6. B±hiyatthera-apad±navaººan±

Chaµµh±pad±ne ito satasahassamh²ti-±dika½ ±yasmato b±hiyassa d±ruc²riyattherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le br±hmaºakule nibbatto br±hmaºasippesu nipphatti½ gantv± vedaªgesu anavayo ekadivasa½ satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto pasannam±naso satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± ta½ µh±na½ pattuk±mo satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv± satt±hassa accayena bhagavato p±dam³le nipanno “bhagav±, bhante, ito sattame divase ya½ bhikkhu½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi, so viya ahampi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si Bhagav± an±gata½sañ±ºena oloketv± samijjhanabh±va½ ñatv± “an±gate gotamassa bhagavato s±sane pabbajitv± khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggo bhavissat²”ti by±k±si. So y±vat±yuka½ puññ±ni katv± tato cuto devaloke nibbatto tattha cha k±m±vacarasampattiyo anubhavitv± puna manussesu cakkavatti-±disampattiyo anekakappakoµisatesu anubhavitv± kassapassa bhagavato k±le ekasmi½ kule nibbatto, bhagavati parinibbute pabbajito yad± s±sane osakkam±ne satta bhikkh³ catunna½ paris±na½ ajjh±c±ra½ disv± sa½vegappatt± arañña½ pavisitv± “y±va s±sanassa antaradh±na½ na hoti, t±va attano patiµµha½ kariss±m±”ti suvaººacetiya½ vanditv± tattha araññe eka½ pabbata½ disv± “j²vitas±lay± nivattantu, nir±lay± ima½ pabbata½ abhiruhant³”ti nisseºi½ bandhitv± sabbe ta½ pabbata½ abhiruyha nisseºi½ p±tetv± samaºadhamma½ kari½su. Tesu saªghatthero ekaratt±tikkamena arahatta½ p±puºi. So anotattadahe n±galat±dantakaµµha½ kh±ditv± mukha½ dhovitv± uttarakuruto piº¹ap±ta½ ±haritv± te bhikkh³ ±ha– “±vuso, ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjath±”ti. Te ±ha½su– “ki½, bhante, amhehi eva½ katik± kat± ‘yo paµhama½ arahatta½ p±puº±ti, ten±bhata½ piº¹ap±ta½ avases± paribhuñjant³”’ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”ti. “Tena hi sace mayampi tumhe viya visesa½ nibbattess±ma, saya½ ±haritv± bhuñjiss±m±”ti na icchi½su.
Dutiyadivase dutiyatthero an±g±m² hutv± tatheva piº¹ap±ta½ ±haritv± itare nimantesi. Te evam±ha½su– “ki½ pan±vuso, katik± kat±, ‘mah±therena ±bhata½ piº¹ap±ta½ abhuñjitv± anutherena ±bhata½ bhuñjiss±m±”’ti? “No heta½, ±vuso”ti. “Eva½ sante tumhe viya mayampi visesa½ nibbattetv± attano attano purisak±rena bhuñjitu½ sakkont± bhuñjiss±m±”ti na icchi½su. Tesu arahattappattatthero parinibb±yi, dutiyo an±g±m² brahmaloke nibbatti, itare pañca visesa½ nibbattetu½ asakkont± sussitv± sattame divase k±la½ katv± devaloke nibbatti½su. Tattha dibbasukha½ anubhavitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de tato cavitv± manussesu nibbatti½su. Tesu eko pukkus±ti r±j± ahosi, eko gandh±raraµµhe takkasil±ya½ kum±rakassapo, eko b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo, eko dabbo mallaputto, eko sabhiyo paribb±jakoti. Tesu aya½ b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo supp±rakapaµµane v±ºijakule nibbatto v±ºijakamme nipphatti½ gato mahaddhano mah±bhogo, so suvaººabh³mi½ gacchantehi v±ºijehi saddhi½ n±vam±ruyha videsa½ gacchanto katip±ha½ gantv± bhinn±ya n±v±ya sesesu macchakacchapabhakkhesu j±tesu ekoyeva avasiµµho eka½ phalaka½ gahetv± v±yamanto sattame divase supp±rakapaµµanat²ra½ okkami. Tassa niv±sanap±rupana½ natthi, so añña½ kiñci apassanto sukkhakaµµhadaº¹ake v±kehi paliveµhetv± niv±setv± p±rupitv± ca devakulato kap±la½ gahetv± supp±rakapaµµana½ agam±si. Manuss± ta½ disv± y±gubhatt±d²ni datv± “aya½ eko arah±”ti sambh±vesu½. So vatthesu upan²tesu “sac±ha½ niv±semi, p±rup±mi v±, l±bhasakk±ro me parih±yissat²”ti t±ni paµikkhipitv± d±ruc²r±neva parihari.
Athassa “arah±, arah±”ti bah³hi sambh±viyam±nassa eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di “ye keci loke arahanto v± arahattamagga½ v± sam±pann±, aha½ tesa½ aññataro”ti so tena niy±mena kuhanakammena j²vika½ kappeti.
Kassapadasabalassa s±sane sattasu janesu pabbata½ ±ruyha samaºadhamma½ karontesu eko an±g±m² hutv± suddh±v±sabrahmaloke nibbattitv± attano brahmasampatti½ olokento ±gataµµh±na½ ±vajjento pabbatam±ruyha samaºadhamma½ karaºaµµh±na½ disv± ses±na½ nibbattanaµµh±na½ ±vajjento ekassa parinibbutabh±va½ itaresañca pañcanna½ k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbattabh±va½ ñatv± te k±l±nuk±la½ ±vajjesi “imasmi½ pana k±le kaha½ nu kho te”ti ±vajjento d±ruc²riya½ supp±rakapaµµana½ niss±ya kuhanakammena j²vita½ kappenta½ disv± “naµµho vat±ya½ b±lo, pubbe samaºadhamma½ karonto ati-ukkaµµhabh±vena arahat±pi ±bhata½ piº¹ap±ta½ aparibhuñjitv± id±ni udarahetu an±rah±va sam±no arahatta½ paµij±nitv± loka½ vañcento vicarati, dasabalassa uppannabh±va½ na j±n±ti, gacch±mi na½ sa½vejetv± buddhupp±da½ j±n±pess±m²”ti khaºeneva brahmalokato otaritv± supp±rakapaµµane rattibh±gasamanantare d±ruc²riyassa sammukhe p±turahosi. So attano vasanaµµh±ne obh±sa½ disv± bahi nikkhamitv± mah±brahm±na½ disv± añjali½ paggayha “ke tumhe”ti pucchi. “Aha½ tumh±ka½ por±ºakasah±yo an±g±miphala½ patv± brahmaloke nibbatto, amh±ka½ sabbajeµµhako arah± hutv± parinibbuto, tumhe pana pañcajan± devaloke nibbatt±. Sv±ha½ d±ni ta½ imasmi½ µh±ne kuhanakammena j²vika½ kappenta½ disv± damitu½ ±gato”ti vatv± ida½ k±raºa½ ±ha– “neva kho tva½, b±hiya, arah± n±pi arahattamagga½ v± sam±panno, s±pi te paµipad± natthi, y±ya tva½ arah± v± assa arahattamagga½ v± sam±panno”ti. Athassa satthu uppannabh±va½ s±vatthiya½ vasanabh±vañca ±cikkhitv± “satthu santika½ gacch±”ti ta½ uyyojetv± brahmalokameva agam±si.
B±hiyo pana ±k±se µhatv± kathenta½ mah±brahm±na½ oloketv± cintesi– “aho bh±riya½ kamma½ may± kata½, anaraha½ arah± ahanti cintesi½, ayañca ma½ ‘na tva½ arah±, n±pi arahattamagga½ v± sam±pann±s²’ti vadati, atthi nu kho loke añño arah±”ti. Atha na½ pucchi– “atha ke carahi sadevake loke arahanto v± arahattamagga½ v± sam±pann±”ti. Athassa devat± ±cikkhi– “atthi, b±hiya, uttaresu janapadesu s±vatthi n±ma nagara½, tattha so bhagav± etarahi viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho. So hi, b±hiya, bhagav± arah± ceva arahatt±ya ca dhamma½ deses²”ti. B±hiyo rattibh±ge devat±ya katha½ sutv± sa½viggam±naso ta½khaºa½yeva supp±rak± nikkhamitv± ekarattiv±sena s±vatthi½ agam±si, gacchanto ca pana devat±nubh±vena buddh±nubh±vena ca v²sayojanasatika½ magga½ atikkamitv± s±vatthi½ anuppatto, tasmi½ khaºe satth± s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya paviµµho hoti. So jetavana½ pavisitv± abbhok±se caªkamante sambahule bhikkh³ pucchi– “kuhi½ etarahi satth±”ti? Bhikkh³ “s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya paviµµho”ti vatv± “tva½ pana kuto ±gatos²”ti pucchi½su. “Supp±rak± ±gatomh²”ti. “Kad± nikkhantos²”ti? “Hiyyo s±yanhasamaye nikkhantomh²”ti. “D³ratopi ±gato, nis²da t±va p±de dhovitv± telena makkhetv± thoka½ vissam±hi, ±gatak±le satth±ra½ dakkhissat²”ti ±ha½su. “Aha½, bhante, satthu v± attano v± j²vitantar±ya½ na j±n±mi, katthaci aµµhatv± anis²ditv± ekaratteneva v²sayojanasatika½ magga½ ±gato, satth±ra½ passitv±va vissamiss±m²”ti ±ha. So eva½ vatv± taram±nar³po s±vatthi½ pavisitv± bhagavanta½ anopam±ya buddhasiriy± caranta½ disv± “cirassa½ vata me gotamo samm±sambuddho diµµho”ti diµµhaµµh±nato paµµh±ya onatasar²ro gantv± antarav²thiya½ pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± gopphakesu da¼ha½ gahetv± evam±ha– “desetu, bhante bhagav±, dhamma½, desetu sugato dhamma½, ya½ mamassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti. Atha na½ satth± “ak±lo kho t±va, b±hiya, antaraghara½ paviµµhamh± piº¹±y±”ti paµikkhipi.
Ta½ sutv± b±hiyo, “bhante, sa½s±re sa½sarantena kaba¼²k±r±h±ro na aladdhapubbo, tumh±ka½ v± mayha½ v± j²vitantar±ya½ na j±n±mi, desetu me, bhante bhagav±, dhamma½, desetu sugato dhamman”ti puna y±ci. Satth± dutiyampi tatheva paµikkhipi. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “imassa diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya sakalasar²ra½ p²tiy± nirantara½ ajjhotthaµa½ hoti, balavap²tivego dhamma½ sutv±pi na sakkhissati paµivijjhitu½, majjhattupekkh±ya t±va tiµµhatu, ekaratteneva v²sayojanasatika½ magga½ ±gatassapi cassa daratho balav± sopi t±va paµippassambhat³”ti. Tasm± dvikkhattu½ paµikkhipitv± tatiya½ y±cito antarav²thiya½ µhitova “tasm±tiha te, b±hiya, eva½ sikkhitabba½, diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissat²”ti-±din± (ud±. 10) nayena anekapariy±yena dhamma½ desesi. So satthu dhamma½ suºantoyeva sabb±save khepetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi.
178. So arahatta½ pattakkhaºeyeva pubbakamma½ saritv± sañj±tasomanasso pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento ito satasahassamh²ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthameva. Anutt±napadavaººanameva kariss±ma.
181. Hasana½ paccavekkhaºanti paripuººasomanassaj±ta½ paccavekkhaºa½, kom±ravaººa½ atikomalanti attho.
182. Hemayaññopacitaªganti suvaººasuttayaññopacitasutta-avayava½ sar²ra½ dehanti attho. Palambabimbatamboµµhanti olambitabimbaphalasadisa½ rattavaººa½ oµµhadvayasamann±gatanti attho. Setatiºhasama½ dijanti sunisitatikhiºa-ayalohagha½sanena gha½sitv± sama½ kata½ viya samadantanti attho.
183. P²tisamphullit±nananti p²tiy± suµµhu phullita½ vikasita½ ±nana½ mukha½ ±d±satalasadisamukhavantanti attho.
184. Khipp±bhiññassa bhikkhunoti khippa½ desan±ya samuggh±µitakkhaºeyeva abhivisesena ñ±tu½ samatthassa bhikkhunoti attho.
186. Sagga½ aga½ sabhavana½ yath±ti attano geha½ viya sagga½ loka½ agam±sinti attho.
196. Na tva½ up±yamaggaññ³ti tva½ nibb±n±dhigam³p±yabh³tamaggaññ³ na ahos²ti attho.
200. Satthuno sad± jinanti sad± sabbak±la½ jina½ jinanto par±jitakopo satthuno samm±sambuddhassa vimal±nana½ ±d±satalasadisamukha½ passiss±mi passitu½ nikkham±m²ti yojan±. Dije apucchi½ kuhi½ lokanandanoti kuhi½ µh±ne lokapas±dakaro satth±ti dije br±hmaºe aha½ bhikkh³ apucchinti attho.
201. Sasova khippa½ munidassanussukoti munidassane tath±gatadassane ussuko uss±haj±to saso iva khippa½ p±puº±t²ti attho.
202. Tuvaµa½ gantv±ti s²gha½ gantv±. Piº¹attha½ apih±gidhanti piº¹ap±ta½ paµicca apiha½ apagatapiha½ agidha½ nittaºha½.
203. Alolakkhanti ito cito ca anolokayam±na½ uttame s±vatthinagare piº¹±ya vicaranta½ adakkhinti sambandho. Sir²nilayasaªk±santi siriy± lakkhaº±nubyañjanasobh±ya nilaya½ saªk±sa½ jalam±natoraºasadisa½. Ravidittihar±nananti vijjotam±nas³riyamaº¹ala½ viya vijjotam±namukhamaº¹ala½.
204. Kupathe vippanaµµhass±ti kucchitapathe sopaddavamagge m³¼hassa micch±paµipannassa me saraºa½ hohi patiµµh± hohi. Gotam±ti bhagavanta½ gottena ±lapati.
218. Na tattha sukk± jotant²ti sukkapabh±sampann± jotam±na-osadhit±rak±dayo na jotanti nappabh±santi. Sesa½ utt±natthameva. So eva½ pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±setv± t±vadeva ca bhagavanta½ pabbajja½ y±ci. “Paripuººa½ te pattac²varan”ti ca puµµho “na paripuººan”ti ±ha. Atha na½ satth± “tena hi pattac²vara½ pariyes±h²”ti vatv± pakk±mi. So kira v²sativassasahass±ni samaºadhamma½ karonto “bhikkhun± n±ma attan± paccaye labhitv± añña½ anoloketv± sayameva paribhuñjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vatv± ekabhikkhuss±pi pattena v± c²varena v± saªgaha½ n±k±si, “na tenassa iddhimaya½ pattac²vara½ uppajjissat²”ti ñatv± bhagav± ehibhikkhubh±vena pabbajja½ n±d±si. Tampi pattac²vara½ pariyesam±nameva saªk±raµµh±nato co¼akkhaº¹±ni sa½ka¹¹henta½ pubbaveriko amanusso ekiss± taruºavacch±ya g±viy± sar²re adhimuccitv± v±ma-³rumhi paharitv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi. Satth± piº¹±ya caritv± katabhattakicco sambahulehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ nikkhamanto b±hiyassa sar²ra½ saªk±raµµh±ne patita½ disv± “gaºhatha, bhikkhave, eta½ b±hiya½ d±ruc²riyanti ekasmi½ gehadv±re µhatv± mañcaka½ ±har±petv± ima½ sar²ra½ nagaradv±rato n²haritv± jh±petv± dh±tuyo gahetv± th³pa½ karoth±”ti bhikkh³ ±º±pesi.
Te bhikkh³ dh±tu½ mah±pathe th³pa½ k±retv± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± attano katakamma½ ±rocesu½. Tato saªghamajjhe kath± udap±di– “tath±gato bhikkhusaªghena sar²rajh±panakicca½ k±resi, dh±tuyo ca g±h±petv± cetiya½ k±r±pesi, kataramaggo nu kho tena samadhigato, s±maºero nu kho so, bhikkhu nu kho”ti. Satth± ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± “patiµµhito, bhikkhave, b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo arahatto”ti upari dhammadesana½ va¹¹heti. Tassa parinibbutabh±vañca ±cikkhitv± “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ yadida½ b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo”ti (a. ni. 1.209, 216) etadagge µhapesi.
Atha na½ bhikkh³ pucchi½su– “tumhe, bhante, ‘b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo arahatta½ patto’ti vadetha, kad± so arahatta½ patto”ti? “Mama dhamma½ sutak±le, bhikkhave”ti. “Kad± panassa, bhante, tumhehi dhammo kathito”ti? “Bhikkh±ya carantena antarav²thiya½ µhiten±”ti. “Appamattako, bhante, tumhehi antarav²thiya½ µhatv± kathitadhammo; katha½ so t±vattakena visesa½ nibbattes²”ti? Atha ne satth±, “bhikkhave, mama dhamma½ ‘appa½’ v± ‘bahu½ v±’ti m± cintayittha. Anek±nipi hi anatthapadasa½hit±ni g±th±sahass±ni na seyyo, atthanissita½ pana ekampi g±th±pada½ seyyo”ti vatv± anusandhi½ ghaµetv± dhamma½ desento ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Sahassamapi ce g±th±, anatthapadasa½hit±;
eka½ g±th±pada½ seyyo, ya½ sutv± upasammat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 101)–

Desan±pariyos±ne catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahass±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo ahos²ti.

B±hiyatthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.