“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½, kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare, vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.304; 3.141; ud±. aµµha. 53).
Eva½ buddh±na½ guºamahantata½ niss±ya uppannabalavap²tisomanasso puna cintesi– “evar³p±na½ n±ma buddhaguº±na½ hetubh³t± buddhak±rak± dhamm± p±ramiyo aho mah±nubh±v±. Katam±su nu kho j±t²su p±ramit± parip±cit±, katha½ v± parip±ka½ gat±, hand±ha½ imamattha½ pucchanto evampi samud±gamato paµµh±ya buddh±nubh±va½ imassa sadevakassa lokassa p±kaµatara½ kariss±m²”ti. So eva½ cintetv± bhagavanta½ ima½ pañha½ apucchi– “katam±su nu kho, bhante j±t²su ime buddhak±rak± dhamm± parip±cit±, katha½ v± parip±ka½ gat±”ti? Athassa bhagav± tasmi½ ratanacaªkame tisandhipallaªka½ ±bhujitv± yugandharapabbate b±las³riyo viya virocam±no nisinno “s±riputta, mayha½ buddhak±rak± dhamm± sam±d±nato paµµh±ya nirantara½ sakkaccak±rit±ya v²riy³patthambhena ca sabbesu kappesu bhavato bhava½ j±tito j±ti½ paripaccant±yeva ahesu½, imasmi½ pana bhaddakappe im±su j±t²su te paripakk± j±t±”ti dassento “kappe ca satasahasse”ti-±din± cariy±piµaka½ buddh±pad±niyanti dutiy±bhidh±na½ dhammapariy±ya½ abh±si. Apare pana “ratanacaªkame caªkamanto dev±tidevo devabrahm±d²hi p³jiyam±no nigrodh±r±me otaritv± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinno bhagav± vuttanayeneva ±yasmat± s±riputtena pucchito cariy±piµaka½ deses²”ti vadanti. Ett±vat± d³renid±na-avid³renid±n±ni saªkhepato dassetv± cariy±piµakassa santikenid±na½ vitth±rato niddiµµhanti veditabba½. D³renid±na½ pana asaªkhyeyyavibh±van±ya½ ±vi bhavissat²ti.
1. Id±ni “kappe ca satasahasse”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya cariy±piµakap±¼iy± atthasa½vaººan± hoti. Tatr±ya½ kappa-saddo sa-upasaggo anupasaggo ca vitakkavidh±napaµibh±gapaññattik±laparam±yusamaºavoh±rasamantabh±v±bhisaddahana- chedanaviniyogavinayakiriy±lesantarakappataºh±diµµhi-asaªkhyeyyakappamah±kapp±d²su dissati. Tath± hesa “nekkhammasaªkappo aby±p±dasaªkappo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.137) vitakke ±gato. “C²vare vikappa½ ±pajjeyy±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 642) vidh±ne, adhikavidh±na½ ±pajjeyy±ti attho. “Satthukappena vata kira, bho, s±vakena saddhi½ mantayam±n± na j±nimh±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.260) paµibh±ge. Satthusadisen±ti ayañhi tattha attho. “Idh±yasm±, kappo”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 1098) paññattiya½. “Yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.387) k±le. “¾kaªkham±no, ±nanda, tath±gato kappa½ v± tiµµheyya kapp±vasesa½ v±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.178; ud±. 51) param±yumhi. ¾yukappo hi idha kappoti adhippeto. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañcahi samaºakappehi phala½ paribhuñjitun”ti-±d²su (c³¼ava. 250) samaºavoh±re. “Kevalakappa½ jetavana½ obh±setv±”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 5.1; su. ni. maªgalasutta) samantabh±ve. “Saddh± saddahan± okappan± abhippas±do”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 12) abhisaddahane, saddh±yanti attho. “Alaªkato kappitakesamass³”ti-±d²su (vi. va. 1094; j±. 2.22.1368) chedane. “Evameva ito dinna½, pet±na½ upakappat²”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 7.7; pe va. 20) viniyoge. “Kappakatena akappakata½ sa½sibbita½ hot²”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 371) vinayakiriy±ya½. “Atthi kappo nipajjitu½, hand±ha½ nipajj±m²”ti-±d²su lese. “¾p±yiko nerayiko kappaµµho saªghabhedako…pe… kappa½ nirayamhi paccat²”ti (itivu. 18; c³¼ava. 354; kath±. 657, 862) ca ±d²su antarakappe.
“Na kappayanti na purekkharonti, dhamm±pi tesa½ na paµicchit±se;
na br±hmaºo s²lavatena neyyo, p±raªgato na pacceti t±d²”ti.–

¾d²su (su. ni. 809) taºh±diµµh²su. Tath± hi vutta½ niddese “kapp±ti udd±nato dve kapp± taºh±kappo diµµhikappo”ti (mah±ni. 28). “Anekepi sa½vaµµakappe anekepi vivaµµakappe”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.244; ma. ni. 1.68) asaªkhyeyyakappe. “Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, kappassa asaªkhyeyy±n²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.156) mah±kappe. Idh±pi mah±kappeyeva daµµhabbo (d². ni. aµµha. 1.29; 3.275; sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.1; a. ni. aµµha. 2.3.128; khu. p±. aµµha. 5.evamicc±dip±µhavaººan±).

Tatr±ya½ padasiddhi– kapp²yat²ti kappo, ettak±ni vass±n²ti v± ettak±ni vassasat±n²ti v± ettak±ni vassasahass±n²ti v± ettak±ni vassasatasahass±n²ti v± sa½vaccharavasena gaºetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± kevala½ s±sapar±si-upam±d²hi kappetabbo parikappetabbaparim±ºoti attho. Vuttañheta½–
“K²va d²gho nu kho, bhante, kappoti? D²gho kho, bhikkhu, kappo, so na sukaro saªkh±tu½ ‘ettak±ni vass±n²’ti v± ‘ettak±ni vassasat±n²’ti v± ‘ettak±ni vassasahass±n²’ti v± ‘ettak±ni vassasatasahass±n²’ti v±. Sakk± pana, bhante, upama½ k±tunti? ‘Sakk±, bhikkh³’ti bhagav± avoca. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhu, yojana½ ±y±mena yojana½ vitth±rena yojana½ ubbedhena mah±s±sapar±si. Tato vassasatassa vassasahassassa accayena ekameka½ s±sapa½ uddhareyya, khippatara½ kho so, bhikkhu, mah±s±sapar±si imin± upakkamena parikkhaya½ pariy±d±na½ gaccheyya, na tveva kappo, eva½ d²gho kho, bhikkhu, kappo”ti (sa½. ni. 2.128).
Sv±ya½ mah±kappo sa½vaµµ±divasena catu-asaªkhyeyyakappasaªgaho. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, kappassa asaªkhyeyy±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Sa½vaµµo, sa½vaµµaµµh±y², vivaµµo, vivaµµaµµh±y²”ti (a. ni. 4.156).
Tattha tayo sa½vaµµ±– tejosa½vaµµo, ±posa½vaµµo, v±yosa½vaµµoti. Tisso sa½vaµµas²m±– ±bhassar±, subhakiºh±, vehapphal±ti. Yad± hi kappo tejena sa½vaµµati, ±bhassarato heµµh± aggin± ¹ayhati. Yad± ±pena sa½vaµµati, subhakiºhato heµµh± udakena vil²yati. Yad± v±yun± sa½vaµµati, vehapphalato heµµh± v±tena viddha½sati. Vitth±rato pana koµisatasahassacakkav±¼a½ vinassati, ya½ buddh±na½ ±º±kkhettanti vuccati. Tesu t²su sa½vaµµesu yath±kkama½ kappavin±sakamah±meghato y±va j±l±ya v± udakassa v± v±tassa v± upacchedo ida½ eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ sa½vaµµo n±ma. Kappavin±sakaj±l±dipacchedato y±va koµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparip³rako sampattimah±megho uµµhahati, ida½ dutiya½ asaªkhyeyya½ sa½vaµµaµµh±y² n±ma.
Sampattimah±meghato y±va candimas³riyap±tubh±vo, ida½ tatiya½ asaªkhyeyya½ vivaµµo n±ma. Candimas³riyap±tubh±vato y±va puna kappavin±sakamah±megho, ida½ catuttha½ asaªkhyeyya½ vivaµµaµµh±y² n±ma. Imesu catusaµµhi-antarakappasaªgaha½ vivaµµaµµh±y². Tena sam±nak±laparicched± vivaµµ±dayo veditabb±. “V²sati-antarakappasaªgahan”ti eke. Iti im±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni eko mah±kappo hoti. Tena vutta½ “sv±ya½ mah±kappo sa½vaµµ±divasena catu-asaªkhyeyyakappasaªgaho”ti.
Kappeti ca accantasa½yogavasena upayogabahuvacana½. Satasahasseti kappasaddasambandhena c±ya½ pulliªganiddeso, idh±pi accantasa½yogavaseneva bahuvacana½. Sam±n±dhikaraºañheta½ padadvaya½. Caturo ca asaªkhiyeti etth±pi eseva nayo. Kassa pana asaªkhiyeti aññassa avuttatt± kappassa ca vuttatt± pakaraºato kapp±nanti ayamattho viññ±yateva. Na hi vutta½ vajjetv± avuttassa kassaci gahaºa½ yuttanti. Ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho, mah±kapp±na½ caturo asaªkhyeyye satasahasse ca mah±kappeti ayañhettha attho. Asaªkhiyeti ettha saªkh±tu½ na sakk±ti asaªkhiy±, gaºana½ atikkant±ti attho. “Asaªkhyeyyanti eko gaºanaviseso”ti eke. Te hi ekato paµµh±ya mah±balakkhapariyos±n±ni ek³nasaµµhiµµh±n±ni vajjetv± dasamah±balakkh±ni asaªkhyeyya½ n±ma, saµµhimaµµh±nantaranti vadanti. Ta½ na yujjati, saªkhy±µh±nantara½ n±ma gaºanaviseso, tassa asaªkhyeyyabh±v±bh±vato eka½ µh±nantara½ asaªkhyeyyañc±ti viruddhameta½. Nanu ca asaªkhyabh±vena asaªkhyeyyattepi tassa catubbidhabh±vo na yujjat²ti? No na yujjati. Cat³su µh±nesu asaªkhyeyyabh±vassa icchitatt±. Tatr±yam±dito paµµh±ya vibh±van±–
At²te kira ekasmi½ kappe taºhaªkaro medhaªkaro saraºaªkaro d²paªkaroti catt±ro samm±sambuddh± anukkamena loke uppajji½su. Tesu d²paªkarassa bhagavato k±le amaravat² n±ma nagara½ ahosi. Tattha sumedho n±ma br±hmaºo paµivasati ubhato suj±to m±tito ca pitito ca, sa½suddhagahaºiko y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± akkhitto anupakkuµµho j±tiv±dena, abhir³po dassan²yo p±s±diko param±ya vaººapokkharat±ya samann±gato. So añña½ kamma½ akatv± br±hmaºasippameva uggaºhi. Tassa daharak±leyeva m±t±pitaro k±lamaka½su. Athassa r±siva¹¹hako amacco ±yapotthaka½ ±haritv± suvaººarajatamaºimutt±dibharite s±ragabbhe vivaritv± “ettaka½ te, kum±ra, m±tusantaka½, ettaka½ te pitusantaka½, ettaka½ te ayyakapayyak±nan”ti y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± dhana½ ±cikkhitv± “eta½ dhana½ paµipajj±h²”ti ±ha. Sumedhapaº¹ito cintesi– “ima½ eva½ bahu½ dhana½ sa½haritv± mayha½ m±t±pit±dayo paraloka½ gacchant± ekakah±paºampi gahetv± na gat±, may± pana gahetv± gamanak±raºa½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti. So rañño ±rocetv± nagare bheri½ car±petv± mah±janassa d±na½ datv± himavantappadesa½ gantv± t±pasapabbajja½ pabbajitv± satt±heneva aµµha sam±pattiyo pañca ca abhiññ±yo nibbattetv± sam±pattivih±rehi viharati.
Tasmiñca k±le d²paªkaradasabalo param±bhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakko cat³hi kh²º±savasatasahassehi parivuto anupubbena c±rika½ caram±no rammavat²nagara½ n±ma patv± tassa avid³re sudassanamah±vih±re paµivasati. Rammavat²nagarav±sino “satth± kira amh±ka½ nagara½ patv± sudassanamah±vih±re paµivasat²”ti sutv± gandham±l±dihatth± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± gandham±l±d²hi p³jetv± ekamanta½ nisinn± dhammadesana½ sutv± sv±tan±ya nimantetv± uµµh±y±san± pakkami½su. Te punadivase mah±d±na½ sajjetv± nagara½ alaªkaritv± dasabalassa ±gamanamagga½ haµµhatuµµh± sodhenti.
Tasmiñca k±le sumedhat±paso ±k±sena gacchanto te haµµhatuµµhe manusse disv± “ambho, kassa tumhe ima½ magga½ sodheth±”ti pucchi? Tehi “samm±sambuddhassa ±gamanamagga½ sodhem±”ti vutte at²tesu buddhesu kat±dhik±ratt± “buddho”ti vacana½ sutv± uppannap²tisomanasso t±vadeva ±k±sato oruyha “mayhampi ok±sa½ detha, ahampi sodhess±m²”ti tehi dassita½ ok±sa½ “kiñc±pi aha½ ima½ iddhiy± sattaratanavicitta½ katv± alaªkaritu½ pahomi, ajja pana may± k±yaveyy±vacca½ k±tu½ vaµµati, k±y±raha½ puñña½ gaºhiss±m²”ti cintetv± tiºakacavar±dayo n²haritv± pa½su½ ±haritv± sama½ karonto sodheti. Aniµµhiteyeva pana tassa padesassa sodhane d²paªkaro bhagav± mah±nubh±v±na½ cha¼abhiññ±na½ kh²º±sav±na½ cat³hi satasahassehi parivuto ta½ magga½ paµipajji. Sumedhapaº¹ito “samm±sambuddho buddhas±vak± ca m± cikkhalla½ akkamant³”ti attano v±kac²rañca cammakhaº¹añca jaµ±kal±pañca pas±retv± sayañca yena bhagav± tena s²sa½ katv± avakujjo nipajji. Evañca cintesi– “sac±ha½ icchiss±mi, imassa bhagavato s±vako hutv± ajjeva kilese gh±tess±mi. Ki½ mayha½ ekakeneva sa½s±ramahoghato nittharaºena? Ya½n³n±hampi evar³po samm±sambuddho hutv± sadevaka½ loka½ sa½s±ramahaººavato t±reyyan”ti. Iti so aµµhaªgasamann±gatamah±bhin²h±ravasena citta½ paºidhesi. Atha bhagav± ±gantv± tassa uss²sake µhatv± citt±c±ra½ samijjhanabh±vañcassa ñatv± “aya½ ito kappasatasahass±dhik±na½ catunna½ asaªkhyeyy±na½ matthake gotamo n±ma samm±sambuddho bhavissat²”ti sabba½ ima½ bhagavato pavatti½ by±karitv± pakk±mi.