7. M±taªgacariy±vaººan±

60. Sattame jaµiloti jaµ±vanto, jaµ±bandhakesoti attho. Uggat±panoti manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ t±panato niggaºhanato tapasaªkh±ta½ uggat±pana½ etass±ti uggat±pano, ghoratapo paramadhitindriyoti attho. Atha v± n±nappak±re diµµhadhammik±dibhede anatthe uggiraºato bahi cha¹¹±panato ghorabh²mabhay±nakaµµhena v± “ugg±”ti laddhan±me kilese v²riy±tapena sant±panato ugge t±pet²ti uggat±pano. M±taªgo n±ma n±men±ti n±mena m±taªgo n±ma. M±taªgakule nibbattiy± j±tiy± ±gata½ hissa eta½ n±ma½. S²lav±ti s²lasampanno suparisuddhas²lo. Susam±hitoti upac±rappan±sam±dh²hi suµµhu sam±hito, jh±nasam±pattil±bh²ti attho.
Tad± hi bodhisatto caº¹±layoniya½ nibbattitv± r³pena duddasiko bahinagare caº¹±lag±me vasati. “M±taªgapaº¹ito”ti pak±san±mo. Athekadivasa½ tasmi½ nagare nakkhatte ghosite yebhuyyena n±gar± nakkhatta½ k²¼anti. Aññatar±pi br±hmaºamah±s±lakaññ± so¼asapannarasavassuddesik± devakaññ± viya r³pena dassan²y± p±s±dik± “attano vibhav±nur³pa½ nakkhatta½ k²¼iss±m²”ti pah³takhajjabhojj±d²ni sakaµesu ±ropetv± sabbaseta½ va¼av±ratham±ruyha mahat± pariv±rena uyy±nabh³mi½ gacchati. Diµµhamaªgalik± n±mes±, s± kira dussaºµhita½ r³pa½ “avamaªgalan”ti ta½ daµµhu½ na icchati, tenass± “diµµhamaªgalik±”tveva samaññ± udap±di.
Tad± bodhisatto k±lasseva uµµh±ya paµapilotika½ niv±setv± jajjaritamukhabh±ga½ veºudaº¹a½ gahetv± bh±janahattho nagara½ pavisati manusse disv± d³ratova tesa½ d³r²karaºattha½ tena veºudaº¹ena sañña½ karonto. Atha diµµhamaªgalik± “ussaratha ussarath±”ti uss±raºa½ karontehi attano purisehi n²yam±n± nagaradv±ramajjhe m±taªga½ disv± “ko eso”ti ±ha. “Ayye, m±taªgacaº¹±lo”ti ca vutte “²disa½ disv± gat±na½ kuto vu¹¹h²”ti y±na½ nivatt±pesi. Manuss± “ya½ maya½ uyy±na½ gantv± bahu½ khajjabhojj±di½ labheyy±ma, tassa no m±taªgena antar±yo kato”ti kupit± “gaºhatha, caº¹±lan”ti le¹¹³hi paharitv± visaññ²bh³ta½ p±tetv± agama½su.
So na cireneva sati½ paµilabhitv± vuµµh±ya manusse pucchi– “ki½, ayy±, dv±ra½ n±ma sabbas±dh±raºa½, ud±hu br±hmaº±na½ eva katan”ti? “Sabbesa½ s±dh±raºan”ti. “Eva½ sabbas±dh±raºadv±re ekamanta½ apakkamanta½ ma½ diµµhamaªgalik±ya manuss± ima½ anayabyasana½ p±pesun”ti rathik±ya manuss±na½ ±rocetv± “hand±ha½ imiss± m±na½ bhindiss±m²”ti tass± nivesanadv±ra½ gantv± “aha½ diµµhamaªgalika½ aladdh± na vuµµhahiss±m²”ti nipajji. Diµµhamaªgalik±ya pit± “gharadv±re m±taªgo nipanno”ti sutv± “tassa k±kaºika½ detha, telena sar²ra½ makkhetv± gacchat³”ti ±ha. So “diµµhamaªgalika½ aladdh± na uµµhahiss±mi”cceva ±ha. Tato br±hmaºena– “dve k±kaºike detha, m±saka½ p±da½ kah±paºa½ dve t²ºi y±va kah±paºasata½ kah±paºasahassa½ deth±”ti vuttepi na sampaµicchati eva. Eva½ tesa½ mantent±na½ eva s³riyo atthaªgato.
Atha diµµhamaªgalik±ya m±t± p±s±d± oruyha s±ºip±k±ra½ parikkhip±petv± tassa santika½ gantv± “t±ta, m±taªga diµµhamaªgalik±ya apar±dha½ khama, dve sahass±ni gaºh±hi y±va satasahassa½ gaºh±h²”ti vuttepi na sampaµicchi, nipajji eva. Tasseva½ cha divase nipajjitv± sattame divase sampatte samant± s±mantaghar± paµivisakaghar± ca manuss± uµµhahitv± “tumhe m±taªga½ v± uµµh±petha, d±rika½ v± detha, m± amhe n±sayitth±”ti ±ha½su. Tad± kira aya½ tasmi½ dese desadhammo “yassa gharadv±re eva½ nipajjitv± caº¹±lo marati, tena gharena saddhi½ sattasattagharav±sino caº¹±l± hont²”ti.
Tato diµµhamaªgalik±ya m±t±pitaro diµµhamaªgalika½ paµapilotika½ niv±s±petv± caº¹±l±nucchavika½ parikkh±ra½ datv± paridevam±na½ eva tassa santika½ netv± “handa, d±ni d±rika½ uµµh±ya gaºh±h²”ti ada½su. S± passe µhatv± “uµµh±h²”ti ±ha. So “aha½ ativiya kilanto, hatthe gahetv± ma½ uµµh±peh²”ti ±ha. S± tath± ak±si. M±taªgo “maya½ antonagare vasitu½ na labh±ma, ehi, bahinagare caº¹±lag±ma½ gamiss±m±”ti ta½ apass±ya attano geha½ agam±si. “Tass± piµµhi½ abhiruhitv±”ti j±takabh±ºak± vadanti.
Eva½ pana geha½ gantv± j±tisambhedav²tikkama½ akatv±va katip±ha½ gehe vasitv± bala½ gahetv± cintesi– “aha½ ima½ br±hmaºamah±s±lakañña½ mayha½ caº¹±lagehe v±s±pesi½, handa, d±ni ta½ l±bhaggayasaggappatta½ kariss±m²”ti. So arañña½ pavisitv± pabbajitv± satt±habbhantareyeva aµµha sam±pattiyo pañc±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± iddhiy± caº¹±lag±madv±re otaritv± gehadv±re µhito diµµhamaªgalika½ pakkos±petv± “s±mi, kissa ma½ an±tha½ katv± pabbajitos²”ti paridevam±na½ “tva½, bhadde, m± cintayi, tava por±ºakayasato id±ni mahantatara½ yasa½ kariss±mi, tva½ pana ‘mah±brahm± me s±miko na m±taªgo, so brahmaloka½ gato, ito sattame divase puººam±ya candamaº¹ala½ bhinditv± ±gamissat²’ti paris±su vadeyy±s²”ti vatv± himavantameva gato.
Diµµhamaªgalik±pi b±r±ºasiya½ mah±janamajjhe tesu tesu µh±nesu tath± kathesi. Atha puººamadivase bodhisatto candamaº¹alassa gaganamajjhe µhitak±le brahmattabh±va½ m±petv± candamaº¹ala½ bhinditv± dv±dasayojanika½ b±r±ºasi½ sakala½ k±siraµµhañca ekobh±sa½ katv± ±k±sato otaritv± b±r±ºasiy± upari tikkhattu½ paribbhamitv± mah±janena gandham±l±d²hi p³jiyam±no caº¹±lag±m±bhimukho ahosi. Brahmabhatt± sannipatitv± ta½ caº¹±lag±maka½ gantv± diµµhamaªgalik±ya geha½ suddhavatthagandham±l±d²hi devavim±na½ viya alaªkari½su. Diµµhamaªgalik± ca tad± utun² hoti. Mah±satto tattha gantv± diµµhamaªgalika½ aªguµµhena n±bhiya½ par±masitv± “bhadde, gabbho te patiµµhito, tva½ putta½ vij±yissasi, tvampi puttopi te l±bhaggayasaggappatt± bhavissatha, tava s²sadhovana-udaka½ sakalajambud²pe r±j³na½ abhisekodaka½ bhavissati, nh±nodaka½ pana te amatodaka½ bhavissati, ye na½ s²se ±siñcissanti, te sabbarogehi muccissanti, k±¼akaººiy± ca parimuccissanti, tava p±dapiµµhe s²sa½ µhapetv± vandant± sahassa½ dassanti, kath±savanaµµh±ne µhatv± vandant± sata½ dassanti, cakkhupathe µhatv± vandant± ekeka½ kah±paºa½ datv± vandissanti, appamatt± hoh²”ti ta½ ovaditv± geh± nikkhamma mah±janassa passantasseva candamaº¹ala½ p±visi.
Brahmabhatt± sannipatitv± diµµhamaªgalika½ mahantena sakk±rena nagara½ pavesetv± mahantena sirisobhaggena tattha vas±pesu½. Devavim±nasadisañcass± nivesana½ k±resu½. Tattha netv± u¼±ra½ l±bhasakk±ra½ upan±mesu½. Puttal±bh±di sabbo bodhisattena vuttasadisova ahosi. So¼asasahass± br±hmaº± diµµhamaªgalik±ya puttena saha nibaddha½ bhuñjanti, sahassamatt± na½ pariv±renti, anekasahass±na½ d±na½ d²yati. Atha mah±satto “aya½ aµµh±ne abhippasanno, handassa dakkhiºeyye j±n±pess±m²”ti bhikkh±ya caranto tass± geha½ gantv± tena saddhi½ sallapitv± agam±si. Atha kum±ro g±tham±ha–
“Kuto nu ±gacchasi dummav±s², otallako pa½supis±cakova;
saªk±raco¼a½ paµimuñca kaºµhe, ko re tuva½ hosi adakkhiºeyyo”ti. (J±. 1.15.1).
Tena vutta½ an±c±ra½ asaham±n± devat± tassa tesañca so¼asasahass±na½ br±hmaº±na½ mukha½ viparivattesu½. Ta½ disv± diµµhamaªgalik± mah±satta½ upasaªkamitv± tamattha½ ±rocesi. Bodhisatto “tassa an±c±ra½ asahantehi yakkhehi so vippak±ro kato, api ca kho pana ima½ ucchiµµhapiº¹aka½ tesa½ mukhe ±siñcitv± ta½ vippak±ra½ v³pasameh²”ti ±ha. S±pi tath± katv± ta½ v³pasamesi. Atha diµµhamaªgalik± putta½ ±ha– “t±ta, imasmi½ loke dakkhiºeyy± n±ma m±taªgapaº¹itasadis± bhavanti, na ime br±hmaº± viya j±timattena, mantasajjh±yanamattena v± m±natthaddh±”ti vatv± ye tad± s²l±diguºavisesayutt± jh±nasam±pattil±bhino ceva paccekabuddh± ca, tatthevassa pas±da½ upp±des²ti.
Tad± vettavat²nagare j±timanto n±ma eko br±hmaºo pabbajitv±pi j±ti½ niss±ya mahanta½ m±namak±si. Mah±satto “tassa m±na½ bhindiss±m²”ti ta½ µh±na½ gantv± tass±sanne uparisote v±sa½ kappesi. Tena vutta½–
61. “Ahañca br±hmaºo eko, gaªg±k³le vas±mubho;
aha½ vas±mi upari, heµµh± vasati br±hmaºo”ti.
Atha mah±satto ekadivasa½ dantakaµµha½ kh±ditv± “ida½ j±timantassa jaµ±su laggat³”ti adhiµµh±ya nadiya½ p±tesi. Ta½ tassa udaka½ ±camentassa jaµ±su laggi, so ta½ disv± “nassa vasal±”ti vatv± “kutoya½ k±¼akaºº² ±gato, upadh±ress±mi nan”ti uddha½sota½ gacchanto mah±satta½ disv± “ki½j±tikos²”ti pucchi. “Caº¹±losm²”ti. “Tay± nadiya½ dantakaµµha½ p±titan”ti? “¾ma, may±”ti. “Nassa, vasala, caº¹±la, k±¼akaººi, m± idha vasi, heµµh±sote vas±”ti vatv± heµµh±sote vasantenapi p±tite dantakaµµhe paµisota½ ±gantv± jaµ±su laggante “nassa, vasala, sace idha vasissasi, sattame divase sattadh± te muddh± phalissat²”ti ±ha. Tena vutta½–
62. “Vicaranto anuk³lamhi, uddha½ me assamaddasa;
tattha ma½ paribh±setv±, abhisapi muddhaph±lanan”ti.
Tattha vicaranto anuk³lamh²ti ucchiµµhadantakaµµhe attano jaµ±su lagge tassa ±gamanagavesanavasena gaªg±ya t²re anuvicaranto. Uddha½ me assamaddas±ti attano vasanaµµh±nato uparisote mama assama½ paººas±la½ addakkhi. Tattha ma½ paribh±setv±ti mama assama½ ±gantv± j±ti½ sutv± tatova paµikkamitv± savan³pac±re µhatv± “nassa, vasala caº¹±la, k±¼akaººi m± idha vas²”ti-±d²ni vatv± bhayena santajjetv±. Abhisapi muddhaph±lananti “sace j²vituk±mosi, ettova s²gha½ pal±yass³”ti vatv± “sace na pakkamissati, ito te sattame divase sattadh± muddh± phalat³”ti me abhisapa½ ad±si.
Ki½ pana tassa abhisapena muddh± phalat²ti? Na phalati, kuhako pana so, evamaya½ maraºabhayatajjito sud³ra½ pakkamissat²ti saññ±ya sant±sanattha½ tath± ±ha.
63. Yadiha½ tassa pakuppeyyanti tassa m±natthaddhassa k³µajaµilassa aha½ yadi kujjheyya½. Yadi s²la½ na gopayeti s²la½ yadi na rakkheyya½, ida½ s²la½ n±ma j²vitanirapekkha½ sammadeva rakkhitabbanti yadi na cinteyyanti attho. Oloketv±naha½ tassa, kareyya½ ch±rika½ viy±ti sac±ha½ tad± tassa appat²to abhavissa½ Mama citt±c±ra½ ñatv± mayi abhippasann± devat± khaºeneva ta½ bhasmamuµµhi½ viya viddha½seyyunti adhipp±yo. Satth± pana tad± attano appat²tabh±ve sati devat±hi s±dhetabba½ tassa anattha½ attan± kattabba½ viya katv± desesi “kareyya½ ch±rika½ viy±”ti.
Vitaº¹av±d² pan±ha– “bodhisattova ta½ jaµila½ iccham±no iddhiy± ch±rika½ kareyya, evañhi sati imiss± p±¼iy± attho ujukameva n²to hot²”ti. So evamassa vacan²yo– “tva½ iddhiy± par³pagh±ta½ vadasi, iddhi n±mes± adhiµµh±n± iddhi, vikubban± iddhi, manomay± iddhi, ñ±ºavipph±r± iddhi, sam±dhivipph±r± iddhi, ariy± iddhi, kammavip±kaj± iddhi, puññavato iddhi, vijj±may± iddhi, tattha tattha samm±payogappaccay± ijjhanaµµhena iddh²ti dasavidh±. Tattha “katara½ iddhi½ vades²”ti? “Bh±van±mayan”ti. “Ki½ pana bh±van±may±ya par³pagh±takamma½ hot²”ti? ¾ma, ekacce ±cariy± “ekav±ra½ hot²”ti vadanti, yath± hi para½ paharituk±mena udakabharite ghaµe khitte paropi pahar²yati, ghaµopi bhijjati, evameva bh±van±may±ya iddhiy± ekav±ra½ par³pagh±takamma½ hoti, tato paµµh±ya pana s± nassati.
Atha so “bh±van±may±ya iddhiy± neva ekav±ra½ na dvev±ra½ par³pagh±takamma½ hot²”ti vatv± pucchitabbo “ki½ bh±van±may± iddhi kusal± akusal± aby±kat±, sukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt± dukkh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt± adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya sampayutt±, savitakkasavic±r± avitakkavic±ramatt± avitakka-avic±r±, k±m±vacar± r³p±vacar± ar³p±vacar±”ti? J±nanto “bh±van±may± iddhi kusal± aby±kat± v± adukkhamasukhavedaniy± avitakka-avic±r± r³p±vacar± c±”ti vakkhati. So vattabbo “p±º±tip±tacetan± kusal±d²su katara½ koµµh±sa½ bhajat²”ti? J±nanto vakkhati “p±º±tip±tacetan± akusal±va dukkhavedan±va savitakkasavic±r±va k±m±vacar±v±”ti. Eva½ sante “tava pañho neva kusalattikena sameti, na vedan±ttikena na vitakkattikena na bh³mantaren±”ti p±¼iy± virodha½ dassetv± saññ±petabbo. Yadi pana so “puna capara½, bhikkhave, idhekacco samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± iddhim± cetovasippatto aññiss± kucchigata½ gabbha½ p±pakena manas±nupekkhit± hoti ‘aho vata ya½ ta½ kucchigata½ gabbha½ na sotthin± abhinikkhameyy±’ti. Evampi, bhikkhave, kulumpassa upagh±to hot²”ti saªg²ti½ an±ru¼ha½ kulumpasutta½ ud±hareyya. Tass±pi “tva½ attha½ na j±n±si. Iddhim± cetovasippattoti hi ettha na bh±van±may± iddhi adhippet±, ±thabbanik± iddhi adhippet±. S± hi ettha labbham±n± labbhat²ti bh±van±may±ya iddhiy± par³pagh±to na sambhavatiyev±”ti saññ±petabbo. No ce saññatti½ upeti, kamma½ katv± uyyojetabbo. Tasm± yath±vuttanayenevettha g±th±ya attho veditabbo.
Tath± pana tena abhisapito mah±satto “sac±ha½ etassa kujjhiss±mi, s²la½ me arakkhita½ bhavissati, up±yenevassa m±na½ bhindiss±mi, s± cassa rakkh± bhavissat²”ti sattame divase s³riyuggamana½ v±resi. Manuss± s³riyassa anuggamanena ubb±¼h± j±timantat±pasa½ upasaªkamitv± “bhante, tumhe s³riyassa uggantu½ na deth±”ti pucchi½su. So “na meta½ kamma½, gaªg±t²re pana eko caº¹±lat±paso vasati, tasseta½ kamma½ siy±”ti ±ha Manuss± mah±satta½ upasaªkamitv± “bhante, tumhe s³riyassa uggantu½ na deth±”ti pucchi½su. “¾m±vuso”ti. “Ki½k±raº±”ti? “Tumh±ka½ kul³pakat±paso ma½ nirapar±dha½ abhisapi, tasmi½ ±gantv± kham±panattha½ mama p±desu patite s³riya½ vissajjess±m²”ti. Te gantv± ta½ ±ka¹¹hant± ±netv± mah±sattassa p±dam³le nipajj±petv± kham±petv± “s³riya½ vissajjetha, bhante”ti ±ha½su. “Na sakk± vissajjetu½, sac±ha½ vissajjess±mi, imassa sattadh± muddh± phalissat²”ti. “Atha, bhante, ki½ karom±”ti. Mah±satto “mattik±piº¹a½ ±harath±”ti ±har±petv± “ima½ t±pasassa s²se µhapetv± t±pasa½ ot±retv± udake µhapetha, yad± s³riyo dissati, tad± t±paso udake nimujjat³”ti vatv± s³riya½ vissajjesi. S³riyarasm²hi phuµµhamatteva mattik±piº¹o sattadh± bhijji. T±paso udake nimujji. Tena vutta½–
64. “Ya½ so tad± ma½ abhisapi, kupito duµµham±naso;
tasseva matthake nipati, yogena ta½ pamocayin”ti.
Tattha ya½ so tad± ma½ abhisap²ti so j±timantajaµilo ya½ muddhaph±lana½ sandh±ya tad± ma½ abhisapi, mayha½ sapa½ ad±si. Tasseva matthake nipat²ti ta½ mayha½ upari tena icchita½ tasseva pana upari nipati nipatanabh±vena aµµh±si. Evañheta½ hoti yath± ta½ appaduµµhassa padussato. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “yo appaduµµhassa narassa dussati…pe… paµiv±ta½va khitto”ti (dha. pa. 125; su. ni. 667; j±. 1.5.94). Yogena ta½ pamocayinti ta½ tassa bh±sita½ matthakaph±lana½ up±yena tato pamocesi½, ta½ v± jaµila½ tato pamocesi½, yena up±yena ta½ na hoti, tath± ak±sinti attho.
Yañhi tena p±ramit±paribh±vanasamiddh±hi n±n±sam±pattivih±raparip³rit±hi s²ladiµµhisampad±hi susaªkhatasant±ne mah±karuº±dhiv±se mah±satte ariy³pav±dakamma½ abhisapasaªkh±ta½ pharusavacana½ payutta½, ta½ mah±sattassa khettavisesabh±vato tassa ca ajjh±sayapharusat±ya diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ hutv± sace so mah±satta½ na kham±pesi, sattame divase vipaccanasabh±va½ j±ta½, kham±pite pana mah±satte payogasampattipaµib±hitatt± avip±kadhammata½ ±pajji ahosikammabh±vato. Ayañhi ariy³pav±dap±passa diµµhadhammavedan²yassa ca dhammat±. Tattha ya½ sattame divase bodhisattena s³riyuggamananiv±raºa½ kata½, ayamettha yogoti adhippeto up±yo. Tena hi ubb±¼h± manuss± bodhisattassa santike t±pasa½ ±netv± kham±pesu½. Sopi ca mah±sattassa guºe j±nitv± tasmi½ citta½ pas±des²ti veditabba½. Ya½ panassa matthake mattik±piº¹assa µhapana½, tassa ca sattadh± ph±lana½ kata½, ta½ manuss±na½ citt±nurakkhaºattha½, aññath± hi ime pabbajit±pi sam±n± cittassa vase vattanti, na pana citta½ attano vase vatt±pent²ti mah±sattampi tena sadisa½ katv± gaºheyyu½. Tadassa nesa½ d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±y±ti.
65. Id±ni yadattha½ tad± tasmi½ t±pase citta½ ad³setv± suparisuddha½ s²lameva rakkhita½, ta½ dassetu½ “anurakkhi½ mama s²lan”ti os±nag±tham±ha. Ta½ heµµh± vuttatthameva.
Tad± maº¹abyo udeno, m±taªgo lokan±tho.
Idh±pi sesap±ramiyo niddh±retabb±. Tath± nih²naj±tikassa sato yath±dhipp±ya½ diµµhamaªgalik±ya m±naniggaho, pabbajitv± “diµµhamaªgalik±ya avassayo bhaviss±m²”ti uppannacitto arañña½ gantv± pabbajitv± sattadivasabbhantareyeva yath±dhipp±ya½ jh±n±bhiññ±nibbattana½, tato ±gantv± diµµhamaªgalik±ya l±bhaggayasaggappattiy± up±yasamp±dana½, maº¹abyakum±rassa m±naniggaho, j±timantat±pasassa m±naniggaho, tassa ca aj±nantasseva bh±vino j²vitantar±yassa apanayana½, mah±par±dhass±pi tassa akujjhitv± attano s²l±nurakkhaºa½, acchariyabbhutap±µih±riyakaraºanti evam±dayo mah±sattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±.

M±taªgacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.