Tato aparepi koº¹aññabhagavanta½ ±di½ katv± anukkamena uppann± y±va kassapadasabalapariyos±n± samm±sambuddh± mah±satta½ “buddho bhavissat²”ti by±kari½su. Iti amh±ka½ bodhisattassa p±ramiyo p³rentasseva catuv²sati samm±sambuddh± uppann±. Yasmi½ pana kappe d²paªkaradasabalo udap±di, tasmi½ aññepi tayo buddh± ahesu½. Tesa½ santike bodhisattassa by±karaºa½ n±hosi, tasm± te idha na gahit±. Por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ pana tamh± kapp± paµµh±ya sabbabuddhe dassetu½ ida½ vutta½–
“Taºhaªkaro medhaªkaro, athopi saraºaªkaro;
d²paªkaro ca sambuddho, koº¹añño dvipaduttamo.
“Maªgalo ca sumano ca, revato sobhito muni;
anomadass² padumo, n±rado padumuttaro.
“Sumedho ca suj±to ca, piyadass² mah±yaso;
atthadass² dhammadass², siddhattho lokan±yako.
“Tisso phusso ca sambuddho, vipass² sikhi vessabh³;
kakusandho koº±gamano, kassapo c±pi n±yako.
“Ete ahesu½ sambuddh±, v²tar±g± sam±hit±;
satara½s²va uppann±, mah±tamavinodan±;
jalitv± aggikkhandh±va, nibbut± te sas±vak±”ti. (J±. aµµha. 1.d³renid±nakath±; apa. aµµha. 1.d³renid±nakath±).
Tattha d²paªkaradasabalassa ca koº¹aññadasabalassa ca antare mah±kapp±na½ eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ buddhasuñño loko ahosi, tath± bhagavato koº¹aññassa ca bhagavato maªgalassa ca antare, tath± bhagavato sobhitassa ca bhagavato anomadassissa ca antare, tath± bhagavato n±radassa ca bhagavato padumuttarassa ca antare. Vuttañheta½ buddhava½se (bu. va½. 28.3, 4, 6, 9)–
“D²paªkarassa bhagavato, koº¹aññassa ca satthuno;
etesa½ antar± kapp±, gaºan±to asaªkhiy±.
“Koº¹aññassa aparena, maªgalo n±ma n±yako;
tesampi antar± kapp±, gaºan±to asaªkhiy±.
“Sobhitassa aparena, anomadass² mah±yaso;
tesampi antar± kapp±, gaºan±to asaªkhiy±.
“N±radassa bhagavato, padumuttarassa satthuno;
tesampi antar± kapp±, gaºan±to asaªkhiy±”ti.
Eva½ gaºan±t²tat±ya asaªkhyeyyattepi cat³su µh±nesu mah±kapp±na½ gaºan±tikkamena “caturo ca asaªkhiye”ti vutta½, na saªkhy±visesen±ti veditabba½. Yasm± pana padumuttaradasabalassa ca sumedhadasabalassa ca antare ti½sakappasahass±ni, suj±tadasabalassa ca piyadass²dasabalassa ca antare navasahass±dhik±na½ kapp±na½ saµµhisahass±ni dv±s²tuttar±ni aµµha ca sat±ni, dhammadass²dasabalassa ca siddhatthadasabalassa ca antare v²sati kapp±, siddhatthadasabalassa ca tissadasabalassa ca antare eko kappo bhagavato vipassissa ca bhagavato sikhissa ca antare saµµhi kapp±, bhagavato ca vessabhussa bhagavato ca kakusandhassa antare ti½sa kapp±, iti padumuttaradasabalassa uppannakappato paµµh±ya heµµh± tesa½ tesa½ buddh±na½ uppannakappehi imin± ca bhaddakappena saddhi½ satasahassamah±kapp±. Te sandh±ya vutta½ “kappe ca satasahasse”ti. Imasmi½ panatthe vitth±riyam±ne sabba½ buddhava½sap±¼i½ ±haritv± sa½vaººetabba½ hot²ti ativitth±rabh²rukassa mah±janassa citta½ anurakkhant± na vitth±rayimha. Atthikehi buddhava½sato (bu. va½. 1.1 ±dayo) gahetabbo. Yopi cettha vattabbo kath±maggo, sopi aµµhas±liniy± (dha. sa. aµµha. sumedhakath±) dhammasaªgahavaººan±ya j±takaµµhakath±ya (j±. aµµha. 1.d³renid±nakath±) ca vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Etthantareti ettha antarasaddo–
“Nad²t²resu saºµh±ne, sabh±su rathiy±su ca;
jan± saªgamma mantenti, mañca tañca kimantaran”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.228)–

¾d²su k±raºe ±gato. “Addas± kho ma½, bhante, aññatar± itth² vijjantarik±ya bh±jana½ dhovant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.149) khaºe, vijjuniccharaºakkhaºeti attho. “Yassantarato na santi kop±”ti-±d²su (ud±. 20) citte. “Antar± ca gaya½ antar± ca bodhin”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.285; mah±va. 11) vivare. “Na upajjh±yassa bhaºam±nassa antarantar± kath± op±tetabb±”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 66) vemajjhe. Idh±pi vemajjheyeva daµµhabbo (d². ni. aµµha. 1.1; a. ni. aµµha. 2.4.36), tasm± etasmi½ antare vemajjheti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yasmi½ mah±kappe amh±ka½ bhagav± sumedhapaº¹ito hutv± d²paªkarassa bhagavato p±dam³le–

“Manussatta½ liªgasampatti, hetu satth±radassana½;
pabbajj± guºasampatti, adhik±ro ca chandat±”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.59)–

Eva½ vuttehi aµµhahi aªgehi samann±gata½ mah±bhin²h±ra½ ak±si, samatti½sa p±ramiyo pavicini sam±diyi, sabbepi buddhak±rake dhamme samp±detu½ ±rabhi, yamhi cetasmi½ bhaddakappe sabbaso p³ritap±ram² hutv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhi. Imesa½ dvinna½ mah±kapp±na½ antare yath±vuttaparicchede k±laviseseti. Katha½ paneta½ viññ±yat²ti? “Kappe ca satasahasse, caturo ca asaªkhiye”ti idañhi mah±kapp±na½ paricchedato aparicchedato ca saªkhy±dassana½. S± kho pan±ya½ saªkhy± saªkhyeyyassa ±dipariyos±naggahaºa½ vin± na sambhavat²ti yattha bodhisambh±r±nam±rambho yattha ca te pariyosit± tadubhayampi avadhibh±vena “etthantare”ti ettha atthato dassitanti viññ±yati. Avadhi ca pan±ya½ abhividhivasena veditabbo, na mariy±d±vasena, ±rambhos±nakapp±na½ ekadesena antogadhatt±. Nanu ca nippadesena tesa½ apariy±d±nato abhividhi ca idha na sambhavat²ti? Na idameva½ tadekadesepi tabboh±rato. Yo hi tadekadesabh³to kappo, so nippadesato pariy±dinnoti.

Ya½ carita½, sabba½ ta½ bodhip±cananti ettha caritanti cariy±, samatti½sap±ramisaªgah± d±nas²l±dipaµipatti, ñ±tatthacariy±lokatthacariy±buddhatthacariy±na½ tadantogadhatt±. Tath± y± cim± aµµha cariy±, seyyathida½– paºidhisampann±na½ cat³su iriy±pathesu iriy±pathacariy±, indriyesu guttadv±r±na½ ajjhattik±yatanesu ±yatanacariy±, appam±davih±r²na½ cat³su satipaµµh±nesu saticariy±, adhicittamanuyutt±na½ cat³su jh±nesu sam±dhicariy±, buddhisampann±na½ cat³su ariyasaccesu ñ±ºacariy±, samm± paµipann±na½ cat³su ariyamaggesu maggacariy±, adhigataphal±na½ cat³su s±maññaphalesu patticariy±, tiººa½ buddh±na½ sabbasattesu lokatthacariy±ti. Tattha padesato dvinna½ bodhisatt±na½ paccekabuddhabuddhas±vak±nañca lokatthacariy±, mah±bodhisatt±na½ pana samm±sambuddh±nañca nippadesato. Vuttañheta½ niddese (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 121; paµi. ma. 1.197) “cariy±ti aµµha cariy±yo iriy±pathacariy± ±yatanacariy±”ti vitth±ro. “Adhimuccanto saddh±ya carati, paggaºhanto v²riyena carati, upaµµhahanto satiy± carati, avikkhipanto sam±dhin± carati, paj±nanto paññ±ya carati, vij±nanto viññ±ºena carati, evampi paµipannassa kusal± dhamm± ±yatant²ti ±yatanacariy±ya carati, evampi paµipanno visesamadhigacchat²ti visesacariy±ya carat²”ti y± im± apar±pi aµµha cariy± vutt±, t±sa½ sabb±sa½ p±ramit±sveva samorodho veditabbo. Tena vutta½ “caritanti cariy±, samatti½sap±ramisaªgah± d±nas²l±dipaµipatt²”ti. Hetucariy±ya eva pana idh±dhippetatt± maggacariy±patticariy±na½ idha anavarodho veditabbo. Tena vutta½ “sabba½ ta½ bodhip±canan”ti.
Tattha sabba-saddo sabbasabba½ ±yatanasabba½ sakk±yasabba½ padesasabbanti cat³su atthesu dissati. Tath± hi “sabbe dhamm± sabb±k±rena buddhassa bhagavato ñ±ºamukhe ±p±tham±gacchant²”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 156; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85) sabbasabbasmi½. “Sabba½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi ta½ suº±tha, kiñca, bhikkhave, sabba½ cakkhuñceva r³p± ca…pe… mano ceva dhamm± c±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.23) ettha ±yatanasabbasmi½. “Sabba½ sabbato sañj±n±t²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.6) sakk±yasabbasmi½. “Sabbesampi vo, s±riputta, subh±sita½ pariy±yen±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.345) padesasabbasmi½. Idh±pi padesasabbasmi½ eva veditabbo, bodhisambh±rabh³tassa caritassa adhippetatt±.
Bodh²ti rukkhopi ariyamaggopi nibb±nampi sabbaññutaññ±ºampi. “Bodhirukkham³le paµham±bhisambuddho”ti (mah±va. 1; ud±. 1) ca “antar± ca gaya½ antar± ca bodhin”ti (ma. ni. 1.285; mah±va. 11) ca ±gataµµh±ne bujjhati etth±ti rukkho bodhi. “Bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddesa 121) ±gataµµh±ne catt±ri ariyasacc±ni bujjhati eten±ti ariyamaggo bodhi. “Patv±na bodhi½ amata½ asaªkhatan”ti ±gataµµh±ne bujjhati etasmi½ nimittabh³teti nibb±na½ bodhi. “Pappoti bodhi½ varabh³rimedhaso”ti (d². ni. 3.217) ±gataµµh±ne sabbe dhamme sabb±k±rena bujjhati eten±ti sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ bodhi. Idh±pi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ adhippeta½. Arahattamaggasabbaññutaññ±º±ni v± idha bodh²ti veditabb±ni (p±r±. aµµha. 1.11), mah±bodhiy± adhippetatt± bhagavato. ¾savakkhayañ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañca ±savakkhayañ±ºa½ “mah±bodh²”ti vuccati. Etth±ya½ saªkhepattho– yath±vuttak±laparicchede ya½ mama d±n±s²l±dipaµipattisaªkh±ta½ carita½, ta½ sabba½ anavasesa½ mah±bodhiy± p±cana½ s±dhaka½ nibbattakanti. Etena bodhisambh±r±na½ nirantarabh±vana½ dasseti. Atha v± sabbanti etthantare yath±vuttak±laparicchede ya½ carita½, ta½ sabba½ sakalameva anavasesa½ bodhisambh±rabh³tameva. Etena sabbasambh±rabh±vana½ dasseti.
Tasso hi bodhisambh±resu bh±van± sabbasambh±rabh±van± nirantarabh±van± cirak±labh±van± sakkaccabh±van± c±ti. T±su “kappe ca satasahasse, caturo ca asaªkhiye”ti imin± cirak±labh±van± vutt±. Yo cettha accantasa½yogo, tena paµhame atthavikappe sabbaggahaºena ca nirantarabh±van±, dutiye atthavikappe sabba½ caritan”ti imin± sabbasambh±rabh±van±, bodhip±canan”ti imin± sakkaccabh±van± vutt± hoti, yath± ta½ carita½ samm±sambodhi½ p±ceti eva½bh³tabh±vad²panato. Tath± hi ta½ “bodhip±canan”ti vattabbata½ arahati, na aññath±ti. Katha½ panettha bodhicariy±ya nirantarabh±vo veditabbo? Yadi cittanirantarat±ya ta½ na yujjati, na hi mah±bodhisatt±na½ mah±bhin²h±rato uddha½ bodhisambh±rasambharaºacittato añña½ citta½ nappavattat²ti sakk± vattu½. Atha kiriyamayacittappavatti½ sandh±ya vucceyya, evampi na yujjati, na hi sabb±ni tesa½ kiriyamayacitt±ni bodhisambh±rasambharaºavaseneva pavattanti. Eteneva payoganirantarat±pi paµikkhitt±ti daµµhabb±. J±tinirantarat±ya pana nirantarabh±van± veditabb±. Yassañhi j±tiya½ mah±bodhisattena mah±paºidh±na½ nibbattita½, tato paµµh±ya y±va carimattabh±v± na s± n±ma j±ti upalabbhati, y± sabbena sabba½ bodhisambh±rasambhat± na siy± antamaso d±nap±ramimatta½ up±d±ya. Ayañhi niyatipatthit±na½ bodhisatt±na½ dhammat±. Y±va ca te kamm±d²su vas²bh±va½ na p±puºanti, t±va sappadesampi sambh±resu payogam±pajjanti. Yad± pana sabbaso kamm±d²su vas²bh±vappatt± honti, atha tato paµµh±ya nippadesato eva bodhisambh±resu sam²hana½ s±taccakiriy± ca sampajjati. Sakkaccak±rit± pana sabbak±la½ hoti, eva½ yena yena bodhisatt±na½ tattha tattha yath±dhipp±ya½ samijjhana½ sampajjat²ti. Evamet±ya g±th±ya bodhisambh±resu sabbasambh±rabh±van± cirak±labh±van± nirantarabh±van± sakkaccabh±van± c±ti catassopi bh±van± pak±sit±ti veditabb±.
Tatra yasm± bodhisattacarita½ bodhisambh±r± bodhicariy± aggay±na½ p±ramiyoti atthato eka½, byañjanameva n±na½, yasm± ca parato vibh±gena vakkham±n±na½ d±nap±rami-±d²na½ caritanti ida½ avisesavacana½, tasm± sabbabodhisambh±resu kosallajananattha½ p±ramiyo idha sa½vaººetabb±. T± parato pakiººakakath±ya½ sabb±k±rena sa½vaººayiss±ma.
2. Iti bhagav± attano bodhisattabh³miya½ carita½ ±rambhato paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± mah±bodhiy± parip±canamev±ti avisesato dassetv± id±ni tassa paramukka½sagamanena atisayato bodhiparip±canabh±va½ dassetu½ imasmi½ bhaddakappe katipay± pubbacariy± vibh±gato vibh±vento “at²takappe”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha at²takappeti ito purime purimatare v± sabbasmi½ atikkante yath±vuttaparicchede mah±kappe, kapp±na½ satasahass±dhikesu cat³su asaªkhyeyyes³ti attho. Caritanti ciººa½ d±n±dipaµipatti½. Ýhapayitv±ti muñcitv± aggahetv±, avatv±ti attho. Bhav±bhaveti bhave ca abhave ca, “itibhav±bhavakathan”ti (d². ni. 1.17) ettha hi vuddhih±niyo bhav±bhav±ti vutt±. “Itibhav±bhavatañca v²tivatto”ti (ud±. 20) ettha sampattivipattivuddhih±nisassatucchedapuññap±p±nibhav±bhav±ti adhippet±ni. “Itibhav±bhavahetu v±, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjat²”ti (a. ni. 4.9; itivu. 105) ettha pana paº²tapaº²tatar±ni sappinavan²t±dibhesajj±ni bhav±bhav±ti adhippet±ni. Sampattibhavesu paº²tatar± paº²tatam± bhav±bhav±tipi vadanti eva, tasm± idh±pi so eva attho veditabbo, khuddake ceva mahante ca bhavasminti vutta½ hoti. Imamhi kappeti imasmi½ bhaddakappe. Pavakkhissanti kathayissa½. Suºoh²ti dhammasen±pati½ savane niyojeti. Meti mama santike, mama bh±satoti attho.

Nid±nakath± niµµhit±.