10. Sasapaº¹itacariy±vaººan±

125-6. Dasame yad± homi, sasakoti aha½, s±riputta, bodhipariyesana½ caram±no yad± sasapaº¹ito homi. Bodhisatt± hi kammavasippatt±pi t±dis±na½ tiracch±n±na½ anuggaºhanattha½ tiracch±nayoniya½ nibbattanti. Pavanac±rakoti mah±vanac±r². Dabb±ditiº±ni rukkhagacchesu paºº±ni ya½kiñci s±ka½ rukkhato patitaphal±ni ca bhakkho etass±ti tiºapaººas±kaphalabhakkho. Paraheµhanavivajjitoti parap²¼±virahito. Suttapoto c±ti uddapoto ca. Aha½ tad±ti yad±ha½ sasako homi, tad± ete makkaµ±dayo tayo sah±ye ovad±mi.
127. Kiriye kaly±ºap±paketi kusale ceva akusale ca kamme. P±p±n²ti anus±san±k±radassana½. Tattha p±p±ni parivajjeth±ti p±º±tip±to…pe… micch±diµµh²ti im±ni p±p±ni parivajjetha. Kaly±ºe abhinivissath±ti d±na½ s²la½…pe… diµµhujukammanti ida½ kaly±ºa½, imasmi½ kaly±ºe attano k±yav±c±citt±ni abhimukhabh±vena nivissatha, ima½ kaly±ºapaµipatti½ paµipajjath±ti attho.
Eva½ mah±satto tiracch±nayoniya½ nibbattopi ñ±ºasampannat±ya kaly±ºamitto hutv± tesa½ tiººa½ jan±na½ k±lena k±la½ upagat±na½ ov±davasena dhamma½ desesi. Te tassa ov±da½ sampaµicchitv± attano vasanaµµh±na½ pavisitv± vasanti. Eva½ k±le gacchante bodhisatto ±k±sa½ oloketv± candap±rip³ri½ disv± “uposathakamma½ karoth±”ti ovadi. Ten±ha–
128. “Uposathamhi divase, canda½ disv±na p³rita½;
etesa½ tattha ±cikkhi½, divaso ajjuposatho.
129. “D±n±ni paµiy±detha, dakkhiºeyyassa d±tave;
datv± d±na½ dakkhiºeyye, upavassathuposathan”ti.
Tattha canda½ disv± na p³ritanti juºhapakkhac±tuddasiya½ ²saka½ aparipuººabh±vena canda½ na parip³rita½ disv± tato vibh±t±ya rattiy± aruºuggamanavel±yameva uposathamhi divase pannarase etesa½ makkaµ±d²na½ mayha½ sah±y±na½ divaso ajjuposatho. Tasm± “d±n±ni paµiy±deth±”ti-±din± tattha uposathadivase paµipattividh±na½ ±cikkhinti yojetabba½. Tattha d±n±n²ti deyyadhamme. Paµiy±deth±ti yath±satti yath±bala½ sajjetha. D±taveti d±tu½. Upavassath±ti uposathakamma½ karotha, uposathas²l±ni rakkhatha, s²le patiµµh±ya dinnad±na½ mahapphala½ hoti, tasm± y±cake sampatte tumhehi kh±ditabb±h±rato datv± kh±deyy±th±ti dasseti.
Te “s±dh³”ti bodhisattassa ov±da½ siras± sampaµicchitv± uposathaªg±ni adhiµµhahi½su. Tesu uddapoto p±tova “gocara½ pariyesiss±m²”ti nad²t²ra½ gato. Atheko b±¼isiko satta rohitamacche uddharitv± valliy± ±vuºitv± nad²t²re v±luk±ya paµicch±detv± macche gaºhanto nadiy± adho sota½ bhassi. Uddo macchagandha½ gh±yitv± v±luka½ viy³hitv± macche disv± n²haritv± “atthi nu kho etesa½ s±miko”ti tikkhattu½ ghosetv± s±mika½ apassanto valliya½ ¹a½sitv± attano vasanagumbe µhapetv± “vel±yameva kh±diss±m²”ti attano s²la½ ±vajjento nipajji. Siªg±lopi gocara½ pariyesanto ekassa khettagopakassa kuµiya½ dve ma½sas³l±ni eka½ godha½ ekañca dadhiv±raka½ disv± “atthi nu kho etesa½ s±miko”ti tikkhattu½ ghosetv± s±mika½ adisv± dadhiv±rakassa uggahaºarajjuka½ g²v±ya½ pavesetv± ma½sas³le ca godhañca mukhena ¹a½sitv± attano vasanagumbe µhapetv± “vel±yameva kh±diss±m²”ti attano s²la½ ±vajjento nipajji. Makkaµopi vanasaº¹a½ pavisitv± ambapiº¹a½ ±haritv± attano vasanagumbe µhapetv± “vel±yameva kh±diss±m²”ti attano s²la½ ±vajjento nipajji. Tiººampi “aho idha n³na y±cako ±gaccheyy±”ti citta½ uppajji. Tena vutta½–
130. “Te me s±dh³ti vatv±na, yath±satti yath±bala½;
d±n±ni paµiy±detv±, dakkhiºeyya½ gavesisun”ti.
Bodhisatto pana “vel±yameva nikkhamitv± dabb±ditiº±ni kh±diss±m²”ti attano vasanagumbeyeva nisinno cintesi– “mama santika½ ±gat±na½ y±cak±na½ tiº±ni kh±ditu½ na sakk±, tilataº¹ul±dayopi mayha½ natthi, sace me santika½ y±cako ±gamissati, aha½ tiºena y±pemi, attano sar²rama½sa½ dass±m²”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±–
131. “Aha½ nisajja cintesi½, d±na½ dakkhiºanucchava½;
yadiha½ labhe dakkhiºeyya½, ki½ me d±na½ bhavissati.
132. “Na me atthi til± mugg±, m±s± v± taº¹ul± ghata½;
aha½ tiºena y±pemi, na sakk± tiºa d±tave.
133. “Yadi koci eti dakkhiºeyyo, bhikkh±ya mama santike;
dajj±ha½ sakamatt±na½, na so tuccho gamissat²”ti.
Tattha d±na½ dakkhiºanucchavanti dakkhiº±bh±vena anucchavika½ d±na½ dakkhiºeyyassa d±tabba½ deyyadhamma½ cintesi½. Yadiha½ labheti yadi aha½ kiñci dakkhiºeyya½ ajja labheyya½. Ki½ me d±na½ bhavissat²ti ki½ mama d±tabba½ bhavissati. Na sakk± tiºa d±taveti yadi dakkhiºeyyassa d±tu½ tilamugg±dika½ mayha½ natthi, ya½ pana mama ±h±rabh³ta½, ta½ na sakk± tiºa½ dakkhiºeyyassa d±tu½. Dajj±ha½ sakamatt±nanti ki½ v± mayha½ et±ya deyyadhammacint±ya, nanu idameva mayha½ anavajja½ apar±dh²nat±ya sulabha½ paresañca paribhog±raha½ sar²ra½ sace koci dakkhiºeyyo mama santika½ ±gacchati, tayida½ sakamatt±na½ tassa dajj±maha½. Eva½ sante na so tuccho mama santika½ ±gato arittahattho hutv± gamissat²ti.
Eva½ mah±purisassa yath±bh³tasabh±va½ parivitakkentassa parivitakk±nubh±vena sakkassa paº¹ukambalasil±sana½ uºh±k±ra½ dassesi. So ±vajjento ima½ k±raºa½ disv± “sasar±ja½ v²ma½siss±m²”ti paµhama½ uddassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± br±hmaºavesena aµµh±si. Tena “kimattha½, br±hmaºa, µhitos²”ti ca vutte sace kañci ±h±ra½ labheyya½, uposathiko hutv± samaºadhamma½ kareyyanti. So “s±dh³ti te ±h±ra½ dass±m²”ti ±ha. Tena vutta½–
“Satta me rohit± macch±, udak± thalamubbhat±;
ida½ br±hmaºa me atthi, eta½ bhutv± vane vas±”ti. (J±. 1.4.61).
Br±hmaºo “pageva t±va hotu, pacch± j±niss±m²”ti tatheva siªg±lassa makkaµassa ca santika½ gantv± tehipi attano vijjam±nehi deyyadhammehi nimantito “pageva t±va hotu, pacch± j±niss±m²”ti ±ha. Tena vutta½–
“Dussa me khettap±lassa, rattibhatta½ ap±bhata½;
ma½sas³l± ca dve godh±, ekañca dadhiv±raka½;
ida½ br±hmaºa me atthi, eta½ bhutv± vane vas±”ti.
“Ambapakka½ daka½ s²ta½, s²tacch±y± manoram±;
ida½ br±hmaºa me atthi, eta½ bhutv± vane vas±”ti. (J±. 1.4.62-63).
Tattha duss±ti amussa. Rattibhatta½ ap±bhatanti rattibhojanato apan²ta½. Ma½sas³l± ca dve godh±ti aªg±rapakk±ni dve ma½sas³l±ni ek± ca godh±. Dadhiv±rakanti dadhiv±rako.
134. Atha br±hmaºo sasapaº¹itassa santika½ gato. Ten±pi “kimattham±gatos²”ti vutte tathev±ha. Tena vutta½ “mama saªkappamaññ±y±”ti-±di.
Tattha mama saªkappamaññ±y±ti pubbe vuttappak±ra½ parivitakka½ j±nitv±. Br±hmaºavaººin±ti br±hmaºar³pavat± attabh±vena. ¾sayanti vasanagumba½.
135-7. Santuµµhoti sama½ sabbabh±geneva tuµµho. Gh±sahet³ti ±h±rahetu. Adinnapubbanti yehi kehici abodhisattehi adinnapubba½. D±navaranti uttamad±na½. “Ajja dass±mi te ahan”ti vatv± tuva½ s²laguº³peto, ayutta½ te paraheµhananti ta½ p±º±tip±tato apanetv± id±ni tassa paribhogayogga½ att±na½ katv± d±tu½ “ehi aggi½ pad²peh²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha aha½ pacissamatt±nanti tay± kate aªg±ragabbhe ahameva patitv± att±na½ pacissa½. Pakka½ tva½ bhakkhayissas²ti tath± pana pakka½ tva½ kh±dissasi.
138-9. N±n±kaµµhe sam±nay²ti so br±hmaºavesadh±r² sakko n±n±d±r³ni sam±nento viya ahosi. Mahanta½ ak±si citaka½, katv± aªg±ragabbhakanti v²taccika½ vigatadh³ma½ aªg±rabharitabbhantara½ samantato jalam±na½ mama sar²rassa nimujjanappahonaka½ taªkhaºaññeva mahanta½ citaka½ ak±si, sahas± iddhiy± abhinimmin²ti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “aggi½ tattha pad²pesi, yath± so khippa½ mah±bhave”ti.
Tattha soti so aggikkhandho s²gha½ mahanto yath± bhaveyya, tath± pad²pesi. Phoµetv± rajagate gatteti “sace lomantaresu p±ºak± atthi, te m± mari½s³”ti pa½sugate mama gatte tikkhattu½ vidhunitv±. Ekamanta½ up±visinti na t±va kaµµh±ni ±ditt±n²ti tesa½ ±d²pana½ udikkhanto thoka½ ekamanta½ nis²di½.
140. Yad± mah±kaµµhapuñjo, ±ditto dhamadham±yat²ti yad± pana so d±rur±si samantato ±ditto v±yuvegasamuddhaµ±na½ j±lasikh±na½ vasena “dhamadham±”ti eva½ karoti. Taduppatitv± patati, majjhe j±lasikhantareti tad± tasmi½ k±le “mama sar²rassa jh±panasamattho aya½ aªg±rar±s²”ti cintetv± uppatitv± ullaªghitv± j±lasikh±na½ abbhantarabh³te tassa aªg±rar±sissa majjhe padumapuñje r±jaha½so viya pamuditacitto sakalasar²ra½ d±namukhe datv± patati.
141-2. Paviµµha½ yassa kassac²ti yath± ghammak±le s²tala½ udaka½ yena kenaci paviµµha½ tassa darathapari¼±ha½ v³pasameti, ass±da½ p²tiñca upp±deti. Tatheva jalita½ agginti eva½ tath± pajjalita½ aªg±rar±si tad± mama paviµµhassa usumamattampi n±hosi. Aññadatthu d±nap²tiy± sabbadarathapari¼±hav³pasamo eva ahosi. Cirassa½ vata me chavicamm±diko sabbo sar²r±vayavo d±namukhe juhitabbata½ upagato abhipatthito manoratho matthaka½ pattoti. Tena vutta½–
143. “Chavi½ camma½ ma½sa½ nh±ru½, aµµhi½ hadayabandhana½;
kevala½ sakala½ k±ya½, br±hmaºassa ad±sahan”ti.
Tattha hadayabandhananti hadayama½sapesi. Tañhi hadayavatthu½ bandhitv± viya µhitatt± “hadayabandhanan”ti vutta½. Atha v± hadayabandhananti hadayañca bandhanañca, hadayama½sañceva ta½ bandhitv± viya µhitayakanama½sañc±ti attho. Kevala½ sakala½ k±yanti anavasesa½ sabba½ sar²ra½.
Eva½ tasmi½ aggimhi attano sar²re lomak³pamattampi uºha½ k±tu½ asakkonto bodhisattopi himagabbha½ paviµµho viya hutv± br±hmaºar³padhara½ sakka½ evam±ha– “br±hmaºa, tay± kato aggi atis²talo, ki½ n±metan”ti? Paº¹ita, n±ha½ br±hmaºo, sakkohamasmi, tava v²ma½sanattha½ ±gato evamak±sinti. “Sakka, tva½ t±va tiµµhatu, sakalopi ce loko ma½ d±nena v²ma½seyya, neva me ad±tuk±mata½ kathañcipi upp±deyya passetha nan”ti bodhisatto s²han±da½ nadi.
Atha na½ sakko “sasapaº¹ita, tava guº± sakalakappampi p±kaµ± hont³”ti pabbata½ p²¼etv± pabbatarasa½ ±d±ya candamaº¹ale sasalakkhaºa½ ±likhitv± bodhisatta½ tasmi½ vanasaº¹e tattheva vanagumbe taruºadabbatiºap²µhe nipajj±petv± attano devalokameva gato. Tepi catt±ro paº¹it± samagg± sammodam±n± niccas²la½ uposathas²lañca p³retv± yath±raha½ puññ±ni katv± yath±kamma½ gat±.
Tad± uddo ±yasm± ±nando ahosi, siªg±lo mah±moggall±no, makkaµo s±riputto, sasapaº¹ito pana lokan±tho.
Tassa idh±pi s²l±dip±ramiyo heµµh± vuttanayeneva yath±raha½ niddh±retabb±. Tath± satipi tiracch±nupapattiya½ kusal±didhamme kusal±dito yath±bh³t±vabodho, tesu aºumattampi vajja½ bhayato disv± suµµhu akusalato oramaºa½, sammadeva ca kusaladhammesu attano patiµµh±pana½, paresañca “ime n±ma p±padhamm± te eva½ gahit± eva½ par±maµµh± eva½gatik± bhavanti eva½abhisampar±y±”ti ±d²nava½ dassetv± tato viramaºe niyojana½, ida½ d±na½ n±ma, ida½ s²la½ n±ma, ida½ uposathakamma½ n±ma, ettha patiµµhit±na½ devamanussasampattiyo hatthagat± ev±ti-±din± puññakammesu ±nisa½sa½ dassetv± patiµµh±pana½, attano sar²raj²vitanirapekkha½, paresa½ satt±na½ anuggaºhana½, u¼±ro ca d±najjh±sayoti evam±dayo idha bodhisattassa guº±nubh±v± vibh±vetabb±. Teneta½ vuccati– “eva½ acchariy± hete…pe… dhammassa anudhammato”ti.

Sasapaº¹itacariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Id±ni “akittibr±hmaºo”ti-±din± yath±vutte dasapi cariy±visese ud±netv± nigameti. Tattha ahameva tad± ±si½, yo te d±navare ad±ti yo t±ni uttamad±n±ni ad±si, so akittibr±haº±diko ahameva tad± tasmi½ k±le ahosi½, na aññoti. Iti tesu attabh±vesu satipi s²l±dip±ram²na½ yath±raha½ p³ritabh±ve attano pana tad± d±najjh±sayassa ativiya u¼±rabh±va½ sandh±ya d±nap±ramivaseneva desana½ ±ropesi. Ete d±naparikkh±r±, ete d±nassa p±ram²ti ye ime akittij±tak±d²su (j±. 1.13.83 ±dayo) anek±k±ravok±r± may± pavattit± deyyadhammaparicc±g± mama sar²r±vayavaputtad±raparicc±g± paramakoµik±, kiñc±pi te karuº³p±yakosallapariggahitatt± sabbaññutaññ±ºameva uddissa pavattitatt± d±nassa paramukka½sagamanena d±nap±ram² eva, tath±pi mama d±nassa paramatthap±ramibh³tassa parikkharaºatosant±nassa paribh±van±vasena abhisaªkharaºato ete d±naparikkh±r± n±ma. Yassa panete parikkh±r±, ta½ dassetu½ “j²vita½ y±cake datv±, ima½ p±rami p³rayin”ti vutta½. Ettha hi µhapetv± sasapaº¹itacariya½ ses±su navasu cariy±su yath±raha½ d±nap±ramid±na-upap±ramiyo veditabb±, sasapaº¹itacariye (cariy±. 1.125 ±dayo) pana d±naparamatthap±ram². Tena vutta½–
“Bhikkh±ya upagata½ disv±, sakatt±na½ pariccaji½;
d±nena me samo natthi, es± me d±nap±ram²”ti. (Cariy±. 1.tassudd±na).
Kiñc±pi hi mah±purisassa yath±vutte akittibr±hmaº±dik±le aññasmiñca mah±janakamah±sutasom±dik±le d±nap±ramiy± p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi, tath±pi ekanteneva sasapaº¹itak±le d±nap±ramiy± paramatthap±ramibh±vo vibh±vetabboti.

Paramatthad²paniy± cariy±piµakasa½vaººan±ya

Dasavidhacariy±saªgahassa visesato

D±nap±ramivibh±vanassa

Paµhamavaggassa atthavaººan± niµµhit±.