat²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.178) ca k±mesu, “seyyath±pi puriso iºa½ ±d±ya kammante payojeyy±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.218) k±macchand±d²su ±d²navadassanapubbaªgam± vuttavipariy±yena “abbhok±so pabbajj±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.191; sa½. ni. 2.154) pabbajj±d²su ±nisa½sapaµisaªkh±vasena nekkhammap±ramiya½ paccavekkhaº± veditabb±. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana dukkhakkhandha- (ma. ni. 1.163 ±dayo) ±sivisopamasutt±- (sa½. ni. 4.238) divasena veditabbo.
Tath± “paññ±ya vin± d±n±dayo dhamm± na visujjhanti, yath±saka½ by±p±rasamatth± ca na hont²”ti paññ±guº± manasik±tabb±. Yatheva hi j²vitena vin± sar²rayanta½ na sobhati, na ca attano kiriy±su paµipattisamattha½ hoti, yath± ca cakkh±d²ni indriy±ni viññ±ºena vin± yath±saka½ visayesu kicca½ k±tu½ nappahonti, eva½ saddh±d²ni indriy±ni paññ±ya vin± sakiccapaµipattiya½ asamatth±n²ti paricc±g±dipaµipattiya½ paññ± padh±nak±raºa½. Umm²litapaññ±cakkhuk± hi mah±bodhisatt± attano aªgapaccaªg±nipi datv± anattukka½sak± aparavambhak± ca honti, bhesajjarukkh± viya vikapparahit± k±lattayepi somanassaj±t±. Paññ±vasena hi up±yakosallayogato paricc±go parahitappavattiy± d±nap±ramibh±va½ upeti. Attatthañhi d±na½ va¹¹hisadisa½ hoti.
Tath± paññ±ya abh±vena taºh±disa½kiles±viyogato s²lassa visuddhi eva na sambhavati, kuto sabbaññuguº±dhiµµh±nabh±vo. Paññav± eva ca ghar±v±se k±maguºesu sa½s±re ca ±d²nava½ pabbajj±ya jh±nasam±pattiya½ nibb±ne ca ±nisa½sa½ suµµhu sallakkhento pabbajitv± jh±nasam±pattiyo nibbattetv± nibb±n±bhimukho pare ca tattha patiµµh±peti. V²riyañca paññ±virahita½ yathicchitamattha½ na s±dheti dur±rambhabh±vato. Varameva hi an±rambho dur±rambhato, paññ±sahitena pana v²riyena na kiñci duradhigama½ up±yapaµipattito. Tath± paññav± eva par±pak±r±d²na½ adhiv±sakaj±tiko hoti, na duppañño. Paññ±virahitassa ca parehi upan²t± apak±r± khantiy± paµipakkhameva anubr³henti, paññavato pana te khantisampattiy± paribr³hanavasena ass± thirabh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Paññav± eva t²ºipi sacc±ni nesa½ k±raº±ni paµipakkhe ca yath±bh³ta½ j±nitv± paresa½ avisa½v±dako hoti.
Tath± paññ±balena att±na½ upatthambhetv± dhitisampad±ya sabbap±ram²su acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±no hoti. Paññav± eva ca piyamajjhattaverivibh±ga½ akatv± sabbattha hit³pasa½h±rakusalo hoti. Tath± paññ±vasena l±bh±l±bh±dilokadhammasannip±te nibbik±rat±ya majjhatto hoti. Eva½ sabb±sa½ p±ram²na½ paññ±va p±risuddhihet³ti paññ±guº± paccavekkhitabb±. Api ca paññ±ya vin± na dassanasampatti, antarena ca diµµhisampada½ na s²lasampad± s²ladiµµhisampad±virahitassa na sam±dhisampad±, asam±hitena ca na sakk± attahitamattampi s±dhetu½, pageva ukka½sagata½ parahitanti parahit±ya paµipannena “nanu tay± sakkacca½ paññ±ya parivuddhiya½ ±yogo karaº²yo”ti bodhisattena att± ovaditabbo. Paññ±nubh±vena hi mah±satto caturadhiµµh±n±dhiµµhito cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi loka½ anuggaºhanto satte niyy±namagge avat±reti, indriy±ni ca nesa½ parip±ceti.
Tath± paññ±balena khandh±yatan±d²su pavicayabahulopavattinivattiyo y±th±vato parij±nanto d±n±dayo guºe visesanibbedhabh±giyabh±va½ nayanto bodhisattasikkh±ya parip³rak±r² hot²ti evam±din± anek±k±ravok±re paññ±guºe vavatthapetv± paññ±p±ram² anubr³hetabb±.
Tath± dissam±n±nipi lokiy±ni kamm±ni nih²nav²riyena p±puºitu½ asakkuºeyy±ni, agaºitakhedena pana ±raddhav²riyena duradhigama½ n±ma natthi. Nih²nav²riyo hi “sa½s±ramahoghato sabbasatte sant±ress±m²”ti ±rabhitumeva na sakkuº±ti. Majjhimo ±rabhitv± antar± vos±nam±pajjati. Ukkaµµhav²riyo pana attasukhanirapekkho ±rambhap±ramimadhigacchat²ti v²riyasampatti paccavekkhitabb±. Api ca “yassa attano eva sa½s±rapaªkato samuddharaºattham±rambho, tass±pi na v²riyassa sithilabh±ve manorath±na½ matthakappatti sakk± sambh±vetu½, pageva sadevakassa lokassa samuddharaºattha½ kat±bhin²h±ren±”ti ca “r±g±d²na½ dosagaº±na½ mattamah±gaj±na½ viya dunniv±rabh±vato tannid±n±nañca kammasam±d±n±na½ ukkhitt±sikavadhakasadisabh±vato tannimitt±nañca duggat²na½ sabbad± vivaµamukhabh±vato, tattha niyojak±nañca p±pamitt±na½ sad± sannihitabh±vato tadov±dak±rit±ya ca b±lassa puthujjanabh±vassa satisambhave yutta½ sayameva sa½s±radukkhato nissaritunti micch±vitakk± v²riy±nubh±vena d³r²bhavant²”ti ca “yadi pana sambodhi att±dh²nena v²riyena sakk± samadhigantu½, kimettha dukkaran”ti ca evam±din± nayena v²riyaguº± paccavekkhitabb±.
Tath± khanti n±m±ya½ niravasesaguºapaµipakkhassa kodhassa vidhamanato guºasamp±dane s±dh³namappaµihatam±yudha½, par±bhibhavasamatth±na½ alaªk±ro, samaºabr±hmaº±na½ balasampad±, kodhaggivinayana-udakadh±r±, kaly±ºassa kittisaddassa sañj±tideso, p±papuggal±na½ vac²visav³pasamakaro mant±gado, sa½vare µhit±na½ param± dh²rapakati, gambh²r±sayat±ya s±garo, dosamah±s±garassa vel±, ap±yadv±rassa pidahanakav±µa½, devabrahmalok±na½ ±rohaºasop±na½, sabbaguº±na½ adhiv±sanabh³mi, uttam± k±yavac²manovisuddh²ti manasik±tabba½.
Api ca “ete satt± khantisampattiy± abh±vato idhaloke tappanti, paraloke ca tapan²yadhamm±nuyogato”ti ca “yadipi par±pak±ranimitta½ dukkha½ uppajjati, tassa pana dukkhassa khettabh³to attabh±vo b²jabh³tañca kamma½ may±va abhisaªkhatan”ti ca “tassa ca dukkhassa ±ºaºyak±raºametan”ti ca “apak±rake asati katha½ mayha½ khantisampad± sambhavat²”ti ca “yadip±ya½ etarahi apak±rako, aya½ n±ma pubbe anena mayha½ upak±ro kato”ti ca “apak±ro eva v± khantinimittat±ya upak±ro”ti ca “sabbepime satt± mayha½ puttasadis±, puttakat±par±dhesu ca ko kujjhissat²”ti ca “yena kodhapis±c±vesena aya½ mayha½ aparajjhati, sv±ya½ kodhabh³t±veso may± vinetabbo”ti ca, “yena apak±rena ida½ mayha½ dukkha½ uppanna½, tassa ahampi nimittan”ti ca, “yehi dhammehi apak±ro kato, yattha ca kato, sabbepi te tasmi½ eva khaºe niruddh± kassid±ni kena kopo k±tabbo”ti ca, “anattat±ya sabbadhamm±na½ ko kassa aparajjhat²”ti ca paccavekkhantena khantisampad± anubr³hetabb±.