12. Mah±sutasomacariy±vaººan±

105. Dv±dasame sutasomo mah²pat²ti eva½n±mo khattiyo. Mah±satto hi tad± kururaµµhe indapatthanagare korabyassa rañño aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbatti. Ta½ sutavittat±ya candasam±nasommavaravaººat±ya ca “sutasomo”ti sañj±ni½su. Ta½ vayappatta½ sabbasippanipphattippatta½ m±t±pitaro rajje abhisiñci½su. Gahito poris±den±ti puris±na½ manuss±na½ adanato kh±danato “poris±do”ti laddhan±mena b±r±ºasiraññ± devat±balikammattha½ gahito.
B±r±ºasir±j± hi tad± ma½sa½ vin± abhuñjanto añña½ ma½sa½ alabhantena bhattak±rakena manussama½sa½ kh±d±pito rasataºh±ya baddho hutv± manusse gh±tetv± manussama½sa½ kh±danto “poris±do”ti laddhan±mo amaccap±risajjappamukhehi n±garehi negamaj±napadehi ca uss±hitena k±¼ahatthin± n±ma attano sen±patin± “deva, yadi rajjena atthiko manussama½sakh±danato viram±h²”ti vutto “rajja½ pajahantopi manussama½sakh±danato na oramiss±m²”ti vatv± tehi raµµh± pabb±jito arañña½ pavisitv± ekasmi½ nigrodharukkham³le vasanto kh±ºuppah±rena p±de j±tassa vaºassa ph±subh±v±ya “sakalajambud²pe ekasatakhattiy±na½ galalohitena balikamma½ kariss±m²”ti devat±ya ±y±cana½ katv± satt±ha½ an±h±rat±ya vaºe ph±suke j±te “devat±nubh±vena me sotthi ahos²”ti saññ±ya “devat±ya balikammattha½ r±j±no ±ness±m²”ti gacchanto at²tabhave sah±yabh³tena yakkhena sam±gantv± tena dinnamantabalena adhikatarath±majavaparakkamasasampanno hutv± satt±habbhantareyeva satar±j±no ±netv± attano vasananigrodharukkhe olambetv± balikammakaraºasajjo ahosi.
Atha tasmi½ rukkhe adhivatth± devat± ta½ balikamma½ anicchant² “up±yena na½ nisedhess±m²”ti pabbajitar³pena tassa att±na½ dassetv± tena anubaddho tiyojana½ gantv± puna attano dibbar³pameva dassetv± “tva½ mus±v±d² tay± ‘sakalajambud²pe r±j±no ±netv± balikamma½ kariss±m²’ti paµissuta½. Id±ni ye v± te v± dubbalar±j±no ±nesi. Jambud²pe jeµµhaka½ sutasomar±j±na½ sace n±nessasi, na me te balikammena attho”ti ±ha.
So “diµµh± me attano devat±”ti tusitv± “s±mi, m± cintayi, aha½ ajjeva sutasoma½ ±ness±m²”ti vatv± vegena mig±jina-uyy±na½ gantv± asa½vihit±ya ±rakkh±ya pokkharaºi½ otaritv± paduminipattena s²sa½ paµicch±detv± aµµh±si. Tasmi½ anto-uyy±nagateyeva balavapacc³se samant± tiyojana½ ±rakkha½ gaºhi½su. Mah±satto p±tova alaªkatahatthikkhandhavaragato caturaªginiy± sen±ya nagarato nikkhami. Tad± takkasilato nando n±ma br±hmaºo catasso sat±rahag±th±yo gahetv± v²sayojanasata½ magga½ atikkamma ta½ nagara½ patto r±j±na½ p±c²nadv±rena nikkhamanta½ disv± hattha½ ukkhipitv± “jayatu bhava½, mah±r±j±”ti vatv± jay±pesi.
R±j± hatthin± ta½ upasaªkamitv± “kuto nu, tva½ br±hmaºa, ±gacchasi, kimicchasi, ki½ te dajjan”ti ±ha. Br±hmaºo “tumhe ‘sutavittak±’ti sutv± catasso sat±rahag±th±yo ±d±ya tumh±ka½ desetu½ ±gatomh²”ti ±ha. Mah±satto tuµµham±naso hutv± “aha½ uyy±na½ gantv± nh±yitv± ±gantv± soss±mi, tva½ m± ukkaºµh²”ti vatv± “gacchatha br±hmaºassa asukagehe niv±sa½ gh±sacch±danañca sa½vidahath±”ti ±º±petv± uyy±na½ pavisitv± mahanta½ ±rakkha½ sa½vidh±ya o¼±rik±ni ±bharaº±ni omuñcitv± massukamma½ k±retv± ubbaµµitasar²ro pokkharaºiy± r±javibhavena nh±yitv± paccuttaritv± udakaggahaºas±µake niv±setv± aµµh±si.
Athassa gandham±l±laªk±re upahari½su. Poris±do “alaªkatak±le r±j± bh±riko bhavissati, sallahukak±leyeva na½ gaºhiss±m²”ti nadanto khagga½ parivattento “ahamasmi poris±do”ti n±ma½ s±vetv± udak± nikkhami. Tassa sadda½ sutv± hatth±roh±dayo hatthi-±dito bhassi½su. Balak±yo d³re µhito tatova pal±yi. Itaro attano ±vudh±ni cha¹¹etv± urena nipajji. Poris±do r±j±na½ ukkhipitv± khandhe nis²d±petv± sammukhaµµh±neyeva aµµh±rasahattha½ p±k±ra½ laªghitv± purato pagalitamadamattavarav±raºe kumbhe akkamitv± pabbatak³µ±ni viya p±tento v±tajav±nipi assaratan±ni piµµhiya½ akkamitv± p±tento rathas²se akkamitv± p±tento bhamarika½ bhamanto viya n²lak±ni nigrodhapatt±ni maddanto viya ekavegeneva tiyojanamagga½ gantv± kañci anubandhanta½ adisv± saºika½ gacchanto sutasomassa kesehi udakabind³ni attano upari patant±ni “assubind³n²”ti saññ±ya “kimida½ sutasomopi maraºa½ anusocanto rodat²”ti ±ha.
Mah±satto “n±ha½ maraºato anusoc±mi, kuto rodan±, api ca kho saªgara½ katv± sacc±pana½ n±ma paº¹it±na½ ±ciººa½, ta½ na nipphajjat²”ti anusoc±mi. Kassapadasabalena desit± catasso sat±rahag±th±yo ±d±ya takkasilato ±gatassa br±hmaºassa ±gantukavatta½ k±retv± “nh±yitv± ±gantv± suºiss±mi, y±va mam±gaman± ±gameh²”ti saªgara½ katv± uyy±na½ gato, tvañca t± g±th±yo sotu½ adatv± ma½ gaºh²ti. Tena vutta½–
“Gahito poris±dena, br±hmaºe saªgara½ sarin”ti.
Tattha br±hmaºe saªgara½ sarinti nandabr±hmaºe attan± kata½ paµiñña½ anussari½.
106. ¾vuºitv± karattaleti tattha tattha uyy±n±d²su gantv± attano balena ±n²t±na½ ekasatakhattiy±na½ hatthatale chidda½ katv± rukkhe lambanattha½ rajju½ paµimuñcitv±. Etesa½ pamil±petv±ti ete ekasatakhattiye j²vagg±ha½ gahetv± uddha½p±de adhosire katv± paºhiy± s²sa½ paharanto bhamaºavasena hatthatale ±vuºitv± rukkhe ±lambanavasena sabbaso ±h±r³pacchedena ca sabbath± pamil±petv± visosetv± khed±petv±ti attho. Yaññattheti balikammatthe s±dhetabbe. Upanay² mamanti ma½ upanesi.
107. Tath± upan²yam±no pana mah±satto poris±dena “ki½ tva½ maraºato bh±yas²”ti vutte “n±ha½ maraºato bh±y±mi, tassa pana br±hmaºassa may± kato saªgaro na parimocito”ti anusoc±mi. “Sace ma½ vissajjessasi, ta½ dhamma½ sutv± tassa ca sakk±rasamm±na½ katv± puna ±gamiss±m²”ti. “N±hamida½ saddah±mi, ya½ tva½ may± vissajjito gantv± puna mama hattha½ ±gamiss±s²”ti. “Samma poris±da, may± saddhi½ ek±cariyakule sikkhito sah±yo hutv± ‘aha½ j²vitahetupi na mus± kathem²’ti ki½ na saddahas²”ti? Kiñc±pi me etena v±c±mattakena–
“Asiñca sattiñca par±mas±mi, sapathampi te samma aha½ karomi;
tay± pamutto anaºo bhavitv±, sacc±nurakkh² punar±vajissan”ti. (J±. 2.21.407)–

Mah±sattena im±ya g±th±ya vutt±ya poris±do “aya½ sutasomo ‘khattiyehi akattabba½ sapatha½ karom²’ti vadati, gantv± an±gacchantopi mama hatthato na muccissat²”ti cintetv±–

“Yo te kato saªgaro br±hmaºena, raµµhe sake issariye µhitena;
ta½ saªgara½ br±hmaºa sappad±ya, sacc±nurakkh² punar±vajass³”ti. (J±. 2.21.408)–

Vissajjesi.

Mah±satto r±humukh± mutto cando viya n±gabalo th±masampanno khippameva ta½ nagara½ samp±puºi. Sen±pissa “sutasomar±j± paº¹ito, poris±da½ dametv± s²hamukh± pamuttamattavarav±raºo viya ±gamissat²”ti ca “r±j±na½ poris±dassa datv± ±gat±”ti garahabhayena ca bahinagareyeva niviµµh± ta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± paccuggantv± vanditv± “kaccittha, mah±r±ja, poris±dena na kilamito”ti paµisanth±ra½ katv± “poris±dena mayha½ m±t±pit³hipi dukkara½ kata½, tath±r³po n±ma caº¹o s±hasiko mama½ saddahitv± ma½ vissajjes²”ti vutte r±j±na½ alaªkaritv± hatthikkhandha½ ±ropetv± pariv±retv± nagara½ p±visi. Ta½ disv± sabbe n±gar± tusi½su.
Sopi dhammasoº¹at±ya m±t±pitaropi anupasaªkamitv± nivesana½ gantv± br±hmaºa½ pakkos±petv± tassa mahanta½ sakk±rasamm±na½ katv± dhammagarut±ya saya½ n²c±sane nis²ditv± “tumhehi mayha½ ±bhat± sat±rahag±th± suºomi ±cariy±”ti ±ha. Br±hmaºo mah±sattena y±citak±le gandhehi hatthe ubbaµµetv± pasibbakato manorama½ potthaka½ n²haritv± ubhohi hatthehi gahetv± “tena hi mah±r±ja, suºoh²”ti potthaka½ v±cento g±th± abh±si–
“Sakideva sutasoma, sabbhi hoti sam±gamo;
s± na½ saªgati p±leti, n±sabbhi bahusaªgamo.
“Sabbhireva sam±setha, sabbhi kubbetha santhava½;
sata½ saddhammamaññ±ya, seyyo hoti na p±piyo.
“J²ranti ve r±jarath± sucitt±, atho sar²rampi jara½ upeti;
satañca dhammo na jara½ upeti, santo have sabbhi pavedayanti.
“Nabhañca d³re pathav² ca d³re, p±ra½ samuddassa tad±hu d³re;
tato have d³ratara½ vadanti, satañca dhammo asatañca r±j±”ti. (J±. 2.21.411-414, 445-448).
T± sutv± mah±satto “saphala½ me ±gamanan”ti tuµµhacitto “im± g±th± neva s±vakabh±sit±, na isibh±sit±, na kavibh±sit±, na devabh±sit±, sabbaññun±va bh±sit±. Ki½ nu kho agghan”ti cintento “ima½ sakalampi cakkav±¼a½ y±va brahmalok± sattaratanapuººa½ katv± dinnepi neva anucchavika½ kata½ n±ma hoti, aha½ kho panassa tiyojanasatike kururaµµhe sattayojanike indapatthanagare rajja½ d±tu½ pahomi. Rajja½ k±tu½ panassa bh±gya½ natthi, tath± hissa aªgalakkhaº±nus±rena app±nubh±vat± dissati, tasm± dinnampi rajja½ na imasmi½ tiµµhat²”ti cintetv± “±cariya, tumhe aññesa½ khattiy±na½ im± g±th±yo desetv± ki½ labhath±”ti pucchi. “Ekek±ya sata½ sata½, mah±r±ja, teneva sat±rahag±th± n±ma j±t±”ti. Athassa mah±satto “tva½ ±cariya, attan± gahetv± vicaraºabhaº¹assa aggha½ na j±n±s²”ti.
“Sahassiy± im± g±th±, nayim± g±th± sat±rah±;
catt±ri tva½ sahass±ni, khippa½ gaºh±hi br±hmaº±”ti. (J±. 2.21.415).
Catt±ri sahass±ni d±petv± ekañca sukhay±naka½ datv± mahat± sakk±rasamm±neneva ta½ uyyojetv± m±t±pitaro vanditv± “aha½ br±hmaºena ±bhata½ saddhammaratana½ p³jetv± tassa ca sakk±rasamm±na½ katv± ±gamiss±m²ti poris±dassa paµiñña½ datv± ±gato. Tattha ya½ br±hmaºassa kattabba½ paµipajjitabba½ ta½ kata½, id±ni poris±dassa santika½ gamiss±m²”ti vutv± “tena hi, t±ta sutasoma, ki½ n±meta½ kathesi, caturaªginiy± sen±ya cora½ gaºhiss±ma, m± gaccha corassa santikan”ti y±ci½su. So¼asasahass± n±µakitthiyo sesaparijan±pi “amhe an±the katv± kuhi½ gacchasi dev±”ti paridevi½su. “Punapi kira r±j± corassa santika½ gamissat²”ti ekakol±hala½ ahosi.
Mah±satto “paµiññ±ya sacc±pana½ n±ma s±dh³na½ sappuris±na½ ±ciººa½, sopi mama½ saddahitv± vissajjesi, tasm± gamiss±miyev±”ti m±t±pitaro vanditv± sesajana½ anus±setv± assumukhena n±nappak±ra½ paridevantena itth±g±r±din± janena anugato nagar± nikkhamma ta½ jana½ nivattetu½ magge daº¹akena tiriya½ lekha½ katv± “ima½ mama lekha½ m± atikkami½s³”ti vatv± agam±si. Mah±jano tejavato mah±sattassa ±ºa½ atikkamitu½ asakkonto mah±saddena kanditv± roditv± nivatti. Bodhisatto ±gatamaggeneva tassa santika½ agam±si. Tena vutta½ “apucchi ma½ poris±do”ti-±di.
Tattha ki½ tva½ icchasi nisajjanti tva½ attano nagara½ gantu½ mama hatthato nissajjana½ ki½ icchasi, tva½ “may± takkasil±d²su ciraparicito saccav±d² c±”ti vadasi, tasm± yath± mati te k±h±mi, yath±ruci te kariss±mi. Yadi me tva½ punehis²ti sace puna tva½ eka½seneva mama santika½ ±gamissasi.
108. Paºhe ±gamana½ mam±ti pageva mama ±gamana½ tassa poris±dassa paµissuºitv± p±tova ±gamiss±m²ti paµissava½ katv±. Rajja½ niyy±tayi½ tad±ti tad± poris±dassa santika½ gantuk±mo “ida½ vo rajja½ paµipajjath±”ti m±t±pit³na½ tiyojanasatika½ rajja½ niyy±tesi½.
109. Kasm± pana rajja½ niyy±tayinti? Anussaritv± sata½ dhammanti yasm± pana paµiññ±ya sacc±pana½ n±ma sata½ s±dh³na½ mah±bodhisatt±na½ paveº² kulava½so, tasm± ta½ saccap±ramit±dhamma½ pubbaka½ por±ºa½ jinehi buddh±d²hi sevita½ anussaritv± sacca½ anurakkhanto tassa br±hmaºassa dhana½ datv± attano j²vita½ pariccajitv± poris±da½ up±gami½.
110. Natthi me sa½sayo tatth±ti tasmi½ poris±dassa santika½ gamane “aya½ ma½ ki½ nu kho gh±tessati, ud±hu no”ti mayha½ sa½sayo natthi. “Caº¹o s±hasiko may± saddhi½ ekasatakhattiye devat±ya balikammakaraºasajjo ekanteneva gh±tessat²”ti j±nanto eva kevala½ saccav±ca½ anurakkhanto attano j²vita½ pariccajitv± ta½ up±gami½. Yasm± cetadeva½, tasm± saccena me samo natthi, es± me paramatthabh±vappatt± saccap±ram²ti.
Up±gate pana mah±satte vikasitapuº¹ar²kapadumasassirikamassa mukha½ disv± “aya½ vigatamaraºabhayo hutv± ±gato, kissa nu kho esa ±nubh±vo”ti cintento “tassa maññe dhammassa sutatt± aya½ eva½ tejav± nibbhayo ca j±to, ahampi ta½ sutv± tejav± nibbhayo ca bhaviss±m²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± poris±do mah±satta½ ±ha– “suºoma sat±rahag±th±yo y±sa½ savanattha½ tva½ attano nagara½ gato”ti.
Ta½ sutv± bodhisatto “aya½ poris±do p±padhammo, ima½ thoka½ niggahetv± lajj±petv± kathess±m²”ti–
“Adhammikassa luddassa, nicca½ lohitap±ºino;
natthi sacca½ kuto dhammo, ki½ sutena karissas²”ti. (J±. 2.21.427)–

Vatv± puna tena suµµhutara½ sañj±tasavan±darena–

“Sutv± dhamma½ vij±nanti, nar± kaly±ºap±paka½;
api g±th± suºitv±na, dhamme me ramate mano”ti. (J±. 2.21.444)–

Vutte “aya½ ativiya sañj±t±daro sotuk±mo, handassa kathess±m²”ti cintetv± “tena hi samma, s±dhuka½ suºohi manasikaroh²”ti vatv± nandabr±hmaºena kathitaniy±meneva g±th±na½ sakkacca½ thuti½ katv± chak±m±vacaradevaloke ekakol±hala½ katv± devat±su s±dhuk±ra½ dadam±n±su mah±satto poris±dassa–

“Sakideva mah±r±ja, sabbhi hoti sam±gamo;
s± na½ saªgati p±leti, n±sabbhi bahusaªgamo.
“Sabbhireva sam±setha, sabbhi kubbetha santhava½;
sata½ saddhammamaññ±ya, seyyo hoti na p±piyo.
“J²ranti ve r±jarath± sucitt±, attho sar²rampi jara½ upeti;
satañca dhammo na jara½ upeti, santo have sabbhi pavedayanti.
“Nabhañca d³re pathav² ca d³re, p±ra½ samuddassa tad±hu d³re;
tato have d³ratara½ vadanti, satañca dhammo asatañca r±j±”ti. (J±. 2.21.411-414)–

Dhamma½ kathesi. Tassa tena sukathitatt± ceva attano ca puññ±nubh±vena g±th± suºantasseva sakalasar²ra½ pañcavaºº±ya p²tiy± parip³ri. So bodhisatte muducitto hutv± “samma sutasoma, d±tabbayuttaka½ hiraññ±di½ na pass±mi, ekek±ya g±th±ya ekeka½ vara½ dass±m²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ mah±satto “tva½ attanopi hit±ni aj±nanto parassa ki½ n±ma vara½ dassas²”ti apas±detv± puna tena “vara½ gaºhath±”ti y±cito sabbapaµhama½ “aha½ cirak±la½ ta½ aroga½ passeyyan”ti vara½ y±ci. So “aya½ id±ni me vadhitv± ma½sa½ kh±dituk±massa mah±natthakarassa mayhameva j²vitamicchat²”ti tuµµham±naso vañcetv± varassa gahitabh±va½ aj±nanto ad±si. Mah±satto hi up±yakusalat±ya tassa cira½ j²vituk±mat±padesena attano j²vita½ y±ci. Atha “parosata½ khattiy±na½ j²vita½ deh²”ti dutiya½ vara½, tesa½ sake raµµhe paµip±dana½ tatiya½ vara½, manussama½sakh±danato viramaºa½ catuttha½ vara½ y±ci. So t²ºi var±ni datv± catuttha½ vara½ ad±tuk±mo “añña½ vara½ gaºh±h²”ti vatv±pi mah±sattena nipp²¼iyam±no tampi ad±siyeva.

Atha bodhisatto poris±da½ nibbisevana½ katv± teneva r±j±no moc±petv± bh³miya½ nipajj±petv± d±rak±na½ kaººato suttavaµµi viya saºika½ rajjuyo n²haritv± poris±dena eka½ taca½ ±har±petv± p±s±ºena gha½sitv± saccakiriya½ katv± tesa½ hatthatal±ni makkhesi. Taªkhaºa½ eva ph±suka½ ahosi. Dv²hat²ha½ tattheva vasitv± te aroge k±retv± tehi saddhi½ abhijjanakasabh±va½ mittasanthava½ k±retv± tehi saddhi½ ta½ b±r±ºasi½ netv± rajje patiµµh±petv± “appamatt± hoth±”ti te r±j±no attano attano nagara½ pesetv± indapatthanagarato ±gat±ya attano caturaªginiy± sen±ya parivuto attano nagara½ gato tuµµhapamuditena n±garajanena sampariv±riyam±no antepura½ pavisitv± m±t±pitaro vanditv± mah±tala½ abhiruhi.
Atha mah±satto cha d±nas±l±yo k±retv± devasika½ mah±d±n±ni pavattento s²l±ni parip³rento uposatha½ upavasanto p±ramiyo anubr³hesi. Tepi r±j±no mah±sattassa ov±de µhatv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± ±yupariyos±ne saggapura½ p³rayi½su.
Tad± poris±do aªgulim±latthero ahosi, k±¼ahatthi-amacco s±riputtatthero, nandabr±hmaºo ±nandatthero, rukkhadevat± mah±kassapatthero, r±j±no buddhaparis±, m±t±pitaro mah±r±jakul±ni, sutasomamah±r±j± lokan±tho.
Tassa heµµh± vuttanayeneva sesap±ramiyopi niddh±retabb±. Tath± al²nasattucariy±vaººan±ya (cariy± aµµha. 2.74 ±dayo) viya mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Mah±sutasomacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Saccap±ram² niµµhit±.