Nid±nakath±

S± pan±ya½ atthasa½vaººan± yasm± d³renid±na½, avid³renid±na½, santikenid±nanti im±ni t²ºi nid±n±ni dassetv± vuccam±n± suºantehi samud±gamato paµµh±ya suµµhu viññ±t± n±ma hoti. Tasm± tesa½ nid±n±na½ aya½ vibh±go veditabbo.
D²paªkaradasabalassa p±dam³lasmiñhi kat±bhin²h±rassa mah±bodhisattassa y±va tusitabhavane nibbatti, t±va pavatto kath±maggo d³renid±na½ n±ma. Tusitabhavanato paµµh±ya y±va bodhimaº¹e sabbaññutaññ±ºappatti, t±va pavatto kath±maggo avid³renid±na½ n±ma. Mah±bodhimaº¹ato pana paµµh±ya y±va paccuppannavatthu, t±va pavatto kath±maggo santikenid±na½ n±ma. Imesu t²su nid±nesu yasm± d³renid±na-avid³renid±n±ni sabbas±dh±raº±ni, tasm± t±ni j±takaµµhakath±ya½ (j±. aµµha. 1.d³renid±nakath±) vitth±ritanayeneva vitth±rato veditabb±ni. Santikenid±ne pana atthi visesoti tiººampi nid±n±na½ ayam±dito paµµh±ya saªkhepakath±.
D²paªkarassa bhagavato p±dam³le kat±bhin²h±ro bodhisattabh³to lokan±tho attano abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ samatti½sap±ramiyo p³retv±, sabbaññutaññ±ºasambh±ra½ matthaka½ p±petv±, tusitabhavane nibbatto buddhabh±v±ya uppattik±la½ ±gamayam±no, tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± tato cuto sakyar±jakule paµisandhi½ gahetv± anantena parih±rena mahantena sirisobhaggena va¹¹ham±no anukkamena yobbana½ patv± ek³nati½se vayasmi½ katamah±bhinikkhamano, chabbass±ni mah±padh±na½ padahitv±, ves±khapuººam±ya½ bodhirukkham³le nisinno s³riye anatthaªgamiteyeva m±rabala½ vidhamitv± purimay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv±, majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhetv±, pacchimay±me diya¹¹hakilesasahassa½ khepetv±, anuttara½ samm±sambodhimabhisambujjhi.
Tato tattheva sattasatt±he v²tin±metv±, ±s±¼hipuººam±ya½ b±r±ºasi½ gantv± isipatane migad±ye aññ±sikoº¹aññappamukh± aµµh±rasa brahmakoµiyo dhamm±mata½ p±yento, dhammacakka½ (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13 ±dayo; paµi. ma. 2.30) pavattetv±, yas±dike veneyye arahatte patiµµh±petv±, te sabbeva saµµhi arahante lok±nuggah±ya vissajjetv±, uruvela½ gacchanto kapp±sikavanasaº¹e ti½sa bhaddavaggiye sot±pattiphal±d²su patiµµh±petv±, uruvela½ gantv± a¹¹hu¹¹h±ni p±µih±riyasahass±ni dassetv± uruvelakassap±dayo sahassajaµilapariv±re tebh±tikajaµile vinetv±, tehi parivuto r±jagahanagar³pac±re laµµhivanuyy±ne nisinno bimbis±rappamukhe dv±dasanahute br±hmaºagahapatike s±sane ot±retv±, magadhar±jena k±rite ve¼uvanavih±re viharati.
Atheva½ bhagavati ve¼uvane viharante s±riputtamoggall±nesu aggas±vakaµµh±ne µhapitesu s±vakasannip±te j±te, suddhodanamah±r±j± “putto kira me chabbass±ni dukkarak±rika½ caritv± param±bhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakko r±jagaha½ niss±ya ve¼uvane viharat²”ti sutv± dasapurisasahassapariv±re, anukkamena dasa amacce pesesi “putta½ me idh±netv± dasseth±”ti. Tesu r±jagaha½ gantv± satthu dhammadesan±ya arahatte patiµµhitesu k±¼ud±yittherena rañño adhipp±ye ±rocite bhagav± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto r±jagahato nikkhamitv± saµµhiyojana½ kapilavatthu½ dv²hi m±sehi samp±puºi. Sakyar±j±no “amh±ka½ ñ±tiseµµha½ passiss±m±”ti sannipatitv± nigrodh±r±ma½ bhagavato ca bhikkhusaªghassa ca vasanayogga½ k±retv±, gandhapupph±dihatth± paccuggamana½ katv±, satth±ra½ nigrodh±r±ma½ pavesesu½. Tatra bhagav± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²di. S±kiy± m±natthaddh± satthu paºip±ta½ n±ka½su. Bhagav± tesa½ ajjh±saya½ oloketv± m±na½ bhañjitv± te dhammadesan±ya bh±jane k±tu½ abhiññ±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± tesa½ s²se p±dapa½su½ okiram±no viya, kaº¹ambarukkham³le katap±µih±riyasadisa½ yamakap±µih±riya½ ak±si. R±j± ta½ acchariya½ disv± “aya½ loke aggapuggalo”ti vandi. Raññ± pana vandite te µh±tu½ n±ma na sakkonti, sabbepi s±kiy± vandi½su.
Tad± kira bhagav± yamakap±µih±riya½ karonto lokavivaraºap±µih±riyampi ak±si– yasmi½ vattam±ne manuss± manussaloke yath±µhit± yath±nisinn±va c±tumah±r±jikato paµµh±ya y±va akaniµµhabhavan± sabbe deve tattha tattha attano bhavane k²¼ante dibb±nubh±vena jotante mahati½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavante sant±ni sam±pattisukh±ni anubhavante aññamañña½ dhamma½ s±kacchante ca buddh±nubh±vena attano ma½sacakkhun±va passanti. Tath± heµµh±pathaviya½ aµµhasu mah±nirayesu, so¼asasu ca ussadanirayesu, lokantaraniraye c±ti tattha tattha mah±dukkha½ anubhavam±ne satte passanti. Dasasahassilokadh±tuya½ dev± mahaccadev±nubh±vena tath±gata½ upasaªkamitv± acchariyabbhutacittaj±t± pañjalik± namassam±n± payirup±santi, buddhaguºapaµisa½yutt± g±th±yo ud±harant± thomenti apphoµenti hasanti p²tisomanassa½ pavedenti. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Bhumm± mah±r±jik± t±vati½s±, y±m± ca dev± tusit± ca nimmit±;
paranimmit± yepi ca brahmak±yik±, ±nandit± vipulamaka½su ghosan”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.6)
Tad± hi dasabalo “atula½ attano buddhabala½ dassess±m²”ti mah±karuº±ya samuss±hito ±k±se dasasahassacakkav±¼asam±game caªkama½ m±petv±, dv±dasayojanavitthate sabbaratanamaye caªkame µhito yath±vutta½ devamanussanayanavihaªg±na½ ekanip±tabh³tamacchariya½ anaññas±dh±raºa½ buddh±na½ sam±dhiñ±º±nubh±vad²pana½ p±µih±riya½ dassetv±, puna tasmi½ caªkame caªkamanto veneyy±na½ ajjh±say±nur³pa½ acinteyy±nubh±v±ya anopam±ya buddhal²¼±ya dhamma½ desesi. Tena vutta½–
“Na hete j±nanti sadevam±nus±, buddho aya½ k²disako naruttamo;
iddhibala½ paññ±balañca k²disa½, buddhabala½ lokahitassa k²disa½.
“Na hete j±nanti sadevam±nus±, buddho aya½ edisako naruttamo;
iddhibala½ paññ±balañca edisa½, buddhabala½ lokahitassa edisa½.
“Hand±ha½ dassayiss±mi, buddhabalamanuttara½;
caªkama½ m±payiss±mi, nabhe ratanamaº¹itan”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.3-5).
Eva½ tath±gate attano buddh±nubh±vad²pana½ p±µih±riya½ dassetv± dhamma½ desente ±yasm± dhammasen±pati s±riputto r±jagahe gijjhak³µapabbate µhito dibbacakkhun± passitv±, tena buddh±nubh±vasandassanena acchariyabbhutacittaj±to “hand±ha½ bhiyyosomatt±ya buddh±nubh±va½ lokassa p±kaµa½ kariss±m²”ti sañj±taparivitakko attano pariv±rabh³t±na½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ tamattha½ ±rocetv± iddhiy± ±k±sena t±vadeva ±gantv± sapariv±ro bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjalamañjali½ sirasi paggayha tath±gatassa mah±bhin²h±ra½ p±ramiparip³raºañca pucchi. Bhagav± ta½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± tattha sannipatitamanuss±nañceva dasasahassacakkav±¼adevabrahm±nañca attano buddh±nubh±va½ parid²payanto buddhava½sa½ desesi. Tena vutta½–
“S±riputto mah±pañño, sam±dhijjh±nakovido;
paññ±ya p±ramippatto, pucchati lokan±yaka½.
“K²diso te mah±v²ra, abhin²h±ro naruttama;
kamhi k±le tay± dh²ra, patthit± bodhimuttam±.
“D±na½ s²lañca nekkhamma½, paññ± v²riyañca k²disa½;
khanti saccamadhiµµh±na½, mettupekkh± ca k²dis±.
“Dasa p±ram² tay± dh²ra, k²dis² lokan±yaka;
katha½ upap±ram² puºº±, paramatthap±ram² katha½.
“Tassa puµµho viy±k±si, karav²kamadhuragiro;
nibb±payanto hadaya½, h±sayanto sadevakan”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.74-78).
Eva½ bhagavat± buddhava½se desite ±yasm± dhammasen±pati “aho buddh±na½ hetusampad±, aho samud±gamasampatti, aho mah±bhin²h±rasamijjhan±, dukkara½ vata bhagavat± kata½ ettaka½ k±la½ eva½ p±ramiyo p³rentena, eva½vidhassa bodhisambh±rasambharaºassa anucchavikameva ceta½ phala½, yadida½ sabbaññut± balesu ca vas²bh±vo eva½mahiddhikat± eva½mah±nubh±vat±”ti buddhaguº±rammaºa½ ñ±ºa½ pesesi. So anaññas±dh±raºa½ bhagavato s²la½ sam±dhi paññ± vimutti vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ hiri-ottappa½ saddh±v²riya½ satisampajañña½ s²lavisuddhi diµµhivisuddhi samathavipassan± t²ºi kusalam³l±ni t²ºi sucarit±ni tayo samm±vitakk± tisso anavajjasaññ±yo tisso dh±tuyo catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± catt±ro ariyamagg± catt±ri ariyaphal±ni catasso paµisambhid± catuyoniparicchedakañ±º±ni catt±ro ariyava½s± catt±ri ves±rajjañ±º±ni pañca padh±niyaªg±ni pañcaªgiko samm±sam±dhi pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni pañca nissaraºiy± dh±tuyo pañca vimutt±yatanañ±º±ni pañca vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm± cha s±raº²y± dhamm± cha anussatiµµh±n±ni cha g±rav± cha nissaraºiy± dh±tuyo cha satatavih±r± cha anuttariy±ni cha nibbedhabh±giy± saññ± cha abhiññ± cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni satta aparih±niy± dhamm± satta ariyadhan±ni satta bojjhaªg± satta sappurisadhamm± satta niddasavatth³ni satta saññ± satta dakkhiºeyyapuggaladesan± satta kh²º±savabaladesan± aµµha paññ±paµil±bhahetudesan± aµµha sammatt±ni aµµha lokadhamm±tikkam± aµµha ±rambhavatth³ni aµµha akkhaºadesan± aµµha mah±purisavitakk± aµµha abhibh±yatanadesan± aµµha vimokkh± nava yonisomanasik±ram³lak± dhamm± nava p±risuddhipadh±niyaªg±ni nava satt±v±sadesan± nava ±gh±tappaµivinay± nava paññ± nava n±nattadesan± nava anupubbavih±r± dasa n±thakaraº± dhamm± dasa kasiº±yatan±ni dasa kusalakammapath± dasa sammatt±ni dasa ariyav±s± dasa asekkh± dhamm± dasa ratan±ni dasa tath±gatabal±ni ek±dasa mett±nisa½s± dv±dasa dhammacakk±k±r± terasa dhutaªgaguº± cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni pañcadasa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm± so¼asavidh± ±n±p±nassat² so¼asa aparampariy± dhamm± aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm± ek³nav²sati paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni catucatt±l²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni paññ±sa udayabbayañ±º±ni paropaºº±sa kusaladhamm± sattasattati ñ±ºavatth³ni catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattisañc±ritamah±vajirañ±ºa½ anantanayasamantapaµµh±napavicayapaccavekkhaºadesan±ñ±º±ni tath± anant±su lokadh±t³su anant±na½ satt±na½ ±say±divibh±vanañ±º±ni c±ti evam±dike acinteyy±nubh±ve buddhaguºe dhammanvayato anugacchanto anussaranto neva anta½, na pam±ºa½ passi. Thero hi attanopi n±ma guº±na½ anta½ v± pam±ºa½ v± ±vajjento na passati, so bhagavato guº±na½ pam±ºa½ ki½ passissati? Yassa yassa hi paññ± mahat² ñ±ºa½ visada½, so so buddhaguºe mahantato saddahati, iti thero bhagavato guº±na½ pam±ºa½ v± pariccheda½ v± apassanto “m±disassa n±ma s±vakap±ramiñ±ºe µhitassa buddhaguº± ñ±ºena paricchinditu½ na sakk±, pageva itaresa½. Aho acinteyy± aparimeyyabhed± mah±nubh±v± sabbaññuguº±, kevala½ panete ekassa buddhañ±ºasseva sabbaso gocar±, n±ññesa½. Kathetu½ pana samm±sambuddhehipi vitth±rato na sakk±yev±”ti niµµhamagam±si. Vuttañheta½–