1. Akittivaggo

1. Akitticariy±vaººan±

3. Eva½ bhagav± ±yasmato s±riputtattherassa sadevamanuss±ya ca paris±ya attano pubbacariy±ya savane uss±ha½ janetv± id±ni ta½ pubbacarita½ bhavantarapaµicchanna½ hatthatale ±malaka½ viya paccakkha½ karonto “yad± aha½ brah±raññe”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha yad±ti yasmi½ k±le. Brah±raññeti mah±-araññe, araññ±niya½, mahante vaneti attho. Suññeti janavivitte. Vipinak±naneti vipinabh³te k±nane, padadvayen±pi tassa araññassa gahanabh±vameva d²peti, sabbameta½ k±rad²pa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ajjhog±hetv±ti anupavisitv±. Vihar±m²ti dibbabrahma-ariya-±neñjavih±rehi samupp±ditasukhavisesena iriy±pathavih±rena sar²radukkha½ vicchinditv± har±mi attabh±va½ pavattemi. Akitti n±ma t±pasoti eva½n±mako t±paso hutv± yad± aha½ tasmi½ araññe vihar±m²ti attho. Satth± tad± attano akittit±pasabh±va½ dhammasen±patissa vadati. Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±–
At²te kira imasmi½yeva bhaddakappe b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte n±ma r±jini rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto as²tikoµivibhavassa br±hmaºamah±s±lassa kule nibbatti, “akitt²”tissa n±ma½ kari½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le bhagin²pi j±yi. “Yasavat²”tiss± n±ma½ kari½su. So so¼asavassak±le takkasila½ gantv± sabbasipp±ni uggahetv± pacc±gam±si. Athassa m±t±pitaro k±lamaka½su. So tesa½ petakicc±ni k±retv± katipayadivas±tikkamena ratan±valokana½ ±yuttakapurisehi k±rayam±no “ettaka½ mattika½, ettaka½ pettika½, ettaka½ pit±mahan”ti sutv± sa½viggam±naso hutv± “ida½ dhanameva paññ±yati, na dhanassa sa½h±rak±, sabbe ima½ dhana½ pah±yeva gat±, aha½ pana na½ ±d±ya gamiss±m²”ti r±j±na½ ±pucchitv± bheri½ car±pesi– “dhanena atthik± akittipaº¹itassa geha½ ±gacchant³”ti.
So satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ pavattetv± dhane akh²yam±ne “ki½ me im±ya dhanak²¼±ya, atthik± gaºhissant²”ti nivesanadv±ra½ vivaritv± hiraññasuvaºº±dibharite s±ragabbhe vivar±petv± “dinna½yeva harant³”ti geha½ pah±ya ñ±tiparivaµµassa paridevantassa bhagini½ gahetv± b±r±ºasito nikkhamitv± nadi½ uttaritv± dve t²ºi yojan±ni gantv± pabbajitv± ramaº²ye bh³mibh±ge paººas±la½ karitv± vasati. Yena pana dv±rena tad± nikkhami, ta½ akittidv±ra½ n±ma j±ta½. Yena titthena nadi½ otiººo, ta½ akittitittha½ n±ma j±ta½. Tassa pabbajitabh±va½ sutv± bah³ manuss± g±manigamar±jadh±niv±sino tassa guºehi ±ka¹¹hiyam±nahaday± anupabbaji½su. Mah±pariv±ro ahosi, mah±l±bhasakk±ro nibbatti, buddhupp±do viya ahosi. Atha mah±satto “aya½ l±bhasakk±ro mah±, pariv±ropi mahanto, k±yavivekamattampi idha na labhati, may± ek±kin± viharitu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± paramappicchabh±vato vivekaninnat±ya ca kassaci aj±n±petv± ekakova nikkhamitv± anupubbena dami¼araµµha½ patv± k±v²rapaµµanasam²pe uyy±ne viharanto jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattesi. Tatr±pissa mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajji. So ta½ jigucchanto cha¹¹etv± ±k±sena gantv± k±rad²pe otari. Tad± k±rad²po ahid²po n±ma. So tattha mahanta½ k±rarukkha½ upaniss±ya paººas±la½ m±petv± v±sa½ kappesi. Appicchat±ya pana katthaci agantv± tassa rukkhassa phalak±le phal±ni kh±danto phale asati patt±ni udakasitt±ni kh±danto jh±nasam±patt²hi v²tin±mesi.
Tassa s²latejena sakkassa paº¹ukambalasil±sana½ uºh±k±ra½ dassesi. Sakko “ko nu kho ma½ imamh± µh±n± c±vetuk±mo”ti ±vajjento paº¹ita½ disv± “kimattha½ nu kho aya½ t±paso eva½ dukkara½ tapa½ carati, sakkatta½ nu kho pattheti, ud±hu añña½, v²ma½siss±mi na½. Ayañhi suvisuddhak±yavac²manosam±c±ro j²vite nirapekkho udakasitt±ni k±rapatt±ni kh±dati, sace sakkatta½ pattheti attano sitt±ni k±rapatt±ni mayha½ dassati, no ce, na dassat²”ti br±hmaºavaººena tassa santika½ agam±si Bodhisattopi k±rapatt±ni sedetv± “s²tal²bh³t±ni kh±diss±m²”ti paººas±ladv±re nis²di. Athassa purato sakko br±hmaºar³pena bhikkh±ya atthiko hutv± aµµh±si. Mah±satto ta½ disv± “l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, cirassa½ vata me y±cako diµµho”ti somanassappatto hutv± “ajja mama manoratha½ matthaka½ p±petv± d±na½ dass±m²”ti pakkabh±janeneva ±d±ya gantv± d±nap±rami½ ±vajjetv± attano asesetv±va tassa bhikkh±bh±jane pakkhipi. Sakko ta½ gahetv± thoka½ gantv± antaradh±yi. Mah±sattopi tassa datv± puna pariyeµµhi½ an±pajjitv± teneva p²tisukhena v²tin±mesi.
Dutiyadivase pana k±rapatt±ni pacitv± “hiyyo dakkhiºeyya½ alabhi½, ajja nu kho kathan”ti paººas±ladv±re nis²di. Sakkopi tatheva ±gami. Mah±satto punapi tatheva datv± v²tin±mesi. Tatiyadivase ca tatheva datv± “aho vata me l±bh±, bahu½ vata puñña½ pasav±mi, sac±ha½ dakkhiºeyya½ labheyya½, evameva m±sampi dvem±sampi d±na½ dadeyyan”ti cintesi. T²supi divasesu “tena d±nena na l±bhasakk±rasiloka½ na cakkavattisampatti½ na sakkasampatti½ na brahmasampatti½ na s±vakabodhi½ na paccekabodhi½ patthemi, api ca ida½ me d±na½ sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paccayo hot³”ti yath±dhik±ra½ citta½ µhapesi. Tena vutta½–
4. “Tad± ma½ tapatejena, santatto tidiv±bhibh³;
dh±rento br±hmaºavaººa½, bhikkh±ya ma½ up±gami.
5. “Pavan± ±bhata½ paººa½, atelañca aloºika½;
mama dv±re µhita½ disv±, sakaµ±hena ±kiri½.
6. “Tassa datv±naha½ paººa½, nikujjitv±na bh±jana½;
punesana½ jahitv±na, p±visi½ paººas±laka½.
7. “Dutiyampi tatiyampi, upagañchi mamantika½;
akampito anolaggo, evamevamad±saha½.
8. “Na me tappaccay± atthi, sar²rasmi½ vivaººiya½;
p²tisukhena ratiy±, v²tin±memi ta½ diva½.
9. “Yadi m±sampi dvem±sa½, dakkhiºeyya½ vara½ labhe;
akampito anol²no, dadeyya½ d±namuttama½.
10. “Na tassa d±na½ dadam±no, yasa½ l±bhañca patthayi½;
sabbaññuta½ patthay±no, t±ni kamm±ni ±carin”ti.
Tattha tad±ti yad± aha½ akittin±mako t±paso hutv± tasmi½ d²pe k±r±raññe vihar±mi, tad± Manti mama. Tapatejen±ti s²lap±ramit±nubh±vena. S²lañhi duccaritasa½kilesassa tapanato “tapo”ti vuccati, nekkhammav²riyap±ramit±nubh±vena v±. T±pi hi taºh±sa½kilesassa kosajjassa ca tapanato “tapo”ti vuccati, ukka½sagat± ca t± bodhisattassa imasmi½ attabh±veti. Khantisa½varassa c±pi paramukka½sagamanato “khantip±ramit±nubh±ven±”tipi vattu½ vaµµateva. “Khant² parama½ tapo”ti (d². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 184) hi vutta½. Santattoti yath±vuttaguº±nubh±vajanitena dhammat±siddhena paº¹ukambalasil±sanassa uºh±k±rena sant±pito. Tidiv±bhibh³ti devalok±dhipati, sakkoti attho. Paººas±l±ya sam²pe gahitampi k±rapaººa½ paººas±l±ya araññamajjhagatatt± “pavan± ±bhatan”ti vutta½.
Atelañca aloºikanti deyyadhammassa anu¼±rabh±vepi ajjh±sayasampattiy± d±nadhammassa mah±jutikabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½. Mama dv±reti mayha½ paººas±l±ya dv±re. Sakaµ±hena ±kirinti imin± attano kiñcipi asesetv± dinnabh±va½ dasseti.
Punesana½ jahitv±n±ti “ekadivasa½ dvikkhattu½ gh±sesana½ na sallekhan”ti cintetv± d±nap²tiy± titto viya hutv± tasmi½ divase puna ±h±rapariyeµµhi½ akatv±.
Akampitoti sud³ravikkhambhitatt± macchariyena acalito d±najjh±sayato calanamattampi ak±rito. Anolaggoti lobhavasena ²sakampi alaggo. Tatiyamp²ti pi-saddena dutiyamp²ti ima½ sampiº¹eti. Evamevamad±sahanti yath± paµhama½, evameva½ dutiyampi, tatiyampi ad±si½ aha½.
Na me tappaccay±ti g±th±ya vuttamevattha½ p±kaµa½ karoti. Tattha tappaccay±ti d±napaccay± t²su divasesu chinn±h±rat±ya sar²rasmi½ yena vevaººiyena bhavitabba½, tampi me sar²rasmi½ vivaººiya½ d±napaccay±yeva natthi Kasm±? D±navisayena p²tisukhena d±navisay±ya eva ca ratiy±. V²tin±memi ta½ divanti ta½ sakala½ timattadivasa½ v²tin±memi, na kevalañca t²ºi eva divas±ni, atha kho m±sadvim±samattampi k±la½, evameva d±tu½ pahom²ti dassetu½ “yadi m±samp²”ti-±di vutta½. Anol²noti al²nacitto, d±ne asaªkucitacittoti attho.
Tass±ti br±hmaºar³pena ±gatassa sakkassa. Yasanti kitti½, pariv±rasampatti½ v±. L±bhañc±ti devamanussesu cakkavatti-±dibh±vena laddhabba½ l±bha½ v± na patthayi½. Atha kho sabbaññuta½ samm±sambodhi½ patthay±no ±kaªkham±no t±ni t²su divasesu anekav±ra½ uppann±ni d±namay±ni puññakamm±ni d±nassa v± pariv±rabh³t±ni k±yasucarit±d²ni puññakamm±ni ±cari½ ak±sinti.
Iti bhagav± tasmi½ attabh±ve attano sudukkara½ puññacaritamattameva idha mah±therassa pak±sesi. J±takadesan±ya½ pana catutthadivase sakkassa upasaªkamitv± bodhisattassa ajjh±sayaj±nana½ varena upanimantan± bodhisattassa varasampaµicchanas²sena dhammadesan± deyyadhammadakkhiºeyy±na½ puna sakkassa an±gamanassa ca ±kaªkham±nat± ca pak±sit±. Vuttañheta½–
“Akitti½ disv±na sammanta½, sakko bh³tapat² bravi;
ki½ patthaya½ mah±brahme, eko sammasi ghammani.
“Dukkho punabbhavo sakka, sar²rassa ca bhedana½;
sammohamaraºa½ dukkha½, tasm± samm±mi, v±sava.
“Etasmi½ te sulapite, patir³pe subh±site;
vara½ kassapa te dammi, ya½ kiñci manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
yena putte ca d±re ca, dhanadhañña½ piy±ni ca;
laddh± nar± na tappanti, so lobho na may² vase.
Etasmi½ te sulapite…pe… manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
khetta½ vatthu½ hiraññañca, gav±ssa½ d±saporisa½;
yena j±tena j²yanti, so doso na may² vase.
“Etasmi½ te sulapite…pe… manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
b±la½ na passe na suºe, na ca b±lena sa½vase;
b±lenall±pasall±pa½, na kare na ca rocaye.
“Ki½ nu te akara½ b±lo, vada kassapa k±raºa½;
kena kassapa b±lassa, dassana½ n±bhikaªkhasi.
“Anaya½ nayati dummedho, adhur±ya½ niyuñjati;
dunnayo seyyaso hoti, samm± vutto pakuppati;
vinaya½ so na j±n±ti, s±dhu tassa adassana½.
“Etasmi½ te sulapite…pe… manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
dh²ra½ passe suºe dh²ra½, dh²rena saha sa½vase;
dh²renall±pasall±pa½, ta½ kare tañca rocaye.
“Ki½ nu te akara½ dh²ro, vada kassapa k±raºa½;
kena kassapa dh²rassa, dassana½ abhikaªkhasi.
“Naya½ nayati medh±v², adhur±ya½ na yuñjati;
sunayo seyyaso hoti, samm± vutto na kuppati;
vinaya½ so paj±n±ti, s±dhu tena sam±gamo.
“Etasmi½ te sulapite…pe… manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
tato raty± vivas±ne, s³riyuggamana½ pati;
dibb± bhakkh± p±tubhaveyyu½, s²lavanto ca y±cak±.
“Dadato me na kh²yetha, datv± n±nutapeyyaha½;
dada½ citta½ pas±deyya½, eta½ sakka vara½ vare.
“Etasmi½ te sulapite…pe… manasicchasi.
“Varañce me ado sakka, sabbabh³t±namissara;
na ma½ puna upeyy±si, eta½ sakka vara½ vare.
“Bah³hi vatacariy±hi, nar± ca atha n±riyo;
dassana½ abhikaªkhanti, ki½ nu me dassane bhaya½.
“Ta½ t±disa½ devavaººa½, sabbak±masamiddhina½;
disv± tapo pamajjeyya½, eta½ te dassane bhayan”ti. (J±. 1.13.83-103).
Atha sakko “s±dhu, bhante, na te ito paµµh±ya santika½ ±gamiss±m²”ti ta½ abhiv±detv± pakk±mi. Mah±satto y±vaj²va½ tattheva vasanto ±yupariyos±ne brahmaloke nibbatti.
Anuruddhatthero tad± sakko ahosi, lokan±tho akittipaº¹ito.
Tassa mah±bhinikkhamanasadisa½ nikkhantatt± nekkhammap±ram². Suvisuddhas²l±c±rat±ya s²lap±ram². K±mavitakk±d²na½ suµµhu vikkhambhitatt± v²riyap±ram². Khantisa½varassa paramukka½sagamanato khantip±ram². Paµiññ±nur³pa½ paµipattiy± saccap±ram². Sabbattha acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµh±nap±ram². Sabbasattesu hitajjh±sayena mett±p±ram². Sattasaªkh±rakatavippak±resu majjhattabh±vappattiy± upekkh±p±ram². T±sa½ upak±r±nupak±re dhamme j±nitv± anupak±re dhamme pah±ya upak±radhammesu pavatt±panapurecar± sahaj±t± ca up±yakosallabh³t± atisallekhavuttis±dhan² ca paññ± paññ±p±ram²ti im±pi dasa p±ramiyo labbhanti.
D±najjh±sayassa pana ati-u¼±rabh±vena d±namukhena desan± pavatt±. Tasm± sabbattha samak± mah±karuº±, dvepi puññañ±ºasambh±r±, k±yasucarit±d²ni t²ºi bodhisattasucarit±ni, sacc±dhiµµh±n±d²ni catt±ri adhiµµh±n±ni, uss±h±dayo catasso buddhabh³miyo, saddh±dayo pañca mah±bodhiparip±can²y± dhamm±, alobhajjh±say±dayo cha bodhisatt±na½ ajjh±say±, tiººo t±ress±m²ti-±dayo satta paµiññ± dhamm±, appicchass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo mahicchass±ti-±dayo (d². ni. 3.358; a. ni. 8.30) aµµha mah±purisavitakk± (d². ni. 3.358), nava yonisomanasik±ram³lak± dhamm±, d±najjh±say±dayo dasa mah±purisajjh±say±, d±nas²l±dayo dasa puññakiriyavatth³n²ti evam±dayo ye anekasata-anekasahassappabhed± bodhisambh±rabh³t± mah±bodhisattaguº±. Te sabbepi yath±raha½ idha niddh±retv± vattabb±.
Api cettha mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ mahantañca ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mah±bhinikkhamanasadisa½ gehato nikkhamana½, nikkhamitv± pabbajitassa bahujanasammatassa sato paramappicchabh±vena kulesu gaºesu ca alaggat±, accantameva l±bhasakk±rasilokajigucch±, pavivek±bhirati, k±yaj²vitanirapekkho paricc±go, an±h±rasseva sato divasattayampi d±nap²tiy± parituµµhassa nibbik±rasar²ray±pana½, m±sadvim±samattampi k±la½ y±cake sati ±h±ra½ tatheva datv± “d±nagateneva p²tisukhena sar²ra½ y±pess±m²”ti paricc±ge anol²navuttis±dhako u¼±ro d±najjh±sayo, d±na½ datv± puna ±h±rapariyeµµhiy± akaraºahetubh³t± paramasallekhavutt²ti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± veditabb±. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Eva½ acchariy± hete, abbhut± ca mahesino;
mah±k±ruºik± dh²r±, sabbalokekabandhav±.
“Acinteyy±nubh±v± ca, sad± saddhammagocar±;
bodhisatt± mah±satt±, sucisallekhavuttino.
“Mah±v±tasamuddhata-v²cim±lo mahodadhi;
api laªgheyya velanta½, bodhisatt± na dhammata½.
“Loke sañj±tavaddh±pi, na te bh±vitabh±vino;
limpanti lokadhammehi, toyena paduma½ yath±.
“Yesa½ ve attani sneho, nih²yati yath± yath±;
sattesu karuº±sneho, va¹¹hateva tath± tath±.
“Yath± citta½ vase hoti, na ca cittavas±nug±;
tath± kamma½ vase hoti, na ca kammavas±nug±.
“Dosehi n±bhibh³yanti, samuggh±tenti v± na te;
carant± bodhipariyeµµhi½, puris±j±niy± budh±.
“Tesu cittappas±dopi, dukkhato parimocaye;
pagev±nukiriy± tesa½, dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

Paramatthad²paniy± cariy±piµakasa½vaººan±ya

Akitticariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.