5. Nandakatthera-apad±navaººan±

Pañcam±pad±ne padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dika½ ±yasmato nandakattherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±roti-±di sabba½ p±µh±nus±rena suviññeyyamev±ti.

Nandakatthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.

6. K±¼ud±yitthera-apad±navaººan±

Chaµµh±pad±ne padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dika½ ±yasmato k±¼ud±yittherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto viññuta½ patto satthu dhammadesana½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ kulappas±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± tajja½ abhin²h±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. Satth±pi by±k±si. So y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bodhisattassa m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhiggahaºadivase devalokato cavitv± kapilavatthusmi½yeva amaccakule paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Bodhisattena saha ekadivaseyeva j±to, ta½divasa½yeva na½ duk³lacumbaµakena nipajj±petv± bodhisattassa upaµµh±na½ nayi½su. Bodhisattena hi saddhi½ bodhirukkho, r±hulam±t±, catt±ro nidh² ±rohaniyahatth², kaº¹ako, channo, k±¼ud±y²ti ime satta ekadivase j±tatt± sahaj±t± n±ma ahesu½. Athassa n±maggahaºadivase sakalanagarassa udaggacittadivase j±tatt± ud±y²tveva n±ma½ kari½su. Thoka½ k±¼adh±tukatt± pana k±¼ud±y²ti paññ±yittha. So bodhisattena saddhi½ kum±rak²¼a½ k²¼anto vuddhi½ agam±si.
Aparabh±ge lokan±the mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± anukkamena sabbaññuta½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakke r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya ve¼uvane viharante suddhodanamah±r±j± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± purisasahassapariv±ra½ eka½ amacca½ “putta½ me idh±neh²”ti pesesi. So satthu dhammadesan±vel±ya½ satthu santika½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariv±ro arahatta½ p±puºi. Atha ne satth± “etha, bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Sabbe ta½khaºa½yeva iddhimayapattac²varadhar± vassasaµµhikatther± viya ahesu½. Arahattappattato paµµh±ya ariy± n±ma majjhatt±va honti, tasm± raññ± pesitas±sana½ dasabalassa n±rocesi. R±j± neva gato ±gacchati, na s±sana½ suyyat²ti aparampi amacca½ purisasahassapariv±ra½ pesesi. Tasmimpi tath± paµipanne aparamp²ti etena nayena navapurisasahassapariv±re nava amacce pesesi. Sabbe gantv± arahatta½ patv± tuºh²bh³t± ahesu½.
Atha r±j± cintesi– “ettak± jan± mayi sineh±bh±vena dasabalassa idh±gamanatth±ya na kiñci kathayi½su, aya½ kho pana ud±y² dasabalena samavayo sahapa½suk²¼iko, mayi ca sinehav±, ima½ pesess±m²”ti. Atha ta½ pakkos±petv±, “t±ta, tva½ purisasahassapariv±ro gantv± dasabala½ idh±neh²”ti vatv± pesesi. So pana gacchanto “sac±ha½, deva, pabbajitu½ labhiss±mi, ev±ha½ bhagavanta½ idh±ness±m²”ti vatv± raññ± “pabbajitopi mama putta½ dasseh²”ti vutto r±jagaha½ gantv± satthu dhammadesan±vel±ya parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariv±ro arahatta½ patv± ehibhikkhubh±ve patiµµh±si. So arahatta½ patv±– “na t±v±ya½ dasabalassa kulanagara½ gantu½ k±lo, vassante pana upagate pabbatesu vanasaº¹esu haritatiºasañchann±ya bh³miy± gamanak±lo bhavissat²”ti gamanak±la½ ±gamento vassante sampatte satthu kulanagara½ gantu½ gamanavaººa½ sa½vaººesi. Vuttañceta½ therag±th±ya (therag±. 527-530)–
“Aªg±rino d±ni dum± bhadante, phalesino chadana½ vippah±ya;
te accimantova pabh±sayanti, samayo mah±v²ra bh±g² ras±na½.
“Dum±ni phull±ni manoram±ni, samantato sabbadis± pavanti;
patta½ pah±ya phalam±sas±n±, k±lo ito pakkaman±ya v²ra.
“Nev±tis²ta½ na pan±ti-uºha½, sukh± utu addhaniy± bhadante;
passantu ta½ s±kiy± ko¼iy± ca, pacch±mukha½ rohiniya½ taranta½.
“¾s±ya kasate khetta½, b²ja½ ±s±ya vappati;
±s±ya v±ºij± yanti, samudda½ dhanah±rak±;
y±ya ±s±ya tiµµh±mi, s± me ±s± samijjhatu.
“N±tis²ta½ n±ti-uºha½, n±tidubbhikkhach±taka½;
saddal± harit± bh³mi, esa k±lo mah±muni. (A. ni. aµµha. 1.1.225).
“Punappunañceva vapanti b²ja½, punappuna½ vassati devar±j±;
punappuna½ khetta½ kasanti kassak±, punappuna½ dhaññamupeti raµµha½.
“Punappuna½ y±canak± caranti, punappuna½ d±napat² dadanti;
punappuna½ d±napat² daditv±, punappuna½ saggamupenti µh±na½.
“V²ro have sattayuga½ puneti; yasmi½ kule j±yati bh³ripañño;
maññ±maha½ sakkati devadevo, tay± hi j±to muni saccan±mo.
“Suddhodano n±ma pit± mahesino, buddhassa m±t± pana m±yan±m±;
y± bodhisatta½ parihariya kucchin±, k±yassa bhed± tidivamhi modati.
“S± gotam² k±lakat± ito cut±, dibbehi k±mehi samaªgibh³t±;
s± modati k±maguºehi pañcahi, pariv±rit± devagaºehi tehi.
“Buddhassa puttomhi asayhas±hino, aªg²rasassappaµimassa t±dino;
pitupit± mayha½ tuva½si sakka, dhammena me gotama ayyakos²”ti. (Therag±. 531-536).
“Amb± panas± kapiµµh± ca, pupphapallavalaªkat±;
dhuvapphal±ni savanti, khudd±madhukak³pam±;
sevam±no ubho passe, gantuk±lo mah±yassa.
“Jamb³ sumadhur± n²p±, madhugaº¹idivapphal±;
t± ubhosu pajjotanti, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Tiº¹uk±ni piy±l±ni, soººavaºº± manoram±;
khuddakappaphal± nicca½, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Kadal² pañcamocci ca, supakkaphalabh³sit±;
ubhopassesu lambanti, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Madhupphaladhar± nicca½, morarukkh± manoram±;
khuddakappaphal± nicca½, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Hint±lat±lapant² ca, rajatakkhandhova jotare;
supakkaphalasañchann±, khuddakapp± madhussav±;
phal±ni t±ni kh±dante, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Udumbar±ruº±vaºº± sad±sumadhurapphal±;
ubhopassesu lambanti, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Itthambh³t± anek± te, n±n±phaladhar± dum±;
ubhopassesu lambanti, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Campak± sala¼± n±g±, sugandh± m±luterit±;
supupphitagg± jotanti, sugandhen±bhip³jayu½;
s±dar± vinat±neva, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Punn±g± giripunn±g±, pupphit± dharaº²ruh±;
supupphitagg± jotanti, sugandhen±bhip³jayu½;
s±dar± vinatuggagg±, gantuk±lo mah±yasa.
“Asok± kovi¼±r± ca, somanassakar± var±;
sugandh± kaººik± bandh±, rattavaººehi bh³sit±;
s±dar± vinatuggagg±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Kaººik±r± phullit± nicca½, sovaººara½sijotak±;
dibbagandh± pav±yanti, dis± sabb±ni sobhaya½;
s±dar± vinat±neva, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Supatt± gandhasampann±, ketak² dhanuketak²;
sugandh± sampav±yanti, dis± sabb±bhigandhino;
s±dar± p³jayant±va, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Mallik± j±tisuman±, sugandh± khuddamallik±;
dis± sabb± pav±yanti, ubho magge pasobhaya½;
s±dar± te palambanti, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Sindhuv±r± s²tagandh±, sugandh± m±luterit±;
dis± sabb±bhip³jent±, ubho magge pasobhaya½;
s±dar± vinatuggagg±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“S²h± kesaras²h± ca, catuppadanisevit±;
acchambh²t± sur±p±ne, migar±j± pat±pino.
“S²han±dena p³jenti, s±dar± te mig±bhibh³;
maggamhi ubhato v³¼h±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Byaggh± sindhav± nakul±, s±dhur³p± bhay±nak±;
±k±se sampatant±va, nibbh²t± yena kenaci;
tehi te s±dar± nat±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Tidh± pabhinn± chaddant±, sur³p± sussar± subh±;
sattappatiµµhitaªg± te, ubho maggesu k³jino;
s±dar± h±sam±n±va, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Mig± var±h± pasad±, citr±s±vayav± subh±;
±rohapariº±hena, sur³p± aªgasa½yut±;
ubho magge g±yam±n±va, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Gokaºº± sarabh± rur³, ±rohapariº±hino;
sur³p± aªgasampann±, sevam±n±va accharu½;
sevam±n± tehi tad±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“D²p² acch± taracch± ca, tudar± varuº± sad±;
te d±ni sikkhit± sabbe, mett±ya tava t±dino;
te paccasevak± addh±, samayo te mah±yasa.
“Sas± siªg±l± nakul±, kalandak±¼ak± bah³;
kastur± s³r± gandh± te, keval± g±yam±n±va.
Samayo te mah±yasa.
“May³r± n²lag²v± te, susikh± subhapakkhik±;
supiñch± te sun±d± ca, ve¼uriyamaºisannibh±;
n±da½ karont± p³jenti, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Suvaººacitraha½s± ca, javaha½s± vih±car±;
te sabbe ±say± chuddh±, jinadassanaby±vaµ±;
madhurassarena k³janti, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Ha½s± koñc± sunad± te, cakkav±k± nad²car±;
bak± bal±k± rucir±, jalak±k± sarakukkuµ±;
s±dar±bhin±dino ete, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Citr± sur³p± sussar±, s±¼ik± suvataº¹ik±;
rukkhagg± sampatant± te, ubho maggesu k³jino;
tesu tesu nik³janti, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Kokil± sakal± citr±, sad± mañjussar± var±;
vimh±pit± te janata½, saddhimitt±dike sur±;
sarehi p³jayant±va, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Bhiªk± kurar± s±r±, p³rit± k±nane sad±;
ninn±dayant± pavana½, aññamaññasamaªgino;
g±yam±n± sareneva, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Tittir± susar± s±r±, susar± vanakukkuµ±;
mañjussar± r±maºeyy±, k±lo te pitudassane.
“Setav±lukasañchann±, supatitth± manoram±;
madhurodakasampuºº±, sar± jotanti te sad±;
tattha nhatv± pivitv± ca, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“Kumbh²r±makar±kiºº± valay± muñjarohit±;
macchakacchapaby±viddh±, sar± s²todak± subh±.
Tattha nhatv± pivitv± ca, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“N²luppalasam±kiºº±, tath± rattuppalehi ca;
kumuduppalasa½kiºº±, sar± sobhantinekadh±;
tattha s²talak± toy±, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“Puº¹ar²kehi sañchann±, padumehi samohat±;
ubho maggesu sobhanti, pokkharañño tahi½ tahi½;
tatthodak±ni nh±yanti, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“Setapulinasa½kiºº±, supatitth± manoram±;
s²todakamahoghehi, sampuºº± t± nad² subh±;
ubho maggehi sandanti, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“Maggassa ubhatopasse, g±manigamasam±kul±;
saddh± pasann± janat±, ratanattayam±mak±;
tesa½ sampuººasaªkappo, samayo te ñ±tidassane.
“Tesu tesu padesesu, dev± m±nussak± ubho;
gandham±l±bhip³jenti, samayo te ñ±tidassane”ti.
Eva½ thero saµµhimatt±hi g±th±hi satthu gamanavaººa½ sa½vaººesi. Atha kho bhagav± “k±¼ud±y² mama gamana½ pattheti, p³ress±missa saªkappan”ti tattha gamane bah³na½ vises±dhigama½ disv± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto r±jagahato aturitac±rik±vasena vuttappak±raphal±phale anubhavanto dvipadacatuppad±disam³h±na½ sevanap³j±ya p³jiyam±no vuttappak±rasugandhapupphagandhehi gandhiyam±no g±manigamav±s²na½ saªgaha½ kurum±no kapilavatthug±mimagga½ paµipajji. Thero iddhiy± kapilavatthu½ gantv± rañño purato ±k±se µhito adiµµhapubba½ vesa½ disv±, raññ±– “kosi tvan”ti pucchito “sace amaccaputta½ tay± bhagavato santike pesita½ na j±n±si, eva½ j±n±h²”ti vadanto–
“Buddhassa puttomhi asayhas±hino, aªg²rasassappaµimassa t±dino;
pitupit± mayha½ tuva½si sakka, dhammena me gotama ayyakos²”ti. (Therag±. 536)– g±tham±ha.
Tattha buddhassa puttomh²ti sabbaññubuddhassa ure v±y±majanit±hi dhammadesan±hi j±tat±ya orasaputto amhi. Asayhas±hinoti abhisambodhito pubbe µhapetv± mah±bodhisatta½ aññehi sahitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayhassa sakalabodhisambh±rassa, mah±karuº±karassa ca sahanato tato parampi aññehi sahitu½ abhibhavitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayh±na½ pañcanna½ m±r±na½ sahanato abhibhavanato ±say±nusayacarit±dhimutti-±divibh±g±vabodhena yath±raha½ veneyy±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi anus±san²saªkh±tassa aññehi asayhassa buddhakiccassa sahanato tattha v± s±dhuk±r²bh±vato asayhas±hino. Aªg²rasass±ti aªg²katas²l±disampattikassa. “Aªgamaªgehi niccharaºaka-obh±sass±”ti apare. Keci pana “aªg²raso siddhatthoti im±ni dve n±m±ni pitar±yeva gahit±n²”ti vadanti. Appaµimass±ti anupamassa iµµh±d²su t±dilakhaºasampattiy± t±dino. Pitupit± mayha½ tuva½s²ti ariyaj±tivasena mayha½ pitu samm±sambuddhassa lokavoh±ravasena tva½ pit± asi. Sakk±ti va½sena r±j±na½ ±lapati. Dhammen±ti sabh±vena ariyaj±tilokiyaj±t²hi dvinna½ j±t²na½ sabh±vasamodh±nena. Gotam±ti gottena r±j±na½ ±lapati. Ayyakos²ti pit±maho ahosi. Ettha ca “buddhassa puttomh²”ti-±di½ vadanto thero añña½ by±k±si.
Eva½ pana att±na½ j±n±petv± haµµhatuµµhena raññ± mah±rahe pallaªke nis²d±petv± attano paµiy±ditassa n±naggarasabhojanassa patta½ p³retv± patte dinne gaman±k±ra½ dassesi. “Kasm± gantuk±mattha, bhuñjath±”ti vutte, satthu santika½ gantv± bhuñjiss±m²ti. Kaha½ pana satth±ti? V²satisahassabhikkhupariv±ro tumh±ka½ dassanatth±ya magga½ paµipannoti. Tumhe ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjatha, añña½ bhagavato haratha. Y±va ca mama putto ima½ nagara½ p±puº±ti, t±vassa itoyeva piº¹ap±ta½ harath±ti. Thero bhattakicca½ katv± rañño ca paris±ya ca dhamma½ desetv± satthu ±gamanato puretarameva r±janivesana½ ratanattayaguºesu abhippasanna½ karonto sabbesa½ passant±na½yeva satthu ±haritabbabhattapuººa½ patta½ ±k±se vissajjetv± sayampi veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± piº¹ap±ta½ upanetv± satthu hatthe µhapesi. Satth±pi ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñji. Eva½ saµµhiyojana½ magga½ divase divase yojana½ gacchantassa bhagavato r±jagehato bhatta½ ±haritv± ad±si. Bhagav± kamena kapilavatthunagara½ patv± punadivase r±jav²thiya½ piº¹±ya carati. Ta½ sutv± suddhodanamah±r±j± tattha gantv±, “m± eva½ kattabba½ maññi, nayida½ r±java½sappaveº²”ti. “Aya½ tumh±ka½, mah±r±ja, va½so, ²diso amh±ka½ pana buddhava½so”ti vatv±–
“Uttiµµhe nappamajjeyya, dhamma½ sucarita½ care;
dhammac±r² sukha½ seti, asmi½ loke paramhi ca.
“Dhamma½ care sucarita½, na na½ duccarita½ care;
dhammac±r² sukha½ seti, asmi½ loke paramhi c±”ti. (Dha. pa. 168-169)–

Dhamma½ desesi. R±j± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. Tato r±j± buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nimantetv± sakamandire bhojetv± sampav±retv± bhojan±vas±ne dhammap±laj±taka½ (j±. 1.10.92 ±dayo) sutv± sapariso an±g±miphale patiµµhahi. Aparabh±ge setacchattassa heµµh± nipannova arahatta½ patv± parinibb±yi.

Tato bhagav± r±hulam±tuy± bimb±deviy± p±s±da½ gantv± tass± dhamma½ desetv± soka½ vinodetv± candakinnar²j±takadesan±ya (j±. 1.14.18 ±dayo) pas±da½ janetv± nigrodh±r±ma½ agam±si. Atha bimb±dev² putta½ r±hulakum±ra½ ±ha– “gaccha, tava pitu santaka½ dhana½ y±c±h²”ti. Kum±ro “d±yajja½ me samaºa, deh²”ti vatv± bhagavanta½ anubandhitv±, “sukh±, te samaºa, ch±y±”ti vadanto gacchati. Ta½ bhagav± nigrodh±r±ma½ netv± “lokutarad±yajja½ gaºh±h²”ti vatv± pabb±jesi. Atha bhagav± ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ kulappas±dak±na½ yadida½ k±¼ud±y²”ti (a. ni. 1.219, 225) thera½ etadagge µhapesi.
165. Thero patta-etadaggaµµh±no attano pubbakamma½ saritv± somanassaj±to pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dig±th±yo abh±si. Tattha anutt±napadameva vaººayiss±ma.
166. Guº±guºavid³ti guºañca aguºañca guº±guºa½, vaºº±vaººa½, kusal±kusala½ v± ta½ j±n±t²ti guº±guºavid³. Kataññ³ti aññehi kataguºa½ j±n±t²ti kataññ³, ekadivasampi bhattad±n±din± kat³pak±rassa rajjampi d±tu½ samatthatt± kataññ³. Kataved²ti kata½ vindati anubhavati sampaµicchat²ti kataved². Titthe yojeti p±ºineti sabbasatte nibb±napavesanup±ye kusalapathe magge dhammadesan±ya yojeti sampayojeti patiµµh±pet²ti attho. Sesa½ utt±natthameva. Gamanavaººanag±th±namattho therag±th±ya½ vuttoyev±ti.

K±¼ud±yitthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.