3. Subh³tivaggo

1. Subh³titthera-apad±navaººan±

Himavantass±vid³reti-±dika½ ±yasmato subh³tittherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto ito kappasatasahassamatthake anuppanneyeva padumuttare bhagavati lokan±the ha½savat²nagare aññatarassa br±hmaºamah±s±lassa ekaputtako hutv± nibbatti, tassa nandam±ºavoti n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaºhitv± tattha s±ra½ apassanto attano pariv±rabh³tehi catucatt±l²s±ya m±ºavasahassehi saddhi½ pabbatap±de isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± aµµha sam±pattiyo pañc±bhiññ±yo ca nibbattesi. Antev±sik±nampi kammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhi. Tepi nacirasseva jh±nal±bhino ahesu½.
Tena ca samayena padumuttaro bhagav± loke uppajjitv± ha½savat²nagara½ upaniss±ya viharanto ekadivasa½ pacc³sasamaye loka½ volokento nandat±pasassa antev±sikajaµil±na½ arahatt³panissaya½, nandat±pasassa ca dv²haªgehi samann±gatassa s±vakaµµh±nantarassa patthana½ disv± p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± pubbaºhasamaye pattac²varam±d±ya añña½ kañci an±mantetv± s²ho viya ekacaro nandat±pasassa antev±sikesu phal±phalatth±ya gatesu “buddhabh±va½ me j±n±t³”ti passantasseva nandat±pasassa ±k±sato otaritv± pathaviya½ patiµµh±si. Nandat±paso buddh±nubh±vañceva lakkhaºap±rip³riñca disv± lakkhaºamante sammasitv± “imehi lakkhaºehi samann±gato n±ma ag±ra½ ajjh±vasanto r±j± hoti cakkavatt², pabbajanto loke vivaµacchedo sabbaññ³ buddho hoti, aya½ puris±j±n²yo nissa½saya½ buddho”ti ñatv± paccuggamana½ katv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± ±sana½ paññ±petv± ad±si. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. Nandat±pasopi attano anucchavika½ ±sana½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Tasmi½ samaye catucatt±l²sasahassajaµil± paº²tapaº²t±ni ojavant±ni phal±phal±ni gahetv± ±cariyassa santika½ sampatt± buddh±nañceva ±cariyassa ca nisinn±k±ra½ oloketv± ±ha½su– “±cariya, maya½ ‘imasmi½ loke tumhehi mahantataro natth²’ti vicar±ma, aya½ pana puriso tumhehi mahantataro maññe”ti. Nandat±paso– “t±t± ki½ vadetha, tumhe s±sapena saddhi½ aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedha½ sineru½ upametu½ icchatha, sabbaññubuddhena saddhi½ m± ma½ upamitth±”ti ±ha. Atha te t±pas±– “sace aya½ orako abhavissa, na amh±ka½ ±cariyo eva½ upama½ ±hareyya. Y±va mah±vat±ya½ puris±j±n²yo”ti p±desu nipatitv± siras± vandi½su. Atha te ±cariyo ±ha– “t±t±, amh±ka½ buddh±na½ anucchaviko deyyadhammo natthi, bhagav± ca bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ idh±gato, tasm± maya½ yath±bala½ deyyadhamma½ dass±ma, tumhehi ya½ ya½ paº²ta½ phal±phala½ ±bhata½, ta½ ta½ ±harath±”ti ±har±petv± sahattheneva dhovitv± saya½ tath±gatassa patte patiµµh±pesi. Satth±r± phal±phale paµiggahitamatte devat± dibboja½ pakkhipi½su. T±paso udakampi sayameva pariss±vetv± ad±si. Tato bhojanakicca½ niµµh±petv± nisinne satthari sabbe antev±sike pakkositv± satthu santike s±raº²ya½ katha½ kathento nis²di. Satth± “bhikkhusaªgho ±gacchat³”ti cintesi. Satthu citta½ ñatv± satasahassamatt± kh²º±sav± ±gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± aµµha½su.
Atha nandat±paso antev±sike ±mantesi– “t±t±, buddh±na½ nisinn±sanampi n²ca½, samaºasatasahassassapi ±sana½ natthi. Tumhehi ajja u¼±ra½ bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca sakk±ra½ k±tu½ vaµµati, pabbatap±dato vaººagandhasampann±ni pupph±ni ±harath±”ti ±ha. Acinteyyatt± iddhivisayassa te muhutteneva vaººagandharasasampann±ni pupph±ni ±haritv± buddh±na½ yojanappam±ºa½ pupph±sana½ paññ±pesu½. Aggas±vak±na½ tig±vuta½, sesabhikkh³na½ a¹¹hayojan±dibheda½, saªghanavakassa usabhamatta½ paññ±pesu½. Eva½ paññattesu ±sanesu nandat±paso tath±gatassa purato añjali½ paggayha µhito, “bhante, amh±ka½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya ima½ pupph±sana½ ±ruyha nis²dath±”ti ±ha. Nis²di bhagav± pupph±sane. Eva½ nisinne satthari satthu ±k±ra½ ñatv± bhikkh³ attano attano patt±sane nis²di½su. Nandat±paso mahanta½ pupphacchatta½ gahetv± tath±gatassa matthake dh±rento aµµh±si. Satth± “t±pas±na½ aya½ sakk±ro mahapphalo hot³”ti nirodhasam±patti½ sam±pajji. Satthu sam±pannabh±va½ ñatv± bhikkh³pi sam±patti½ sam±pajji½su. Tath±gate satt±ha½ nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± nisinne antev±sik± bhikkh±c±rak±le sampatte vanam³laphal±phala½ paribhuñjitv± sesak±le buddh±na½ añjali½ paggayha aµµha½su. Nandat±paso pana bhikkh±c±rampi agantv± pupphacchatta½ dh±rentoyeva satt±ha½ p²tisukheneva v²tin±mesi.
Satth± nirodhato vuµµh±ya araºavih±ri-aªgena dakkhiºeyyaªgena c±ti dv²hi aªgehi samann±gata½ eka½ s±vaka½ “isigaºassa pupph±san±numodana½ karoh²”ti ±º±pesi. So cakkavattirañño santik± paµiladdhamah±l±bho mah±yodho viya tuµµham±naso attano visaye µhatv± tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ sammasitv± anumodanamak±si. Tassa desan±vas±ne satth± saya½ dhamma½ desesi. Satthu desan±vas±ne sabbepi catucatt±l²sasahassat±pas± arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Satth±– “etha bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Tesa½ t±vadeva kesamass³ antaradh±yi½su Aµµha parikkh±r± sar²re paµimukk±va ahesu½. Te saµµhivassikatther± viya satth±ra½ pariv±rayi½su. Nandat±paso pana vikkhittacittat±ya visesa½ n±dhigañchi. Tassa kira araºavih±rittherassa dhamma½ sotu½ ±raddhak±lato paµµh±ya– “aho vat±hampi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane imin± s±vakena laddhaguºa½ labheyyan”ti citta½ udap±di. So tena vitakkena maggaphalapaµivedha½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi. Tath±gata½ pana vanditv± añjali½ paggayha sammukhe µhito evam±ha– “bhante, yena bhikkhun± isigaºassa pupph±san±numodan± kat±, ko n±m±ya½ tumh±ka½ s±sane”ti? “Araºavih±ri-aªgena ca dakkhiºeyyaªgena ca etadaggaµµh±na½ patto eso bhikkh³”ti. “Bhante, yv±ya½ may± satt±ha½ pupphacchatta½ dh±rentena sakk±ro kato, tena adhik±rena añña½ sampatti½ na patthemi, an±gate pana ekassa buddhassa s±sane aya½ thero viya dv²haªgehi samann±gato s±vako bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si.
Satth± “samijjhissati nu kho imassa t±pasassa patthan±”ti an±gata½sañ±ºa½ pesetv± olokento kappasatasahassa½ atikkamitv± samijjhanakabh±va½ disv±, “t±pasa, na te aya½ patthan± mogha½ bhavissati, an±gate kappasatasahassa½ atikkamitv± gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati, tassa santike samijjhissat²”ti dhammakatha½ kathetv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto ±k±sa½ pakkhandi. Nandat±paso y±va cakkhupatha½ na samatikkamati, t±va satthu bhikkhusaªghassa ca añjali½ paggahetv± aµµh±si. So aparabh±ge k±lena k±la½ satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ suºitv± aparih²najjh±nova k±la½ katv± brahmaloke nibbatto. Tato pana cuto apar±nipi pañca j±tisat±ni pabbajitv± ±raññakova ahosi, kassapasamm±sambuddhak±lepi pabbajitv± ±raññako hutv± gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³resi. Eta½ kira vatta½ aparip³retv± mah±s±vakabh±va½ p±puºant± n±ma natthi, gatapacc±gatavatta½ pana ±gamaµµhakath±su vuttanayeneva veditabba½. So v²sativassasahass±ni gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³retv± k±la½ katv± t±vati½sadevaloke nibbatti.
Eva½ so t±vati½sabhavane apar±para½ uppajjanavasena dibbasampatti½ anubhavitv± tato cuto manussaloke anekasatakkhattu½ cakkavattir±j± padesar±j± ca hutv± u¼±ra½ manussasampatti½ anubhavitv± amh±ka½ bhagavato uppannak±le s±vatthiya½ sumanaseµµhissa gehe an±thapiº¹ikassa kaniµµho hutv± nibbatti. Subh³t²tissa n±ma½ ahosi.
Tena ca samayena amh±ka½ bhagav± loke uppajjitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena r±jagaha½ gantv± tattha ve¼uvanapaµiggahaº±din± lok±nuggaha½ karonto r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya s²tavane vih±si. Tad± an±thapiº¹iko seµµhi s±vatthiya½ uµµh±naka½ bhaº¹a½ gahetv± attano sah±yassa r±jagahaseµµhino geha½ gantv± buddhupp±da½ sutv± satth±ra½ s²tavane viharanta½ upasaªkamitv± paµhamadassaneneva sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya satth±ra½ s±vatthi½ ±gamanatth±ya y±citv± tato pañcacatt±l²sayojane magge yojane yojane satasahassaparicc±gena vih±re patiµµh±petv± s±vatthiya½ aµµhakar²sappam±ºa½ jetassa kum±rassa uyy±nabh³mi½ koµisanth±rena kiºitv± tattha bhagavato vih±ra½ k±retv± ad±si. Vih±ramahadivase aya½ subh³tikuµumbiko an±thapiº¹ikaseµµhin± saddhi½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto saddha½ paµilabhitv± pabbaji. So upasampanno dve m±tik± paguº± katv± kammaµµh±na½ kath±petv± araññe samaºadhamma½ karonto mett±jh±na½ nibbattetv± ta½ p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi.
So dhamma½ desento yasm± satth±r± desitaniy±mena anodissaka½ katv± deseti, tasm± araºavih±r²na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Yasm± ca piº¹±ya caranto ghare ghare mett±jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya bhikkha½ paµiggaºh±ti “eva½ d±yak±na½ mahapphala½ bhavissat²”ti, tasm± dakkhiºeyy±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Tena na½ bhagav± “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ araºavih±r²na½ dakkhiºeyy±nañca yadida½ subh³t²”ti (a. ni. 1.198, 201) dvayaªgasamann±gate aggaµµh±ne µhapesi. Evamaya½ mah±thero attan± p³ritap±ram²na½ phalassa matthaka½ arahatta½ patv± loke abhiññ±to abhilakkhito hutv± bahujanahit±ya janapadac±rika½ caranto anupubbena r±jagaha½ agam±si.
R±j± bimbis±ro therassa ±gamana½ sutv± upasaªkamitv± vanditv± “idheva, bhante, vasatha, vasanaµµh±na½ vo kariss±m²”ti vatv± pakkanto vissari. Thero sen±sana½ alabhanto abbhok±se v²tin±mesi. Therass±nubh±vena devo na vassati. Manuss± avuµµhit±ya upaddut± rañño nivesanadv±re ukkuµµhi½ aka½su. R±j± “kena nu kho k±raºena devo na vassat²”ti v²ma½santo “therassa abbhok±sav±sena maññe na vassat²”ti cintetv± tassa paººakuµi½ k±r±petv± “imissa½, bhante, paººakuµiya½ vasath±”ti vatv± vanditv± pakk±mi. Thero kuµi½ pavisitv± tiºasanth±rake pallaªkena nis²di. Tad± devo thoka½ thoka½ phus±yati, na samm±dh±ra½ anupavecchati. Atha thero lokassa avuµµhikabhaya½ vidhamituk±mo attano ajjhattikab±hiravatthukassa parissayassa abh±va½ pavedento “chann± me kuµik±”ti (therag±. 1) g±tham±ha. Tassattho therag±th±ya½ vuttoyeva.
Kasm± panete mah±ther± attano guºe pak±sent²ti? Imin± d²ghena addhun± anadhigatapubba½ paramagambh²ra½ ativiya santa½ paº²ta½ attan± adhigatalokuttaradhamma½ paccavekkhitv± p²tivegasamuss±hita-ud±nad²panattha½ s±sanassa niyy±nikabh±vavibh±vanatthañca paramappicch± ariy± attano guºe pak±senti. Yath± ta½ lokan±tho bodhaneyy±na½ ajjh±sayavasena “dasabalasamann±gato, bhikkhave, tath±gato catuves±rajjavis±rado”ti-±din± (a. ni. 10.21; ma. ni. 1. 148 atthato sam±na½) attano guºe pak±seti. Evamaya½ therassa aññ±by±karaºag±th±pi ahos²ti.
1. Eva½ so patta-arahattaphalo patta-etadaggaµµh±no ca attano pubbakamma½ saritv± somanassaj±to pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento himavantass±vid³reti-±dim±ha. Tattha himavantass±ti him±layapabbatassa avid³re ±sanne sam²pe pabbatap±de manuss±na½ gaman±gamanasampanne sañcaraºaµµh±neti attho. Nisabho n±ma pabbatoti pabbat±na½ jeµµhatt± n±mena nisabho n±ma selamayapabbato ahos²ti sambandho. Assamo sukato mayhanti tattha pabbate mayha½ vasanatth±ya assamo araññ±v±so suµµhu kato. Kuµirattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±navatiparikkhep±divasena sundar±k±rena katoti attho. Paººas±l± sum±pit±ti paººehi ch±dit± s±l± mayha½ niv±sanatth±ya suµµhu m±pit± niµµh±pit±ti attho.
2. Kosiyo n±ma n±men±ti m±t±pit³hi katan±madheyyena kosiyo n±ma. Uggat±pano p±kaµatapo ghoratapo. Ek±kiyo aññesa½ abh±v± aha½ eva eko. Adutiyo dutiyat±pasarahito jaµilo jaµ±dh±r² t±paso tad± tasmi½ k±le nisabhe pabbate vas±mi vihar±m²ti sambandho.
3. Phala½ m³lañca paººañca, na bhuñj±mi aha½ tad±ti tad± tasmi½ nisabhapabbate vasanak±le tiº¹uk±diphala½ mu¼±l±dim³la½, k±rapaºº±dipaººañca rukkhato ocinitv± na bhuñj±m²ti attho. Eva½ sati katha½ j²vat²ti ta½ dassento pavatta½va sup±t±hanti ±ha. Tattha pavatta½ sayameva j±ta½ sup±ta½ attano dhammat±ya patita½ paºº±dika½ niss±ya ±h±ra½ katv± aha½ t±vade tasmi½ k±le j²v±mi j²vika½ kappem²ti sambandho. “Pavattapaº¹upaºº±n²”ti v± p±µho, tassa sayameva patit±ni paº¹upaºº±ni rukkhapatt±ni upaniss±ya j²v±m²ti attho.
4. N±ha½ kopemi ±j²vanti aha½ j²vita½ cajam±nopi paricc±ga½ kurum±nopi taºh±vasena phalam³l±di-±h±rapariyesan±ya samm± ±j²va½ na kopemi na n±sem²ti sambandho. ¾r±dhemi saka½ cittanti saka½ citta½ attano mana½ appicchat±ya santuµµhiy± ca ±r±dhemi pas±demi. Vivajjemi anesananti vejjakammad³takamm±divasena anesana½ ayuttapariyesana½ vivajjemi d³ra½ karomi.
5. R±g³pasa½hita½ cittanti yad± yasmi½ k±le mama r±gena sampayutta½ citta½ uppajjati, tad± sayameva attan±yeva paccavekkh±mi ñ±ºena paµivekkhitv± vinodemi. Ekaggo ta½ damemahanti aha½ ekasmi½ kammaµµh±n±rammaºe aggo sam±hito ta½ r±gacitta½ damemi damana½ karomi.
6. Rajjase rajjan²ye c±ti rajjan²ye all²yitabbe r³p±rammaº±divatthusmi½ rajjase all²no asi bhavasi. Dussan²ye ca dussaseti d³sitabbe dosakaraºavatthusmi½ d³sako asi. Muyhase mohan²ye c±ti mohitabbe mohakaraºavatthusmi½ moyhasi m³¼ho asi bhavasi. Tasm± tuva½ van± vanato araññav±sato nikkhamassu apagacch±h²ti eva½ att±na½ damem²ti sambandho.
24. Timbar³sakavaºº±bhoti suvaººatimbar³sakavaºº±bho, jambonadasuvaººavaººoti attho. Sesa½ suviññeyyamev±ti.

Subh³titthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.