56. Yasavaggo

1. Yasatthera-apad±navaººan±

Chappaññ±same vagge paµham±pad±ne mah±samudda½ oggayh±ti-±dika½ ±yasmato yasattherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto sumedhassa bhagavato k±le mah±nubh±vo n±gar±j± hutv± buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ attano bhavana½ netv± mah±d±na½ pavattesi, bhagavanta½ mahagghena tic²varena acch±desi, ekekañca bhikkhu½ mahaggheneva paccekadussayugena sabbena ca samaºaparikkh±rena. So tena puññakammena devamanussesu sa½saranto siddhatthassa bhagavato k±le seµµhiputto hutv± mah±bodhimaº¹ala½ sattahi ratanehi p³jesi. Kassapassa bhagavato k±le s±sane pabbajitv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Eva½ so sugat²suyeva sa½saranto amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le b±r±ºasiya½ mah±vibhavassa seµµhino putto hutv± suj±t±ya bhagavato kh²rap±y±sa½ dinn±ya seµµhidh²t±ya kucchimhi nibbatti, yaso n±ma n±mena paramasukhum±lo. Tassa tayo p±s±d± honti– eko hemantiko, eko gimhiko, eko vassikoti. So vassike p±s±de vassike catt±ro m±se nippurisehi t³riyehi paric±rayam±no vasati, heµµh±p±s±da½ na otarati. Hemantike p±s±de catt±ro m±se suphusitav±tap±nakav±µe tattheva paµivasati. Gimhike p±s±de bahukav±µav±tap±naj±l±hi sampanne tattheva vasati. Hatthap±d±na½ sukhum±lat±ya bh³miya½ nisajj±dikicca½ natthi. Simbalitul±dipuººasabh±ve attharitv± tattha upadh±n±ni kicc±ni karoti. Eva½ devaloke devakum±ro viya pañcahi k±maguºehi samappitassa samaªg²bh³tassa paric±rayam±nassa paµikacceva nidd± okkami, parijanass±pi nidd± okkami, sabbarattiyo ca telapad²po jh±yati. Atha kho yaso kulaputto paµikacceva pabujjhitv± addasa saka½ parijana½ supanta½ aññiss± kacche v²ºa½, aññiss± kaºµhe mudiªga½, aññiss± kacche ±¼ambara½, añña½ vikesika½, vikkhe¼ika½, aññ± vippalapantiyo hatthapatta½ sus±na½ maññe, disv±nassa ±d²navo p±turahosi, nibbid±ya citta½ saºµh±si. Atha kho yaso kulaputto ud±na½ ud±nesi– “upadduta½ vata bho, upassaµµha½ vata bho”ti.
Atha kho yaso kulaputto suvaººap±duk±yo ±rohitv± yena nivesanadv±ra½ tenupasaªkami, amanuss± dv±ra½ vivari½su– “m± yasassa kulaputtassa koci antar±yamak±si ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajj±y±”ti. Atha kho yaso kulaputto yena nagaradv±ra½ tenupasaªkami, amanuss± dv±ra½ vivari½su– “m± yasassa kulaputtassa koci antar±yamak±si ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajj±y±”ti. Atha kho yaso kulaputto yena isipatana½ migad±yo tenupasaªkami.
Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± rattiy± pacc³sasamaya½ paccuµµh±ya ajjhok±se caªkamati, addas± kho bhagav± yasa½ kulaputta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½, disv±na caªkam± orohitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Atha kho yaso kulaputto bhagavato avid³re ud±na½ ud±nesi– “upadduta½ vata bho, upassaµµha½ vata bho”ti. Atha kho bhagav± yasa½ kulaputta½ etadavoca– “ida½ kho, yasa, anupadduta½, ida½ anupassaµµha½, ehi, yasa, nis²da, dhamma½ te desess±m²”ti. Atha kho yaso kulaputto, “ida½ kira anupadduta½, ida½ anupassaµµhan”ti haµµho udaggo suvaººap±duk±hi orohitv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di, ekamanta½ nisinnassa kho yasassa kulaputtassa bhagav± anupubbi½ katha½ kathesi, seyyathida½, d±nakatha½ s²lakatha½ saggakatha½ k±m±na½ ±d²nava½ ok±ra½ sa½kilesa½ nekkhamme ±nisa½sa½ pak±sesi. Yad± bhagav± aññ±si yasa½ kulaputta½ kallacitta½ muducitta½ vin²varaºacitta½ udaggacitta½ pasannacitta½, atha y± buddh±na½ s±mukka½sik± dhammadesan±, ta½ pak±sesi dukkha½ samudaya½ nirodha½ magga½. Seyyath±pi n±ma suddha½ vattha½ apagatak±¼aka½ sammadeva rajana½ paµiggaºheyya, evameva yasassa kulaputtassa tasmi½yeva ±sane viraja½ v²tamala½ dhammacakkhu½ udap±di– “ya½ kiñci samudayadhamma½, sabba½ ta½ nirodhadhamman”ti.
Atha kho yasassa kulaputtassa m±t± p±s±da½ abhiruhitv± yasa½ kulaputta½ apassant² yena seµµhi gahapati tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± seµµhi½ gahapati½ etadavoca– “putto te gahapati yaso na dissat²”ti. Atha kho, seµµhi gahapati, catuddis± assad³te uyyojetv± s±ma½yeva yena isipatana½ migad±yo tenupasaªkami. Addas± kho, seµµhi gahapati, suvaººap±duk±na½ nikkhepa½, disv±na ta½yeva anugam±si. Addas± kho bhagav± seµµhi½ gahapati½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½, disv±na bhagavato etadahosi– “ya½n³n±ha½ tath±r³pa½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkhareyya½, yath± seµµhi gahapati idha nisinno idha nisinna½ yasa½ kulaputta½ na passeyy±”ti. Atha kho bhagav± tath±r³pa½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharesi. Atha kho seµµhi gahapati yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “api, bhante, bhagav± yasa½ kulaputta½ passeyy±”ti. Tena hi gahapati nis²da, appeva n±ma idha nisinno idha nisinna½ yasa½ kulaputta½ passeyy±s²ti. Atha kho seµµhi gahapati “idheva kir±ha½ nisinno idha nisinna½ yasa½ kulaputta½ passiss±m²”ti haµµho udaggo bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di, ekamanta½ nisinnassa kho seµµhissa gahapatissa bhagav± anupubbi½ katha½ kathesi…pe… aparappaccayo atthu s±sane bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkanta½ bhante, abhikkanta½ bhante, seyyath±pi bhante, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya ‘cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²’ti, evameva½ bhagavat± anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Es±ha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ saraºa½ gacch±mi dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca, up±saka½ ma½ bhagav± dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti. Sova loke paµhama½ up±sako ahosi tev±ciko.
Atha kho yasassa kulaputtassa pituno dhamme desiyam±ne yath±diµµha½ yath±vidita½ bh³mi½ paccavekkhantassa anup±d±ya ±yavehi citta½ vimucci. Atha kho bhagavato etadahosi– “yasassa kho kulaputtassa pituno dhamme desiyam±ne yath±diµµha½ yath±vidita½ bh³mi½ paccavekkhantassa anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimutta½, abhabbo kho yaso kulaputto h²n±y±vattitv± k±me paribhuñjitu½, seyyath±pi pubbe ag±rikabh³to, ya½n³n±ha½ ta½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ paµippassambheyyan”ti. Atha kho bhagav± ta½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ paµippassambhesi. Addas± kho seµµhi gahapati yasa½ kulaputta½ nisinna½, disv±na yasa½ kulaputta½ etadavoca– “m±t± te t±ta, yasa, paridevasokasam±pann±, dehi m±tuy± j²vitan”ti. Atha kho yaso kulaputto bhagavanta½ ullokesi. Atha kho bhagav± seµµhi½ gahapati½ etadavoca– “ta½ ki½ maññasi, gahapati, yassa sekkhena ñ±ºena sekkhena dassanena dhammo diµµho vidito seyyath±pi tay±, tassa yath±diµµha½ yath±vidita½ bh³mi½ paccavekkhantassa anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimutta½, bhabbo nu kho so, gahapati, h²n±y±vattitv± k±me paribhuñjitu½ seyyath±pi pubbe ag±rikabh³to”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Yasassa kho, gahapati, kulaputtassa sekkhena ñ±ºena sekkhena dassanena dhammo diµµho vidito seyyath±pi tay±, tassa yath±diµµha½ yath±vidita½ bh³mi½ paccavekkhantassa anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimutta½, abhabbo kho, gahapati, yaso kulaputto h²n±y±vattitv± k±me paribhuñjitu½ seyyath±pi pubbe ag±rikabh³to”ti. “L±bh±, bhante, yasassa kulaputtassa, suladdha½, bhante, yasassa kulaputtassa yath± yasassa kulaputtassa anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimutta½, adhiv±setu me, bhante bhagav±, ajjatan±ya bhatta½ yasena kulaputtena pacch±samaºen±”ti “Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena”. Atha kho seµµhi gahapati bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Atha kho yaso kulaputto acirapakkante seµµhimhi gahapatimhi bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “labheyy±ha½, bhante, bhagavato santike pabbajja½, labheyya½ upasampadan”ti. “Ehi bhikkh³”ti bhagav± avoca– “sv±kkh±to dhammo, cara brahmacariya½ samm± dukkhassa antakiriy±y±”ti, s±va tassa ±yasmato upasampad± ahosi.
1. Arah± pana hutv± somanassaj±to attano pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento mah±samudda½ oggayh±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha samuddanti aªgulimudd±ya sa½ suµµhu dassetabbato samuddo, atha v± sa½ suµµhu udiyati khobhiyati pasodhiyati ghosana½ karonto ±lu¼iyat²ti samuddo, mahanto ca so samuddo c±ti mah±samuddo, ta½ mah±samudda½. Oggayh±ti ajjhog±hetv± abbhantara½ pavisitv± tassa mah±samuddassa anto pavisitv±, s±myatthe ceta½ upayogavacananti daµµhabba½. Bhavana½ me sum±pitanti ettha bhavanti nibbattanti nivasanti cat³hi iriy±pathehi v±sa½ kappenti etth±ti bhavana½, mayha½ ta½ bhavana½ ta½ vim±na½ ta½ p±s±da½ pañcap±k±rak³µ±g±rehi sa½ suµµhu m±pita½ nagara½, attano balena suµµhu nimmitanti attho. Sunimmit± pokkharaº²ti sumahant± hutv± bh³t± it± gat± pavatt± khaºit± kat±ti pokkharaº², macchakacchapapupphapulinatitthamadhurodak±d²hi suµµhu nibbatt± nimmit±ti attho. Cakkav±k³pak³jit±ti cakkav±kakukkuµaha½s±d²hi k³jit± ghosit± n±dit± s± pokkharaº²ti sambandho. Ito para½ nad²vanadvipadacatuppadap±dapapakkh²na½ vaººañca sumedhassa bhagavato dassanañca nimantetv± sumedhassa bhagavato d±nakkamañca suviññeyyameva.
Lok±hutipaµiggahanti ettha loke ±huti lok±huti, k±mar³p±r³pasaªkh±tassa lokassa ±huti½ p³j±sakk±ra½ paµiggaºh±t²ti lok±hutipaµiggaha½, sumedha½ bhagavantanti attho. Sesa½ by±karaºad±nañca arahattappattaphalañca suviññeyyamev±ti.

Yasatthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.