3. Yudhañjayavaggo

1. Yudhañjayacariy±vaººan±

1. Tatiyavaggassa paµhame amitayasoti aparimitapariv±ravibhavo. R±japutto yudhañjayoti rammanagare sabbadattassa n±ma rañño putto n±mena yudhañjayo n±ma.
Ayañhi b±r±ºas² udayaj±take (j±. 1.11.37 ±dayo) surundhananagara½ n±ma j±t±. C³¼asutasomaj±take(j±. 2.17.195 ±dayo) sudassana½ n±ma, soºanandaj±take (j±. 2.20.92 ±dayo) brahmava¹¹hana½ n±ma, khaº¹ah±laj±take(j±. 2.22.982 ±dayo) pupphavat² n±ma, imasmi½ pana yudhañjayaj±take (j±. 1.11.73 ±dayo) rammanagara½ n±ma ahosi, evamassa kad±ci n±ma½ parivattati. Tena vutta½– “r±japuttoti rammanagare sabbadattassa n±ma rañño putto”ti. Tassa pana rañño puttasahassa½ ahosi. Bodhisatto jeµµhaputto, tassa r±j± uparajja½ ad±si. So heµµh± vuttanayeneva divase divase mah±d±na½ pavattesi. Eva½ gacchante k±le bodhisatto ekadivasa½ p±tova rathavara½ abhiruhitv± mahantena sirivibhavena uyy±nak²¼a½ gacchanto rukkhaggatiºaggas±khaggamakkaµakasuttaj±l±d²su mutt±j±l±k±rena lagge uss±vabind³ disv± “samma s±rathi, ki½ n±metan”ti pucchitv± “ete, deva, himasamaye patanaka-uss±vabind³ n±m±”ti sutv± divasabh±ga½ uyy±ne k²¼itv± s±yanhak±le pacc±gacchanto te adisv± “samma s±rathi, kaha½ te uss±vabind³, na te id±ni pass±m²”ti pucchitv± “deva, s³riye uggacchante sabbe bhijjitv± vilaya½ gacchant²”ti sutv± “yath± ime uppajjitv± bhijjanti, eva½ imesa½ satt±na½ j²vitasaªkh±r±pi tiºagge uss±vabindusadis±va, tasm± may± by±dhijar±maraºehi ap²¼iteneva m±t±pitaro ±pucchitv± pabbajitu½ vaµµat²”ti uss±vabindumeva ±rammaºa½ katv± ±ditte viya tayo bhave passanto attano geha½ ±gantv± alaªkatapaµiyatt±ya vinicchayas±l±ya nisinnassa pitu santikameva gantv± pitara½ vanditv± ekamanta½ µhito pabbajja½ y±ci. Tena vutta½–
“Uss±vabindu½ s³riy±tape, patita½ disv±na sa½viji½.
2. “Taññev±dhipati½ katv±, sa½vegamanubr³hayi½;
m±t±pit³ ca vanditv±, pabbajjamanuy±cahan”ti.
Tattha s³riy±tapeti s³riy±tapahetu, s³riyarasmisamphassanimitta½. “S³riy±tapen±”tipi p±µho. Patita½ disv±n±ti vinaµµha½ passitv±, pubbe rukkhagg±d²su mutt±j±l±di-±k±rena lagga½ hutv± dissam±na½ s³riyarasmisamphassena vinaµµha½ paññ±cakkhun± oloketv±. Sa½vijinti yath± et±ni, eva½ satt±na½ j²vit±nipi lahu½ lahu½ bhijjam±nasabh±v±n²ti aniccat±manasik±ravasena sa½vegam±pajji½.
Taññev±dhipati½ katv±, sa½vegamanubr³hayinti taññeva uss±vabind³na½ aniccata½ adhipati½ mukha½ pubbaªgama½ purec±rika½ katv± tatheva sabbasaªkh±r±na½ ittaraµµhitikata½ parittak±lata½ manasikaronto ekav±ra½ uppanna½ sa½vega½ punappuna½ upp±danena anuva¹¹hesi½. Pabbajjamanuy±cahanti “tiºagge uss±vabind³ viya na ciraµµhitike satt±na½ j²vite may± by±dhijar±maraºehi anabhibh³teneva pabbajitv± yattha et±ni na santi, ta½ amata½ mah±nibb±na½ gavesitabban”ti cintetv± m±t±pitaro upasaªkamitv± vanditv± “pabbajja½ me anuj±n±th±”ti te aha½ pabbajja½ y±ci½. Eva½ mah±sattena pabbajj±ya y±cit±ya sakalanagare mahanta½ kol±halamahosi– “upar±j± kira yudhañjayo pabbajituk±mo”ti
Tena ca samayena k±siraµµhav±sino r±j±na½ daµµhu½ ±gantv± rammake paµivasanti. Te sabbepi sannipati½su. Iti sapariso r±j± negam± ceva j±napad± ca bodhisattassa m±t± dev² ca sabbe ca orodh± mah±satta½ “m± kho tva½, t±ta kum±ra, pabbaj²”ti niv±resu½. Tattha r±j± “sace te k±mehi ³na½, aha½ te parip³ray±mi, ajjeva rajja½ paµipajj±h²”ti ±ha. Tassa mah±satto–
“M± ma½ deva niv±rehi, pabbajanta½ rathesabha;
m±ha½ k±mehi sammatto, jar±ya vasamanvag³”ti. (J±. 1.11.77)–

Attano pabbajj±chandameva vatv± ta½ sutv± saddhi½ orodhehi m±tuy± karuºa½ paridevantiy±–

“Uss±vova tiºaggamhi, s³riyuggamana½ pati;
evam±yu manuss±na½, m± ma½ amma niv±ray±”ti. (J±. 1.11.79)–

Attano pabbajj±k±raºa½ kathetv± n±nappak±ra½ tehi y±ciyam±nopi abhisa½va¹¹ham±nasa½vegatt± anosakkitam±naso piyatare mahati ñ±tiparivaµµe u¼±re r±jissariye ca nirapekkhacitto pabbaji. Tena vutta½–

3. “Y±canti ma½ pañjalik±, sanegam± saraµµhak±;
ajjeva putta paµipajja, iddha½ ph²ta½ mah±mahi½.
4. “Sar±jake sahorodhe, sanegame saraµµhake;
karuºa½ paridevante, anapekkho pariccajin”ti.
Tattha pañjalik±ti paggahita-añjalik±. Sanegam± saraµµhak±ti negamehi ceva raµµhav±s²hi ca saddhi½ sabbe r±japuris± “m± kho, tva½ deva, pabbaj²”ti ma½ y±canti. M±t±pitaro pana ajjeva putta paµipajja, g±manigamar±jadh±ni-abhivuddhiy± vepullappattiy± ca, iddha½ vibhavas±rasampattiy± sass±dinipphattiy± ca, ph²ta½ ima½ mah±mahi½ anus±sa, chatta½ uss±petv± rajja½ k±reh²ti y±canti. Eva½ pana saha raññ±ti sar±jake, tath± sahorodhe sanegame saraµµhake mah±jane yath± suºant±nampi pageva passant±na½ mahanta½ k±ruñña½ hoti, eva½ karuºa½ paridevante tattha tattha anapekkho alaggacitto “aha½ tad± pabbajin”ti dasseti.
5-6. Id±ni yadattha½ cakkavattisirisadisa½ rajjasiri½ piyatare ñ±tibandhave pah±ya siniddha½ pariggahaparijana½ lok±bhimata½ mahanta½ yasañca nirapekkho pariccajinti dassetu½ dve g±th± abh±si.
Tattha kevalanti anavasesa½ itth±g±ra½ samuddapariyantañca pathavi½ pabbajj±dhipp±yena cajam±no eva½ me samm±sambodhi sakk± adhigantunti bodhiy±yeva k±raº± na kiñci cintesi½, na tattha ²saka½ lagga½ janesinti attho. Tasm±ti yasm± m±t±pitaro tañca mah±yasa½ rajjañca me na dessa½ piyameva, tato pana sataguºena sahassaguºena satasahassaguºena sabbaññutaññ±ºameva mayha½ piyatara½, tasm± m±t±d²hi saddhi½ rajja½ aha½ tad± pariccajinti.
Tadeta½ sabba½ pariccajitv± pabbajj±ya mah±satte nikkhamante tassa kaniµµhabh±t± yudhiµµhilakum±ro n±ma pitara½ vanditv± pabbajja½ anuj±n±petv± bodhisatta½ anubandhi. Te ubhopi nagar± nikkhamma mah±jana½ nivattetv± himavanta½ pavisitv± manorame µh±ne assamapada½ katv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± vanam³laphal±d²hi y±vaj²va½ y±petv± brahmalokapar±yan± ahesu½. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Ubho kum±r± pabbajit±, yudhañjayo yudhiµµhilo;
pah±ya m±t±pitaro, saªga½ chetv±na maccuno”ti. (J±. 1.11.83).
Tattha saªga½ chetv±na maccunoti maccum±rassa sahak±rik±raºabh³tatt± santaka½ r±gadosamohasaªga½ vikkhambhanavasena chinditv± ubhopi pabbajit±ti.
Tad± m±t±pitaro mah±r±jakul±ni ahesu½, yudhiµµhilakum±ro ±nandatthero, yudhañjayo lokan±tho.
Tassa pabbajjato pubbe pavattitamah±d±n±ni ceva rajj±diparicc±go ca d±nap±ram², k±yavac²sa½varo s²lap±ram², pabbajj± ca jh±n±dhigamo ca nekkhammap±ram², aniccato manasik±ra½ ±di½ katv± abhiññ±dhigamapariyos±n± paññ± d±n±d²na½ upak±r±nupak±radhammapariggaºhanapaññ± ca paññ±p±ram², sabbattha tadatthas±dhana½ v²riya½ v²riyap±ram² ñ±ºakhanti adhiv±sanakhanti ca khantip±ram², paµiññ±ya avisa½v±dana½ saccap±ram², sabbattha acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±na½ adhiµµh±nap±ram², sabbasattesu hitacittat±ya mett±brahmavih±ravasena ca mett±p±ram², sattasaªkh±rakatavippak±ra-upekkhanavasena upekkh±brahmavih±ravasena ca upekkh±p±ram²ti dasa p±ramiyo labbhanti. Visesato pana nekkhammap±ram²ti veditabb±. Tath± akitticariy±ya½ viya idh±pi mah±purisassa acchariyaguº± yath±raha½ niddh±retabb±. Tena vuccati “eva½ acchariy± hete, abbhut± ca mahesino…pe… dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

Yudhañjayacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.