5. Soºapaº¹itacariy±vaººan±

42. Pañcame nagare brahmava¹¹haneti brahmava¹¹hanan±make nagare. Kulavareti aggakule. Seµµheti p±sa½satame. Mah±s±leti mah±s±re. Aj±yahanti aj±yi½ aha½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– tasmi½ k±le “brahmava¹¹hanan”ti laddhan±me b±r±ºasinagare yad± homi bhav±mi paµivas±mi, tad± abhij±tasampattiy± uditoditabh±vena agge vijj±vatasampattiy± seµµhe as²tikoµivibhavat±ya mah±s±le br±hmaºakule aha½ uppajjinti.
Tad± hi mah±satto brahmalokato cavitv± brahmava¹¹hananagare as²tikoµivibhavassa aññatarassa br±hmaºamah±s±lassa putto hutv± nibbatti. Tassa n±maggahaºadivase “soºakum±ro”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le aññopi satto brahmalok± cavitv± bodhisattassa m±tuy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Tassa j±tassa “nandakum±ro”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Tesa½ uggahitaved±na½ sabbasippanipphattippatt±na½ vayappatt±na½ r³pasampada½ disv± tuµµhahaµµh± m±t±pitaro “gharabandhanena bandhiss±m±”ti paµhama½ soºakum±ra½ ±ha½su– “t±ta, te patir³pakulato d±rika½ ±ness±ma, tva½ kuµumba½ paµipajj±h²”ti.
Mah±satto “ala½ mayha½ ghar±v±sena, aha½ y±vaj²va½ tumhe paµijaggitv± tumh±ka½ accayena pabbajiss±m²”ti ±ha. Mah±sattassa hi tad± tayopi bhav± ±ditta½ ag±ra½ viya aªg±rak±su viya ca upaµµhahi½su. Visesato panesa nekkhammajjh±sayo nekkhamm±dhimutto ahosi. Tassa adhipp±ya½ aj±nant± te punappuna½ kathent±pi tassa citta½ alabhitv± nandakum±ra½ ±mantetv± “t±ta, tena hi tva½ kuµumba½ paµipajj±h²”ti vatv± ten±pi “n±ha½ mama bh±tar± cha¹¹itakhe¼a½ s²sena ukkhip±mi, ahampi tumh±ka½ accayena bh±tar± saddhi½ pabbajiss±m²”ti vutte “ime eva½ taruº± k±me jahanti, kimaªga½ pana mayanti sabbeva pabbajiss±m±”ti cintetv± “t±ta, ki½ vo amh±ka½ accayena pabbajj±ya, sabbe saheva pabbaj±m±”ti vatv± ñ±t²na½ d±tabbayuttaka½ datv± d±sajana½ bhujissa½ katv± rañño ±rocetv± sabba½ dhana½ vissajjetv± mah±d±na½ pavattetv± catt±ropi jan± brahmava¹¹hananagar± nikkhamitv± himavantappadese padumapuº¹ar²kamaº¹ita½ mah±sara½ niss±ya ramaº²ye vanasaº¹e assama½ m±petv± pabbajitv± tattha vasi½su. Tena vutta½–
43. “Tad±pi loka½ disv±na, andh²bh³ta½ tamotthaµa½;
citta½ bhavato patikuµati, tuttavegahata½ viya.
44. “Disv±na vividha½ p±pa½, eva½ cintesaha½ tad±;
kad±ha½ geh± nikkhamma, pavisiss±mi k±nana½.
45. “Tad±pi ma½ nimanti½su, k±mabhogehi ñ±tayo;
tesampi chandam±cikkhi½, m± nimantetha tehi ma½.
46. “Yo me kaniµµhako bh±t±, nando n±m±si paº¹ito;
sopi ma½ anusikkhanto, pabbajja½ samarocayi.
47. “Aha½ soºo ca nando ca, ubho m±t±pit± mama;
tad±pi bhoge cha¹¹etv±, p±visimh± mah±vanan”ti.
Tattha tad±p²ti yad± aha½ brahmava¹¹hananagare soºo n±ma br±hmaºakum±ro ahosi½, tad±pi. Loka½ disv±n±ti sakalampi sattaloka½ paññ±cakkhun± passitv±. Andh²bh³tanti paññ±cakkhuvirahena andhaj±ta½ andhabh±va½ patta½. Tamotthaµanti avijjandhak±rena abhibh³ta½. Citta½ bhavato patikuµat²ti j±ti-±disa½vegavatthupaccavekkhaºena k±m±dibhavato mama citta½ saªkuµati sannil²yati na visarati. Tuttavegahata½ viy±ti tutta½ vuccati ayokaºµakas²so d²ghadaº¹o, yo patodoti vuccati. Tena vegas± abhihato yath± hatth±j±n²yo sa½vegappatto hoti, eva½ mama citta½ tad± k±m±d²navapaccavekkhaºena sa½vegappattanti dasseti.
Disv±na vividha½ p±panti geha½ ±vasantehi ghar±v±sanimitta½ chandados±divasena kar²yam±na½ n±n±vidha½ p±º±tip±t±dip±pakammañceva tannimittañca nesa½ l±makabh±va½ passitv±. Eva½ cintesaha½ tad±ti “kad± nu kho aha½ mah±hatth² viya ayabandhana½ gharabandhana½ chinditv± gehato nikkhamanavasena vana½ pavisiss±m²”ti eva½ tad± soºakum±rak±le cintesi½ aha½. Tad±pi ma½ nimanti½s³ti na kevala½ ayogharapaº¹it±dik±leyeva, atha kho tad±pi tasmi½ soºakum±rak±lepi ma½ m±t±pitu-±dayo ñ±tayo k±mabhogino k±majjh±say± “ehi, t±ta, ima½ as²tikoµidhana½ vibhava½ paµipajja, kulava½sa½ patiµµh±peh²”ti u¼±rehi bhogehi nimantayi½su. Tesampi chandam±cikkhinti tesampi mama ñ±t²na½ tehi k±mabhogehi m± ma½ nimantayitth±ti attano chandampi ±cikkhi½, pabbajj±ya ninnajjh±sayampi kathesi½, yath±jjh±saya½ paµipajjath±ti adhipp±yo.
Sopi ma½ anu sikkhantoti “ime k±m± n±ma appass±d± bahudukkh± bah³p±y±s±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.234; 2.43-45; p±ci.417) nayena n±nappak±ra½ k±mesu ±d²nava½ paccavekkhitv± yath±ha½ s²l±d²ni sikkhanto pabbajja½ rocesi½. Sopi nandapaº¹ito tatheva tassa nekkhammena ma½ anusikkhanto pabbajja½ samarocay²ti. Aha½ soºo ca nando c±ti tasmi½ k±le soºan±mako aha½ mayha½ kaniµµhabh±t± nando c±ti. Ubho m±t±pit± mam±ti “ime n±ma puttak± eva½ taruºak±lepi k±me jahanti, kimaªga½ pana mayan”ti uppannasa½veg± m±t±pitaro ca. Bhoge cha¹¹etv±ti as²tikoµivibhavasamiddhe mah± bhoge anapekkhacitt± khe¼apiº¹a½ viya pariccajitv± maya½ catt±ropi jan± himavantappadese mah±vana½ nekkhammajjh±sayena pavisimh±ti attho.
Pavisitv± ca te tattha ramaº²ye bh³mibh±ge assama½ m±petv± t±pasapabbajj±ya pabbajitv± tattha vasi½su. Te ubhopi bh±taro m±t±pitaro paµijaggi½su. Tesu nandapaº¹ito “may± ±bhataphal±phal±neva m±t±pitaro kh±d±pess±m²”ti hiyyo ca purimagocaragahitaµµh±nato ca y±ni t±ni avases±ni phal±phal±ni p±tova ±netv± m±t±pitaro kh±d±peti. Te t±ni kh±ditv± mukha½ vikkh±letv± uposathik± honti. Soºapaº¹ito pana d³ra½ gantv± madhuramadhur±ni supakk±ni ±haritv± upan±meti. Atha na½ te “t±ta, kaniµµhena ±bhat±ni maya½ kh±ditv± uposathik± j±t±, id±ni no attho natth²”ti vadanti. Iti tassa phal±phal±ni paribhoga½ na labhanti vinassanti, punadivas±d²supi tathev±ti, eva½ so pañc±bhiññat±ya d³rampi gantv± ±harati, te pana na kh±danti.
Atha mah±satto cintesi– “m±t±pitaro sukhum±l±, nando ca y±ni t±ni apakk±ni duppakk±ni phal±phal±ni ±haritv± kh±d±peti, eva½ sante ime na cira½ pavattissanti, v±ress±mi nan”ti. Atha na½ ±mantetv± “nanda, ito paµµh±ya phal±phala½ ±haritv± mam±gamana½ patim±nehi, ubho ekatova kh±d±pess±m±”ti ±ha. Eva½ vuttepi attano puñña½ pacc±s²santo na tassa vacanamak±si. Mah±satto ta½ upaµµh±na½ ±gata½ “na tva½ paº¹it±na½ vacana½ karosi, aha½ jeµµho, m±t±pitaro ca mameva bh±ro, ahameva ne paµijaggiss±mi, tva½ ito aññattha y±h²”ti tassa acchara½ pahari.
So tena paº±mito tattha µh±tu½ asakkonto ta½ vanditv± m±t±pit³na½ tamattha½ ±rocetv± attano paººas±la½ pavisitv± kasiºa½ oloketv± ta½divasameva aµµha ca sam±pattiyo pañca ca abhiññ±yo nibbattetv± cintesi– “ki½ nu kho aha½ sinerup±dato ratanav±luka½ ±haritv± mama bh±tu paººas±l±pariveºa½ ±kiritv± kham±pess±mi, ud±hu anotattato udaka½ ±haritv± kham±pess±mi? Atha v± me bh±t± devat±vasena khameyya, catt±ro mah±r±j±no sakkañca devar±j±na½ ±netv± kham±pess±mi, eva½ pana na sobhissati, aya½ kho manojo brahmava¹¹hanar±j± sakalajambud²pe aggar±j±, ta½ ±di½ katv± sabbe r±j±no ±netv± kham±pess±mi, eva½ sante mama bh±tu guºo sakalajambud²pa½ avattharitv± gamissati, cando viya s³riyo viya ca paññ±yissat²”ti.
So t±vadeva iddhiy± gantv± brahmava¹¹hananagare tassa rañño nivesanadv±re otaritv± “eko t±paso tumhe daµµhuk±mo”ti rañño ±roc±petv± tena katok±so tassa santika½ gantv± “aha½ attano balena sakalajambud²pe rajja½ gahetv± tava dass±m²”ti. “Katha½ pana tumhe, bhante, sakalajambud²pe rajja½ gahetv± dassath±”ti? “Mah±r±ja, kassaci vadhaccheda½ akatv± attano iddhiy±va gahetv± dass±m²”ti mahatiy± sen±ya saddhi½ ta½ ±d±ya kosalaraµµha½ gantv± nagarassa avid³re khandh±v±ra½ nivesetv± “yuddha½ v± no detu, vase v± vattat³”ti kosalarañño d³ta½ p±hesi. Tena kujjhitv± yuddhasajjena hutv± nikkhantena saddhi½ yuddhe ±raddhe attano iddh±nubh±vena yath± dvinna½ sen±na½ p²¼ana½ na hoti, eva½ katv± yath± ca kosalar±j± tassa vase vattati, eva½ vacanapaµivacanaharaºehi sa½vidahi. Etenup±yena sakalajambud²pe r±j±no tassa vase vatt±pesi.
So tena parituµµho nandapaº¹ita½ ±ha– “bhante, tumhehi yath± mayha½ paµiññ±ta½, tath± kata½, bah³pak±r± me tumhe, kimaha½ tumh±ka½ kariss±mi, ahañhi te sakalajambud²pe upa¹¹harajjampi d±tu½ icch±mi, kimaªga½ pana hatthi-assarathamaºimutt±pav±¼arajatasuvaººad±sid±saparijanaparicchedan”ti? Ta½ sutv± nandapaº¹ito “na me te, mah±r±ja, rajjena attho, n±pi hatthiy±n±d²hi, api ca kho te raµµhe asukasmi½ n±ma assame mama m±t±pitaro pabbajitv± vasanti. Ty±ha½ upaµµhahanto ekasmi½ apar±dhe mama jeµµhabh±tikena soºapaº¹itena n±ma mahesin± paº±mito, sv±ha½ ta½ ±d±ya tassa santika½ gantv± kham±pess±mi, tassa me tva½ kham±pane sah±yo hoh²”ti. R±j± “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± catuv²sati-akkhobhan² parim±º±ya sen±ya parivuto ekasatar±j³hi saddhi½ nandapaº¹ita½ purakkhatv± ta½ assamapada½ patv± caturaªgulappadesa½ muñcitv± ±k±se µhitena k±jena anotattato udaka½ ±haritv± p±n²ya½ paµis±metv± pariveºa½ sammajjitv± m±t±pit³na½ ±sannappadese nisinna½ jh±naratisamappita½ mah±satta½ upasaªkamitv± nandapaº¹ito na½ kham±pesi. Mah±satto nandapaº¹ita½ m±tara½ paµicch±petv± attan± y±vaj²va½ pitara½ paµijaggi. Tesa½ pana r±j³na½–
“¾nando ca pamodo ca, sad± hasitak²¼ita½;
m±tara½ paricaritv±na, labbhameta½ vij±nat±.
“¾nando ca pamodo ca, sad± hasitak²¼ita½;
pitara½ paricaritv±na, labbhameta½ vij±nato.
“D±nañca peyyavajjañca, atthacariy± ca y± idha;
sam±nattat± ca dhammesu, tattha tattha yath±raha½;
ete kho saªgah± loke, rathass±º²va y±yato.
“Ete ca saªgah± n±ssu, na m±t± puttak±raº±;
labhetha m±na½ p³ja½ v±, pit± v± puttak±raº±.
“Yasm± ca saªgah± ete, sammapekkhanti paº¹it±;
tasm± mahatta½ papponti, p±sa½s± ca bhavanti te.
“Brahm±ti m±t±pitaro, pubb±cariy±ti vuccare;
±huneyy± ca putt±na½, paj±ya anukampak±.
“Tasm± hi ne namasseyya, sakkareyya ca paº¹ito;
annena atha p±nena, vatthena sayanena ca;
ucch±danena nh±panena, p±d±na½ dhovanena ca.
“T±ya na½ p±ricariy±ya, m±t±pit³su paº¹it±;
idheva na½ pasa½santi, pecca sagge pamodat²”ti. (J±. 2.20.176-183)–

Buddhal²¼±ya dhamma½ desesi, ta½ sutv± sabbepi te r±j±no sabalak±y± pas²di½su. Atha ne pañcasu s²lesu patiµµh±petv± “d±n±d²su appamatt± hoth±”ti ovaditv± vissajjesi. Te sabbepi dhammena rajja½ k±retv± ±yupariyos±ne devanagara½ p³rayi½su. Bodhisatto “ito paµµh±ya m±tara½ paµijagg±h²”ti m±tara½ nandapaº¹ita½ paµicch±petv± attan± y±vaj²va½ pitara½ paµijaggi. Te ubhopi ±yupariyos±ne brahmalokapar±yan± ahesu½.

Tad± m±t±pitaro mah±r±jakul±ni, nandapaº¹ito ±nandatthero, manojo r±j± s±riputtatthero, ekasatar±j±no as²timah±ther± ceva aññatarather± ca, catuv²sati-akkhobhan²paris± buddhaparis±, soºapaº¹ito lokan±tho.
Tassa kiñc±pi s±tisay± nekkhammap±ram², tath±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva sesap±ramiyo ca niddh±retabb±. Tath± accantameva k±mesu anapekkhat±, m±t±pit³su tibbo sag±ravasappatissabh±vo m±t±pitu-upaµµh±nena atitti, satipi nesa½ upaµµh±ne sabbak±la½ sam±pattivih±rehi v²tin±mananti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Soºapaº¹itacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Nekkhammap±ram² niµµhit±.