2. Hatthin±gavaggo

1. M±tuposakacariy±vaººan±

1. Dutiyavaggassa paµhame kuñjaroti hatth². M±tuposakoti andh±ya jar±jiºº±ya m±tuy± paµijagganako. Mahiy±ti bh³miya½. Guºen±ti s²laguºena, tad± mama sadiso natthi.
Bodhisatto hi tad± himavantappadese hatthiyoniya½ nibbatti. So sabbaseto abhir³po lakkhaºasampanno mah±hatth² anekahatthisatasahassapariv±ro ahosi. M±t± panassa andh±. So madhuraphal±phal±ni hatth²na½ hatthesu datv± m±tu peseti. Hatthino tass± adatv± saya½ kh±danti. So pariggaºhanto ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± “y³tha½ pah±ya m±tarameva posess±m²”ti rattibh±ge aññesa½ hatth²na½ aj±nant±na½ m±tara½ gahetv± caº¹oraºapabbatap±da½ gantv± eka½ na¼ini½ upaniss±ya µhit±ya pabbataguh±ya m±tara½ µhapetv± posesi.
2-3. Pavane disv± vanacaroti eko vanacarako puriso tasmi½ mah±vane vicaranto ma½ disv±. Rañño ma½ paµiveday²ti b±r±ºasirañño ma½ ±rocesi.
So hi maggam³¼ho disa½ vavatthapetu½ asakkonto mahantena saddena paridevi. Bodhisattopi tassa sadda½ sutv± “aya½ puriso an±tho, na kho paneta½ patir³pa½, ya½ esa mayi µhite idha vinasseyy±”ti tassa santika½ gantv± ta½ bhayena pal±yanta½ disv± “ambho purisa, natthi te ma½ niss±ya bhaya½, m± pal±yi, kasm± tva½ paridevanto vicaras²”ti pucchitv± “s±mi, aha½ maggam³¼ho ajja me sattamo divaso”ti vutte “bho purisa, m± bh±yi, aha½ ta½ manussapathe µhapess±m²”ti ta½ attano piµµhiya½ nis²d±petv± araññato n²haritv± nivatti. Sopi p±po “nagara½ gantv± rañño ±rocess±m²”ti rukkhasañña½ pabbatasaññañca karontova nikkhamitv± b±r±ºasi½ agam±si. Tasmi½ k±le rañño maªgalahatth² mato So puriso r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± mah±purisassa attano diµµhabh±va½ ±rocesi. Tena vutta½ “tav±nucchavo, mah±r±ja, gajo vasati k±nane”ti-±di.
Tattha tav±nucchavoti tava opavayha½ k±tu½ anucchaviko yutto. Na tassa parikkh±yatthoti tassa gahaºe gamanupacchedanattha½ samantato khaºitabbaparikkh±ya v± kareºuy± kaººapuµena att±na½ paµicch±detv± khittap±sarajjuy± bandhitabba±¼akasaªkh±ta-±l±nena v± yattha paviµµho katthaci gantu½ na sakkoti, t±disavañcanak±suy± v± attho payojana½ natthi. Sahagahiteti gahaºasamak±la½ eva. Ehit²ti ±gamissati.
R±j± ima½ maggadesaka½ katv± arañña½ gantv± “imin± vutta½ hatthin±ga½ ±neh²”ti hatth±cariya½ saha pariv±rena pesesi. So tena saddhi½ gantv± bodhisatta½ na¼ini½ pavisitv± gocara½ gaºhanta½ passi. Tena vutta½–
4. “Tassa ta½ vacana½ sutv±, r±j±pi tuµµham±naso;
pesesi hatthidamaka½, chek±cariya½ susikkhita½.
5. “Gantv± so hatthidamako, addasa padumassare;
bhisamu¼±la½ uddharanta½, y±panatth±ya m±tuy±”ti.
Tattha chek±cariyanti hatthibandhan±dividhimhi kusala½ hatth±cariya½. Susikkhitanti hatth²na½ sikkh±panavijj±ya niµµhaªgamanena suµµhu sikkhita½.
6. Viññ±ya me s²laguºanti “bhaddo aya½ hatth±j±n²yo na mando, na caº¹o, na vomissas²lo v±”ti mama s²laguºa½ j±nitv±. Katha½? Lakkhaºa½ upadh±ray²ti susikkhitahatthisippatt± mama lakkhaºa½ samantato upadh±resi. Tena so ehi putt±ti vatv±na, mama soº¹±ya aggahi.
7. Bodhisatto hatth±cariya½ disv±– “ida½ bhaya½ mayha½ etassa purisassa santik± uppanna½, aha½ kho pana mah±balo hatthisahassampi viddha½setu½ samattho, pahomi kujjhitv± saraµµhaka½ sen±v±hana½ n±setu½, sace pana kujjhiss±mi, s²la½ me bhijjissati, tasm± satt²hi koµµiyam±nopi na kujjhiss±m²”ti citta½ adhiµµh±ya s²sa½ on±metv± niccalova aµµh±si. Ten±ha bhagav± “ya½ me tad± p±katika½, sar²r±nugata½ balan”ti-±di.
Tattha p±katikanti sabh±vasiddha½. Sar²r±nugatanti sar²rameva anugata½ k±yabala½, na up±yakusalat±saªkh±tañ±º±nugatanti adhipp±yo. Ajja n±gasahass±nanti ajjak±le anekesa½ hatthisahass±na½ samudit±na½. Balena samas±disanti tesa½ sar²rabalena samasamameva hutv± sadisa½, na upam±mattena. Maªgalahatthikule hi tad± bodhisatto uppannoti.
8. Yadiha½ tesa½ pakuppeyyanti ma½ gahaº±ya upagat±na½ tesa½ aha½ yadi kujjheyya½, tesa½ j²vitamaddane paµibalo bhaveyya½. Na kevala½ tesaññeva, atha kho y±va rajjampi m±nusanti yato rajjato tesa½ ±gat±na½ manuss±na½ sabbampi rajja½ pothetv± cuººavicuººa½ kareyya½.
9. Api c±ha½ s²larakkh±y±ti eva½ samatthopi ca aha½ attani patiµµhit±ya s²larakkh±ya s²laguttiy± gutto bandho viya. Na karomi citte aññathattanti tassa s²lassa aññathattabh³ta½ tesa½ satt±na½ pothan±dividhi½ mayha½ citte na karomi, tattha cittampi na upp±demi. Pakkhipanta½ mam±¼aketi ±l±natthambhe pakkhipanta½, “disv±p²”ti vacanaseso. Kasm±ti ce, s²lap±ramip³riy± ²disesu µh±nesu s²la½ akhaº¹entassa me nacirasseva s²lap±ram² parip³ressat²ti s²lap±ramiparip³raºattha½ tassa aññathatta½ citte na karom²ti yojan±.
10. “Yadi te man”ti g±th±yapi s²larakkh±ya da¼ha½ katv± s²lassa adhiµµhitabh±vameva dasseti. Tattha koµµeyyunti bhindeyyu½. S²lakhaº¹abhay± mam±ti mama s²lassa khaº¹anabhayena.
Eva½ pana cintetv± bodhisatte niccale µhite hatth±cariyo padumasara½ otaritv± tassa lakkhaºasampatti½ disv± “ehi putt±”ti rajatad±masadis±ya soº¹±ya gahetv± sattame divase b±r±ºasi½ p±puºi. So antar±magge vattam±nova rañño s±sana½ pesesi. R±j± nagara½ alaªk±r±pesi. Hatth±cariyo bodhisatta½ katagandhaparibhaº¹a½ alaªkatapaµiyatta½ hatthis±la½ netv± vicitras±ºiy± parikkhip±petv± rañño ±rocesi. R±j± n±naggarasabhojana½ ±d±ya gantv± bodhisattassa d±pesi. So “m±tara½ vin± gocara½ na gaºhiss±m²”ti piº¹a½ na gaºhi. Y±citopi aggahetv±–
“S± n³nas± kapaºik±, andh± apariº±yik±;
kh±ºu½ p±dena ghaµµeti, giri½ caº¹oraºa½ pat²”ti.–

¾ha. Ta½ sutv± r±j±–

“K± nu te s± mah±n±ga, andh± apariº±yik±;
kh±ºu½ p±dena ghaµµeti, giri½ caº¹oraºa½ pat²”ti.– Pucchitv±–
“M±t± me s± mah±r±ja, andh± apariº±yik±;
kh±ºu½ p±dena ghaµµeti, giri½ caº¹oraºa½ pat²”ti.–

Vutte ajja sattamo divaso “m±t± me gocara½ na labhitth±”ti vadato imassa gocara½ agaºhantassa. Tasm±–

“Muñcatheta½ mah±n±ga½, yoya½ bharati m±tara½;
sametu m±tar± n±go, saha sabbehi ñ±tibh²”ti.– Vatv± muñc±pesi–
“Mutto ca bandhan± n±go, muttad±m±ya kuñjaro;
muhutta½ ass±sayitv±, agam± yena pabbato”ti.
Tattha kapaºik±ti var±k±. Kh±ºu½ p±dena ghaµµet²ti andhat±ya puttaviyogadukkhena ca paridevam±n± tattha tattha rukkhaka¼iªgare p±dena ghaµµeti. Caº¹oraºa½ pat²ti caº¹oraºapabbat±bhimukh², tasmi½ pabbatap±de paribbhamam±n±ti attho. Agam± yena pabbatoti so hatthin±go bandhan± mutto thoka½ vissamitv± rañño dasar±jadhammag±th±hi dhamma½ desetv± “appamatto hohi, mah±r±j±”ti ov±da½ datv± mah±janena gandham±l±d²hi p³jiyam±no nagar± nikkhamitv± tadaheva m±tar± sam±gantv± sabba½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. S± tuµµham±nas±–
“Cira½ j²vatu so r±j±, k±s²na½ raµµhava¹¹hano;
yo me putta½ pamocesi, sad± vuddh±pac±yikan”ti. (J±. 1.11.12)–

Rañño anumodana½ ak±si. R±j± bodhisattassa guºe pas²ditv± na¼iniy± avid³re g±ma½ m±petv± bodhisattassa m±tu cassa nibaddha½ vatta½ paµµhapesi Aparabh±ge bodhisatto m±tari mat±ya tass± sar²raparih±ra½ katv± kuraº¹aka-assamapada½ n±ma gato. Tasmi½ pana µh±ne himavantato otaritv± pañcasat± isayo vasi½su. Ta½ vatta½ tesa½ datv± r±j± bodhisattassa sam±nar³pa½ sil±paµima½ k±retv± mah±sakk±ra½ pavattesi. Jambud²pav±sino anusa½vacchara½ sannipatitv± hatthimaha½ n±ma kari½su.

Tad± r±j± ±nando ahosi, hatthin² mah±m±y±, vanacarako devadatto, m±tuposakahatthin±go lokan±tho.
Idh±pi d±nap±rami-±dayo yath±raha½ niddh±retabb±. S²lap±ram² pana atisayavat²ti s± eva desana½ ±sn¼ah±. Tath± tiracch±nayoniya½ uppannopi brahmapubbadevapubb±cariya-±huneyy±dibh±vena sabbaññubuddhenapi pasatthabh±v±nur³pa½ m±tuy± garucitta½ upaµµhapetv± “m±t± n±mes± puttassa bah³pak±r±, tasm± m±tupaµµh±na½ n±ma paº¹itena paññattan”ti manasi katv± anekesa½ hatthisahass±na½ issar±dhipati mah±nubh±vo y³thapati hutv± tehi anuvattiyam±no ekakavih±re antar±ya½ agaºetv± y³tha½ pah±ya ekako hutv± upak±rikhetta½ p³jess±m²ti m±tuposana½, maggam³¼hapurisa½ disv± anukamp±ya ta½ gahetv± manussagocarasamp±pana½, tena ca kat±par±dhasahana½ hatth±cariyappamukh±na½ att±na½ bandhitu½ ±gatapuris±na½ samatthopi sam±no sant±sanamattenapi tesa½ p²¼an± bhavissati, mayhañca s²lassa khaº¹±dibh±voti tath± akatv± sudantena opavayho viya sukheneva gahaº³pagamana½, m±tara½ vin± na kañci ajjhohariss±m²ti satt±hampi an±h±rat±, imin±p±ha½ bandh±pitoti citta½ anupp±detv± r±j±na½ mett±ya pharaºa½, tassa ca n±n±nayehi dhammadesan±ti evam±dayo idha mah±purisassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±. Tena vutta½– “eva½ acchariy± ete, abbhut± ca mahesino…pe… dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

M±tuposakacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.