4. C³¼abodhicariy±vaººan±

26. Catutthe c³¼abodh²ti mah±bodhiparibb±jakattabh±va½ up±d±ya idha “c³¼abodh²”ti samaññ± ±ropit±, na pana imasmi½ eva j±take (j±. 1.10.49 ±dayo) attano jeµµhabh±tik±dino mah±bodhissa sambhavatoti daµµhabba½. Sus²lav±ti suµµhu s²lav±, sampannas²loti attho. Bhava½ disv±na bhayatoti k±m±dibhava½ bh±yitabbabh±vena passitv±. Nekkhammanti ettha ca-saddassa lopo daµµhabbo, tena “disv±n±”ti pada½ ±ka¹¹h²yati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– j±tijar±by±dhimaraºa½ ap±yadukkha½ at²te vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, an±gate vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, paccuppanne ±h±rapariyeµµhim³laka½ dukkhanti imesa½ aµµhanna½ sa½vegavatth³na½ paccavekkhaºena sabbampi k±m±dibheda½ bhava½ sa½s±rabhayato upaµµhaham±na½ disv± nibb±na½ tassa up±yabh³t± samathavipassan± tadup±yabh³t± ca pabbajj±ti ida½ tividhampi nekkhamma½ anussav±disiddhena ñ±ºacakkhun± tappaµipakkhato disv± t±pasapabbajj³pagamanena anek±d²nav±kul± gahaµµhabh±v± abhinikkhamitv± gatoti.
27. Dutiyik±ti por±ºadutiyik±, gihik±le paj±patibh³t±. Kanakasannibh±ti kañcanasannibhattac±. Vaµµe anapekkh±ti sa½s±re nir±lay±. Nekkhamma½ abhinikkham²ti nekkhammatth±ya gehato nikkhami, pabbaj²ti attho.
28. ¾layanti satt± eten±ti ±layo, taºh±, tadabh±vena nir±lay±. Tato eva ñ±t²su taºh±bandhanassa chinnatt± chinnabandhu. Eva½ gihibandhan±bh±va½ dassetv± id±ni pabbajit±nampi kesañci ya½ hoti bandhana½ tass±pi abh±va½ dassetu½ “anapekkh± kule gaºe”ti vutta½. Tattha kuleti upaµµh±kakule. Gaºeti t±pasagaºe, ses± brahmac±rinoti vuccanti. Up±gamunti ubhopi maya½ up±gamimh±.
29. Tatth±ti b±r±ºasis±mante. Nipak±ti paññavanto. Nir±kuleti janasañc±rarahitatt± janehi an±kule, appasaddeti migapakkh²na½ uµµh±panato tesa½ vassitasadden±pi virahitatt± appasadde. R±juyy±ne vas±mubhoti b±r±ºasirañño uyy±ne maya½ ubho jan± tad± vas±ma.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– at²te imasmi½ eva bhaddakappe bodhisatto brahmalokato cavitv± aññatarasmi½ k±sig±me ekassa mah±vibhavassa br±hmaºassa putto hutv± nibbatti. Tassa n±maggahaºasamaye “bodhikum±ro”ti n±ma½ kari½su. Vayappattak±le panassa takkasila½ gantv± sabbasipp±ni uggaºhitv± pacc±gatassa aniccham±nakasseva m±t±pitaro samaj±tika½ kulakum±rika½ ±nesu½. S±pi brahmalokacut±va uttamar³padhar± devacchar±paµibh±g±. Tesa½ aniccham±n±na½ eva aññamañña½ ±v±haviv±ha½ kari½su. Ubhinnampi pana nesa½ kilesamud±c±ro na bh³tapubbo, s±r±gavasena aññamañña½ olokanampi n±hosi, k± pana kath± itarasa½sagge. Eva½ parisuddhas²l± ahesu½.
Aparabh±ge mah±satto m±t±pit³su k±la½katesu tesa½ sar²rakicca½ katv± ta½ pakkos±petv± “bhadde, tva½ ima½ as²tikoµidhana½ gahetv± sukhena j²v±h²”ti ±ha. “Tva½ pana ayyaputt±”ti? “Mayha½ dhanena kicca½ natthi, pabbajiss±m²”ti. “Ki½ pana pabbajj± itth²nampi na vaµµat²”ti? “Vaµµati, bhadde”ti. “Tena hi mayhampi dhanena kicca½ natthi, ahampi pabbajiss±m²”ti. Te ubhopi sabba½ vibhava½ pariccajitv± mah±d±na½ datv± nikkhamitv± arañña½ pavisitv± pabbajitv± uñch±cariy±ya phal±phalehi y±pent± pabbajj±sukheneva dasa sa½vacchar±ni vasitv± loºambilasevanatth±ya janapadac±rika½ carant± anupubbena b±r±ºasi½ patv± r±juyy±ne vasi½su. Tena vutta½ “r±juyy±ne vas±mubho”ti.
30. Athekadivasa½ r±j± uyy±nak²¼a½ gato. Uyy±nassa ekapasse pabbajj±sukhena v²tin±ment±na½ tesa½ sam²paµµh±na½ gantv± paramap±s±dika½ uttamar³padhara½ paribb±jika½ olokento kilesavasena paµibaddhacitto hutv± bodhisatta½ “aya½ te paribb±jik± ki½ hot²”ti pucchi. Tena “na ca kiñci hoti, kevala½ ekapabbajj±ya pabbajit±, api ca kho pana gihik±le p±daparic±rik± ahos²”ti vutte r±j± “aya½ kiretassa na kiñci hoti, api ca kho panassa gihik±le p±daparic±rik± ahosi, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ antepura½ paveseyya½, tenevassa imiss± paµipatti½ j±niss±m²”ti andhab±lo tattha attano paµibaddhacitta½ niv±retu½ asakkonto aññatara½ purisa½ ±º±pesi “ima½ paribb±jika½ r±janivesana½ neh²”ti.
So tassa paµissuºitv± “adhammo loke vattat²”ti-±d²ni vatv± paridevam±na½ eva ta½ ±d±ya p±y±si. Bodhisatto tass± paridevanasadda½ sutv± ekav±ra½ oloketv± puna na olokesi. “Sace pan±ha½ v±ress±mi, tesu citta½ padosetv± mayha½ s²lassa antar±yo bhavissat²”ti s²lap±rami½yeva ±vajjento nis²di. Tena vutta½ “uyy±nadassana½ gantv±, r±j± addasa br±hmaºin”ti-±di.
Tattha tuyhes± k± kassa bhariy±ti tuyha½ tava es± k±, ki½ bhariy±, ud±hu bhagin² v± sam±n± kassa aññassa bhariy±.
31. Na mayha½ bhariy± es±ti k±mañces± mayha½ gihik±le bhariy± ahosi, pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya na mayha½ bhariy± es±, n±pi aha½ etiss± s±miko, kevala½ pana sahadhamm± ekas±san², ahampi paribb±jako ayampi paribb±jik±ti sam±nadhamm± paribb±jakas±sanena ekas±san², sabrahmac±rin²ti attho.
32. Tiss± s±rattagadhitoti k±mar±gena s±ratto hutv± paµibaddho. G±h±petv±na ceµaketi ceµakehi gaºh±petv± ceµake v± attano r±japurise ±º±petv± ta½ paribb±jika½ gaºh±petv±. Nipp²¼ayanto balas±ti ta½ aniccham±na½ eva ±ka¹¹hanaparika¹¹han±din± nipp²¼ayanto b±dhento, tath±pi agacchanti½ balas± balakk±rena r±japurisehi gaºh±petv± attano antepura½ pavesesi.
33. Odapattakiy±ti udakapatta½ ±masitv± gahitabhariy± odapattik± n±ma, ida½ vacana½ pur±ºadutiyik±bh±vena upalakkhaºamatta½ daµµhabba½ s± panassa br±hmaºaviv±havasena m±t±pit³hi sampaµip±dit±, “odapattakiy±”ti ca bh±venabh±valakkhaºe bhumma½. Sahaj±ti pabbajj±j±tivasena sahaj±t±, tenev±ha “ekas±san²”ti. “Ekas±san²”ti ca ida½ bhummatthe paccatta½, ekas±saniy±ti attho. Nayantiy±ti n²yantiy±. Kopo me upapajjath±ti aya½ te gihik±le bhariy± br±hmaº² s²lavat², pabbajitak±le ca sabrahmac±rin²bh±vato sahaj±t± bhagin², s± tuyha½ purato balakk±rena ±ka¹¹hitv± n²yati. “Bodhibr±hmaºa, ki½ te purisabh±van”ti purisam±nena uss±hito cirak±lasayito vammikabilato kenaci purisena ghaµµito “sus³”ti phaºa½ karonto ±siviso viya me cittato kopo sahas± vuµµh±si.
34-5. Sahakope samuppanneti kopuppattiy± saha, tassa uppattisamanantaramev±ti attho. S²labbatamanussarinti attano s²lap±rami½ ±vajjesi½. Tattheva kopa½ niggaºhinti tasmi½ eva ±sane yath±nisinnova ta½ kopa½ niv±resi½. N±d±si½ va¹¹hit³par²ti tato ekav±ruppattito upari uddha½ va¹¹hitu½ na ad±si½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– kope uppannamatte eva “nanu tva½, bodhiparibb±jaka, sabbap±ramiyo p³retv± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhituk±mo, tassa te kimida½ s²lamattepi upakkhalana½, tayida½ gunna½ khuramattodake os²dantassa mah±samuddassa parat²ra½ gaºhituk±mat± viya hot²”ti att±na½ paribh±sitv± paµisaªkh±nabalena tasmi½ eva khaºe kopa½ niggahetv± puna uppajjanavasenassa va¹¹hitu½ na ad±sinti. Tenev±ha “yadi na½ br±hmaºin”ti-±di.
Tassattho– ta½ paribb±jika½ br±hmaºi½ so r±j± v± añño v± koci tiºh±yapi nisit±ya sattiy± koµµeyya, khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ yadi chindeyya, eva½ santepi s²la½ attano s²lap±rami½ neva bhindeyya½. Kasm±? Bodhiy± eva k±raº±, sabbattha akhaº¹itas²leneva sakk± samm±sambodhi½ p±puºitu½, na itaren±ti.
36. Na me s± br±hmaº² dess±ti s± br±hmaº² j±tiy± gottena kulappadesena ±c±rasampattiy± ciraparicayena pabbajj±diguºasampattiy± c±ti sabbappak±rena na me dess± na appiy±, etiss± mama appiyabh±vo koci natthi. Napi me bala½ na vijjat²ti mayhampi bala½ na na vijjati, atthi eva. Aha½ n±gabalo th±masampanno, iccham±no sahas± vuµµhahitv± ta½ ±ka¹¹hante purise nippothetv± ta½ gahetv± yathicchitaµµh±na½ gantu½ samatthoti dasseti. Sabbaññuta½ piya½ mayhanti tato paribb±jikato sataguºena sahassaguºena satasahassaguºena sabbaññutaññ±ºameva mayha½ piya½. Tasm± s²l±nurakkhissanti tena k±raºena s²lameva anurakkhissa½.
Atha so r±j± uyy±ne papañca½ akatv±va s²ghatara½ gantv± ta½ paribb±jika½ pakkos±petv± mahantena yasena nimantesi. S± yasassa aguºa½ pabbajj±ya guºa½ attano bodhisattassa ca mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya sa½vegena pabbajitabh±vañca kathesi. R±j± kenaci pariy±yena tass± mana½ alabhanto cintesi– “aya½ paribb±jik± s²lavat² kaly±ºadhamm±, sopi paribb±jako im±ya ±ka¹¹hitv± n²yam±n±ya na kiñci vippak±ra½ dassesi, sabbattha nirapekkhacitto, na kho pana meta½ patir³pa½, ya½ evar³pesu guºavantesu vippak±ro, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ paribb±jika½ gahetv± uyy±na½ gantv± ima½, tañca paribb±jaka½ kham±peyyan”ti? Eva½ pana cintetv± “paribb±jika½ uyy±na½ ±neth±”ti purise ±º±petv± saya½ paµhamatara½ gantv± bodhisatta½ upasaªkamitv± pucchi– “bho pabbajita, ki½ may± t±ya paribb±jik±ya n²yam±n±ya kopo te uppajjitth±”ti. Mah±satto ±ha–
“Uppajji me na muccittha, na me muccittha j²vato;
raja½va vipul± vuµµhi, khippameva niv±rayin”ti. (J±. 1.10.52).
Ta½ sutv± r±j± “ki½ nu kho esa kopameva sandh±ya vadati, ud±hu añña½ kiñci sipp±dikan”ti cintetv± puna pucchi–
“Ki½ te uppajji no mucci, ki½ te no mucci j²vato;
raja½va vipul± vuµµhi, katama½ ta½ niv±ray²”ti. (J±. 1.10.53).
Tattha uppajj²ti ekav±ra½ uppajji, na puna uppajji. Na muccitth±ti k±yavac²vik±rupp±danavasena pana na muccittha, na na½ bahi pavattitu½ vissajjesinti attho. Raja½va vipul± vuµµh²ti yath± n±ma gimh±na½ pacchime m±se uppanna½ raja½ vipul± ak±lavuµµhidh±r± µh±naso niv±reti, eva½ ta½ v³pasamento niv±rayi½, niv±resinti attho.
Athassa mah±puriso n±nappak±rena kodhe ±d²nava½ pak±sento–
“Yamhi j±te na passati, aj±te s±dhu passati;
so me uppajji no mucci, kodho dummedhagocaro.
“Yena j±tena nandanti, amitt± dukkhamesino;
so me uppajji no mucci, kodho dummedhagocaro.
“Yasmiñca j±yam±namhi, sadattha½ n±vabujjhati;
so me uppajji no mucci, kodho dummedhagocaro.
“Yen±bhibh³to kusala½ jah±ti, parakkare vipulañc±pi attha½;
sa bh²maseno balav± pamadd², kodho mah±r±j± na me amuccatha.
“Kaµµhasmi½ mantham±nasmi½, p±vako n±ma j±yati;
tameva kaµµha½ ¹ahati, yasm± so j±yate gini.
“Eva½ mandassa posassa, b±lassa avij±nato;
s±rambh± j±yate kodho, sapi teneva ¹ayhati.
“Agg²va tiºakaµµhasmi½, kodho yassa pava¹¹hati;
nih²yati tassa yaso, k±¼apakkheva candim±.
“Anindho dh³maket³va, kodho yass³pasammati;
±p³rati tassa yaso, sukkapakkheva candim±”ti. (J±. 1.10.54-61)–

Im±hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desesi.

Tattha na passat²ti attatthampi na passati, pageva parattha½. S±dhu passat²ti attattha½ parattha½ ubhayatthañca sammadeva passati. Dummedhagocaroti nippaññ±na½ visayabh³to, nippañño v± gocaro ±h±ro indhana½ etass±ti dummedhagocaro. Dukkhamesinoti dukkha½ icchant±. Sadatthanti attano attha½ vu¹¹hi½. Parakkareti apaneyya vin±seyya. Sabh²masenoti so bh²m±ya bhayajananiy± mahatiy± kilesasen±ya samann±gato. Pamadd²ti balavabh±vena satte pamaddanas²lo. Na me amuccath±ti mama santik± mokkha½ na labhi, abbhantare eva damito, nibbisevano katoti attho. Kh²ra½ viya v± muhutta½ dadhibh±vena cittena patiµµhahitth±tipi attho.
Mantham±nasminti araºisahite mathiyam±ne. “Matham±nasmin”tipi p±µho. Yasm±ti yato kaµµh± Gin²ti aggi. B±lassa avij±natoti b±lassa aj±nantassa. S±rambh± j±yateti karaºuttariyakaraºalakkhaº± s±rambh± araºimanthanato viya p±vako kodho j±yate. Sapi tenev±ti sopi b±lo teneva kodhena kaµµha½ viya aggin± ¹ayhati. Anindho dh³maket³v±ti anindhano aggi viya. Tass±ti tassa adhiv±sanakhantiy± samann±gatassa puggalassa sukkapakkhe cando viya laddho, yaso apar±para½ ±p³rat²ti.
R±j± mah±sattassa dhammakatha½ sutv± mah±purisa½ paribb±jikampi r±jagehato ±gata½ kham±petv± “tumhe pabbajj±sukha½ anubhavant± idheva uyy±ne vasatha, aha½ vo dhammika½ rakkh±varaºagutti½ kariss±m²”ti vatv± vanditv± pakk±mi. Te ubhopi tattheva vasi½su. Aparabh±ge paribb±jik± k±lamak±si. Bodhisatto himavanta½ pavisitv± jh±n±bhiññ±yo nibbattetv± ±yupariyos±ne brahmalokapar±yano ahosi.
Tad± paribb±jik± r±hulam±t± ahosi, r±j± ±nandatthero, bodhiparibb±jako lokan±tho.
Tassa idh±pi yath±raha½ sesap±ramiyo niddh±retabb±. Tath± mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ mahantañca ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mah±bhinikkhamanasadisa½ gehato nikkhamana½, tath± nikkhamitv± pabbajitassa bahujanasammatassa sato paramappicchat±ya kulesu ca gaºesu ca alaggat±, accantameva l±bhasakk±rajigucch±ya pavivek±bhirati, atisayavat² ca abhisallekhavutti, tath±r³p±ya s²lavatiy± kaly±ºadhamm±ya paribb±jik±ya ananuññ±t± attano purato balakk±rena par±masiyam±n±ya s²lap±rami½ ±vajjetv± vik±r±n±patti, kat±par±dhe ca tasmi½ r±jini upagate hitacittata½ mettacittata½ upaµµhapetv± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikehi samanus±sananti evam±dayo idha mah±purisassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±. Teneta½ vuccati “eva½ acchariy± hete…pe… dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

C³¼abodhicariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.