4. K±¼ud±yitthera-apad±navaººan±

Padumuttarabuddhass±ti-±dika½ ±yasmato k±¼ud±yittherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto satthu dhammadesana½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ kulappas±dak±na½ bhikkh³na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± tajja½ abhin²h±ra½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi.
So y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ bodhisattassa m±tukucchiya½ paµisandhiggahaºadivase kapilavatthusmi½yeva amaccagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi, bodhisattena saddhi½ ekadivasa½yeva j±toti ta½ divasa½yeva na½ duk³lacumbaµake nipajj±petv± bodhisattassa upaµµh±natth±ya nayi½su. Bodhisattena hi saddhi½ bodhirukkho, r±hulam±t±, catt±ro nidh², ±rohanahatth², assakaº¹ako, ±nando, channo, k±¼ud±y²ti ime satta ekadivase j±tatt± sahaj±t± n±ma ahesu½. Athassa n±maggahaºadivase sakalanagarassa udaggacittadivase j±tatt± ud±yitveva n±ma½ aka½su. Thoka½ k±¼adh±tukatt± pana k±¼ud±y²ti paññ±yittha. So bodhisattena saddhi½ kum±rak²¼a½ k²¼anto vuddhi½ agam±si.
Aparabh±ge lokan±the mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± anukkamena sabbaññuta½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakke r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya ve¼uvane viharante suddhodanamah±r±j± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± purisasahassapariv±ra½ eka½ amacca½ “putta½ me idh±neh²”ti pesesi. So dhammadesan±vel±ya½ satthu santika½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariv±ro arahatta½ p±puºi. Atha ne satth± “etha, bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Sabbe taªkhaºaññeva iddhimayapattac²varadhar± vassasaµµhikatther± viya ahesu½. Arahattappattito paµµh±ya pana ariy± majjhatt±va honti. Tasm± raññ± pahitas±sana½ dasabalassa na kathesi. R±j± “neva gato ±gacchati, na s±sana½ suyyat²”ti apara½ amacca½ purisasahassehi pesesi. Tasmimpi tath± paµipanne aparampi peses²ti eva½ navahi purisasahassehi saddhi½ nava amacce pesesi. Sabbe arahatta½ patv± tuºh² ahesu½.
Atha r±j± cintesi– “ettak± jan± mayi sineh±bh±vena dasabalassa idh±gamanatth±ya na kiñci kathayi½su, aya½ kho ud±yi dasabalena samavayo, sahapa½suk²¼iko, mayi ca sineho atthi, ima½ pesess±m²”ti ta½ pakkos±petv±, “t±ta, tva½ purisasahassapariv±ro r±jagaha½ gantv± dasabala½ idh±neh²”ti vatv± pesesi. So pana gacchanto “sac±ha½, deva, pabbajitu½ labhiss±mi, ev±ha½ bhagavanta½ idh±ness±m²”ti vatv± “ya½ kiñci katv± mama putta½ dasseh²”ti vutto r±jagaha½ gantv± satthu dhammadesanavel±ya½ parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± sapariv±ro arahatta½ patv± ehibhikkhubh±ve patiµµh±si. Arahatta½ pana patv± “na t±v±ya½ dasabalassa kulanagara½ gantu½ k±lo, vasante pana upagate pupphite vanasaº¹e haritatiºasañchann±ya bh³miy± gamanak±lo bhavissat²”ti k±la½ paµim±nento vasante sampatte satthu kulanagara½ gantu½ gamanamaggavaººa½ sa½vaººento–
“Aªg±rino d±ni dum± bhadante, phalesino chadana½ vippah±ya;
te accimantova pabh±sayanti, samayo mah±v²ra bh±g² rath±na½.
“Dum±ni phull±ni manoram±ni, samantato sabbadis± pavanti;
patta½ pah±ya phalam±sas±n±, k±lo ito pakkaman±ya v²ra.
“Nev±tis²ta½ na pan±ti-uºha½, sukh± utu addhaniy± bhadante;
passantu ta½ s±kiy± ko¼iy± ca, pacch±mukha½ rohiniya½ taranta½.
“¾s±ya kasate khetta½, b²ja½ ±s±ya vappati;
±s±ya v±ºij± yanti, samudda½ dhanah±rak±;
y±ya ±s±ya tiµµh±mi, s± me ±s± samijjhatu. (Therag±. 527-530).
“N±tis²ta½ n±ti-uºha½, n±tidubbhikkhach±taka½;
saddal± harit± bh³mi, esa k±lo mah±muni. (A. ni. aµµha. 1.1.225).
“Punappunañceva vapanti b²ja½, punappuna½ vassati devar±j±;
punappuna½ khetta½ kasanti kassak±, punappuna½ dhaññamupeti raµµha½.
“Punappuna½ y±canak± caranti, punappuna½ d±nappat² dadanti;
punappuna½ d±nappat² daditv±, punappuna½ saggamupenti µh±na½.
“V²ro have sattayuga½ puneti, yasmi½ kule j±yati bh³ripañño;
maññ±maha½ sakkati devadevo, tay± hi j±to muni saccan±mo.
“Suddhodano n±ma pit± mahesino, buddhassa m±t± pana m±yan±m±;
y± bodhisatta½ parihariya kucchin±, k±yassa bhed± tidivamhi modati.
“S± gotam² k±lakat± ito cut±, dibbehi k±mehi samaªgibh³t±;
s± modati k±maguºehi pañcahi, pariv±rit± devagaºehi teh²”ti. (Therag±. 531-535).
Im± g±th± abh±si. Tattha aªg±rinoti aªg±r±ni viy±ti aªg±r±ni. Aªg±r±ni rattapav±¼avaºº±ni rukkh±na½ pupphaphal±ni, t±ni etesa½ sant²ti aªg±rino, abhilohitakusumakisalayehi aªg±ravuµµhisamparikiºº± viy±ti attho. D±n²ti imasmi½ k±le. Dum±ti rukkh±. Bhadanteti bhadda½ ante etass±ti, “bhadante”ti ekassa da-k±rassa lopa½ katv± vuccati. Guºavisesayutto, guºavisesayutt±nañca aggabh³to satth±. Tasm±, bhadanteti satthu ±lapanameva, paccattavacanañceta½ ek±ranta½ “sugate paµikamme sukhe dukkhe j²ve”ti-±d²su viya. Idha pana sambodhanaµµhe daµµhabba½. Tena vutta½, “bhadanteti ±lapanan”ti. “Bhaddasaddena sam±nattha½ padantaramekan”ti keci. Phal±ni esant²ti phalesino. Acetanepi hi sacetanakiriya½ ±ha. Eva½ therena y±cito bhagav± tattha gamane bah³na½ vises±dhigamana½ disv± v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto r±jagahato aturitac±rik±vasena kapilavatthug±mimagga½ paµipajji. Thero iddhiy± kapilavatthu½ gantv± rañño purato ±k±se µhitova adiµµhapubbavesa½ disv± raññ± “kosi tvan”ti pucchito “amaccaputta½ tay± bhagavato santika½ pesita½ ma½ na j±n±si, tva½ eva½ pana j±n±h²”ti dassento–
“Buddhassa puttomhi asayhas±hino, aªg²rasassappaµimassa t±dino;
pitupit± mayha½ tuva½si sakka, dhammena me gotama ayyakos²”ti. (Therag±. 536)–

G±tham±ha.

Tattha buddhassa puttomh²ti sabbaññubuddhassa orassa putto amhi. Asayhas±hinoti abhisambodhito pubbe µhapetv± mah±bodhisatta½ aññehi sahitu½ vahitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayhassa sakalassa bodhisambh±rassa mah±k±ruºik±dhik±rassa ca sahanato vahanato, tato parampi aññehi sahitu½ abhibhavitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± asayh±na½ pañcanna½ m±r±na½ sahanato abhibhavanato, ±say±nusayacarit±dhimutti-±divibh±g±vabodhanena yath±raha½ veneyy±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi anus±san²saªkh±tassa aññehi asayhassa buddhakiccassa sahanato, tattha v± s±dhuk±ribh±vato asayhas±hino. Aªg²rasass±ti aªg²katas²l±disampattikassa. Aªgamaªgehi niccharaºaka-obh±sass±ti apare. Keci pana “aªg²raso, siddhatthoti dve n±m±ni pitar±yeva gahit±n²”ti vadanti. Appaµimass±ti an³pamassa. Iµµh±niµµhesu t±dilakkhaºappattiy± t±dino. Pitupit± mayha½ tuva½s²ti ariyaj±tivasena mayha½ pitu samm±sambuddhassa lokavoh±rena tva½ pit± asi. Sakk±ti j±tivasena r±j±na½ ±lapati. Dhammen±ti sabh±vena ariyaj±ti lokiyaj±t²ti dvinna½ j±t²na½ sabh±vasamodh±nena. Gotam±ti r±j±na½ gottena ±lapati. Ayyakos²ti pit±maho asi. Ettha ca “buddhassa puttomh²”ti-±di½ vadanto thero añña½ by±k±si.
Eva½ pana att±na½ j±n±petv± haµµhatuµµhena raññ± mah±rahe pallaªke nis²d±petv± attano paµiy±ditassa n±naggarasabhojanassa patta½ p³retv± dinne gaman±k±ra½ dassesi. “Kasm±, bhante, gantuk±mattha, bhuñjath±”ti ca vutte, “satthu santika½ gantv± bhuñjiss±m²”ti. “Kaha½ pana satth±”ti? “V²satisahassabhikkhupariv±ro tumh±ka½ dassanatth±ya magga½ paµipanno”ti. “Tumhe ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjatha, añña½ bhagavato harissatha. Y±va ca mama putto ima½ nagara½ samp±puº±ti, t±vassa ito piº¹ap±ta½ harath±”ti vutte thero bhattakicca½ katv± rañño paris±ya ca dhamma½ kathetv± satthu ±gamanato puretarameva sakalar±janivesana½ ratanattaye abhippasanna½ karonto sabbesa½ passant±na½yeva satthu ±haritabbabhattapuººa½ patta½ ±k±se vissajjetv± sayampi veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± piº¹ap±ta½ upan±metv± satthu hatthe µhapesi. Satth± ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñji. Eva½ saµµhiyojanamagge divase divase yojana½ gacchantassa bhagavato r±jagehatoyeva piº¹ap±ta½ ±haritv± ad±si. Atha na½ bhagav± “aya½ mayha½ pituno sakalanivesana½ pas±det²”ti “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ kulappas±dak±na½ bhikkh³na½ yadida½ k±¼ud±y²”ti (a. ni. 1.219, 225) kulappas±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi.
48-9. Eva½ so katapuññasambh±r±nur³pena arahatta½ patv± patta-etadaggaµµh±no attano pubbakamma½ saritv± somanassavasena pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento padumuttarassa buddhass±ti-±dim±ha. Addh±na½ paµipannass±ti apararaµµha½ gamanatth±ya d³ramagga½ paµipajjantassa. Carato c±rika½ tad±ti antomaº¹ala½ majjhemaº¹ala½ bahimaº¹alanti t²ºi maº¹al±ni tad± c±rika½ carato carantassa padumuttarabuddhassa bhagavato suphulla½ suµµhu phulla½ pabodhita½ gayha gahetv± na kevalameva paduma½, uppalañca mallika½ vikasita½ aha½ gayha ubhohi hatthehi gahetv± p³resinti sambandho. Paramanna½ gahetv±n±ti parama½ uttama½ seµµha½ madhura½ sabbasupakka½ s±li-odana½ gahetv± satthuno ad±si½ bhojesinti attho.
97. Saky±na½ nandijananoti sakyar±jakul±na½ bhagavato ñ±t²na½ ±rohapariº±har³payobbanavacan±lapanasampattiy± nanda½ tuµµhi½ janento upp±dento. ѱtibandhu bhavissat²ti ñ±to p±kaµo bandhu bhavissati. Sesa½ suviññeyyamev±ti.

K±¼ud±yitthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.