7. Candakum±racariy±vaººan±

45. Sattame ekar±jassa atrajoti ekar±jassa n±ma k±sirañño orasaputto. Nagare pupphavatiy±ti pupphavatin±make nagare. Candasavhayoti candasaddena avh±tabbo, candan±moti attho.
At²te kira aya½ b±r±ºas² pupphavat² n±ma ahosi. Tattha vasavattirañño putto ekar±j± n±ma rajja½ k±resi. Bodhisatto tassa gotamiy± n±ma aggamahesiy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ aggahesi. “Candakum±ro”tissa n±mamaka½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le aparopi putto uppanno, tassa “s³riyakum±ro”ti n±mamaka½su. Tassa padas± gamanak±le ek± dh²t± uppann±, “sel±”tiss± n±mamaka½su. Vem±tik± ca nesa½ bhaddaseno s³ro c±ti dve bh±taro ahesu½. Bodhisatto anupubbena vuddhippatto sippesu ca vijj±µµh±nesu ca p±ra½ agam±si. Tassa r±j± anucchavika½ canda½ n±ma r±jadh²tara½ ±netv± uparajja½ ad±si. Bodhisattassa eko putto uppanno, tassa “v±sulo”ti n±mamaka½su. Tassa pana rañño khaº¹ah±lo n±ma purohito, ta½ r±j± vinicchaye µhapesi. So lañjavittako hutv± lañja½ gahetv± ass±mike s±mike karoti, s±mike ca ass±mike karoti. Athekadivasa½ aµµapar±jito eko puriso vinicchayaµµh±ne upakkosento nikkhamitv± r±j³paµµh±na½ gacchanta½ bodhisatta½ disv± tassa p±desu nipatitv± “s±mi khaº¹ah±lo vinicchaye vilopa½ kh±dati, aha½ tena lañja½ gahetv± par±jaya½ p±pito”ti aµµassaramak±si. Bodhisatto “m± bh±y²”ti ta½ ass±setv± vinicchaya½ netv± s±mikameva s±mika½ ak±si. Mah±jano mah±saddena s±dhuk±ramad±si.
R±j± “bodhisattena kira aµµo suvinicchito”ti sutv± ta½ ±mantetv± “t±ta, ito paµµh±ya tvameva aµµakaraºe vinicchaya½ vinicchin±h²”ti vinicchaya½ bodhisattassa ad±si. Khaº¹ah±lassa ±yo pacchijji. So tato paµµh±ya bodhisatte ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± ot±r±pekkho vicari. So pana r±j± mudhappasanno. So ekadivasa½ supinantena devaloka½ passitv± tattha gantuk±mo hutv± “purohita½ brahmalokag±mimagga½ ±cikkh±”ti ±ha. So “atid±na½ dadanto sabbacatukkena yañña½ yajass³”ti vatv± raññ± “ki½ atid±nan”ti puµµho “attano piyaputt± piyabhariy± piyadh²taro mah±vibhavaseµµhino maªgalahatthi-ass±dayoti ete catt±ro catt±ro katv± dvipadacatuppade yaññatth±ya pariccajitv± tesa½ galalohitena yajana½ atid±na½ n±m±”ti saññ±pesi. Iti so “saggamagga½ ±cikkhiss±m²”ti nirayamagga½ ±cikkhi.
R±j±pi tasmi½ paº¹itasaññ² hutv± “tena vuttavidhi saggamaggo”ti saññ±ya ta½ paµipajjituk±mo mahanta½ yaññ±v±µa½ k±r±petv± tattha bodhisatt±dike catt±ro r±jakum±re ±di½ katv± khaº¹ah±lena vutta½ sabba½ dvipadacatuppada½ yaññapasutaµµh±ne neth±ti ±º±pesi. Sabbañca yaññasambh±ra½ upakkhaµa½ ahosi. Ta½ sutv± mah±jano mahanta½ kol±hala½ ak±si. R±j± vippaµis±r² hutv± khaº¹ah±lena upatthambhito punapi tath± ta½ ±º±pesi. Bodhisatto “khaº¹ah±lena vinicchayaµµh±na½ alabhantena mayi ±gh±ta½ bandhitv± mameva maraºa½ icchantena mah±janassa anayabyasana½ upp±ditan”ti j±nitv± n±n±vidhehi up±yehi r±j±na½ tato duggahitagg±hato vivecetu½ v±yamitv±pi n±sakkhi. Mah±jano paridevi, mahanta½ k±ruññamak±si. Mah±janassa paridevantasseva yaññ±v±µe sabbakamm±ni niµµh±pesi. R±japutta½ netv± g²v±ya n±metv± nis²d±pesu½. Khaº¹ah±lo suvaººap±ti½ upan±metv± khagga½ ±d±ya “tassa g²va½ chindiss±m²”ti aµµh±si. Ta½ disv± cand± n±ma r±japuttassa dev² “añña½ me paµisaraºa½ natthi, attano saccabalena s±mikassa sotthi½ kariss±m²”ti añjali½ paggayha paris±ya antare vicarant² “ida½ ekanteneva p±pakamma½, ya½ khaº¹ah±lo saggamaggoti karoti. Imin± mayha½ saccavacanena mama s±mikassa sotthi hotu.
“Y± devat± idha loke, sabb± t± saraºa½ gat±;
an±tha½ t±yatha mama½, yath±ha½ patim± siyan”ti.–
Saccakiriyamak±si. Sakko devar±j± tass± paridevanasadda½ sutv± ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± jalita½ ayok³µa½ ±d±ya ±gantv± r±j±na½ t±setv± sabbe vissajj±pesi. Sakkopi tad± attano dibbar³pa½ dassetv± sampajjalita½ sajotibh³ta½ vajira½ paribbhamanto “are, p±par±ja k±¼akaººi, kad± tay± p±º±tip±tena sugatigamana½ diµµhapubba½, candakum±ra½ sabbañca ima½ jana½ bandhanato mocehi, no ce mocessasi, ettheva te imassa ca duµµhabr±hmaºassa s²sa½ ph±less±m²”ti ±k±se aµµh±si. Ta½ acchariya½ disv± r±j± br±hmaºo ca s²gha½ sabbe bandhan± mocesu½.
Atha mah±jano ekakol±hala½ katv± sahas± yaññ±v±µa½ ajjhottharitv± khaº¹ah±lassa ekeka½ le¹¹uppah±ra½ dento tattheva na½ j²vitakkhaya½ p±petv± r±j±nampi m±retu½ ±rabhi. Bodhisatto puretarameva pitara½ palissajitv± µhito m±retu½ na ad±si. Mah±jano “j²vita½ t±vassa p±parañño dema, chatta½ panassa na dass±ma, nagare v±sa½ v± na dass±ma, ta½ caº¹±la½ katv± bahinagare v±s±pess±m±”ti r±javesa½ h±retv± k±s±va½ niv±s±petv± haliddipilotik±ya s²sa½ veµhetv± caº¹±la½ katv± caº¹±lag±ma½ pahiºi½su. Ye pana ta½ pasugh±tayañña½ yaji½su ceva yaj±pesuñca anumodi½su ca, sabbe te nirayapar±yan± ahesu½. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Sabbe patiµµh± niraya½, yath± ta½ p±paka½ karitv±na;
na hi p±pakamma½ katv±, labbh± sugati½ ito gantun”ti. (J±. 2.22.1143).
Atha sabb±pi r±japaris± n±gar± ceva j±napad± ca sam±gantv± bodhisatta½ rajje abhisiñci½su. So dhammena rajja½ anus±santo ta½ attano mah±janassa ca ak±raºeneva uppanna½ anayabyasana½ anussaritv± sa½vegaj±to puññakiriy±su bhiyyosomatt±ya uss±haj±to mah±d±na½ pavattesi, s²l±ni rakkhi, uposathakamma½ sam±diyi. Tena vutta½–
46. “Tad±ha½ yajan± mutto, nikkhanto yaññav±µato;
sa½vega½ janayitv±na, mah±d±na½ pavattayin”ti.– ¾di.
Tattha yajan± muttoti khaº¹ah±lena vihitayaññavidhito vuttanayena gh±tetabbato mutto. Nikkhanto yaññav±µatoti abhisekakaraºatth±ya uss±haj±tena mah±janena saddhi½ tato yaññabh³mito niggato. Sa½vega½ janayitv±n±ti eva½ “bahu-antar±yo lokasanniv±so”ti ativiya sa½vega½ upp±detv±. Mah±d±na½ pavattayinti cha d±nas±l±yo k±r±petv± mahat± dhanaparicc±gena vessantarad±nasadisa½ mah±d±namad±si½. Etena abhisekakaraºato paµµh±ya tassa mah±d±nassa pavattitabh±va½ dasseti.
47. Dakkhiºeyye adatv±n±ti dakkhiº±rahe puggale deyyadhamma½ apariccajitv±. Api chappañca rattiyoti appekad± chapi pañcapi rattiyo attano pivanakh±danabhuñjan±ni na karom²ti dasseti.
Tad± kira bodhisatto sakalajambud²pa½ unnaªgala½ katv± mah±megho viya abhivassanto mah±d±na½ pavattesi. Tattha kiñc±pi d±nas±l±su annap±n±di-u¼±ru¼±rapaº²tapaº²tameva y±cak±na½ yath±rucita½ divase divase d²yati, tath±pi attano sajjita½ ±h±ra½ r±j±rahabhojanampi y±cak±na½ adatv± na bhuñjati, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “n±ha½ piv±m²”ti-±di.
48. Id±ni tath± y±cak±na½ d±ne k±raºa½ dassento upama½ t±va ±harati “yath±pi v±ºijo n±m±”ti-±din±. Tassattho– yath± n±ma v±ºijo bhaº¹aµµh±na½ gantv± appena p±bhatena bahu½ bhaº¹a½ vikkiºitv± vipula½ bhaº¹asannicaya½ katv± desak±la½ j±nanto yatthassa l±bho udayo mah± hoti, tattha dese k±le v± ta½ bhaº¹a½ harati upaneti vikkiº±ti.
49. Sakabhutt±p²ti sakabhuttatopi attan± paribhuttatopi. “Sakaparibhutt±p²”tipi p±µho. Pareti parasmi½ paµigg±hakapuggale. Satabh±goti anekasatabh±go ±yati½ bhavissati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath± v±ºijena k²tabhaº¹a½ tattheva avikkiºitv± tath±r³pe dese k±le ca vikkiºiyam±na½ bahu½ udaya½ vipula½ phala½ hoti, tatheva attano santaka½ attan± anupabhuñjitv± parasmi½ paµigg±hakapuggale dinna½ mahapphala½ anekasatabh±go bhavissati, tasm± attan± abhuñjitv±pi parassa d±tabbamev±ti. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “tiracch±nagate d±na½ datv± sataguº± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±. Puthujjanaduss²le d±na½ datv± sahassaguº±”ti (ma. ni. 3.379) vitth±ro. Aparampi vutta½ “eva½ ce, bhikkhave, satt± j±neyyu½ d±nasa½vibh±gassa vip±ka½, yath±ha½ j±n±mi, na adatv± bhuñjeyyu½, na ca nesa½ maccheramala½ citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµheyya. Yopi nesa½ assa carimo ±lopo carima½ kaba¼a½, tatopi na asa½vibhajitv± bhuñjeyyun”ti-±di (itivu. 26).
50. Etamatthavasa½ ñatv±ti eta½ d±nassa mahapphalabh±vasaªkh±tañceva samm±sambodhiy± paccayabh±vasaªkh±tañca atthavasa½ k±raºa½ j±nitv±. Na paµikkam±mi d±natoti d±nap±ramito ²sakampi na nivatt±mi abhikkam±mi eva. Kimattha½? Sambodhimanupattiy±ti sambodhi½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ anuppattiy± anuppattiyattha½, adhigantunti attho.
Tad± bodhisatto mah±janena pitari caº¹±lag±ma½ pavesite d±tabbayuttaka½ paribbaya½ d±pesi niv±san±ni p±rupan±ni ca. Sopi nagara½ pavisitu½ alabhanto bodhisatte uyy±nak²¼±di-attha½ bahigate upasaªkamati, puttasaññ±ya pana na vandati, na añjalikamma½ karoti, “cira½ j²va, s±m²”ti vadati. Bodhisattopi diµµhadivase atirekasamm±na½ karoti. So eva½ dhammena rajja½ k±retv± ±yupariyos±ne sapariso devaloka½ p³resi.
Tad± khaº¹ah±lo devadatto ahosi, gotam² dev² mah±m±y±, cand± r±jadh²t± r±hulam±t±, v±sulo r±hulo, sel± uppalavaºº±, s³ro mah±kassapo, bhaddaseno mah±moggall±no, s³riyakum±ro s±riputto, candar±j± lokan±tho.
Tassa idh±pi pubbe vuttanayeneva yath±raha½ sesap±ramiyo niddh±retabb±. Tad± khaº¹ah±lassa kakkha¼apharusabh±va½ j±nantopi ajjhupekkhitv± dhammena samena aµµassa vinicchayo, att±na½ m±retuk±masseva khaº¹ah±lassa tath± yaññavidh±na½ j±nitv±pi tassa upari cittappakop±bh±vo, attano parisa½ gahetv± pitu sattu bhavitu½ samatthopi “m±disassa n±ma gar³hi virodho na yutto”ti att±na½ purisapasu½ katv± gh±t±petuk±massa pitu ±º±ya½ avaµµh±na½, kosiy± asi½ gahetv± s²sa½ chinditu½ upakkamante purohite attano pitari putte sabbasattesu ca mett±pharaºena samacittat±, mah±jane pitara½ m±retu½ upakkamante saya½ palissajitv± tassa j²vitad±nañca, divase divase vessantarad±nasadisa½ mah±d±na½ dadatopi d±nena atittabh±vo, mah±janena caº¹±lesu v±s±pitassa pitu d±tabbayuttaka½ datv± posana½, mah±jana½ puññakiriy±su patiµµh±pananti evam±dayo guº±nubh±v± niddh±retabb±ti.

Candakum±racariy±vaººan± niµµhit±.