4. Kuº¹adh±navaggo

1. Kuº¹adh±natthera-apad±navaººan±

Satt±ha½ paµisall²nanti-±dika½ ±yasmato kuº¹adh±nattherassa apad±na½. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±ro tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissay±ni puññ±ni upacinanto padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto vuttanayena bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± tadanur³pa½ puñña½ karonto vicari. So ekadivasa½ padumuttarassa bhagavato nirodhasam±pattito vuµµh±ya nisinnassa manosil±cuººapiñjara½ mahanta½ kadaliphalakaººika½ upanesi, ta½ bhagav± paµiggahetv± paribhuñji. So tena puññakammena ek±dasakkhattu½ devesu devarajja½ k±resi. Catuv²sativ±re ca r±j± ahosi cakkavatt².
So eva½ apar±para½ puññ±ni katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapabuddhak±le bhummadevat± hutv± nibbatti. D²gh±yukabuddh±nañca n±ma na anvaddham±siko uposatho hoti. Tath± hi vipassissa bhagavato chabbassantare chabbassantare uposatho ahosi, kassapadasabalo pana chaµµhe chaµµhe m±se p±timokkha½ os±resi, tassa p±timokkhassa os±raºak±le dis±v±sik± dve sah±yak± bhikkh³ “uposatha½ kariss±m±”ti gacchanti. Aya½ bhummadevat± cintesi– “imesa½ dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ metti ativiya da¼h±, ki½ nu kho bhedake sati bhijjeyya, na bhijjeyy±”ti. Tesa½ ok±sa½ olokayam±n± tesa½ avid³re gacchati.
Atheko thero ekassa hatthe pattac²vara½ datv± sar²rava¼añjanattha½ udakaph±sukaµµh±na½ gantv± dhotahatthap±do hutv± gumbasam²pato nikkhamati. Bhummadevat± tassa therassa pacchato pacchato uttamar³p± itth² hutv± kese vidhunitv± sa½vidh±ya bandhant² viya piµµhiya½ pa½su½ puñcham±n± viya s±µaka½ sa½vidh±ya niv±sayam±n± viya ca hutv± therassa pad±nupadik± hutv± gumbato nikkhant± Ekamante µhito sah±yakatthero ta½ k±raºa½ disv±va domanassaj±to “naµµho d±ni me imin± bhikkhun± saddhi½ d²gharatt±nugato sineho, sac±ha½ eva½vidhabh±va½ j±neyya½, ettaka½ k±la½ imin± saddhi½ viss±sa½ na kareyyan”ti cintetv± ±gacchanta½yeva na½ “gaºh±h±vuso, tuyha½ pattac²vara½, t±disena p±pena saddhi½ ekamaggena na gacch±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ katha½ sutv± tassa lajjibhikkhuno hadaya½ tikhiºasatti½ gahetv± viddha½ viya ahosi. Tato na½ ±ha– “±vuso, kinn±meta½ vadasi, aha½ ettaka½ k±la½ dukkaµamattampi ±patti½ na j±n±mi, tva½ pana ma½ ajja ‘p±po’ti vadasi, ki½ te diµµhanti, ki½ aññena diµµhena, ki½ tva½ eva½vidhena alaªkatapaµiyattena m±tug±mena saddhi½ ekaµµh±ne hutv± nikkhanto”ti? “Nattheta½, ±vuso, mayha½, n±ha½ evar³pa½ m±tug±ma½ pass±m²”ti tassa y±vatatiya½ kathentass±pi itaro thero katha½ asaddahitv± attan± diµµhak±raºa½yeva bh³tatta½ katv± gaºhanto tena saddhi½ ekamaggena agantv± aññena maggena satthu santika½ gato. Itaropi bhikkhu aññena maggena satthu santika½yeva gato.
Tato bhikkhusaªghassa uposath±g±ra½ pavisanavel±ya so bhikkhu ta½ bhikkhu½ uposathagge disv± sañj±nitv± “imasmi½ uposathagge evar³po n±ma p±pabhikkhu atthi, n±ha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ kariss±m²”ti nikkhamitv± bahi aµµh±si. Atha bhummadevat± “bh±riya½ may± kamma½ katan”ti mahallaka-up±sakavaººena tassa santika½ gantv±– “kasm±, bhante, ayyo imasmi½ µh±ne µhito”ti ±ha. “Up±saka, ima½ uposathagga½ eko p±pabhikkhu paviµµho, ‘aha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ na karom²’ti bahi µhitomh²”ti. “Bhante, m± eva½ gaºhatha, parisuddhas²lo esa bhikkhu, tumhehi diµµham±tug±mo n±ma aha½. May± tumh±ka½ v²ma½sanatth±ya ‘da¼h± nu kho imesa½ ther±na½ metti, no da¼h±’ti bhijjan±bhijjanabh±va½ olokentena ta½ kamma½ katan”ti. “Ko pana tva½, sappuris±”ti? “Aha½ ek± bhummadevat±, bhante”ti. Devaputto kathentoyeva dibb±nubh±vena µhatv± therassa p±dam³le patitv± “mayha½, bhante, khamatha, therassa eso doso natthi, uposatha½ karoth±”ti thera½ y±citv± uposathagga½ pavesesi. So thero uposatha½ t±va ekaµµh±ne ak±si. Mittasanthavavasena pana puna tena saddhi½ na ekaµµh±ne vasi. Imassa therassa dosa½ na kathesi. Aparabh±ge cuditakatthero pana vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto arahatta½ p±puºi.
Bhummadevat± tassa kammassa nissandena eka½ buddhantara½ ap±yato na muccittha. Sace pana k±lena k±la½ manussatta½ ±gacchati, aññena yena kenaci kato doso tasseva upari patati. So amh±ka½ bhagavato uppannak±le s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbatti, dh±nam±ºavotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaºhitv± mahallakak±le satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho s±sane pabbaji. Tassa upasampannadivasato paµµh±ya ek± alaªkatapaµiyatt± itth² tasmi½ g±ma½ pavisante saddhi½yeva pavisati, nikkhamante nikkhamati, vih±ra½ pavisantepi saddhi½ pavisati, tiµµhantepi tiµµhat²ti eva½ nicc±nubandh± paññ±yati. Thero ta½ na passati. Tassa pana purimakammassa nissandena s± aññesa½ upaµµh±si.
G±me y±gubhikkha½ dadam±n± itthiyo, “bhante, aya½ eko y±gu-u¼uªko tumh±ka½, eko imiss± amh±ka½ sah±yik±y±”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Therassa mahat² vihes± hoti. Vih±ragatampi na½ s±maºer± ceva daharabhikkh³ ca pariv±retv± “dh±no koº¹o j±to”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Athassa teneva k±raºena kuº¹adh±no theroti n±ma½ j±ta½. So uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya tehi kariyam±na½ ke¼i½ sahitu½ asakkonto umm±da½ gahetv± “tumhe koº¹±, tumh±ka½ upajjh±yo koº¹o, ±cariyo koº¹o”ti vadati. Atha na½ satthu ±rocesu½– “kuº¹adh±no, bhante, daharas±maºerehi saddhi½ eva½ pharusav±ca½ vadat²”ti. Satth± ta½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ kira tva½, dh±na, daharas±maºerehi saddhi½ pharusav±ca½ vadas²”ti pucchi. Tena “sacca½ bhagav±”ti vutte– “kasm± eva½ vadas²”ti ±ha. “Bhante, nibaddha½ vihesa½ sahitu½ asakkonto eva½ kathem²”ti “Tva½ pubbe katakamma½ y±vajjadivas± j²r±petu½ na sakkosi, puna eva½ pharusav±ca½ m± vada bhikkh³”ti vatv± ±ha–
“M±voca pharusa½ kañci, vutt± paµivadeyyu ta½;
dukkh± hi s±rambhakath±, paµidaº¹± phuseyyu ta½.
“Sace neresi att±na½, ka½so upahato yath±;
esa pattosi nibb±na½, s±rambho te na vijjat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 133-134)–

Imañca pana tassa therassa m±tug±mena saddhi½ vicaraºabh±va½ kosalaraññopi kathayi½su. R±j± “gacchatha, bhaºe, na½ v²ma½sath±”ti pesetv± sayampi mandeneva pariv±rena saddhi½ therassa santika½ gantv± ekamante olokento aµµh±si. Tasmi½ khaºe thero s³cikamma½ karonto nisinno hoti. S±pi itth² avid³re µh±ne µhit± viya paññ±yati.

R±j± ta½ disv± “atthi ta½ k±raºan”ti tass± µhitaµµh±na½ agam±si. S± tasmi½ ±gacchante therassa vasanapaººas±la½ paviµµh± viya ahosi. R±j±pi t±ya saddhi½ eva paººas±l±ya½ pavisitv± sabbattha olokento adisv± “n±ya½ m±tug±mo, therassa eko kammavip±ko”ti sañña½ katv± paµhama½ therassa sam²pena gacchantopi thera½ avanditv± tassa k±raºassa abh³tabh±va½ ñatv± paººas±lato nikkhamitv± thera½ vanditv± ekamante nisinno “kacci, bhante, piº¹akena na kilamath±”ti pucchi. Thero “vaµµati, mah±r±j±”ti ±ha. “J±n±maha½, bhante, ayyassa katha½, evar³penupakkilesena saddhi½ carant±na½ tumh±ka½ ke n±ma pas²dissanti, ito paµµh±ya vo katthaci gamanakicca½ natthi. Aha½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahiss±mi, tumhe yonisomanasik±re m± pamajjitth±”ti vatv± nibaddhabhikkha½ paµµhapesi. Thero r±j±na½ upatthambhaka½ labhitv± bhojanasapp±yena ekaggacitto hutv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tato paµµh±ya s± itth² antaradh±yi.
Tad± mah±subhadd± ugganagare micch±diµµhikule vasam±n± “satth± ma½ anukampat³”ti uposathaªga½ adhiµµh±ya nir±magandh± hutv± uparip±s±datale µhit± “im±ni pupph±ni antare aµµhatv± dasabalassa matthake vit±na½ hutv± tiµµhantu, dasabalo im±ya saññ±ya sve pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mayha½ bhikkha½ gaºhat³”ti saccakiriya½ katv± aµµha sumanapupphamuµµhiyo vissajjesi. Pupph±ni gantv± dhammadesan±vel±ya satthu matthake vit±na½ hutv± aµµha½su. Satth± ta½ sumanapupphavit±na½ disv± citteneva subhadd±ya bhikkha½ adhiv±setv± punadivase aruºe uµµhite ±nandatthera½ ±ha– “±nanda, maya½ ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamiss±ma, puthujjan±na½ adatv± ariy±na½yeva sal±ka½ deh²”ti. Thero bhikkh³na½ ±rocesi– “±vuso, satth± ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamissati. Puthujjan± m± gaºhantu, ariy±va sal±ka½ gaºhant³”ti. Kuº¹adh±natthero– “±har±vuso, sal±kan”ti paµhama½yeva hattha½ pas±resi. ¾nando “satth± t±dis±na½ bhikkh³na½ sal±ka½ na d±peti, ariy±na½yeva d±pet²”ti vitakka½ upp±detv± gantv± satthu ±rocesi. Satth± “±har±pentassa sal±ka½ deh²”ti ±ha. Thero cintesi– “sace kuº¹adh±nassa sal±k± d±tu½ na yutt±, atha satth± paµib±heyya, bhavissati ettha k±raºan”ti “kuº¹adh±nassa sal±ka½ dass±m²”ti gamana½ abhin²hari. Kuº¹adh±no tassa pur±gaman± eva abhiññ±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± iddhiy± ±k±se µhatv± “±har±vuso ±nanda, satth± ma½ j±n±ti, m±disa½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhanta½ na satth± v±ret²”ti hattha½ pas±retv± sal±ka½ gaºhi. Satth± ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± thera½ imasmi½ s±sane paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi. Yasm± aya½ thero r±j±na½ upatthambha½ labhitv± sapp±y±h±rapaµil±bhena sam±hitacitto vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto upanissayasampannat±ya cha¼abhiñño ahosi. Eva½bh³tass±pi imassa therassa guºe aj±nant± ye puthujjan± bhikkh³ “aya½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaºhati, ki½ nu kho etan”ti vimati½ upp±denti. Tesa½ ta½ vimatividhamanattha½ thero ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± iddhip±µih±riya½ dassetv± aññ±padesena añña½ by±karonto “pañca chinde”ti g±tha½ abh±si.
1. Eva½ so p³ritapuññasambh±r±nur³pena arah± hutv± patta-etadaggaµµh±no attano pubbakamma½ saritv± somanassavasena pubbacarit±pad±na½ pak±sento satt±ha½ paµisall²nanti-±dim±ha. Tattha satth±ha½ sattadivasa½ nirodhasam±pattivih±rena paµisall²na½ vivekabh³tanti attho. Sesa½ utt±natthamev±ti.

Kuº¹adh±natthera-apad±navaººan± samatt±.