4. Bhisacariy±vaººan±

34. Catutthe yad± homi, k±s²na½ puravaruttameti “k±s²”ti bahuvacanavasena laddhavoh±rassa raµµhassa nagaravare b±r±ºasiya½ yasmi½ k±le j±tasa½va¹¹ho hutv± vas±m²ti attho. Bhagin² ca bh±taro satta, nibbatt± sottiye kuleti upakañcan±dayo cha ahañc±ti bh±taro satta sabbakaniµµh± kañcanadev² n±ma bhagin² c±ti sabbe maya½ aµµha jan± mantajjhenaniratat±ya sottiye uditodite mahati br±hmaºakule tad± nibbatt± j±t±ti attho.
35. Bodhisatto hi tad± b±r±ºasiya½ as²tikoµivibhavassa br±hmaºamah±s±lassa putto hutv± nibbatti. Tassa “kañcanakum±ro”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Athassa padas± vicaraºak±le aparo putto vij±yi. “Upakañcanakum±ro”tissa n±ma½ kari½su. Tato paµµh±ya mah±satta½ “mah±kañcanakum±ro”ti samud±caranti. Eva½ paµip±µiy± satta putt± ahesu½. Sabbakaniµµh± pana ek± dh²t±. Tass± “kañcanadev²”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Mah±satto vayappatto takkasila½ gantv± sabbasipp±ni uggahetv± pacc±gañchi.
Atha na½ m±t±pitaro ghar±v±sena bandhituk±m± “attano sam±naj±tikulato te d±rika½ ±ness±m±”ti vadi½su. So “amma, t±ta, na mayha½ ghar±v±sena attho. Mayhañhi sabbo lokasanniv±so ±ditto viya sappaµibhayo, bandhan±g±ra½ viya palibuddhana½, ukk±rabh³mi viya jiguccho hutv± upaµµh±ti, na me citta½ k±mesu rajjati, aññe vo putt± atthi, te ghar±v±sena nimanteth±”ti vatv± punappuna½ y±citopi sah±yehi y±c±pitopi na icchi, atha na½ sah±y± “samma, ki½ pana tva½ patthayanto k±me paribhuñjitu½ na icchas²”ti pucchi½su. So tesa½ attano nekkhammajjh±saya½ ±rocesi. Tena vutta½ “etesa½ pubbajo ±sin”ti-±di.
Tattha etesa½ pubbajo ±sinti etesa½ upakañcanak±d²na½ sattanna½ jeµµhabh±tiko aha½ tad± ahosi½. Hir²sukkamup±gatoti sukkavip±katt± sant±nassa visodhanato ca sukka½ p±pajigucchanalakkhaºa½ hiri½ bhusa½ ±gato, ativiya p±pa½ jigucchanto ±sinti attho. Bhava½ disv±na bhayato, nekkhamm±bhirato ahanti k±mabhav±d²na½ vasena sabba½ bhava½ pakkhanditu½ ±gacchanta½ caº¹ahatthi½ viya, hi½situ½ ±gacchanta½ ukkhitt±sika½ vadhaka½ viya, s²ha½ viya, yakkha½ viya, rakkhasa½ viya, ghoravisa½ viya, ±sivisa½ viya, ±ditta½ aªg±ra½ viya, sappaµibhaya½ bhay±nakabh±vato passitv± tato muccanatthañca pabbajj±bhirato pabbajitv± “katha½ nu kho dhammacariya½ samm±paµipatti½ p³reyya½, jh±nasam±pattiyo ca nibbatteyyan”ti pabbajj±kusaladhammapaµhamajjh±n±di-abhirato tad± aha½ ±sinti attho.
36. Pahit±ti m±t±pit³hi pesit±. Ekam±nas±ti sam±najjh±say± pubbe may± ekacchand± man±pac±rino m±t±pit³hi pahitatt± pana mama paµikk³la½ aman±pa½ vadant±. K±mehi ma½ nimantent²ti mah±pit³hi v± ekam±nas± k±mehi ma½ nimantenti. Kulava½sa½ dh±reh²ti ghar±v±sa½ saºµhapento attano kulava½sa½ dh±rehi patiµµhapeh²ti k±mehi ma½ nimantesunti attho.
37. Ya½ tesa½ vacana½ vuttanti tesa½ mama piyasah±y±na½ ya½ vacana½ vutta½. Gihidhamme sukh±vahanti gihibh±ve sati gahaµµhabh±ve µhitassa purisassa ñ±y±nugatatt± diµµhadhammikassa sampar±yikassa ca sukhassa ±vahanato sukh±vaha½. Ta½ me ahosi kaµhinanti ta½ tesa½ mayha½ sah±y±na½ m±t±pit³nañca vacana½ ekanteneva nekkhamm±bhiratatt± aman±pabh±vena me kaµhina½ pharusa½ divasa½ santattaph±lasadisa½ ubhopi kaººe jh±penta½ viya ahosi.
38. Te ma½ tad± ukkhipantanti te mayha½ sah±y± m±t±pit³hi attano ca upanimantanavasena anekav±ra½ upan²yam±ne k±me uddhamuddha½ khipanta½ cha¹¹enta½ paµikkhipanta½ ma½ pucchi½su. Patthita½ mam±ti ito visuddhatara½ ki½ nu kho imin± patthitanti may± abhipatthita½ mama ta½ patthana½ pucchi½su– “ki½ tva½ patthayase, samma, yadi k±me na bhuñjas²”ti.
39. Atthak±moti attano atthak±mo, p±pabh²r³ti attho. “Attak±mo”tipi p±¼i. Hitesinanti mayha½ hites²na½ piyasah±y±na½. Keci “atthak±mahitesinan”ti paµhanti, ta½ na sundara½.
40. Pitu m±tu ca s±vayunti te mayha½ sah±y± anivattan²ya½ mama pabbajj±chanda½ viditv± pabbajituk±mat±d²paka½ mayha½ vacana½ pitu m±tu ca s±vesu½. “Yagghe, ammat±t±, j±n±tha, ekanteneva mah±kañcanakum±ro pabbajissati, na so sakk± kenaci up±yena k±mesu upanetun”ti avocu½. M±t±pit± evam±h³ti tad± mayha½ m±t±pitaro mama sah±yehi vutta½ mama vacana½ sutv± evam±ha½su– “sabbeva pabbaj±ma, bho”ti, yadi mah±kañcanakum±rassa nekkhamma½ abhirucita½, ya½ tassa abhirucita½, tadamh±kampi abhirucitameva, tasm± sabbeva pabbaj±ma, bhoti. “Bho”ti tesa½ br±hmaº±na½ ±lapana½. “Pabbaj±ma kho”tipi p±µho, pabbaj±ma ev±ti attho. Mah±sattassa hi pabbajj±chanda½ viditv± upakañcan±dayo cha bh±taro bhagin² ca kañcanadev² pabbajituk±m±va ahesu½, tena tepi m±t±pit³hi ghar±v±sena nimantiyam±n± na icchi½suyeva. Tasm± evam±ha½su “sabbeva pabbaj±ma, bho”ti.
Evañca pana vatv± mah±satta½ m±t±pitaro pakkositv± attanopi adhipp±ya½ tassa ±cikkhitv± “t±ta, yadi pabbajituk±mosi, as²tikoµidhana½ tava santaka½ yath±sukha½ vissajjeh²”ti ±ha½su. Atha na½ mah±puriso kapaºaddhik±d²na½ vissajjetv± mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± himavanta½ p±visi. Tena saddhi½ m±t±pitaro cha bh±taro ca bhagin² ca eko d±so ek± d±s² eko ca sah±yo ghar±v±sa½ pah±ya agama½su. Tena vutta½–
41. “Ubho m±t± pit± mayha½, bhagin² ca satta bh±taro;
amitadhana½ cha¹¹ayitv±, pavisimh± mah±vanan”ti.
J±takaµµhakath±ya½ (j±. aµµha. 4.14.77 bhisaj±takavaººan±) pana “m±t±pit³su k±la½katesu tesa½ kattabbakicca½ katv± mah±satto mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkham²”ti vutta½.
Eva½ himavanta½ pavisitv± ca te bodhisattappamukh± eka½ padumasara½ niss±ya ramaº²ye bh³mibh±ge assama½ katv± pabbajitv± vanam³laphal±h±r± y±payi½su. Tesu upakañcan±dayo aµµha jan± v±rena phal±phala½ ±haritv± ekasmi½ p±s±ºaphalake attano itaresañca koµµh±se katv± ghaºµisañña½ datv± attano koµµh±sa½ ±d±ya vasanaµµh±na½ pavisanti. Ses±pi ghaºµisaññ±ya paººas±lato nikkhamitv± attano attano p±puºanakoµµh±sa½ ±d±ya vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± paribhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½ karonti.
Aparabh±ge bhis±ni ±haritv± tatheva kh±danti. Tattha te ghoratap± paramadhitindriy± kasiºaparikamma½ karont± vihari½su. Atha nesa½ s²latejena sakkassa bhavana½ kampi. Sakko ta½ k±raºa½ ñatv± “ime isayo v²ma½siss±m²”ti attano ±nubh±vena mah±sattassa koµµh±se tayo divase antaradh±pesi. Mah±satto paµhamadivase koµµh±sa½ adisv± “mama koµµh±so pamuµµho bhavissat²”ti cintesi. Dutiyadivase “mama dosena bhavitabba½, paº±manavasena mama koµµh±sa½ na µhapita½ maññe”ti cintesi. Tatiyadivase “ta½ k±raºa½ sutv± kham±pess±m²”ti s±yanhasamaye ghaºµisañña½ datv± t±ya saññ±ya sabbesu sannipatitesu tamattha½ ±rocetv± t²supi divasesu tehi jeµµhakoµµh±sassa µhapitabh±va½ sutv± “tumhehi mayha½ koµµh±so µhapito, may± pana na laddho, ki½ nu kho k±raºan”ti ±ha. Ta½ sutv± sabbeva sa½vegappatt± ahesu½.
Tasmi½ assame rukkhadevat±pi attano bhavanato otaritv± tesa½ santike nis²di. Manuss±na½ hatthato pal±yitv± arañña½ paviµµho eko v±raºo ahituº¹ikahatthato pal±yitv± mutto sappak²¼±panako eko v±naro ca tehi is²hi kataparicay± tad± tesa½ santika½ gantv± ekamanta½ aµµha½su. Sakkopi “isigaºa½ pariggaºhiss±m²”ti adissam±nak±yo tattheva aµµh±si. Tasmiñca khaºe bodhisattassa kaniµµho upakañcanat±paso uµµh±ya bodhisatta½ vanditv± ses±na½ apaciti½ dassetv± “aha½ sañña½ paµµhapetv± att±naññeva sodhetu½ labh±m²”ti pucchitv± “±ma, labhas²”ti vutte isigaºamajjhe µhatv± sapatha½ karonto–
“Assa½ gava½ rajata½ j±tar³pa½, bhariyañca so idha labhata½ man±pa½;
puttehi d±rehi samaªgi hotu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±s²”ti. (J±. 1.14.78)–

Ima½ g±tha½ abh±si. Imañhi so “yattak±ni piyavatth³ni honti, tehi vippayoge tattak±ni dukkh±ni uppajjant²”ti vatthuk±me garahanto ±ha.

Ta½ sutv± isigaºo “m±risa, m± kathaya, atibh±riyo te sapatho”ti kaººe pidahi. Bodhisattopi “atibh±riyo te sapatho, na, tva½ t±ta, gaºhasi, tava patt±sane nis²d±”ti ±ha. Ses±pi sapatha½ karont± yath±kkama½–
“M±lañca so k±sikacandanañca, dh±retu puttassa bah³ bhavantu;
k±mesu tibba½ kuruta½ apekkha½, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“Pah³tadhañño kasim± yasass², putte gih² dhanim± sabbak±me;
vaya½ apassa½ gharam±vas±tu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“So khattiyo hotu pasayhak±r², r±j±bhir±j± balav± yasass²;
sac±turanta½ mahim±vas±tu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“So br±hmaºo hotu av²tar±go, muhuttanakkhattapathesu yutto;
p³jetu na½ raµµhapat² yasass², bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“Ajjh±yaka½ sabbasamantaveda½, tapassina½ maññatu sabbaloko;
p³jentu na½ j±napad± samecca, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“Catussada½ g±mavara½ samiddha½, dinnañhi so bhuñjatu v±savena;
av²tar±go maraºa½ upetu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“So g±maº² hotu sah±yamajjhe, naccehi g²tehi pamodam±no;
so r±jato byasanam±lattha kiñci, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“Ta½ ekar±j± pathavi½ vijetv±, itth²sahassassa µhapetu agge;
s²mantin²na½ pavar± bhav±tu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa y± ah±si.
“Is²nañhi s± sabbasam±gat±na½, bhuñjeyya s±du½ avikampam±n±;
car±tu l±bhena vikattham±n±, bhis±ni te br±haºa y± ah±si.
“¾v±siko hotu mah±vih±re, navakammiko hotu gajaªgal±ya½;
±lokasandhi½ divasa½ karotu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“So bajjhata½ p±sasatehi chamhi, ramm± van± n²yatu r±jadh±ni½;
tuttehi so haññatu p±canehi, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±si.
“Alakkam±l² tipukaººapiµµho, laµµh²hato sappamukha½ upetu;
sakacchabandho visikha½ car±tu, bhis±ni te br±hmaºa yo ah±s²”ti. (J±. 1.14.79-90)–

Im± g±th±yo avocu½.

Tattha tibbanti vatthuk±makilesak±mesu bahala½ apekkha½ karotu. Kasim±ti sampannakasikammo. Putte gih² dhanim± sabbak±meti putte labhatu, gih² hotu, sattavidhena dhanena dhanim± hotu, r³p±dibhede sabbak±me labhatu. Vaya½ apassanti mahallakak±lepi apabbajitv± attano vaya½ apassanto pañcak±maguºasamiddha½ gharameva ±vasatu. R±j±bhir±j±ti r±j³na½ antare atir±j±. Av²tar±goti purohitaµµh±nataºh±ya sataºho. Tapassinanti tapas²la½, s²lasampannoti na½ maññatu. Catussadanti ±kiººamanussat±ya manussehi pah³tadhaññat±ya dhaññena sulabhad±rut±ya d±r³hi sampannodakat±ya udaken±ti cat³hi ussanna½. V±saven±ti v±savena dinna½ viya acala½, v±savato laddhavar±nubh±veneva r±j±na½ ±r±dhetv± tena dinnantipi attho. Av²tar±goti avigatar±go kaddame s³karo viya k±mapaªke nimuggova hotu.
G±maº²ti g±majeµµhako. Tanti ta½ itthi½. Ekar±j±ti aggar±j±. Itth²sahassass±ti vacanamaµµhat±ya vutta½. So¼asanna½ itthisahass±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapet³ti attho. S²mantin²nanti s²mantadhar±na½, itth²nanti attho. Sabbasam±gat±nanti sabbesa½ sannipatit±na½ majjhe nis²ditv±. Avikampam±n±ti anosakkam±n± s±durasa½ bhuñjat³ti attho. Car±tu l±bhena vikattham±n±ti l±bhahetu siªg±ravesa½ gahetv± l±bha½ upp±detu½ caratu. ¾v±sikoti ±v±sajagganako. Gajaªgal±yanti eva½n±make nagare. Tattha kira dabbasambh±r± sulabh±. ¾lokasandhi½ divasanti ekadivasena ekameva v±tap±na½ karotu. So kira devaputto kassapabuddhak±le gajaªgalanagara½ niss±ya yojanike mah±vih±re ±v±siko saªghatthero hutv± jiººe vih±re navakamm±ni karontova mah±dukkha½ anubhavi, ta½ sandh±y±ha.
P±sasateh²ti bah³hi p±sehi. Chamh²ti cat³su p±desu g²v±ya kaµibh±ge c±ti chasu µh±nesu. Tutteh²ti dvikaºµak±hi d²ghalaµµh²hi. P±caneh²ti rassap±canehi, aªkusakehi v±. Alakkam±l²ti ahituº¹ikena kaºµhe parikkhipitv± µhapit±ya alakkam±l±ya samann±gato. Tipukaººapiµµhoti tipupi¼andhanena pi¼andhitapiµµhikaººo kaººapiµµho. Laµµhihatoti sappak²¼±pana½ sikkh±payam±no laµµhiy± hato hutv±. Sabba½ te k±mabhoga½ ghar±v±sa½ attan± attan± anubh³tadukkhañca jigucchant± tath± tath± sapatha½ karont± evam±ha½su.
Atha bodhisatto “sabbehi imehi sapatho kato, may±pi k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti sapatha½ karonto–
“Yo ve anaµµha½va naµµhanti c±ha, k±meva so labhata½ bhuñjatañca;
ag±ramajjhe maraºa½ upetu, yo v± bhonto saªkati kañci dev±”ti. (J±. 1.14.91)–

Ima½ g±tham±ha.

Tattha bhontoti bhavanto. Saªkat²ti ±saªkati. Kañc²ti aññatara½.
Atha sakko “sabbepime k±mesu nirapekkh±”ti j±nitv± sa½viggam±naso na imesu kenacipi bhis±ni n²t±ni, n±pi tay± anaµµha½ naµµhanti vutta½, apica aha½ tumhe v²ma½situk±mo antaradh±pesinti dassento–
“V²ma½sam±no isino bhis±ni, t²re gahetv±na thale nidhesi½;
suddh± ap±p± isayo vasanti, et±ni te brahmac±r² bhis±n²”ti. (J±. 1.14.95)–

Os±nag±tham±ha.

Ta½ sutv± bodhisatto–
“Na te naµ± no pana k²¼aneyy±, na bandhav± no pana te sah±y±;
kismi½ vupatthambha sahassanetta, is²hi tva½ k²¼asi devar±j±”ti. (J±. 1.14.96)–

Sakka½ tajjesi.

Atha na½ sakko–
“¾cariyo mesi pit± ca mayha½, es± patiµµh± khalitassa brahme;
ek±par±dha½ khama bh³ripañña, na paº¹it± kodhabal± bhavant²”ti. (J±. 1.14.97)–

Kham±pesi.

Mah±satto sakkassa devarañño khamitv± saya½ isigaºa½ kham±pento–
“Suv±sita½ isina½ ekaratta½, ya½ v±sava½ bh³tapatiddas±ma;
sabbeva bhonto suman± bhavantu, ya½ br±hmaºo paccup±d² bhis±n²”ti. (J±. 1.14.98)–

¾ha.

Tattha na te naµ±ti, devar±ja, maya½ tava naµ± v± k²¼itabbayuttak± v± na homa. N±pi tava ñ±tak±, sah±y± hassa½ k±tabb±. Atha tva½ kismi½ vupatthambh±ti ki½ upatthambhaka½ katv±, ki½ niss±ya is²hi saddhi½ k²¼as²ti attho. Es± patiµµh±ti es± tava p±dacch±y± ajja mama khalitassa apar±dhassa patiµµh± hotu. Suv±sitanti ±yasmant±na½ is²na½ ekarattimpi imasmi½ araññe vasita½ suvasitameva. Ki½k±raº±? Ya½ v±sava½ bh³tapati½ addas±ma. Sace hi maya½ nagare avasimh±, na ima½ addas±ma. Bhontoti bhavanto. Sabbepi suman± bhavantu tussantu, sakkassa devarañño khamantu, ki½k±raº±? Ya½ br±hmaºo paccup±d² bhis±ni yasm± tumh±ka½ ±cariyo bhis±ni alabh²ti. Sakko isigaºa½ vanditv± devaloka½ gato. Isigaºopi jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± brahmalok³pago ahosi.
Tad± upakañcan±dayo cha bh±taro s±riputtamoggall±namah±kassapa-anuruddhapuººa-±nandatther±, bhagin² uppalavaºº±, d±s² khujjuttar±, d±so citto gahapati, rukkhadevat± s±t±giro, v±raºo p±lileyyan±go, v±naro madhuv±siµµho, sakko k±¼ud±y², mah±kañcanat±paso lokan±tho.
Tassa idh±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva dasa p±ramiyo niddh±retabb±. Tath± accantameva k±mesu anapekkhat±dayo guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Bhisacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.