Tattha manussattanti manussattabh±vo. Manussattabh±veyeva hi µhatv± buddhatta½ patthentassa patthan± samijjhati, na n±gasupaºº±dij±t²su µhitassa. Kasm±ti ce? Buddhabh±vassa ananucchavikabh±vato.
Liªgasampatt²ti manussattabh±ve µhitass±pi purisasseva patthan± samijjhati, na itthiy± na paº¹akanapu½saka-ubhatobyañjanak±na½ v± samijjhati. Kasm±ti ce? Yath±vuttak±raºato lakkhaºap±rip³riy± abh±vato ca. Vuttañceta½– “aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ itth² araha½ assa samm±sambuddho”ti (a. ni. 1.279; vibha. 809) vitth±ro. Tasm± manussaj±tikass±pi itthiliªge µhitassa paº¹ak±d²na½ v± patthan± na samijjhati.
Het³ti upanissayasampatti. Manussapurisass±pi hi upanissayasampannasseva hetusampattiy± patthan± samijjhati, na itarassa.
Satth±radassananti satthusammukh²bh±vo. Dharam±nakabuddhasseva hi santike patthentassa patthan± samijjhati, parinibbute pana bhagavati cetiyassa santike v± bodhim³le v± paµim±ya v± paccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±na½ v± santike patthan± na samijjhati. Kasm±? Adhik±rassa balavabh±v±bh±vato. Buddh±na½ eva pana santike patthan± samijjhati, ajjh±sayassa u¼±rabh±vena tadadhik±rassa balavabh±v±pattito.
Pabbajj±ti buddhassa bhagavato santike patthentass±pi kammakiriyav±d²su t±pasesu v± bhikkh³su v± pabbajitasseva patthan± samijjhati, no gihiliªge µhitassa. Kasm±? Buddhabh±vassa ananucchavikabh±vato. Pabbajit± eva hi mah±bodhisatt± samm±sambodhi½ adhigacchanti, na gahaµµhabh³t±, tasm± paºidh±nak±le ca pabbajj±liªga½ eva hi yuttar³pa½ kiñca guºasampatti-adhiµµh±nabh±vato.
Guºasampatt²ti abhiññ±diguºasampad±. Pabbajitass±pi hi aµµhasam±pattil±bhino pañc±bhiññasseva patthan± samijjhati, na yath±vuttaguºasampattiy± virahitassa. Kasm±? P±ramipavicayassa asamatthabh±vato, upanissayasampattiy± abhiññ±sampattiy± ca samann±gatatt± mah±puris± kat±bhin²h±r± sayameva p±ram² pavicetu½ samatth± honti.
Adhik±roti adhiko upak±ro. Yath±vuttaguºasampannopi hi yo attano j²vitampi buddh±na½ pariccajitv± tasmi½ k±le adhika½ upak±ra½ karoti, tasseva abhin²h±ro samijjhati, na itarassa.
Chandat±ti kattuk±mat±kusalacchando. Yassa hi yath±vuttadhammasamann±gatassa buddhak±rakadhamm±na½ atth±ya mahanto chando mahat² patthan± mahat² kattuk±mat± atthi, tasseva samijjhati, na itarassa.
Tatrida½ chandamahantat±ya opamma½– yo sakalacakkav±¼agabbha½ ekodak²bh³ta½ attano b±hubaleneva uttaritv± p±ra½ gantu½ samattho, so buddhatta½ p±puº±t²ti sutv± ta½ dukkarato adahanto “aha½ ta½ uttaritv± p±ra½ gamiss±m²”ti chandaj±to hoti, na tattha saªkoca½ ±pajjati. Tath± yo sakalacakkav±¼a½ v²taccik±na½ vigatadh³m±na½ aªg±r±na½ p³ra½ p±dehi akkamanto atikkamitv± parabh±ga½ p±puºitu½ samattho…pe… na tattha saªkoca½ ±pajjati. Tath± yo sakalacakkav±¼a½ sattis³lehi sunisitaphalehi nirantara½ ±kiººa½ p±dehi akkamanto atikkamitv±…pe… na tattha saªkoca½ ±pajjati. Tath± yo sakalacakkav±¼a½ nirantara½ ghanave¼ugumbasañchanna½ kaºµakalat±vanagahana½ vinivijjhitv± parabh±ga½ gantu½ samattho…pe… na tattha saªkoca½ ±pajjati. Tath± yo “catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni satasahassañca kappe niraye paccitv± buddhatta½ pattabban”ti sutv± ta½ dukkarato adahanto “aha½ tattha paccitv± buddhatta½ p±puºiss±m²”ti chandaj±to hoti, na tattha saªkoca½ ±pajjat²ti evam±din± nayena ettha chandassa mahantabh±vo veditabbo.
Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gato pan±ya½ abhin²h±ro atthato tesa½ aµµhanna½ aªg±na½ samodh±nena tath±pavatto cittupp±doti veditabbo. So sammadeva samm±sambodhiy± paºidh±nalakkhaºo. “Aho vat±ha½ anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjheyya½, sabbasatt±na½ hitasukha½ nipph±deyyan”ti evam±dipatthan±raso, bodhisambh±rahetubh±vapaccupaµµh±no, mah±karuº±padaµµh±no, upanissayasampattipadaµµh±no v±. Acinteyya½ buddhabh³mi½ aparim±ºa½ sattalokahitañca ±rabbha pavattiy± sabbabuddhak±rakadhammam³labh³to paramabhaddako paramakaly±ºo aparimeyyappabh±vo puññavisesoti daµµhabbo.
Yassa ca uppattiy± saheva mah±puriso mah±bodhiy±napaµipatti½ otiººo n±ma hoti niyatabh±vasamadhigamanato tato anivattanasabh±vatt± bodhisattoti samañña½ paµilabhati, sabbabh±vena samm±sambodhiya½ sam±sattam±nasat± bodhisambh±rasikkh±samatthat± cassa santiµµhati. Yath±vutt±bhin²h±rasamijjhanena hi mah±puris± sabbaññutaññ±º±dhigamanapubbaliªgena sayambhuñ±ºena sammadeva sabbap±ramiyo pavicinitv± sam±d±ya anukkamena parip³renti. Tath± katamah±bhin²h±ro hi sumedhapaº¹ito paµipajji. Yath±ha–
“Handa buddhakare dhamme, vicin±mi ito cito;
uddha½ adho dasa dis±, y±vat± dhammadh±tuy±;
vicinanto tad± dakkhi½, paµhama½ d±nap±ramin”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.115-116)–

Vitth±ro. Tassa ca abhin²h±rassa catt±ro paccay± catt±ro het³ catt±ri ca bal±ni veditabb±ni.

Tattha katame catt±ro paccay±? Idha mah±puriso passati tath±gata½ mahat± buddh±nubh±vena acchariyabbhuta½ p±µih±riya½ karonta½. Tassa ta½ niss±ya ta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± mah±bodhiya½ citta½ santiµµhati– “mah±nubh±v± vat±ya½ dhammadh±tu, yass± suppaµividdhatt± bhagav± eva½ acchariyabbhutadhammo acinteyy±nubh±vo c±”ti So tameva mah±nubh±vadassana½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti. Aya½ paµhamo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, api ca kho suº±ti “ediso ca ediso ca bhagav±”ti. So ta½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti. Aya½ dutiyo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, napi ta½ parato suº±ti, api ca kho tath±gatassa dhamma½ desentassa “dasabalasamann±gato, bhikkhave, tath±gato”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.21-22) buddh±nubh±vapaµisa½yutta½ dhamma½ suº±ti. So ta½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti. Aya½ tatiyo paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Na heva kho passati tath±gatassa yath±vutta½ mah±nubh±vata½, napi ta½ parato suº±ti, napi tath±gatassa dhamma½ suº±ti, api ca kho u¼±rajjh±sayo kaly±º±dhimuttiko “ahameta½ buddhava½sa½ buddhatanti½ buddhapaveºi½ buddhadhammata½ parip±less±m²”ti y±vadeva dhamma½ eva sakkaronto garukaronto m±nento p³jento dhamma½ apac±yam±no ta½ niss±ya ta½ paccaya½ katv± sambodhiya½ adhimuccanto tattha citta½ µhapeti. Aya½ catuttho paccayo mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Tattha katame catt±ro het³ mah±bhin²h±r±ya? Idha mah±puriso pakatiy± upanissayasampannova hoti purimakesu buddhesu kat±dhik±ro. Aya½ paµhamo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso pakatiy± karuº±jjh±sayo hoti karuº±dhimutto satt±na½ dukkha½ apanetuk±mo api ca attano k±yaj²vita½ pariccajitv±. Aya½ dutiyo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso sakalatopi vaµµadukkhato sattahit±ya ca dukkaracariyato sucirampi k±la½ ghaµento v±yamanto anibbinno hoti anutr±s² y±va icchitatthanipphatti. Aya½ tatiyo hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya. Puna capara½ mah±puriso kaly±ºamittasannissito hoti, yo ahitato niv±reti, hite patiµµhapeti. Aya½ catuttho hetu mah±bhin²h±r±ya.
Tatr±ya½ mah±purisassa upanissayasampad±– ekantenevassa yath± ajjh±sayo sambodhininno hoti sambodhipoºo sambodhipabbh±ro, tath± satt±na½ hitacariy±. Yato c±nena purimabuddh±na½ santike sambodhiy± paºidh±na½ kata½ hoti manas± v±c±ya ca “ahampi ediso samm±sambuddho hutv± sammadeva satt±na½ hitasukha½ nipph±deyyan”ti. Eva½ sampann³panissayassa panassa im±ni upanissayasampattiy± liªg±ni bhavanti yehi samann±gatassa s±vakabodhisattehi ca paccekabodhisattehi ca mah±viseso mahanta½ n±n±karaºa½ paññ±yati indriyato paµipattito kosallato ca. Idha upanissayasampanno mah±puriso yath± visadindriyo hoti visadañ±ºo, na tath± itare. Parahit±ya paµipanno hoti, na attahit±ya. Tath± hi so yath± bahujanahit±ya bahujanasukh±ya lok±nukamp±ya atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±na½ paµipajjati, na tath± itare. Tattha ca kosalla½ ±vahati µh±nuppattikapaµibh±nena µh±n±µh±nakusalat±ya ca.
Tath± mah±puriso pakatiy± d±najjh±sayo hoti d±n±bhirato, sati deyyadhamme deti eva, na d±nato saªkoca½ ±pajjati, satata½ samita½ sa½vibh±gas²lo hoti, pamuditova deti ±daraj±to, na ud±s²nacitto, mahantampi d±na½ datv± na ca d±nena santuµµho hoti, pageva appa½, paresañca uss±ha½ janento d±ne vaººa½ bh±sati, d±napaµisa½yutta½ dhammakatha½ karoti, aññe ca paresa½ dente disv± attamano hoti, bhayaµµh±nesu ca paresa½ abhaya½ det²ti evam±d²ni d±najjh±sayassa mah±purisassa d±nap±ramiy± liªg±ni.
Tath± p±º±tip±t±d²hi p±padhammehi hir²yati ottappati, satt±na½ aviheµhanaj±tiko hoti sorato sukhas²lo asaµho am±y±v² ujuj±tiko suvaco sovacassakaraº²yehi dhammehi samann±gato muduj±tiko atthaddho anatim±n², parasantaka½ n±diyati antamaso tiºasal±ka½ up±d±ya, attano hatthe nikkhitta½ iºa½ v± gahetv± para½ na visa½v±deti, parasmi½ v± attano santake by±m³¼he vissarite v± ta½ saññ±petv± paµip±deti yath± ta½ na parahatthagata½ hoti, aloluppo hoti, parapariggahesu p±paka½ cittampi na upp±deti, itthibyasan±d²ni d³rato parivajjeti, saccav±d² saccasandho bhinn±na½ sandh±t± sahit±na½ anuppad±t±, piyav±d² mihitapubbaªgamo pubbabh±s² atthav±d² dhammav±d² anabhijjh±lu aby±pannacitto avipar²tadassano, kammassakatañ±ºena sacc±nulomikañ±ºena kataññ³ kataved² vuddh±pac±y² suvisuddh±j²vo dhammak±mo parepi dhamme sam±dapet± sabbena sabba½ akiccato satte niv±ret± kiccesu patiµµhapet± attan± ca tattha kicce yoga½ ±pajjit±, katv± v± pana saya½ akattabba½ s²ghaññeva tato paµivirato hot²ti evam±d²ni s²lajjh±sayassa mah±purisassa s²lap±ramiy± liªg±ni.
Tath± mandakileso hoti mandan²varaºo, pavivekajjh±sayo avikkhepabahulo, na tassa p±pak± vitakk± citta½ anv±ssavanti, vivekagatassa cassa appakasireneva citta½ sam±dhiyati, amittapakkhepi tuvaµa½ mettacittat± santiµµhati, pageva itarasmi½, satim± ca hoti cirakatampi cirabh±sitampi sarit± anussarit±, medh±v² ca hoti dhammojapaññ±ya samann±gato, nipako ca hoti t±su t±su itikattabbat±su, ±raddhav²riyo ca hoti satt±na½ hitakiriy±su, khantibalasamann±gato ca hoti sabbasaho, acal±dhiµµh±no ca hoti da¼hasam±d±no ajjhupekkhako ca hoti upekkh±µh±n²yesu dhammes³ti evam±d²ni mah±purisassa nekkhammajjh±say±d²na½ vasena nekkhammap±rami-±d²na½ liªg±ni veditabb±ni.