2. Kaªkh±revatatthera-apad±navaººan±

34. Dutiy±pad±ne padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dika½ ±yasmato kaªkh±revatattherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbatto, ta½ sabba½ p±µh±nus±rena suviññeyyamev±ti.

Kaªkh±revatatthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.

3. S²valitthera-apad±navaººan±

Tatiy±pad±ne padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dika½ ±yasmato s²valittherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbatto heµµh± vuttanayena vih±ra½ gantv± paris±ya pariyante µhito dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ l±bh²na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± “may±pi an±gate evar³pena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti dasabala½ nimantetv± satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhasaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv±, “bhante, imin± adhik±rakammena na añña½ sampatti½ patthemi, an±gate pana ekassa buddhassa s±sane ahampi tumhehi so etadagge µhapitabhikkhu viya l±bh²na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Satth± tassa anantar±yata½ disv± “aya½ te patthan± an±gate gotamassa buddhassa santike samijjhissat²”ti by±karitv± pakk±mi. So kulaputto y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu ubhayasampattiyo anubhavitv± vipassissa bhagavato k±le bandhumat²nagarato avid³re ekasmi½ g±make nibbatti, tasmi½ samaye bandhumat²nagarav±sino raññ± saddhi½ s±kacchitv± dasabalassa d±na½ ada½su.
Ekadivasa½ sabbe ekato hutv± d±na½ dent± “ki½ nu kho amh±ka½ d±nagge natth²”ti (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.207; therag±. aµµha. 1.59 s²valittherag±th±vaººan±) olokent± madhuñca gu¼adadhiñca n±ddasa½su. Te “yato kutoci ±hariss±m±”ti janapadato nagarapavisanamaggesu purise µhapesu½. Tad± esa kulaputto attano g±mato gu¼adadhiv±raka½ gahetv± “kiñcideva ±hariss±m²”ti nagara½ gacchanto “mukha½ dhovitv± dhotahatthap±do pavisiss±m²”ti ph±sukaµµh±na½ olokento naªgalas²sappam±ºa½ nimmakkhikadaº¹akamadhu½ disv± “puññena me ida½ uppannan”ti gahetv± nagara½ p±visi. N±garehi µhapitapuriso ta½ disv±, “m±risa, kassa ima½ haras²”ti pucchi. “Na kassaci, s±mi, vikk±yika½ me idan”ti. “Tena hi ima½ kah±paºa½ gahetv± eta½ madhuñca gu¼adadhiñca deh²”ti.
So cintesi– “ida½ me na bahu½ agghati, ayañca ekappah±reneva bahu½ deti, v²ma½siss±m²”ti. Tato na½ ±ha– “n±ha½ ekakah±paºena dem²”ti. “Yadi eva½ dve kah±paºe gahetv± deh²”ti. “Dv²hipi na dem²”ti. Etenup±yena va¹¹hetv± y±va sahassa½ p±puºi, so cintesi– “ati-añchitu½ na vaµµati, hotu t±va imin± kattabbakamma½ pucchiss±m²”ti Atha na½ ±ha– “na ida½ bahu-agghanaka½, tva½ pana bahu½ desi, kena kammena ida½ gaºhas²”ti. “Idha, bho, nagarav±sino raññ± saddhi½ paµivirujjhitv± vipassisamm±sambuddhassa d±na½ dent± ida½ dvaya½ d±nagge apassant± ma½ pariyes±penti. Sace ida½ dvaya½ na labhissanti, n±gar±na½ par±jayo bhavissati. Tasm± sahassa½ datv± gaºh±m²”ti. “Ki½ paneta½ n±gar±na½ eva vaµµati, ud±hu aññesampi d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti? “Yassa kassaci d±tu½ av±ritametan”ti. “Atthi pana koci n±gar±na½ d±ne ekadivasa½ sahassa½ d±t±”ti? “Natthi, samm±”ti. “Imesa½ me dvinna½ sahassagghanakabh±va½ j±n±s²”ti? “¾ma, j±n±m²”ti. “Tena hi gaccha, n±gar±na½ ±rocehi– ‘eko puriso im±ni dve m³lena na deti, tumhehi saddhi½ sahattheneva d±tuk±mo, tumhe imesa½ dvinna½ k±raº± nibbitakk± hoth±”ti. “Tva½ imasmi½ d±ne jeµµhakabh±gassa k±yasakkh² hoh²”ti vatv± gato. So pana kulaputto g±mato paribbayattha½ gahitakah±paºena pañcakaµuka½ gahetv± cuººa½ katv± dadhito kañciya½ v±hetv± tattha madhupaµala½ p²¼etv± pañcakaµukacuººena yojetv± paduminipatte pakkhipitv± ta½ sa½vidahitv± ±d±ya dasabalassa avid³re nis²di. Mah±janehi ±hariyam±nassa sakk±rassa antare attano pattav±ra½ olokento ok±sa½ ñatv± satthu santika½ gantv±, “bhante, aya½ me duggatasakk±ro, ima½ me anukampa½ paµicca paµiggaºhath±”ti. Satth± tass±nukampa½ paµicca catumah±r±jehi dattiyena selamayapattena ta½ paµiggahetv± yath± aµµhasaµµhiy± bhikkhusatasahassassa diyyam±na½ na kh²yati, eva½ adhiµµh±si.
So kulaputto niµµhitabhattakicca½ bhagavanta½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno ±ha– “diµµho me, bhante bhagav±, ajja bandhumat²nagarav±s²hi tumh±ka½ sakk±ro ±hariyam±no, ahampi imassa nissandena nibbattanibbattabhave l±bhaggayasaggappatto bhaveyyan”ti. Satth± “eva½ hotu kulaputt±”ti vatv± tassa ca nagarav±s²nañca bhatt±numodana½ katv± pakk±mi. So kulaputto y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de suppav±s±ya r±jadh²tuy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Tassa paµisandhiggahaºak±lato paµµh±ya s±ya½ p±tañca pañcapaºº±k±rasat±ni suppav±s±ya upan²yanti. Athassa s± puññav²ma½sanattha½ hatthena b²japacchi½ phus±pent² aµµh±si. Ekekab²jato sal±kasata½ sal±kasahassampi niggacchati, ekekakar²sakhettato paºº±sampi saµµhipi sakaµapam±º±ni uppajjanti. Koµµhap³raºak±lepiss± koµµhadv±ra½ hatthena phusantiy± r±jadh²t±ya puññena gaºhant±na½ gahitagahita½ puna p³rati. Paripuººabhattakumbhitopi “r±jadh²t±ya puññan”ti vatv± yassa kassaci dent± na½ y±va na ukka¹¹hanti, na t±va bhatta½ kh²yati. D±rake kucchigateyeva satta vass±ni atikkami½su.
Gabbhe pana paripakke satt±ha½ mah±dukkha½ anubhosi. S± s±mika½ ±mantetv±– “pure maraº± j²vam±n± d±na½ dass±m²”ti satthu santika½ pesesi– “gaccha, s±mi, ima½ pavatti½ satthu ±rocetv± satth±ra½ nimantehi, yañca satth± vadati, ta½ s±dhuka½ upalakkhetv± ±gantv± mayha½ katheh²”ti. So gantv± tass± s±sana½ satthu ±rocesi– “satthu bhante, ko¼iyadh²t± p±de vandat²”ti. Satth± tass± anukampa½ paµicca– “sukhin² hotu suppav±s± ko¼iyadh²t± arog±, aroga½ putta½ vij±yat³”ti ±ha. So ta½ sutv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± attano g±m±bhimukho p±y±si. Tassa pure ±gaman±yeva suppav±s±ya kucchito dhammakaraºato udaka½ viya gabbho nikkhami, pariv±retv± nisinnajano assumukho roditu½ ±raddho haµµhatuµµhova tass± s±mikassa tuµµhis±sana½ ±rocetu½ agam±si. So tesa½ iªgita½ disv±– “dasabalena kathitakath± nipphann± bhavissati maññe”ti cintesi. So ±gantv± satthu katha½ r±jadh²t±ya kathesi. R±jadh²t± tay± nimantita½ j²vabhattameva maªgalabhatta½ bhavissati, gaccha satt±ha½ dasabala½ nimanteh²ti. So tath± ak±si. Satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ pavattayi½su. So d±rako ñ±t²na½ santattacitta½ nibb±pento s²talabh±va½ kurum±no j±toti, s²valitveva n±ma½ kari½su. So satta vass±ni gabbhe vasitatt± j±tak±lato paµµh±ya sabbakammakkhamo ahosi. Dhammasen±pati s±riputtatthero sattame divase tena saddhi½ kath±sall±pamak±si. Satth±pi ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
“Yoma½ palipatha½ dugga½, sa½s±ra½ mohamaccag±;
tiººo p±raªgato jh±y², anejo akatha½kath²;
anup±d±ya nibbuto, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 414; su. ni. 643).
Atha na½ thero evam±ha– “ki½ pana tay± evar³pa½ dukkha½ anubhavitv± pabbajitu½ na vaµµat²”ti? “Labhanto pabbajeyya½, bhante”ti. Suppav±s± ta½ therena saddhi½ kathenta½ disv±– “ki½ nu kho me putto dhammasen±patin± kathet²”ti thera½ upasaªkamitv± pucchi– “mayha½ putto tumhehi saddhi½ ki½ katheti, bhante”ti? Attan± anubhuttagabbhav±sadukkha½ kathetv±– “tumhehi anuññ±to pabbajiss±m²”ti vadat²ti. “S±dhu bhante, pabb±jetha nan”ti. Thero ta½ vih±ra½ netv± tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ datv± pabb±jento, “s²vali tuyha½ aññena ov±dena kamma½ natthi, tay± satta vass±ni anubhuttadukkhameva paccavekkh±h²”ti. “Bhante, pabbajj±yeva tumh±ka½ bh±ro, ya½ pana may± sakk± k±tu½, tamaha½ j±niss±m²”ti. So pana paµhamakesavaµµiy± oropitakkhaºeyeva sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si, dutiy±ya oropitakkhaºe sakad±g±miphale, tatiy±ya an±g±miphale patiµµh±si. Sabbesa½yeva kes±na½ oropanañca arahattaphalasacchikiriy± ca apure apacch± ahosi.
Atha bhikkhusaªghe kath± udap±di– “aho eva½ puññav±pi thero sattam±s±dhik±ni satta sa½vacchar±ni m±tugabbhe vasitv± satta divas±ni m³¼hagabbhe vas²”ti. Satth± ±gantv±– “k±ya nuttha, bhikkhave, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±”ti pucchitv±– “im±ya n±m±”ti vutte– “na, bhikkhave, imin± kulaputtena im±ya j±tiy± katakamman”ti vatv± at²ta½ ±haritv± at²te, bhikkhave, buddhupp±dato puretarameva esa kulaputto b±r±ºasiya½ r±jakule nibbatto, pitu accayena rajje patiµµh±ya vibhavasampanno p±kaµo ahosi. Tad± eko paccantar±j± “rajja½ gaºhiss±m²”ti ±gantv± nagara½ uparundhitv± khandh±v±ra½ k±retv± vih±si. Atha r±j± m±tuy± saddhi½ sam±nacchando hutv± satt±ha½ khandh±v±ranagare cat³su dis±su dv±ra½ pidh±pesi, nikkhamant±na½ pavisant±nañca dv±ram³¼ha½ ahosi. Atha migad±yavih±re paccekabuddh± ugghosesu½. R±j± sutv± dv±ra½ vivar±pes²ti. Paccantar±j±pi pal±yi. So tena kammavip±kena narak±d²su dukkhamanubhavitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jakule nibbattopi m±tuy± saddhi½ ima½ evar³pa½ dukkhamanubhavi. Tassa pana pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkhusaªghassa catt±ro paccay± yadicchaka½ uppajjanti. Eva½ ettha vatthu samuµµhita½.
Aparabh±ge satth± s±vatthi½ agam±si. Thero bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv±, “bhante, mayha½ puññabala½ v²ma½siss±mi, pañcabhikkhusat±ni deth±”ti. “Gaºha, s²val²”ti. So pañcasate bhikkh³ gahetv± himavant±bhimukha½ gacchanto aµavimagga½ gacchati. Tassa paµhama½ diµµhanigrodhe adhivatth± devat± satta divas±ni d±na½ ad±si. Iti so–
“Nigrodha½ paµhama½ passi, dutiya½ paº¹avapabbata½;
tatiya½ aciravatiya½, catuttha½ varas±gara½.
“Pañcama½ himavanta½ so, chaµµha½ chaddantup±gami;
sattama½ gandham±dana½, aµµhama½ atha revatan”ti. (A. ni. aµµha. 1.1.207; therag±. aµµha. 1.59 s²valittherag±th±vaººan±)–

Sabbaµµh±nesu satta satta divas±neva d±na½ ada½su. Gandham±danapabbate pana n±gadattadevar±j± sattasu divasesu ekadivasa½ kh²rapiº¹ap±ta½ ad±si, ekadivasa½ sappipiº¹ap±ta½ ad±si. Atha na½ bhikkhusaªgho ±ha– “±vuso, imassa devarañño neva dhenuyo duyham±n± paññ±yanti, na dadhinimmathana½, kuto te, devar±ja, ida½ uppajjat²”ti? “Bhante, kassapadasabalassa k±le kh²rasal±kabhattad±nasseta½ phalan”ti devar±j± ±ha.

Aparabh±ge satth± khadiravaniyarevatattherassa paccuggamana½ ak±si. Katha½? Ath±yasm± s±riputto satth±ra½ ±ha– “bhante, mayha½ kira kaniµµhabh±t± revato pabbajito, so abhirameyya v± na v±, gantv± na½ passiss±m²”ti. Bhagav± revatassa ±raddhavipassakabh±va½ ñatv± dve v±re paµikkhipitv± tatiyav±re y±cito arahattappattabh±va½ ñatv±– s±riputta, ahampi gamiss±mi bhikkh³na½ ±roceh²ti. Thero bhikkh³ sannip±t±petv±– “±vuso, satth± c±rika½ carituk±mo, gantuk±m± ±gacchant³”ti sabbesa½yeva ±rocesi. Dasabalassa c±rikatth±ya gamanak±le ohiyyam±nakabhikkh³ n±ma appak± honti, “satthu suvaººavaººa½ sar²ra½ passiss±ma, madhuradhammakatha½ v± suºiss±m±”ti yebhuyyena gantuk±m± bahutar±va honti. Iti satth± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro “revata½ passiss±m±”ti nikkhanto.
Athekasmi½ padese ±nandatthero dvedh±patha½ patv± bhagavanta½ pucchi– “bhante, imasmi½ µh±ne dvedh±patho, kataramaggena bhikkhusaªgho gacchat³”ti? “Kataramaggo, ±nanda, ujuko”ti? “Bhante, ujumaggo ti½sayojaniko amanussapatho. Parih±ramaggo pana saµµhiyojaniko khemo subhikkho”ti. “¾nanda, s²vali, amhehi saddhi½ ±gato”ti? “¾ma, bhante, ±gato”ti. “Tena hi saªgho ujumaggameva gacchatu, s²valissa puñña½ v²ma½siss±m±”ti. Satth± bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro s²valittherassa puññav²ma½sanattha½ ti½sayojanamagga½ abhiruhi (a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.203).
Magga½ abhiruhanaµµh±nato paµµh±ya devasaªgho yojane yojane µh±ne nagara½ m±petv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa vasanatth±ya vih±re paµiy±desi. Devaputt± raññ± pesitakammak±r± viya hutv± y±gukhajjak±d²ni gahetv±– “kaha½, ayyo s²val²”ti pucchant± gacchanti. Thero sakk±rasamm±na½ g±h±petv± satthu santika½ gacchati. Satth± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ paribhuñji. Imin±va niy±mena satth± sakk±ra½ anubhavanto devasika½ yojanaparama½ gantv± ti½sayojanika½ kant±ra½ atikkamma khadiravaniyarevatattherassa vasanaµµh±na½ patto, thero satthu ±gamana½ ñatv± attano vasanaµµh±ne buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa pahonakavih±re dasabalassa gandhakuµi½ rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±ni ca iddhiy± m±petv± tath±gatassa paccuggamana½ gato. Satth± alaªkatapaµiyattena maggena vih±ra½ p±visi. Atha tath±gate gandhakuµi½ paviµµhe bhikkh³ vassaggena pattasen±san±ni pavisi½su. Devat± “ak±lo ±h±rass±”ti aµµhavidha½ p±naka½ ±hari½su. Satth± saªghena saddhi½ p±naka½ pivi. Imin± niy±meneva tath±gatassa sakk±rasamm±na½ anubhavantasseva addham±so atikkanto.
Athekacce ukkaºµhitabhikkh³ ekasmi½ µh±ne nis²ditv± katha½ upp±dayi½su– “dasabalo ‘mayha½ aggas±vakassa kaniµµhabh±t±’ti vatv± evar³pa½ navakammika½ bhikkhu½ passitu½ ±gato, imassa vih±rassa santike jetavanavih±ro v± ve¼uvanavih±r±dayo v± ki½ karissanti? Ayampi bhikkhu evar³passa navakammassa k±rako, ki½ n±ma samaºadhamma½ karissat²”ti? Atha satth± cintesi– “mayi idha cira½ vasante ida½ µh±na½ ±kiººa½ bhavissati, ±raññak± n±ma bhikkh³ pavivekatthik± honti, revatassa ph±suvih±ro na bhavissat²”ti. Tato therassa div±µµh±na½ gato. Theropi ekakova caªkamanakoµiya½ ±lambanaphalaka½ niss±ya p±s±ºaphalake nisinno satth±ra½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± paccuggantv± vandi.
Atha na½ satth± pucchi– “revata, ida½ v±¼amigaµµh±na½, caº¹±na½ hatthi-ass±d²na½ sadda½ sutv± ki½ karos²”ti? “Tesa½ me, bhante, sadda½ suºato araññap²ti n±ma uppann±”ti. Satth± imasmi½ µh±ne revatattherassa pañcahi g±th±satehi araññ±nisa½sa½ n±ma kathetv± punadivase avid³raµµh±ne piº¹±ya caritv± revatatthera½ ±mantetv± yehi bhikkh³hi therassa avaººo kathito, tesa½ kattarayaµµhi-up±hanatelan±¼ichatt±na½ pamussanabh±vamak±si. Te attano parikkh±ratth±ya nivatt± ±gatamaggeneva gacchant±pi ta½ µh±na½ sallakkhetu½ na sakkonti. Paµhamañhi te alaªkatapaµiyattena maggena gantv±, ta½divasa½ pana visamamaggena gacchant± tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne ukkuµika½ nis²dant± jaººukehi gacchanti. Te gumbe ca gacche ca kaº¹ake ca maddant± attan± vasitasabh±gaµµh±na½ gantv± tasmi½ tasmi½ khadirakh±ºuke laggita½ attano chatta½ sañj±nanti, up±hana½ kattarayaµµhi½ telan±¼iñca sañj±nanti. Te tasmi½ samaye “iddhim± aya½ bhikkh³”ti ñatv± attano parikkh±ram±d±ya “dasabalassa paµiyattasakk±ro n±ma evar³po hot²”ti vadant± agama½su.
Purato ±gate bhikkh³, vis±kh± up±sik±, attano gehe nisinnak±le pucchi– “man±pa½ nu kho, bhante, revatassa vasanaµµh±nan”ti? “Man±pa½, up±sike, nandavanacittalat±vanapaµibh±ga½ ta½ sen±sanan”ti. Atha tesa½ pacchato ±gate bhikkh³ pucchi– “man±pa½, ayy±, revatassa vasanaµµh±nan”ti? “M± puccha, up±sike, kathetu½ ayuttaµµh±na½, eta½ ujjaªgalasakkharap±s±ºavisamakhadiravana½ eva, tattha so bhikkhu vasat²”ti.
Vis±kh± purim±na½ pacchim±nañca bhikkh³na½ katha½ sutv±, “kesa½ nu kho kath± sacc±”ti pacch±bhatta½ gandham±la½ ±d±ya dasabalassa upaµµh±na½ gantv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinn± satth±ra½ pucchi– “bhante, revatattherassa vasanaµµh±na½ ekacce ayy± vaººenti, ekacce nindanti, kimeta½, bhante”ti? “Vis±khe, ramaºiya½ v± hotu m± v±, yasmi½ µh±ne ariy±na½ citta½ ramati, tadeva µh±na½ ramaºiya½ n±m±”ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“G±me v± yadi v±raññe, ninne v± yadi v± thale;
yattha arahanto viharanti, ta½ bh³mir±maºeyyakan”ti. (Dha. pa. 98; therag±. 991; sa½. ni. 1.261).
Aparabh±ge bhagav± ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno thera½ “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ l±bh²na½ yadida½, s²val²”ti (a. ni. 1.198, 207) etadagge µhapesi.
54. Ath±yasm± s²valitthero arahatta½ patv± patta-etadaggaµµh±no attano pubbakamma½ saritv± somanassaj±to pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento padumuttaro n±ma jinoti-±dim±ha. Anutt±natthapadavaººanameva kariss±ma.
55. S²la½ tassa asaªkheyyanti tassa padumuttarassa bhagavato s²la½ asaªkheyya½.
“Nava koµisahass±ni, as²tisatakoµiyo;
paññ±sasatasahass±ni, chatti½s± ca pun±pare.
“Ete sa½varavinay±, sambuddhena pak±sit±;
peyy±lamukhena niddiµµh±, sikkh±vinayasa½vare”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.20; paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.37)–

Eva½ vuttasikkh±pad±ni bhikkh³na½ s±vakapaññattivasena vutt±ni. Bhagavato pana s²la½ asaªkheyyameva sa½kh±tu½ gaºetu½ asakkuºeyyanti attho. Sam±dhivajir³pamo yath± vajira½ indan²lamaºive¼uriyamaºiphalikamas±ragall±d²ni ratan±ni vijjhati chidd±vachidda½ karoti, evameva padumuttarassa bhagavato lokuttaramaggasam±dhi paµipakkhapaccan²kadhamme vijjhati bhindati samucchindat²ti attho. Asaªkheyya½ ñ±ºavara½ tassa buddhassa catt±ri sacc±ni sattati½sabodhipakkhiyadhamme saªkhat±saªkhatadhamme ca j±nitu½ paµivijjhitu½ samattha½ sayambh³ñ±ºasabbaññutaññ±º±diñ±ºasam³ha½ asaªkheyya½, at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±dibhedena sa½kh±virahitanti attho. Vimutti ca anopam±ti sa½kilesehi vimuttatt± sot±pattiphal±dik± catasso vimuttiyo anupam± upam±rahit± “im± viya bh³t±”ti upametu½ na sakk±ti attho. Sesa½ utt±natthamev±ti.

S²valitthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.