8. Dhammadevaputtacariy±vaººan±

66. Aµµhame mah±pakkhoti mah±pariv±ro. Mahiddhikoti mahatiy± deviddhiy± samann±gato. Dhammo n±ma mah±yakkhoti n±mena dhammo n±ma mah±nubh±vo devaputto. Sabbalok±nukampakoti vibh±ga½ akatv± mah±karuº±ya sabbaloka½ anuggaºhanako.
Mah±satto hi tad± k±m±vacaradevaloke dhammo n±ma devaputto hutv± nibbatti. So dibb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ito dibbarathamabhiruyha acchar±gaºaparivuto manussesu s±yam±sa½ bhuñjitv± attano attano gharadv±resu sukhakath±ya nisinnesu puººamuposathadivase g±manigamar±jadh±n²su ±k±se µhatv± “p±º±tip±t±d²hi dasahi akusalakammapathehi viramitv± tividhasucaritadhamma½ p³retha, matteyy± petteyy± s±maññ± brahmaññ± kule jeµµh±pac±yino bhavatha, saggapar±yan± hutv± mahanta½ yasa½ anubhavissath±”ti manusse dasakusalakammapathe sam±dapento jambud²pa½ padakkhiºa½ karoti. Tena vutta½–
67. “Dasakusalakammapathe, sam±dapento mah±jana½;
car±mi g±manigama½, samitto saparijjano”ti.
Tattha samittoti dhammikehi dhammav±d²hi sah±yehi sasah±yo.
Tena ca samayena adhammo n±meko devaputto k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbatti. “So p±ºa½ hanatha, adinna½ ±diyath±”ti-±din± nayena satte akusalakammapathe sam±dapento mahatiy± paris±ya parivuto jambud²pa½ v±ma½ karoti. Tena vutta½–
68. “P±po kadariyo yakkho, d²pento dasa p±pake;
sopettha mahiy± carati, samitto saparijjano”ti.
Tattha p±poti p±padhammehi samann±gato. Kadariyoti thaddhamacchar². Yakkhoti devaputto. D²pento dasa p±paketi sabbaloke gocara½ n±ma satt±na½ upabhogaparibhog±ya j±ta½. Tasm± satte vadhitv± ya½kiñci katv± ca att± p²ºetabbo, indriy±ni santappetabb±n²ti-±din± nayena p±º±tip±t±dike dasa l±makadhamme kattabbe katv± pak±sento. Sopetth±ti sopi adhammo devaputto imasmi½ jambud²pe. Mahiy±ti bh³miy± ±sanne, manuss±na½ dassanasavan³pac±reti attho.
69. Tattha ye satt± s±dhukammik± dhammagaruno, te dhamma½ devaputta½ tath± ±gacchantameva disv± ±san± vuµµh±ya gandham±l±d²hi p³jent± y±va cakkhupathasamatikkaman± t±va abhitthavanti pañjalik± namassam±n± tiµµhanti, tassa vacana½ sutv± appamatt± sakkacca½ puññ±ni karonti. Ye pana satt± p±pasam±c±r± kur³rakammant±, te adhammassa vacana½ sutv± abbhanumodanti bhiyyosomatt±ya p±p±ni sam±caranti. Eva½ te tad± aññamaññassa ujuvipaccan²kav±d± ceva ujuvipaccan²kakiriy± ca hutv± loke vicaranti. Ten±ha bhagav± “dhammav±d² adhammo ca, ubho paccanik± mayan”ti.
Eva½ pana gacchante k±le athekadivasa½ tesa½ rath± ±k±se sammukh± ahesu½. Atha nesa½ paris± “tumhe kassa, tumhe kass±”ti pucchitv± “maya½ dhammassa, maya½ adhammass±”ti vatv± magg± okkamitv± dvidh± j±t±. Dhammassa pana adhammassa ca rath± abhimukh± hutv± ²s±ya ²sa½ ±hacca aµµha½su. “Tava ratha½ okkam±petv± mayha½ magga½ dehi, tava ratha½ okkam±petv± mayha½ magga½ deh²”ti aññamañña½ maggad±panattha½ viv±da½ aka½su. Paris± ca nesa½ ±vudh±ni abhiharitv± yuddhasajj± ahesu½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Dhure dhura½ ghaµµayant±, samimh± paµipathe ubho”.
70. “Kalaho vattat² bhesm±, kaly±ºap±pakassa ca;
magg± okkamanatth±ya, mah±yuddho upaµµhito”ti.
Tattha dhure dhuranti ekassa rath²s±ya itarassa rath²sa½ ghaµµayant±. Samimh±ti sam±gat± sammukh²bh³t±. Puna ubhoti vacana½ ubhopi maya½ aññamaññassa paccan²k± hutv± loke vicarant± ekadivasa½ paµimukha½ ±gacchant± dv²su paris±su ubhosu passesu maggato okkant±su saha rathena maya½ ubho eva sam±gat±ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Bhesm±ti bhayajanako. Kaly±ºap±pakassa c±ti kaly±ºassa ca p±pakassa ca. Mah±yuddho upaµµhitoti mah±saªg±mo paccupaµµhito ±si.
Aññamaññassa hi paris±ya ca yujjhituk±mat± j±t±. Tattha hi dhammo adhamma½ ±ha– “samma, tva½ adhammo, aha½ dhammo, maggo mayha½ anucchaviko, tava ratha½ okkam±petv± mayha½ magga½ deh²”ti. Itaro “aha½ da¼hay±no balav± asant±s², tasm± magga½ na demi, yuddha½ pana kariss±mi, yo yuddhe jinissati, tassa maggo hot³”ti ±ha. Tenev±ha–
“Yasokaro puññakarohamasmi, sad±tthuto samaºabr±hmaº±na½;
magg±raho devamanussap³jito, dhammo aha½ dehi adhamma magga½.
“Adhammay±na½ da¼ham±ruhitv±, asantasanto balav±hamasmi;
sa kissa hetumhi tavajja dajja½, magga½ aha½ dhamma adinnapubba½.
“Dhammo have p±turahosi pubbe, pacch± adhammo udap±di loke;
jeµµho ca seµµho ca sanantano ca, uyy±hi jeµµhassa kaniµµha magg±.
“Na y±can±ya napi p±tir³p±, na arahat± teha½ dadeyya magga½;
yuddhañca no hotu ubhinnamajja, yuddhamhi yo jessati tassa maggo.
“Sabb± dis± anuvisaµohamasmi, mahabbalo amitayaso atulyo;
guºehi sabbehi upetar³po, dhammo adhamma tva½ katha½ vijessasi.
“Lohena ve haññati j±tar³pa½, na j±tar³pena hananti loha½;
sace adhammo hañchati dhammamajja, ayo suvaººa½ viya dassaneyya½.
“Sace tuva½ yuddhabalo adhamma, na tuyha½ vu¹¹h± ca gar³ ca atthi;
maggañca te dammi piy±ppiyena, v±c± durutt±nipi te kham±m²”ti. (J±. 1.11.26-32).
Im± hi tesa½ vacanapaµivacanakath±.
Tattha yasokaroti dhamme niyojanavasena devamanuss±na½ yasad±yako. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Sad±tthutoti sad± thuto niccappasattho. Sa kissa hetumhi tavajja dajjanti somhi aha½ adhammo adhammay±naratha½ abhiru¼ho abh²to balav±, ki½k±raº± ajja, bho dhamma, kassaci adinnapubba½ magga½ tuyha½ dammi. P±turahos²ti paµhamakappikak±le imasmi½ loke dasakusalakammapathadhammo pubbe p±turahosi, pacch± adhammo. Jeµµho c±ti pure nibbattabh±vena aha½ jeµµho ca seµµho ca por±ºako ca, tva½ pana kaniµµho, tasm± “magg± uyy±h²”ti vadati.
Napi p±tir³p±ti ahañhi bhoto neva y±can±ya na paµir³pavacanena na magg±rahat±ya magga½ dadeyya½. Anuvisaµoti aha½ catasso dis± catasso anudis±ti sabb± dis± attano guºena patthaµo paññ±to. Lohen±ti ayomuµµhikena. Hañchat²ti hanissati. Yuddhabalo adhamm±ti sace tuva½ yuddhabalo asi adhamma. Vu¹¹h± ca gar³ c±ti yadi tuyha½ ime vu¹¹h± ime gar³ paº¹it±ti eta½ natthi. Piy±ppiyen±ti piyena viya appiyena, appiyenapi dadanto (j±. aµµha. 4.11.32) piyena viya te magga½ dad±m²ti attho.
71. Mah±satto hi tad± cintesi– “sac±ha½ ima½ p±papuggala½ sabbalokassa ahit±ya paµipanna½ eva½ may± vilomagg±ha½ gahetv± µhita½ acchara½ paharitv± ‘an±c±ra m± idha tiµµha, s²gha½ paµikkama vinass±’ti vadeyya½, so taªkhaºaññeva mama dhammatejena bhusamuµµhi viya vikireyya, na kho pana meta½ patir³pa½, sv±ha½ sabbaloka½ anukampanto ‘lokatthacariya½ matthaka½ p±pess±m²’ti paµipajj±mi, aya½ kho pana p±po ±yati½ mah±dukkhabh±g², sv±ya½ may± visesato anukampitabbo, tasm±ssa magga½ dass±mi, eva½ me s²la½ suvisuddha½ akhaº¹ita½ bhavissat²”ti. Eva½ pana cintetv± bodhisatte “sace tuva½ yuddhabalo”ti g±tha½ vatv± thoka½ maggato okkantamatte eva adhammo rathe µh±tu½ asakkonto ava½siro pathaviya½ patitv± pathaviy± vivare dinne gantv± av²cimhi eva nibbatti. Tena vutta½ “yadiha½ tassa kuppeyyan”ti-±di.
Tattha yadiha½ tassa kuppeyyanti tassa adhammassa yadi aha½ kujjheyya½. Yadi bhinde tapoguºanti tenevassa kujjhanena mayha½ tapoguºa½ s²lasa½vara½ yadi vin±seyya½. Sahaparijana½ tass±ti saparijana½ ta½ adhamma½. Rajabh³tanti rajamiva bh³ta½, rajabh±va½ patta½ aha½ kareyya½.
72. Apic±hanti ettha ahanti nip±tamatta½. S²larakkh±y±ti s²larakkhaºattha½. Nibb±petv±n±ti paµikacceva khantimett±nuddayassa upaµµh±pitatt± tasmi½ adhamme uppajjanakakodhassa anupp±daneneva dosapari¼±hav³pasamanena m±nasa½ v³pasametv±. Saha janenokkamitv±ti mayha½ parijanena saddhi½ magg± okkamitv± tassa p±passa adhammassa aha½ magga½ ad±si½.
73. Saha pathato okkanteti vuttanayena cittassa v³pasama½ katv± “magga½ te damm²”ti ca vatv± thoka½ maggato saha okkamanena. P±payakkhass±ti adhammadevaputtassa. T±vadeti taªkhaºa½ eva mah±pathav² vivaramad±si. J±takaµµhakath±ya½ pana “maggañca te damm²”ti g±th±ya kathitakkhaºeyev±ti vutta½.
Eva½ tasmi½ bh³miya½ patite catunahut±dhikadviyojanasatasahassabahal± sakala½ var±vara½ dh±rent²pi mah±pathav² “n±hamima½ p±papurisa½ dh±rem²”ti kathent² viya tena µhitaµµh±ne dvidh± bhijji. Mah±satto pana tasmi½ nipatitv± av²cimhi nibbatte rathadhure yath±µhitova saparijano mahat± dev±nubh±vena gamanamaggeneva gantv± attano bhavana½ p±visi. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Khant²balo yuddhabala½ vijetv±, hantv± adhamma½ nihanitva bh³my±;
p±y±si vitto abhiruyha sandana½, maggeneva atibalo saccanikkamo”ti. (J±. 1.11.34).
Tad± adhammo devadatto ahosi, tassa paris± devadattaparis±, dhammo lokan±tho, tassa paris± buddhaparis±.
Idh±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva sesap±ramiyo yath±raha½ niddh±retabb±. Tath± idh±pi dibbehi ±yuvaººayasasukha-±dhipateyyehi dibbeheva u¼±rehi k±maguºehi samappitassa samaªg²bh³tassa anekasahassasaªkh±hi acchar±hi sabbak±la½ paric±riyam±nassa mahati pam±daµµh±ne µhitassa sato ²sakampi pam±da½ an±pajjitv± “lokatthacariya½ matthaka½ p±pess±m²”ti m±se m±se puººamiya½ dhamma½ d²pento saparijano manussapathe vicaritv± mah±karuº±ya sabbasatte adhammato vivecetv± dhamme niyojana½, adhammena sam±gatopi tena kata½ an±c±ra½ agaºetv± tattha citta½ akopetv± khantimett±nuddayameva paccupaµµhapetv± akhaº¹a½ suvisuddhañca katv± attano s²lassa rakkhaºanti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±ti.

Dhammadevaputtacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.