10. Saªkhap±lacariy±vaººan±

85. Dasame saªkhap±loti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho– devabhogasampattisadis±ya mahatiy± n±giddhiy± samann±gatatt± mahiddhiko. Heµµh± dve, upari dveti catasso d±µh± ±vudh± etass±ti d±µh±vudho. Uggatejavisat±ya ghoraviso. N±gayonisiddh±hi dv²hi jivh±hi samann±gatoti dvijivho. Mah±nubh±v±nampi urena gamanato “urag±”ti laddhan±m±na½ n±g±na½ adhipatibh±vato urag±dhibh³.
86. Dvinna½ magg±na½ vinivijjhitv± sandhibh±vena gataµµh±nasaªkh±te catuppathe. Apar±para½ mah±janasañcaraºaµµh±nabh³te mah±magge. Tato eva mah±janasam±kiººabh±vena n±n±janasam±kule. Id±ni vakkham±n±na½ catunna½ aªg±na½ vasena caturo aªge. Adhiµµh±ya adhiµµhahitv±, citte µhapetv±. Yad±ha½ saªkhap±lo n±ma yath±vuttar³po n±gar±j± homi, tad± heµµh± vuttappak±re µh±ne v±sa½ uposathav±savasena niv±sa½ akappayi½ kappesi½.
Mah±satto hi d±nas²l±dipuññapasuto hutv± bodhipariyesanavasena apar±para½ devamanussagat²su sa½saranto kad±ci devabhogasadisasampattike n±gabhavane nibbattitv± saªkhap±lo n±ma n±gar±j± ahosi mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo. So gacchante k±le t±ya sampattiy± vippaµis±r² hutv± manussayoni½ patthento uposathav±sa½ vasi. Athassa n±gabhavane vasantassa uposathav±so na sampajjati, s²la½ sa½kilissati, tena so n±gabhavan± nikkhamitv± kaºhavaºº±ya nadiy± avid³re mah±maggassa ca ekapadikamaggassa ca antare eka½ vammika½ parikkhipitv± uposatha½ adhiµµh±ya c±tuddasapannarasesu sam±dinnas²lo “mama camm±d²ni atthik± gaºhant³”ti att±na½ d±namukhe vissajjetv± nipajjati, p±µipade n±gabhavana½ gacchati. Tena vutta½ “pun±para½ yad± homi, saªkhap±lo”ti-±di. Tassattho vutto eva.
87. Ya½ panettha chaviy± cammen±ti-±dika½ “caturo aªge adhiµµh±y±”ti vutta½ caturaªg±dhiµµh±nadassana½. Chavicamm±ni hi idha ekamaªga½. Eva½ uposathav±sa½ vasantassa mah±sattassa d²gho addh± v²tivatto.
Athekadivasa½ tasmi½ tath± s²la½ sam±diyitv± nipanne so¼asa bhojaputt± “ma½sa½ ±hariss±m±”ti ±vudhahatth± araññe carant± kiñci alabhitv± nikkhamant± ta½ vammikamatthake nipanna½ disv± “maya½ ajja godh±potakampi na labhimh±, ima½ n±gar±j±na½ vadhitv± kh±diss±m±”ti cintetv± “mah± kho panesa gayham±no pal±yeyy±ti yath±nipannaka½yeva na½ bhogesu s³lehi vijjhitv± dubbala½ katv± gaºhiss±m±”ti s³l±ni ±d±ya upasaªkami½su. Bodhisattass±pi sar²ra½ mahanta½ ekadoºikan±vappam±ºa½ vaµµetv± µhapitasumanapupphad±ma½ viya jiñjukaphalasadisehi akkh²hi jayasumanapupphasadisena ca s²sena samann±gata½ ativiya sobhati. So tesa½ so¼asanna½ jan±na½ padasaddena bhogantarato s²sa½ n²haritv± rattakkh²ni umm²letv± te s³lahatthe ±gacchante disv± “ajja mayha½ manoratho matthaka½ p±puºissat²”ti att±na½ d±namukhe niyy±tetv± “ime mama sar²ra½ satt²hi koµµetv± chidd±vachidda½ karonte na olokess±m²”ti attano s²lakhaº¹abhayena da¼ha½ adhiµµh±na½ adhiµµhahitv± s²sa½ bhogantare eva pavesetv± nipajji.
Atha na½ te upagantv± naªguµµhe gahetv± ±ka¹¹hant± bh³miya½ p±tetv± tikhiºas³lehi aµµhasu µh±nesu vijjhitv± sakaºµak± k±¼avettayaµµhiyo pah±ramukhehi pavesetv± aµµhasu µh±nesu k±jehi ±d±ya mah±magga½ paµipajji½su. Mah±satto s³lehi vijjhanato paµµh±ya ekaµµh±nepi akkh²ni umm²letv± te na olokesi. Tassa aµµhahi k±jehi ±d±ya n²yam±nassa s²sa½ olambitv± bh³mi½ paharati Atha na½ “s²samassa olambat²”ti mah±magge nipajj±petv± sukhumena s³lena n±s±puµe vijjhitv± rajjuka½ pavesetv± s²sa½ ukkhipitv± k±jakoµiya½ laggetv± punapi ukkhipitv± magga½ paµipajji½su. Tena vutta½–
88. “Addasa½su bhojaputt±, khar± ludd± ak±ruº±;
upagañchu½ mama½ tattha, daº¹amuggarap±ºino.
89. “N±s±ya vinivijjhitv±, naªguµµhe piµµhikaºµake;
k±je ±ropayitv±na, bhojaputt± hari½su man”ti.
Tattha bhojaputt±ti luddaputt±. Khar±ti kakkha¼±, pharusak±yavac²kammant±. Ludd±ti d±ruº±, ghoram±nas±. Ak±ruº±ti nikkaruº±. Daº¹amuggarap±ºinoti caturassadaº¹ahatth±. N±s±ya vinivijjhitv±ti rajjuka½ pavesetu½ sukhumena s³lena n±s±puµe vijjhitv±. Naªguµµhe piµµhikaºµaketi naªguµµhappadese tattha tattha piµµhikaºµakasam²pe ca vinivijjhitv±ti sambandho. K±je ±ropayitv±n±ti aµµhasu µh±nesu vinivijjhitv± baddhesu aµµhasu vettalat±maº¹alesu ekekasmi½ ovijjhita½ ekeka½ k±ja½ dve dve bhojaputt± attano attano khandha½ ±ropetv±.
90. Sas±garanta½ pathavinti samuddapariyanta½ mah±pathavi½. Sak±nana½ sapabbatanti saddhi½ k±nanehi pabbatehi c±ti sak±nana½ sapabbatañca. N±s±v±tena jh±payeti sac±ha½ iccham±no icchanto kujjhitv± n±s±v±ta½ vissajjeyya½, samuddapariyanta½ sak±nana½ sapabbata½ ima½ mah±pathavi½ jh±peyya½, saha n±s±v±tavissajjanena ch±rika½ kareyya½, et±diso tad± mayha½ ±nubh±vo.
91. Eva½ santepi s³lehi vinivijjhante, koµµayantepi sattibhi. Bhojaputte na kupp±m²ti dubbalabh±vakaraºattha½ vettalat±pavesanatthañca s±rad±r³hi tacchetv± katehi tikhiºas³lehi aµµhasu µh±nesu vijjhantepi dubbalabh±vakaraºattha½ tikhiº±hi satt²hi tahi½ tahi½ koµµayantepi bhojaputt±na½ ludd±na½ na kupp±mi. Es± me s²lap±ram²ti eva½ mah±nubh±vassa tath± adhiµµhahantassa y± me mayha½ s²lakhaº¹abhayena tesa½ akujjhan±, es± ekanteneva j²vitanirapekkhabh±vena pavatt± mayha½ s²lap±ram², s²lavasena paramatthap±ram²ti attho.
Tath± pana bodhisatte tehi n²yam±ne mithilanagarav±s² ±¼±ro n±ma kuµumbiko pañcasakaµasat±ni ±d±ya sukhay±nake nis²ditv± gacchanto te bhojaputte mah±satta½ harante disv± k±ruñña½ upp±detv± te ludde pucchi– “kiss±ya½ n±go n²yati, netv± cima½ ki½ karissath±”ti? Te “imassa n±gassa ma½sa½ s±duñca muduñca th³lañca pacitv± kh±diss±m±”ti ±ha½su. Atha so tesa½ so¼asav±hagoºe pasata½ pasata½ suvaººam±sake sabbesa½ niv±sanap±rupan±ni bhariy±nampi tesa½ vatth±bharaº±ni datv± “samm±, aya½ mah±nubh±vo n±gar±j±, attano s²laguºena tumh±ka½ na dubbhi, ima½ kilamantehi bahu½ tumhehi apuñña½ pasuta½, vissajjeth±”ti ±ha. Te “aya½ amh±ka½ man±po bhakkho, bah³ ca no urag± bhuttapubb±, tath±pi tava vacana½ amhehi p³jetabba½, tasm± ima½ n±ga½ vissajjess±m±”ti vissajjetv± mah±satta½ bh³miya½ nipajj±petv± attano kakkha¼at±ya t± kaºµak±cit± ±vut± k±¼avettalat± koµiya½ gahetv± ±ka¹¹hitu½ ±rabhi½su.
Atha so n±gar±j±na½ kilamanta½ disv± akilamentova asin± lat± chinditv± d±rak±na½ kaººavedhato paµiharaºaniy±mena adukkh±pento saºika½ n²hari. Tasmi½ k±le te bhojaputt± ya½ bandhana½ tassa natthuto pavesetv± paµimukka½, ta½ bandhana½ saºika½ mocayi½su. Mah±satto muhutta½ p±c²n±bhimukho gantv± assupuººehi nettehi ±¼±ra½ olokesi. Ludd± thoka½ gantv± “urago dubbalo, matak±le gahetv±va na½ gamiss±m±”ti nil²yi½su. ¾¼±ro mah±sattassa añjali½ paggayha “gaccheva kho tva½, mah±n±ga, m± ta½ ludd± puna gahesun”ti vadanto thoka½ ta½ n±ga½ anugantv± nivatti.
Bodhisatto n±gabhavana½ gantv± tattha papañca½ akatv± mahantena pariv±rena nikkhamitv± ±¼±ra½ upasaªkamitv± n±gabhavanassa vaººa½ kathetv± ta½ tattha netv± t²hi kaññ±satehi saddhi½ mahantamassa yasa½ datv± dibbehi k±mehi santappesi. ¾¼±ro n±gabhavane ekavassa½ vasitv± dibbe k±me paribhuñjitv± “icch±maha½, samma, pabbajitun”ti n±gar±jassa kathetv± pabbajitaparikkh±re gahetv± tato nikkhamitv± himavantappadesa½ gantv± pabbajitv± tattha cira½ vasitv± aparabh±ge c±rika½ caranto b±r±ºasi½ patv± b±r±ºasiraññ± sam±gato tena ±c±rasampatti½ niss±ya pasannena “tva½ u¼±rabhog± maññe kul± pabbajito, kena nu kho k±raºena pabbajitos²”ti puµµho attano pabbajj±k±raºa½ kathento ludd±na½ hatthato bodhisattassa vissajj±pana½ ±di½ katv± sabba½ pavatti½ rañño ±cikkhitv±–
“Diµµh± may± m±nusak±pi k±m±, asassat± vipariº±madhamm±;
±d²nava½ k±maguºesu disv±, saddh±yaha½ pabbajitomhi, r±ja.
“Dumapphal±n²va patanti m±ºav±, dahar± ca vuddh± ca sar²rabhed±;
etampi disv± pabbajitomhi r±ja, apaººaka½ s±maññameva seyyo”ti. (J±. 2.17.191-192)–

Im±hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi.

Ta½ sutv± r±j±–
“Addh± have sevitabb± sapaññ±, bahussut± ye bahuµh±nacintino;
n±gañca sutv±na tavañca¼±ra, k±h±mi puññ±ni anappak±n²”ti. (J±. 2.17.193)–

¾ha.

Athassa t±paso–
“Addh± have sevitabb± sapaññ±, bahussut± ye bahuµh±nacintino;
n±gañca sutv±na mamañca r±ja, karohi puññ±ni anappak±n²”ti. (J±. 2.17.194)–

Eva½ dhamma½ desetv± tattheva catt±ro vass±nam±se vasitv± puna himavanta½ gantv± y±vaj²va½ catt±ro brahmavih±re bh±vetv± brahmalok³pago ahosi. Bodhisattopi y±vaj²va½ uposathav±sa½ vasitv± saggapura½ p³resi. Sopi r±j± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± yath±kamma½ gato.

Tad± ±¼±ro s±riputtatthero ahosi, b±r±ºasir±j± ±nandatthero, saªkhap±lan±gar±j± lokan±tho.
Tassa sar²raparicc±go d±nap±ram², tath±r³penapi visatejena samann±gatassa tath±r³p±yapi p²¼±ya sati s²lassa abhinnat± s²lap±ram², devabhogasampattisadisa½ bhoga½ pah±ya n±gabhavanato nikkhamitv± samaºadhammakaraºa½ nekkhammap±ram², “d±n±di-attha½ idañcidañca k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti sa½vidahana½ paññ±p±ram², k±mavitakkavinodana½ adhiv±sanav²riyañca v²riyap±ram², adhiv±sanakhanti khantip±ram², saccasam±d±na½ saccap±ram², acalasam±d±n±dhiµµh±na½ adhiµµh±nap±ram², bhojaputte up±d±ya sabbasattesu mett±nuddayabh±vo mett±p±ram², vedan±ya sattasaªkh±rakatavippak±resu ca majjhattabh±vo upekkh±p±ram²ti eva½ dasa p±ramiyo labbhanti. S²lap±ram² pana atisayavat²ti katv± s± eva desana½ ±ru¼h±. Tath± idha bodhisattassa guº±nubh±v± “yojanasatike n±gabhavanaµµh±ne”ti-±din± bh³ridattacariy±ya½ (cariy±. 2.11 ±dayo) vuttanayeneva yath±raha½ vibh±vetabb±ti.

Saªkhap±lacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Eteti ye hatthin±gacariy±dayo imasmi½ vagge niddiµµh± anantarag±th±ya ca “hatthin±go bh³ridatto”ti-±din± udd±navasena saªgahetv± dassit± nava cariy±, te sabbe visesato s²lap±ramip³raºavasena pavattiy± s²la½ bala½ etesanti s²labal±. S²lassa paramatthap±ramibh³tassa parikkharaºato sant±nassa ca paribh±van±vasena abhisaªkharaºato parikkh±r±. Ukka½sagat±ya s²laparamatthap±ramiy± asampuººatt± padeso etesa½ atthi, na nippadesoti padesik± sappades±. Kasm±ti ce? ¾ha “j²vita½ parirakkhitv±, s²l±ni anurakkhisan”ti, yasm± etesu hatthin±gacariy±d²su (cariy±. 2.1 ±dayo) aha½ attano j²vita½ ekadesena parirakkhitv±va s²l±ni anurakkhi½, j²vita½ na sabbath± pariccaji½, ekanteneva pana saªkhap±lassa me sato sabbak±lampi j²vita½ yassa kassaci niyyatta½, saªkhap±lan±gar±jassa pana me mah±nubh±vassa uggavisatejassa sato sam±nassa sabbak±lampi tehi luddehi sam±game tato pubbepi pacch±pi sato eva½ puggalavibh±ga½ akatv± yassa kassaci s²l±nurakkhaºatthameva j²vita½ eka½seneva niyyatta½ n²y±tita½ d±namukhe nissaµµha½, tasm± s± s²lap±ram²ti yasm± cetadeva½, tasm± tena k±raºena s± paramatthap±ramibh±va½ patt± mayha½ s²lap±ram²ti dasset²ti.

Paramatthad²paniy± cariy±piµakasa½vaººan±ya

Dasavidhacariy±saªgahassa visesato

S²lap±ramivibh±vanassa

Dutiyavaggassa atthavaººan± niµµhit±.