Pakiŗŗakakath±

Imasmi½ pana µh±ne µhatv± mah±bodhiy±napaµipattiya½ uss±haj±t±na½ kulaputt±na½ bodhisambh±resu n±nappak±rakosallattha½ sabbap±ram²su pakiŗŗakakath± kathetabb±.
Tatrida½ pańhakamma½– k± panet± p±ramiyo? Kenaµµhena p±ramiyo? Katividh± cet±? Ko t±sa½ kamo? K±ni lakkhaŗarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±n±ni? Ko paccayo? Ko sa½kileso? Ki½ vod±na½? Ko paµipakkho? K± paµipatti? Ko vibh±go? Ko saŖgaho? Ko samp±dan³p±yo? Kittakena k±lena samp±dana½? Ko ±nisa½so? Ki½ cet±sa½ phalanti?
Tatrida½ vissajjana½– k± panet± p±ramiyoti? Taŗh±m±nadiµµh²hi anupahat± karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit± d±n±dayo guŗ± p±ramiyo.
Kenaµµhena p±ramiyoti? D±nas²l±diguŗavisesayogena sattuttamat±ya param± mah±satt± bodhisatt±, tesa½ bh±vo kamma½ v± p±ram², d±n±dikiriy±. Atha v± parat²ti paramo, d±n±diguŗ±na½ p³rako p±lako c±ti bodhisatto, paramassa aya½, paramassa v± bh±vo, kamma½ v± p±ram², d±n±dikiriy±va. Atha v± para½ satta½ attani mavati bandhati guŗavisesayogena, para½ v± adhikatara½ majjati sujjhati sa½kilesamalato, para½ v± seµµha½ nibb±na½ visesena mayati gacchati, para½ v± loka½ pam±ŗabh³tena ń±ŗavisesena idhaloka½ viya mun±ti paricchindati, para½ v± ativiya s²l±diguŗagaŗa½ attano sant±ne minoti pakkhipati, para½ v± attabh³tato dhammak±yato ańńa½ paµipakkha½ v± tadanatthakara½ kilesacoragaŗa½ min±ti hi½sat²ti paramo, mah±satto. Paramassa ayanti-±di vuttanayena yojetabba½. P±re v± nibb±ne majjati sujjhati satte ca sodheti, tattha v± satte mavati bandhati yojeti, ta½ v± mayati gacchati gameti ca, mun±ti v± ta½ y±th±vato tattha v± satte minoti pakkhipati, kiles±rayo v± satt±na½ tattha min±ti hi½sat²ti p±ram², mah±puriso. Tassa bh±vo kamma½ v± p±ramit±, d±n±dikiriy±va. Imin± nayena p±ram²saddattho veditabbo.
Katividh±ti? SaŖkhepato dasavidh±. T± pana p±¼iya½ sar³pato ±gat±yeva. Yath±ha–
“Vicinanto tad± dakkhi½, paµhama½ d±nap±rami½;
pubbakehi mahes²hi, anuciŗŗa½ mah±pathan”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.116)–

¾di. Yath± c±ha– “kati nu kho, bhante, buddhak±rak± dhamm±? Dasa kho, s±riputta, buddhak±rak± dhamm±. Katame dasa? D±na½ kho, s±riputta, buddhak±rako dhammo, s²la½, nekkhamma½, pańń±, v²riya½, khanti, sacca½, adhiµµh±na½, mett±, upekkh± buddhak±rako dhammo. Ime kho, s±riputta, dasa buddhak±rak± dhamm±”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±, ida½ vatv± sugato ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–

“D±na½ s²lańca nekkhamma½, pańń± v²riyena pańcama½;
khanti saccamadhiµµh±na½, mettupekkh±ti te das±”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.76 thoka½ visadisa½).
Keci pana “chabbidh±”ti vadanti. Ta½ et±sa½ saŖgahavasena vutta½. So pana saŖgaho parato ±vi bhavissati.
Ko t±sa½ kamoti? Ettha kamoti desan±kkamo, so ca paµhamasam±d±nahetuko, sam±d±na½ pavicayahetuka½, iti yath± ±dimhi pavicit± sam±dinn± ca, tath± desit±. Tattha d±na½ s²lassa bah³pak±ra½ sukarańc±ti ta½ ±dimhi vutta½. D±na½ s²lapariggahita½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±nisa½santi d±n±nantara½ s²la½ vutta½. S²la½ nekkhammapariggahita½, nekkhamma½ pańń±pariggahita½, pańń± v²riyapariggahit±, v²riya½ khantipariggahita½, khanti saccapariggahit±, sacca½ adhiµµh±napariggahita½, adhiµµh±na½ mett±pariggahita½, mett± upekkh±pariggahit± mahapphal± hoti mah±nisa½s±ti mett±nantaramupekkh± vutt±. Upekkh± pana karuŗ±pariggahit± karuŗ± ca upekkh±pariggahit±ti veditabb±. “Katha½ pana mah±k±ruŗik± bodhisatt± sattesu upekkhak± hont²”ti? “Upekkhitabbayuttesu kańci k±la½ upekkhak± honti na pana sabbattha sabbad± c±”ti keci. Apare pana– “na sattesu upekkhak±, sattakatesu pana vippak±resu upekkhak± hont²”ti.
Aparo nayo– pacurajanesupi pavattiy± sabbasattas±dh±raŗatt± appaphalatt± sukaratt± ca ±dimhi d±na½ vutta½. S²lena d±yakapaµigg±hakasuddhito par±nuggaha½ vatv± parap²¼±nivattivacanato kiriyadhamma½ vatv± akiriyadhammavacanato bhogasampattihetu½ vatv± bhavasampattihetuvacanato ca d±nassa anantara½ s²la½ vutta½. Nekkhammena s²lasampattisiddhito k±yavac²sucarita½ vatv± manosucaritavacanato visuddhas²lassa sukheneva jh±nasamijjhanato kamm±par±dhappah±nena payogasuddhi½ vatv± kiles±par±dhappah±nena ±sayasuddhivacanato v²tikkamappah±nena cittassa pariyuµµh±nappah±navacanato ca s²lassa anantara½ nekkhamma½ vutta½. Pańń±ya nekkhammassa siddhiparisuddhito jh±n±bh±vena pańń±bh±vavacanato “sam±dhipadaµµh±n± hi pańń±, pańń±paccupaµµh±no ca sam±dhi”. Samathanimitta½ vatv± upekkh±nimittavacanato parahitajjh±nena parahitakaraŗ³p±yakosallavacanato ca nekkhammassa anantara½ pańń± vutt±. V²riy±rambhena pańń±kiccasiddhito sattasuńńat±dhammanijjh±nakkhanti½ vatv± sattahit±ya ±rambhassa acchariyat±vacanato upekkh±nimitta½ vatv± paggahanimittavacanato nisammak±rita½ vatv± uµµh±navacanato ca “nisammak±rino hi uµµh±na½ phalavisesam±vahat²”ti pańń±ya anantara½ v²riya½ vutta½.
V²riyena titikkh±siddhito “v²riyav± hi ±raddhav²riyatt± sattasaŖkh±rehi upan²ta½ dukkha½ abhibhuyya viharati”. V²riyassa titikkh±laŖk±rabh±vato “v²riyavato hi titikkh± sobhati”. Paggahanimitta½ vatv± samathanimittavacanato acc±rambhena uddhaccadosappah±navacanato “dhammanijjh±nakkhantiy± hi uddhaccadoso pah²yati”. V²riyavato s±taccakaraŗavacanato “khantibahulo hi anuddhato s±taccak±r² hoti”. Appam±davato parahitakiriy±rambhe paccupak±rataŗh±bh±vavacanato “y±th±vato dhammanijjh±ne hi sati taŗh± na hoti”. Parahit±rambhe paramepi parakatadukkhasahanat±vacanato ca v²riyassa anantara½ khanti vutt±. Saccena khantiy± cir±dhiµµh±nato apak±rino apak±rakhanti½ vatv± tadupak±rakaraŗe avisa½v±davacanato khantiy± apav±dav±c±vikampanena bh³tav±dit±ya avijahanavacanato sattasuńńat±dhammanijjh±nakkhanti½ vatv± tadupabr³hitań±ŗasaccavacanato ca khantiy± anantara½ sacca½ vutta½.
Adhiµµh±nena saccasiddhito “acal±dhiµµh±nassa hi virati sijjhati”. Avisa½v±dita½ vatv± tattha acalabh±vavacanato “saccasandho hi d±n±d²su paµińń±nur³pa½ niccalova pavattati”. ѱŗasacca½ vatv± sambh±resu pavattiniµµh±panavacanato “yath±bh³tań±ŗav± hi bodhisambh±re adhiµµh±ti, te ca niµµh±peti paµipakkhehi akampiyabh±vato”ti saccassa anantara½ adhiµµh±na½ vutta½. Mett±ya parahitakaraŗasam±d±n±dhiµµh±nasiddhito adhiµµh±na½ vatv± hit³pasa½h±ravacanato “bodhisambh±re hi adhitiµµham±no mett±vih±r² hoti”. Acal±dhiµµh±nassa sam±d±n±vikopanena sam±d±nasambhavato ca adhiµµh±nassa anantara½ mett± vutt±. Upekkh±ya mett±visuddhito sattesu hit³pasa½h±ra½ vatv± tadapar±dhesu ud±s²nat±vacanato mett±bh±vana½ vatv± tannissandabh±van±vacanato hitak±masattepi upekkhakoti acchariyaguŗat±vacanato ca mett±ya anantara½ upekkh± vutt±ti evamet±sa½ kamo veditabbo.
K±ni lakkhaŗarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±n±n²ti ettha avisesena t±va sabb±pi p±ramiyo par±nuggahalakkhaŗ±, paresa½ upak±rakaraŗaras±, avikampanaras± v±, hitesit±paccupaµµh±n±, buddhattapaccupaµµh±n± v±, mah±karuŗ±padaµµh±n±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapadaµµh±n± v±.
Visesena pana yasm± karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit± att³pakaraŗaparicc±gacetan± d±nap±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ k±yavac²sucarita½ atthato akattabbaviratikattabbakaraŗacetan±dayo ca s²lap±ramit±. Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito ±d²navadassanapubbaŖgamo k±mabhavehi nikkhamanacittupp±do nekkhammap±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito dhamm±na½ s±mańńavisesalakkhaŗ±vabodho pańń±p±ramit± Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito k±yacittehi parahit±rambho v²riyap±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ sattasaŖkh±r±par±dhasahana½ adosappadh±no tad±k±rappavattacittupp±do khantip±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ viraticetan±dibheda½ avisa½v±dana½ saccap±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahita½ acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±na½ tad±k±rappavatto cittupp±do adhiµµh±nap±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahito lokassa hitasukh³pasa½h±ro atthato aby±p±do mett±p±ramit±, karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit± anunayapaµighaviddha½san² iµµh±niµµhesu sattasaŖkh±resu samappavatti upekkh±p±ramit±.
Tasm± paricc±galakkhaŗ± d±nap±ram², deyyadhamme lobhaviddha½sanaras±, an±sattipaccupaµµh±n±, bhavavibhavasampattipaccupaµµh±n± v±, pariccajitabbavatthupadaµµh±n±. S²lanalakkhaŗ± s²lap±ram², sam±dh±nalakkhaŗ± patiµµh±nalakkhaŗ± c±ti vutta½ hoti. Duss²lyaviddha½sanaras±, anavajjaras± v±, soceyyapaccupaµµh±n±, hirottappapadaµµh±n±. K±mato ca bhavato ca nikkhamanalakkhaŗ± nekkhammap±ram², tad±d²navavibh±vanaras±, tato eva vimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, sa½vegapadaµµh±n±. Yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± pańń±p±ram², akkhalitapaµivedhalakkhaŗ± v± kusaliss±sakhitta-usupaµivedho viya, visayobh±sanaras± pad²po viya, asammohapaccupaµµh±n± arańńagatasudesiko viya, sam±dhipadaµµh±n±, catusaccapadaµµh±n± v±. Uss±halakkhaŗ± v²riyap±ram², upatthambhanaras±, asa½s²danapaccupaµµh±n±, v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±n±, sa½vegapadaµµh±n± v±. Khamanalakkhaŗ± khantip±ram², iµµh±niµµhasahanaras±, adhiv±sanapaccupaµµh±n±, avirodhapaccupaµµh±n± v±, yath±bh³tadassanapadaµµh±n±. Avisa½v±danalakkhaŗ± saccap±ram², yath±sabh±vavibh±vanaras±, s±dhut±paccupaµµh±n±, soraccapadaµµh±n±. Bodhisambh±resu adhiµµh±nalakkhaŗ± adhiµµh±nap±ram², tesa½ paµipakkh±bhibhavanaras±, tattha acalat±paccupaµµh±n±, bodhisambh±rapadaµµh±n±. Hit±k±rappavattilakkhaŗ± mett±p±ram², hit³pasa½h±raras±, ±gh±tavinayanaras± v±, sommabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. Majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaŗ± upekkh±p±ram², samabh±vadassanaras±, paµigh±nunayav³pasamapaccupaµµh±n±, kammassakat±paccavekkhaŗapadaµµh±n±.
Ettha ca karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahitat± d±n±d²na½ paricc±g±dilakkhaŗassa visesanabh±vena vattabb±. Karuŗ³p±yakosallapariggahit±ni hi d±n±d²ni bodhisattasant±ne pavatt±ni d±n±dip±ramiyo n±ma honti.
Ko paccayoti? Abhin²h±ro t±va p±ram²na½ paccayo. Yo hi aya½–
“Manussatta½ liŖgasampatti, hetu satth±radassana½;
pabbajj± guŗasampatti, adhik±ro ca chandat±;
aµµhadhammasamodh±n±, abhin²h±ro samijjhat²”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.59)–

Eva½ vutto aµµhadhammasamodh±nasamp±dito “tiŗŗo t±reyya½ mutto moceyya½ danto dameyya½ santo sameyya½ assattho ass±seyya½ parinibbuto parinibb±peyya½ suddho sodheyya½ buddho bodheyyan”ti-±dinayappavatto abhin²h±ro. So avisesena sabbap±ram²na½ paccayo. Tappavattiy± hi uddha½ p±ram²na½ pavicayupaµµh±nasam±d±n±dhiµµh±nanipphattiyo mah±puris±na½ sambhavanti.