2. Somanassacariy±vaººan±

7. Dutiye indapatthe puruttameti eva½n±make nagaravare. K±mitoti m±t±pitu-±d²hi “aho vata eko putto uppajjeyy±”ti eva½ cirak±le patthito. Dayitoti piy±yito. Somanassoti vissutoti “somanasso”ti eva½ pak±san±mo.
8. S²lav±ti dasakusalakammapathas²lena ceva ±c±ras²lena ca samann±gato. Guºasampannoti saddh±b±husacc±diguºehi upeto, paripuººo v±. Kaly±ºapaµibh±nav±ti ta½ta½itikattabbas±dhanena up±yakosallasaªkh±tena ca sundarena paµibh±nena samann±gato. Vu¹¹h±pac±y²ti m±t±pitaro kule jeµµh±ti eva½ ye j±tivu¹¹h±, ye ca s²l±diguºehi vu¹¹h±, tesa½ apac±yanas²lo. Hir²m±ti p±pajigucchanalakkhaº±ya hiriy± samann±gato. Saªgahesu ca kovidoti d±napiyavacana-atthacariy±sam±nattat±saªkh±tehi cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi yath±raha½ satt±na½ saªgaºhanesu kusalo. Evar³po reºussa n±ma kurur±jassa putto somanassoti vissuto yad± hom²ti sambandho.
9. Tassa rañño patikaroti tena kurur±jena pati abhikkhaºa½ upakattabbabh±vena patikaro vallabho. Kuhakat±pasoti asantaguºasambh±vanalakkhaºena kohaññena j²vitakappanako eko t±paso, tassa rañño sakk±tabbo ahosi. ¾r±manti phal±r±ma½, yattha e¼±lukal±bukumbhaº¹atipus±divalliphal±ni ceva taº¹uleyyak±dis±kañca rop²yati. M±l±vacchanti j±ti-atimuttak±dipupphagaccha½, tena pupph±r±ma½ dasseti. Ettha ca ±r±ma½ katv± tattha m±l±vacchañca yath±vuttaphalavacchañca ropetv± tato laddhadhana½ sa½haritv± µhapento j²vat²ti attho veditabbo.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– tad± mah±rakkhito n±ma t±paso pañcasatat±pasapariv±ro himavante vasitv± loºambilasevanatth±ya janapadac±rika½ caranto indapatthanagara½ patv± r±juyy±ne vasitv± sapariso piº¹±ya caranto r±jadv±ra½ p±puºi. R±j± isigaºa½ disv± iriy±pathe pasanno alaªkatamah±tale nis²d±petv± paº²ten±h±rena parivisitv± “bhante, ima½ vass±ratta½ mama uyy±neyeva vasath±”ti vatv± tehi saddhi½ uyy±na½ gantv± vasanaµµh±n±ni k±retv± pabbajitaparikkh±re datv± nikkhami. Tato paµµh±ya sabbepi te r±janivesane bhuñjanti.
R±j± pana aputtako putte pattheti, putt± nuppajjanti. Vass±rattaccayena mah±rakkhito “himavanta½ gamiss±m±”ti r±j±na½ ±pucchitv± raññ± katasakk±rasamm±no nikkhamitv± antar±magge majjhanhikasamaye magg± okkamma ekassa sandacch±yassa rukkhassa heµµh± sapariso nis²di. T±pas± katha½ samuµµh±pesu½– “r±j± aputtako, s±dhu vatassa sace r±japutta½ labheyy±”ti. Mah±rakkhito ta½ katha½ sutv± “bhavissati nu kho rañño putto, ud±hu no”ti upadh±rento “bhavissat²”ti ñatv± “m± tumhe cintayittha, ajja pacc³sak±le eko devaputto cavitv± rañño aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbattissat²”ti ±ha.
Ta½ sutv± eko k³µajaµilo “id±ni r±jakul³pako bhaviss±m²”ti cintetv± t±pas±na½ gamanak±le gil±n±laya½ katv± nipajjitv± “ehi gacch±m±”ti vutte “na sakkom²”ti ±ha. Mah±rakkhito tassa nipannak±raºa½ ñatv± “yad± sakkosi, tad± ±gaccheyy±s²”ti isigaºa½ ±d±ya himavantameva gato. Kuhako nivattitv± vegena gantv± r±jadv±re µhatv± “mah±rakkhitassa upaµµh±kat±paso ±gato”ti rañño ±roc±petv± raññ± vegena pakkos±pito p±s±da½ abhiruyha paññatte ±sane nis²di. R±j± ta½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno is²na½ ±rogya½ pucchitv± “bhante, atikhippa½ nivattittha, kenatthena ±gatatth±”ti ±ha.
Mah±r±ja, isigaºo sukhanisinno “s±dhu vatassa sace rañño va½s±nurakkhako putto uppajjeyy±”ti katha½ samuµµh±pesi. Aha½ ta½ katha½ sutv± “bhavissati nu kho rañño putto, ud±hu no”ti dibbacakkhun± olokento “mahiddhiko devaputto cavitv± aggamahesiy± sudhamm±ya kucchimhi nibbattissat²”ti disv± “aj±nant± gabbha½ n±seyyu½, ±cikkhiss±mi t±va nan”ti tumh±ka½ kathanatth±ya ±gato, kathita½ vo may±, gacch±mahan”ti. R±j± “bhante, na sakk± gantun”ti haµµhatuµµho pasannacitto kuhakat±pasa½ uyy±na½ netv± vasanaµµh±na½ sa½vidahitv± ad±si. So tato paµµh±ya r±jakule bhuñjanto vasati, “dibbacakkhuko”tvevassa n±ma½ ahosi.
Tad± bodhisatto t±vati½sabhavanato cavitv± tattha paµisandhi½ gaºhi, j±tassa ca n±maggahaºadivase “somanasso”ti n±ma½ kari½su. So kum±raparih±rena va¹¹hati. Kuhakat±pasopi uyy±nassa ekapasse n±nappak±ra½ s³peyyas±kañca phalavalli-±dayo ca ropetv± paººik±na½ hatthe vikkiºanto dhana½ sa½harati. Atha bodhisattassa sattavassikak±le rañño paccanto kupito. So “t±ta, dibbacakkhut±pase m± pamajj±”ti kum±ra½ paµicch±petv± paccanta½ v³pasametu½ gato.
10-13. Athekadivasa½ kum±ro “jaµila½ passiss±m²”ti uyy±na½ gantv± k³µajaµila½ eka½ gandhikak±s±va½ niv±setv± eka½ p±rupitv± ubhohi hatthehi dve ghaµe gahetv± s±kavatthusmi½ udaka½ siñcanta½ disv± “aya½ k³µajaµilo attano samaºadhamma½ akatv± paººikakamma½ karot²”ti ñatv± “ki½ karosi paººikagahapatik±”ti ta½ lajj±petv± avanditv± eva nikkhami.
K³µajaµilo “aya½ id±neva evar³po, pacch± ‘ko j±n±ti ki½ karissat²’ti id±neva na½ n±setu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± rañño ±gamanak±le p±s±ºaphalaka½ ekamanta½ khipitv± p±n²yaghaµa½ bhinditv± paººas±l±ya tiº±ni vikiritv± sar²ra½ telena makkhetv± paººas±la½ pavisitv± sas²sa½ p±rupitv± mah±dukkhappatto viya mañce nipajji. R±j± ±gantv± nagara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± nivesana½ apavisitv±va “mama s±mika½ dibbacakkhuka½ passiss±m²”ti paººas±ladv±ra½ gantv± ta½ vippak±ra½ disv± “ki½ nu kho etan”ti anto pavisitv± ta½ nipannaka½ disv± p±de parimajjanto pucchi– “kena, tva½ bhante, eva½ viheµhito, kamajja yamaloka½ nemi, ta½ me s²gha½ ±cikkh±”ti.
Ta½ sutv± k³µajaµilo nitthunanto uµµh±ya diµµho, mah±r±ja, tva½ me, passitv± tayi viss±sena aha½ ima½ vippak±ra½ patto, tava puttenamhi eva½ viheµhitoti. Ta½ sutv± r±j± coragh±take ±º±pesi– “gacchatha kum±rassa s²sa½ chinditv± sar²rañcassa khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ chinditv± rathiy± rathiya½ vikirath±”ti. Te m±tar± alaªkaritv± attano aªke nis²d±pita½ kum±ra½ ±ka¹¹hi½su– “raññ± te vadho ±ºatto”ti. Kum±ro maraºabhayatajjito m±tu aªkato vuµµh±ya– “rañño ma½ dassetha, santi r±jakicc±n²”ti ±ha. Te kum±rassa vacana½ sutv± m±retu½ avisahant± goºa½ viya rajjuy± parika¹¹hant± netv± rañño dassesu½. Tena vutta½ “tamaha½ disv±na kuhakan”ti-±di.
Tattha thusar±si½va ataº¹ulanti taº¹ulakaºehi virahita½ thusar±si½ viya, duma½va rukkha½ viya, anto mah±susira½. Kadali½va as±raka½ s²l±dis±rarahita½ t±pasa½ aha½ disv± natthi imassa sata½ s±dh³na½ jh±n±didhammo. Kasm±? S±maññ± samaºabh±v± s²lamattatopi apagato parih²no aya½, tath± hi aya½ hir²sukkadhammajahito pajahitahirisaªkh±tasukkadhammo. J²vitavuttik±raº±ti “kevala½ j²vitasseva hetu aya½ t±pasaliªgena carat²”ti cintesinti dasseti. Parantih²ti paranto paccanto niv±sabh³to etesa½ atth²ti parantino, s²mantarikav±sino. Tehi parant²hi aµavikehi paccantadeso khobhito ahosi. Ta½ paccantakopa½ nisedhetu½ v³pasametu½ gacchanto mama pit± kurur±j± “t±ta somanassakum±ra, mayha½ s±mika½ uggat±pana½ ghoratapa½ paramasantindriya½ jaµila½ m± pamajji. So hi amh±ka½ sabbak±madado, tasm± yadicchaka½ cittaruciya½ tassa citt±nuk³la½ pavattehi anuvatteh²”ti tad± ma½ anus±s²ti dasseti.
14. Tamaha½ gantv±nupaµµh±nanti pitu vacana½ anatikkanto ta½ k³µat±pasa½ upaµµh±nattha½ gantv± ta½ s±kavatthusmi½ udaka½ ±siñcanta½ disv± “paººiko ayan”ti ca ñatv± kacci te, gahapati, kusalanti, gahapati, te sar²rassa kacci kusala½ kusalameva, tath± hi s±kavatthusmi½ udaka½ ±siñcasi. Ki½ v± tava hirañña½ v± suvaººa½ v± ±har²yatu, tath± hi paººikavutti½ anutiµµhas²ti ida½ vacana½ abh±si½.
15. Tena so kupito ±s²ti tena may± vuttagahapativ±dena so m±nanissito m±na½ all²no kuhako mayha½ kupito kuddho ahosi. Kuddho ca sam±no “gh±t±pemi tuva½ ajja, raµµh± pabb±jay±mi v±”ti ±ha.
Tattha tuva½ ajj±ti, tva½ ajja, id±niyeva rañño ±gatak±leti attho.
16. Nisedhayitv± paccantanti paccanta½ v³pasametv± nagara½ apaviµµho taªkhaºaññeva uyy±na½ gantv± kuhaka½ kuhakat±pasa½ kacci te, bhante, khaman²ya½, samm±no te pavattitoti kum±rena te samm±no pavattito ahosi.
17. Kum±ro yath± n±siyoti yath± kum±ro n±siyo n±setabbo gh±t±petabbo, tath± so p±po tassa rañño ±cikkhi. ¾º±pes²ti mayha½ s±mike imasmi½ dibbacakkhut±pase sati ki½ mama na nipphajjati, tasm± puttena me attho natthi, tatopi ayameva seyyoti cintetv± ±º±pesi.
18. Kinti S²sa½ tattheva chinditv±ti yasmi½ µh±ne ta½ kum±ra½ passatha, tattheva tassa s²sa½ chinditv± sar²rañcassa katv±na catukhaº¹ika½ caturo khaº¹e katv± rathiy± rathiya½ n²yant± v²thito v²thi½ vikkhipant± dassetha. Kasm±? S± gati jaµilah²¼it±ti yehi aya½ jaµilo h²¼ito, tesa½ jaµilah²¼it±na½ s± gati s± nipphatti so vip±koti. Jaµilah²¼it±ti v± jaµilah²¼anahetu s± tassa nipphatt²ti evañcettha attho daµµhabbo.
19. Tatth±ti tassa rañño ±º±ya½, tasmi½ v± t±pasassa paribhave. K±raºik±ti gh±tak±, coragh±tak±ti attho. Caº¹±ti kur³r±. Ludd±ti sud±ruº±. Ak±ruº±ti tasseva vevacana½ kata½. “Akaruº±”tipi p±¼i, nikkaruº±ti attho. M±tu aªke nisinnass±ti mama m±tu sudhamm±ya deviy± ucchaªge nisinnassa. “Nisinnass±”ti an±dare s±mivacana½. ¾ka¹¹hitv± nayanti manti m±tar± alaªkaritv± attano aªke nis²d±pita½ ma½ r±j±º±ya te coragh±tak± goºa½ viya rajjuy± ±ka¹¹hitv± ±gh±tana½ nayanti. Kum±re pana n²yam±ne d±sigaºaparivut± saddhi½ orodhehi sudhamm± dev² n±gar±pi “maya½ nirapar±dha½ kum±ra½ m±retu½ na dass±m±”ti tena saddhi½yeva agama½su.
20. Bandhata½ g±¼habandhananti g±¼habandhana½ bandhant±na½ tesa½ k±raºikapuris±na½. R±jakiriy±ni atthi meti may± rañño vattabb±ni r±jakicc±ni atthi. Tasm± rañño dassetha ma½ khippanti tesa½ aha½ eva½ vacana½ avaca½.
21. Rañño dassayi½su, p±passa p±pasevinoti attan± p±pas²lassa l±mak±c±rassa k³µat±pasassa sevanato p±pasevino rañño ma½ dassayi½su. Disv±na ta½ saññ±pesinti ta½ mama pitara½ kurur±j±na½ passitv± “kasm± ma½, deva, m±r±pes²”ti vatv± tena “kasm± ca pana tva½ mayha½ s±mika½ dibbacakkhut±pasa½ gahapativ±dena samud±cari. Idañcidañca vippak±ra½ kar²”ti vutte “deva, gahapatiññeva ‘gahapat²’ti vadantassa ko mayha½ doso”ti vatv± tassa n±n±vidh±ni m±l±vacch±ni ropetv± pupphapaººaphal±phal±d²na½ vikkiºana½ hatthato cassa t±ni devasika½ vikkiºantehi m±l±k±rapaººikehi saddah±petv± “m±l±vatthupaººavatth³ni upadh±reth±”ti vatv± paººas±lañcassa pavisitv± pupph±divikkiyaladdha½ kah±paºakabhaº¹ika½ attano purisehi n²har±petv± r±j±na½ saññ±pesi½ tassa k³µat±pasabh±va½ j±n±pesi½. Mamañca vasam±nayinti tena saññ±panena “sacca½ kho pana kum±ro vadati, aya½ k³µat±paso pubbe appiccho viya hutv± id±ni mah±pariggaho j±to”ti yath± tasmi½ nibbinno mama vase vattati, eva½ r±j±na½ mama vasam±nesi½.
Tato mah±satto “evar³passa b±lassa rañño santike vasanato himavanta½ pavisitv± pabbajitu½ yuttan”ti cintetv± r±j±na½ ±pucchi– “na me, mah±r±ja, idha v±sena attho, anuj±n±tha ma½ pabbajiss±m²”ti. R±j± “t±ta, may± anupadh±retv±va te vadho ±ºatto, khama mayha½ apar±dhan”ti mah±satta½ kham±petv± “ajjeva ima½ rajja½ paµipajj±h²”ti ±ha. Kum±ro “deva, kimatthi m±nusakesu bhogesu, aha½ pubbe d²gharatta½ dibbabhogasampattiyo anubhavi½, na tatth±pi me saªgo, pabbajiss±mev±ha½, na t±disassa b±lassa paraneyyabuddhino santike vas±m²”ti vatv± ta½ ovadanto–
“Anisamma kata½ kamma½, anavatth±ya cintita½;
bhesajjasseva vebhaªgo, vip±ko hoti p±pako.
“Nisamma ca kata½ kamma½, samm±vatth±ya cintita½;
bhesajjasseva sampatti, vip±ko hoti bhadrako.
“Alaso gih² k±mabhog² na s±dhu, asaññato pabbajito na s±dhu;
r±j± na s±dhu anisammak±r², yo paº¹ito kodhano ta½ na s±dhu.
“Nisamma khattiyo kayir±, n±nisamma disampati;
nisammak±rino r±ja, yaso kitti ca va¹¹hati.
“Nisamma daº¹a½ paºayeyya issaro, veg± kata½ tappati bh³mip±la;
samm±paº²dh² ca narassa atth±, an±nutapp± te bhavanti pacch±.
“An±nutapp±ni hi ye karonti, vibhajja kamm±yatan±ni loke;
viññuppasatth±ni sukhudray±ni, bhavanti buddh±numat±ni t±ni.
“¾gacchu½ dov±rik± khaggabandh±, k±s±viy± hantu mama½ janinda;
m±tuñca aªkasmimaha½ nisinno, ±ka¹¹hito sahas± tehi deva.
“Kaµukañhi samb±dha½ sukiccha½ patto, madhurampiya½ j²vita½ laddha r±ja;
kicchenaha½ ajja vadh± pamutto, pabbajjamev±bhimanohamasm²”ti. (J±. 1.15.227-234)–

Im±hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi.

Tattha anisamm±ti anupadh±retv±. Anavatth±y±ti avavatthapetv±. Vebhaªgoti vipatti. Vip±koti nipphatti. Asaññatoti asa½vuto duss²lo. Paºayeyy±ti paµµhapeyya. Veg±ti vegena sahas±. Samm±paº²dh² c±ti samm±paºidhin±, yoniso µhapitena cittena kat± narassa atth± pacch± an±nutapp± bhavant²ti attho. Vibhajj±ti im±ni k±tu½ yutt±ni, im±ni ayutt±n²ti eva½ paññ±ya vibhajitv±. Kamm±yatan±n²ti kamm±ni. Buddh±numat±n²ti paº¹itehi anumat±ni anavajj±ni honti. Kaµukanti dukkha½ as±ta½, samb±dha½ sukiccha½ maraºabhaya½ pattomhi. Laddh±ti attano ñ±ºabalena j²vita½ labhitv±. Pabbajjamev±bhimanoti pabbajj±bhimukhacitto ev±hamasmi.
Eva½ mah±sattena dhamme desite r±j± devi½ ±mantesi– “devi, tva½ putta½ nivatteh²”ti. Dev²pi kum±rassa pabbajjameva rocesi. Mah±satto m±t±pitaro vanditv± “sace mayha½ doso atthi, ta½ khamath±”ti kham±petv± mah±jana½ ±pucchitv± himavant±bhimukho agam±si. Gate ca pana mah±satte mah±jano k³µajaµila½ pothetv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi. Bodhisattopi san±garehi amaccap±risajj±d²hi r±japurisehi assumukhehi anubandhiyam±no te nivattesi. Manussesu nivattesu manussavaººen±gantv± devat±hi n²to satta pabbatar±jiyo atikkamitv± himavante vissakammun± nimmit±ya paººas±l±ya isipabbajja½ pabbaji. Tena vutta½–
22. “So ma½ tattha kham±pesi, mah±rajja½ ad±si me;
soha½ tama½ d±layitv±, pabbaji½ anag±riyan”ti.
Tattha tama½ d±layitv±ti k±m±d²navadassanassa paµipakkhabh³ta½ sammohatama½ vidhamitv±. Pabbajinti up±gacchi½. Anag±riyanti pabbajja½.
23. Id±ni yadattha½ tad± ta½ r±jissariya½ pariccatta½, ta½ dassetu½ “na me dessan”ti os±nag±tham±ha. Tassattho vuttanayova.
Eva½ pana mah±satte pabbajite y±va so¼asavassak±l± r±jakule paric±rikavesena devat±yeva na½ upaµµhahi½su. So tattha jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± brahmalok³pago ahosi.
Tad± kuhako devadatto ahosi, m±t± mah±m±y±, mah±rakkhitat±paso s±riputtatthero, somanassakum±ro lokan±tho.
Tassa yudhañjayacariy±ya½ (cariy±. 3.1 ±dayo) vuttanayeneva dasa p±ramiyo niddh±retabb±. Idh±pi nekkhammap±ram² atisayavat²ti s± eva desana½ ±ru¼h±. Tath± sattavassikak±le eva r±jakiccesu samatthat±, tassa t±pasassa k³µajaµilabh±vapariggaºhana½, tena payuttena raññ± vadhe ±ºatte sant±s±bh±vo, rañño santika½ gantv± n±n±nayehi tassa sadosata½ attano ca nirapar±dhata½ mah±janassa majjhe pak±setv± rañño ca paraneyyabuddhita½ b±labh±vañca paµµhapetv± tena kham±pitepi tassa santike v±sato rajjissariyato ca sa½vegam±pajjitv± n±nappak±ra½ y±ciyam±nenapi hatthagata½ rajjasiri½ khe¼apiº¹a½ viya cha¹¹etv± katthaci alaggacittena hutv± pabbajana½, pabbajitv± pavivek±r±mena hutv± nacirasseva appakasirena jh±n±bhiññ±nibbattananti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Somanassacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.