11. Kaºhad²p±yanacariy±vaººan±

92. Ek±dasame kaºhad²p±yano is²ti eva½n±mako t±paso. Bodhisatto hi tad± d²p±yano n±ma attano sah±ya½ maº¹abyat±pasa½ s³le utt±sita½ upasaªkamitv± tassa s²laguºena ta½ avijahanto tiy±maratti½ s³la½ niss±ya µhito tassa sar²rato paggharitv± patitapatitehi lohitabind³hi sukkhehi k±¼avaººasar²rat±ya “kaºhad²p±yano”ti p±kaµo ahosi. Paropaññ±savass±n²ti s±dhik±ni paññ±savass±ni, accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Anabhirato cari½ ahanti pantasen±sanesu ceva adhikusaladhammesu ca anabhirativ±sa½ vasanto aha½ brahmacariya½ acari½. Pabbajitv± satt±hameva hi tad± mah±satto abhirato brahmacariya½ cari. Tato para½ anabhirativ±sa½ vasi.
Kasm± pana mah±puriso anekasatasahassesu attabh±vesu nekkhammajjh±sayo brahmacariyav±sa½ abhiramitv± idha ta½ n±bhirami? Puthujjanabh±vassa cañcalabh±vato. Kasm± ca puna na ag±ra½ ajjh±vas²ti? Paµhama½ nekkhammajjh±sayena k±mesu dosa½ disv± pabbaji. Athassa ayonisomanasik±rena anabhirati uppajji. So ta½ vinodetumasakkontopi kammañca phalañca saddahitv± t±va mahanta½ vibhava½ pah±ya ag±rasm± nikkhamanto ya½ pajahi, puna tadatthameva nivatto, “e¼am³go capalo vat±ya½ kaºhad²p±yano”ti ima½ apav±da½ jigucchanto attano hirottappabhedabhayena. Api ca pabbajj±puñña½ n±meta½ viññ³hi buddh±d²hi pasattha½, tehi ca anuµµhita½, tasm±pi sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena assumukho rodam±nopi brahmacariyav±sa½ vasi, na ta½ vissajjesi. Vuttañceta½–
“Saddh±ya nikkhamma puna nivatto, so e¼am³go capalo vat±ya½;
etassa v±dassa jiguccham±no, ak±mako car±mi brahmacariya½;
viññuppasatthañca satañca µh±na½, evampaha½ puññakaro bhav±m²”ti. (J±. 1.10.66).
93. Na koci eta½ j±n±t²ti eta½ mama anabhiratimana½ brahmacariyav±se abhirativirahitacitta½ koci manussabh³to na j±n±ti. Kasm±? Ahañhi kassaci n±cikkhi½ mama m±nase citte arati carati pavattat²ti kassacipi na kathesi½, tasm± na koci manussabh³to eta½ j±n±t²ti.
94. “Sabrahmac±r² maº¹abyo, sah±yo me mah±-isi;
pubbakammasam±yutto, s³lam±ropana½ labhi.
.
Sabrahmac±r²ti t±pasapabbajj±ya sam±nasikkhat±ya sabrahmac±r². Maº¹abyoti eva½n±mako. Sah±yoti gihik±le pabbajitak±le ca da¼hamittat±ya piyasah±yo. Mah±-is²ti mah±nubh±vo isi. Pubbakammasam±yutto, s³lam±ropana½ labh²ti katok±sena attano pubbakammena yutto s³l±ropana½ labhi, s³la½ utt±sitoti.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– at²te va½saraµµhe kosambiya½ kosambiko n±ma r±j± rajja½ k±resi. Tad± bodhisatto aññatarasmi½ nigame as²tikoµivibhavassa br±hmaºamah±s±lassa putto hutv± nibbatti, n±mena d²p±yano n±ma. T±disasseva br±hmaºamah±s±lassa putto br±hmaºakum±ro tassa piyasah±yo ahosi, n±mena maº¹abyo n±ma. Te ubhopi aparabh±ge m±t±pit³na½ accayena k±mesu dosa½ disv± mah±d±na½ pavattetv± k±me pah±ya ñ±timittaparijanassa rodantassa paridevantassa nikkhamitv± himavantappadese assama½ katv± pabbajitv± uñch±cariy±ya vanam³laphal±h±rena y±pento paropaºº±savass±ni vasi½su, k±macchanda½ vikkhambhetu½ n±sakkhi½su, te jh±namattampi na nibbattesu½.
Te loºambilasevanatth±ya janapadac±rika½ carant± k±siraµµha½ samp±puºi½su. Tatrekasmi½ nigame d²p±yanassa gihisah±yo maº¹abyo n±ma paµivasati. Te ubhopi tassa santika½ upasaªkami½su. So te disv± attamano paººas±la½ k±retv± cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahi. Te tattha t²ºi catt±ri vass±ni vasitv± ta½ ±pucchitv± c±rika½ carant± b±r±ºasisam²pe atimuttakasus±ne vasi½su. Tattha d²p±yano yath±bhiranta½ viharitv± puna tasmi½ nigame maº¹abyassa attano sah±yassa santika½ gato. Maº¹abyat±paso tattheva vasi.
Athekadivasa½ eko coro antonagare corika½ katv± dhanas±ra½ ±d±ya nikkhanto paµibuddhehi gehas±mikehi nagar±rakkhakamanussehi ca anubaddho niddhamanena nikkhamitv± vegena sus±na½ pavisitv± t±pasassa paººas±ladv±re bhaº¹ika½ cha¹¹etv± pal±yi. Manuss± bhaº¹ika½ disv± “are duµµhajaµila, ratti½, corika½ katv± div± t±pasavesena caras²”ti tajjetv± pothetv± ta½ ±d±ya rañño dassayi½su. R±j± anupaparikkhitv±va “s³le utt±seth±”ti ±ha. Ta½ sus±na½ netv± khadiras³le ±ropayi½su. T±pasassa sar²re s³la½ na pavisati. Tato nimbas³la½ ±hari½su, tampi na pavisati. Tato ayas³la½ ±hari½su, tampi na pavisati. T±paso “ki½ nu kho me pubbakamman”ti cintesi. Tassa j±tissarañ±ºa½ uppajji. Tena pubbakamma½ addasa– so kira purimattabh±ve va¹¹hak²putto hutv± pitu rukkhatacchanaµµh±na½ gantv± eka½ makkhika½ gahetv± kovi¼±rasakalik±ya s³lena viya vijjhi. Tassa ta½ p±pa½ imasmi½ µh±ne ok±sa½ labhi. So “na sakk± ito p±pato muccitun”ti ñatv± r±japurise ±ha– “sace ma½ s³le utt±setuk±mattha, kovi¼±ras³la½ ±harath±”ti. Te tath± katv± ta½ s³le utt±setv± ±rakkha½ datv± pakkami½su.
Tad± kaºhad²p±yano “ciradiµµho me sah±yo”ti maº¹abyassa santika½ ±gacchanto ta½ pavatti½ sutv± ta½ µh±na½ gantv± ekamanta½ µhito “ki½, samma, k±rakos²”ti pucchitv± “ak±rakomh²”ti vutte “attano manopadosa½ rakkhitu½ sakkhi na sakkh²”ti pucchi. “Samma, yehi aha½ gahito, neva tesa½ na rañño upari mayha½ manopadoso atth²”ti. “Eva½ sante t±disassa s²lavato ch±y± mayha½ sukh±”ti vatv± kaºhad²p±yano s³la½ niss±ya nis²di. ¾rakkhakapuris± ta½ pavatti½ rañño ±rocesu½. R±j± “anis±metv± me katan”ti vegena tattha gantv± “kasm±, bhante, tva½ s³la½ niss±ya nisinnos²”ti d²p±yana½ pucchi. “Mah±r±ja, ima½ t±pasa½ rakkhanto nisinnosm²”ti. “Ki½ pana tva½ imassa k±rakabh±va½ ñatv± eva½ karos²”ti. So kammassa avisodhitabh±va½ ±cikkhi. Athassa d²p±yano “raññ± n±ma nisammak±rin± bhavitabba½.
“Alaso gih² k±mabhog² na s±dhu, asaññato pabbajito na s±dhu;
r±j± na s±dhu anisammak±r², yo paº¹ito kodhano ta½ na s±dh³”ti. (J±. 1.4.127; 1.5.4; 1.10.153; 1.15.229)–

¾d²ni vatv± dhamma½ desesi.

R±j± maº¹abyat±pasassa niddosabh±va½ ñatv± “s³la½ harath±”ti ±º±pesi. S³la½ harant± haritu½ n±sakkhi½su. Maº¹abyo ±ha– “mah±r±ja, aha½ pubbe katakammadosena evar³pa½ ayasa½ patto, mama sar²rato s³la½ haritu½ na sakk±, sacepi mayha½ j²vita½ d±tuk±mo, kakacena ima½ s³la½ cammasama½ katv± chind±peh²”ti. R±j± tath± k±resi. S³la½ antoyeva ahosi, na kañci p²¼a½ janesi. Tad± kira sukhuma½ sakalikah²ra½ gahetv± makkhik±ya vaccamagga½ pavesesi, ta½ tassa anto eva ahosi. So tena k±raºena amaritv±, attano ±yukkhayeneva mari, tasm± ayampi na matoti. R±j± t±pase vanditv± kham±petv± ubhopi uyy±neyeva vas±pento paµijaggi. Tato paµµh±ya so ±ºimaº¹abyo n±ma j±to. So r±j±na½ upaniss±ya tattheva vasi. D²p±yano pana tassa vaºa½ ph±suka½ karitv± attano gihisah±yamaº¹abyena k±rita½ paººas±lameva gato. Tena vutta½–
95. “Tamaha½ upaµµhahitv±na, ±rogyamanup±payi½;
±pucchitv±na ±gañchi½, ya½ mayha½ sakamassaman”ti.
Tattha ±pucchitv±n±ti mayha½ sah±ya½ maº¹abyat±pasa½ ±pucchitv±. Ya½ mayha½ sakamassamanti ya½ ta½ mayha½ gihisah±yena maº¹abyabr±hmaºena k±rita½ saka½ mama santaka½ assamapada½ paººas±l±, ta½ up±gañchi½.
96. Ta½ pana paººas±la½ pavisanta½ disv± sah±yassa ±rocesu½. So sutv±va tuµµhacitto saputtad±ro bahugandham±laph±ºit±d²ni ±d±ya paººas±la½ gantv± d²p±yana½ vanditv± p±de dhovitv± p±naka½ p±yetv± ±ºimaº¹abyassa pavatti½ suºanto nis²di. Athassa putto yaññadattakum±ro n±ma caªkamanakoµiya½ geº¹ukena k²¼i. Tattha cekasmi½ vammike ±siviso vasati. Kum±rena bh³miya½ pahatageº¹uko gantv± vammikabile ±sivisassa matthake pati. Kum±ro aj±nanto bile hattha½ pavesesi.
Atha na½ kuddho ±siviso hatthe ¹a½si. So visavegena mucchito tattheva pati. Athassa m±t±pitaro sappena daµµhabh±va½ ñatv± kum±ra½ ukkhipitv± t±pasassa p±dam³le nipajj±petv± “bhante, osadhena v± mantena v± puttaka½ no n²roga½ karoth±”ti ±ha½su. So “aha½ osadha½ na j±n±mi, n±ha½ vejjakamma½ kariss±mi, pabbajitomh²”ti. “Tena hi, bhante, imasmi½ kum±rake metta½ katv± saccakiriya½ karoth±”ti. T±paso “s±dhu saccakiriya½ kariss±m²”ti vatv± yaññadattassa s²se hattha½ µhapetv± saccakiriya½ ak±si. Tena vutta½ “sah±yo br±hmaºo mayhan”ti-±di.
Tattha ±gañchu½ p±hun±gatanti atithi-abhigamana½ abhigami½su.
97. Vaµµamanukkhipanti khipanavaµµasaºµh±nat±ya “vaµµan”ti laddhan±ma½ geº¹uka½ anukkhipanto, geº¹ukak²¼a½ k²¼antoti attho. ¾sivisamakopay²ti bh³miya½ paµihato hutv± vammikabilagatena geº¹ukena tattha µhita½ kaºhasappa½ s²se paharitv± rosesi.
98. Vaµµagata½ magga½, anvesantoti tena vaµµena gata½ magga½ gavesanto. ¾sivisassa hatthena, uttamaªga½ par±mas²ti vammikabila½ pavesitena attano hatthena ±s²visassa s²sa½ phusi.
99. Visabalassitoti visabalanissito attano visavega½ niss±ya uppajjanakasappo. A¹a½si d±raka½ khaºeti tasmi½ par±masitakkhaºe eva ta½ br±hmaºakum±ra½ ¹a½si.
100. Sahadaµµhoti ¹a½sena saheva, daµµhasamak±lameva. ¾sivisen±ti ghoravisena. Ten±ti tena d±rakassa visavegena mucchitassa bh³miya½ patanena aha½ dukkhito ahosi½. Mama v±hasi ta½ dukkhanti ta½ d±rakassa m±t±pit³nañca dukkha½ mama v±hasi, mayha½ sar²re viya mama karuº±ya v±hesi.
101. Ty±hanti te tassa d±rakassa m±t±pitaro aha½ “m± socatha, m± paridevath±”ti-±din± nayena samass±setv±. Sokasalliteti sokasallavante. Agganti seµµha½ tato eva vara½ uttama½ saccakiriya½ ak±si½.
102. Id±ni ta½ saccakiriya½ sar³pena dassetu½ “satt±hamev±”ti g±tham±ha.
Tattha satt±hamev±ti pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya satta ah±ni eva. Pasannacittoti kammaphalasaddh±ya pasannam±naso. Puññatthikoti puññena atthiko, dhammacchandayutto. Ath±para½ ya½ caritanti atha tasm± satt±h± uttari ya½ mama brahmacariyacaraºa½.
103. Ak±makov±h²ti pabbajja½ anicchanto eva. Etena saccena suvatthi hot³ti sace atirekapaññ±savass±ni anabhirativ±sa½ vasantena may± kassaci aj±n±pitabh±vo sacco, etena saccena yaññadattakum±rassa sotthi hotu, j²vita½ paµilabhat³ti.
Eva½ pana mah±sattena saccakiriy±ya kat±ya yaññadattassa sar²rato visa½ bhassitv± pathavi½ p±visi. Kum±ro akkh²ni umm²letv± m±t±pitaro oloketv± “amma, t±t±”ti vatv± vuµµh±si. Tena vutta½–
104. “Saha sacce kate mayha½, visavegena vedhito;
abujjhitv±na vuµµh±si, arogo c±si m±ºavo”ti.
Tassattho– mama saccakaraºena saha sam±nak±lameva tato pubbe visavegena vedhito kampito visaññibh±vena abujjhitv± µhito vigatavisatt± paµiladdhasañño sahas± vuµµh±si. So m±ºavo kum±ro visaveg±bh±vena arogo ca ahos²ti.
Id±ni satth± tass± attano saccakiriy±ya paramatthap±ramibh±va½ dassento “saccena me samo natthi, es± me saccap±ram²”ti ±ha. Ta½ utt±natthameva J±takaµµhakath±ya½ (j±. aµµha. 4.10.62) pana “mah±sattassa saccakiriy±ya kum±rassa thanappadesato uddha½ visa½ bhassitv± vigata½. D±rakassa pitu saccakiriy±ya kaµito uddha½, m±tu saccakiriy±ya avasiµµhasar²rato visa½ bhassitv± vigatan”ti ±gata½. Tath± hi vutta½–
“Yasm± d±na½ n±bhinandi½ kad±ci, disv±naha½ atithi½ v±sak±le;
na c±pi me appiyata½ avedu½, bahussut± samaºabr±hmaº± ca;
ak±mako v±pi aha½ dad±mi, etena saccena suvatthi hotu;
hata½ visa½ j²vatu yaññadatto.
“¾s²viso t±ta pah³tatejo, yo ta½ ada½s² patar± udicca;
tasmiñca me appiyat±ya ajja, pitari ca te natthi koci viseso;
etena saccena suvatthi hotu, hata½ visa½ j²vatu yaññadatto”ti.
Tattha v±sak±leti vasanatth±ya geha½ ±gatak±le. Na c±pi me appiyata½ avedunti bahussut±pi samaºabr±hmaº± aya½ neva d±na½ abhinandati, na amheti ima½ mama appiyabh±va½ neva j±ni½su. Ahañhi te piyacakkh³hiyeva olokem²ti d²peti. Etena saccen±ti sace aha½ dadam±nopi vip±ka½ asaddahitv± attano anicch±ya demi, anicchabh±vañca me pare na j±nanti, etena saccena suvatthi hot³ti attho. Itarag±th±ya, t±t±ti putta½ ±lapati. Pah³tatejoti balavaviso. Patar±ti padar±, ayameva v± p±µho. Udicc±ti uddha½ gantv±, vammikabilato uµµhahitv±ti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– t±ta yaññadatta, tasmiñca ±sivise tava ca pitari appiyabh±vena mayha½ koci viseso natthi, tañca pana appiyabh±va½ µhapetv± ajja may± na koci j±n±pitapubbo, sace eta½ sacca½, etena saccena suvatthi hot³ti.
Eva½ bodhisatto kum±re aroge j±te tassa pitara½ “d±na½ dadantena n±ma kammañca phalañca saddahitv± d±tabban”ti kammaphalasaddh±ya nivesetv± saya½ anabhirati½ vinodetv± jh±n±bhiññ±yo upp±detv± ±yupariyos±ne brahmalokapar±yano ahosi.
Tad± maº¹abyo ±nandatthero ahosi, tassa bhariy± vis±kh±, putto r±hulatthero, ±ºimaº¹abyo s±riputtatthero, kaºhad²p±yano lokan±tho.
Tassa idha p±¼iy± ±ru¼h± saccap±ram², ses± ca p±ramiyo heµµh± vuttanayeneva niddh±retabb±. Tath± anavasesamah±bhogaparicc±g±dayo guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Kaºhad²p±yanacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.