16. Mah±nip±to

1. Sumedh±ther²g±th±vaººan±

Mah±nip±te mant±vatiy± nagareti-±dik± sumedh±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant², sakkacca½ vimokkhasambh±re sambh±rent² koº±gamanassa bhagavato k±le kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv±, attano sakh²hi kuladh²t±hi saddhi½ ekajjh±say± hutv± mahanta½ ±r±ma½ k±retv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa niyy±desi. S± tena puññakammena k±yassa bhed± t±vati½sa½ upagacchi. Tattha y±vat±yuka½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavitv± tato cut± y±mesu upapajji. Tato cut± tusitesu, tato cut± nimm±narat²su, tato cut± paranimmitavasavatt²s³ti anukkamena pañcasu k±masaggesu uppajjitv± tattha tattha devar±j³na½ mahes² hutv± tato cut± kassapassa bhagavato k±le mah±vibhavassa seµµhino dh²t± hutv± anukkamena viññuta½ patv± s±sane abhippasann± hutv± ratanattaya½ uddissa u¼±rapuññakamma½ ak±si.
Tattha y±vaj²va½ dhamm³paj²vin² kusaladhammanirat± hutv± tato cut± t±vati½sesu nibbattitv± apar±para½ sugat²suyeva sa½sarant², imasmi½ buddhupp±de mant±vat²nagare koñcassa n±ma rañño dh²t± hutv± nibbatti. Tass± m±t±pitaro sumedh±ti n±ma½ aka½su. Ta½ anukkamena vuddhippattavayappattak±le m±t±pitaro “v±raºavat²nagare anikarattassa n±ma rañño dass±m±”ti sammantesu½. S± pana daharak±lato paµµh±ya attano sam±navay±hi r±jakaññ±hi d±sijanehi ca saddhi½ bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± bhikkhun²na½ santike dhamma½ sutv± cirak±lato paµµh±ya kat±dhik±rat±ya sa½s±re j±tasa½veg± s±sane abhippasann± hutv± vayappattak±le k±mehi vinivattitam±nas± ahosi. Tena s± m±t±pit³na½ ñ±t²na½ sammantana½ sutv± “na mayha½ ghar±v±sena kicca½, pabbajiss±mahan”ti ±ha. Ta½ m±t±pitaro ghar±v±se niyojent± n±nappak±rena y±cant±pi saññ±petu½ n±sakkhi½su. S± “eva½ me pabbajitu½ labbhat²”ti khagga½ gahetv± sayameva attano kese chinditv± te eva kese ±rabbha paµikk³lamanasik±ra½ pavattent² tattha kat±dhik±rat±ya bhikkhun²na½ santike manasik±ravidh±nassa sutapubbatt± ca asubhanimitta½ upp±detv± tattha paµhamajjh±na½ adhigacchi. Adhigatapaµhamajjh±n± ca attan± ghar±v±se uyyojetu½ upagate m±t±pitaro ±di½ katv± antojanaparijana½ sabba½ r±jakula½ s±sane abhippasanna½ k±retv± gharato nikkhamitv± bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± pabbaji. Pabbajitv± ca vipassana½ paµµhapetv± sammadeva paripakkañ±º± vimuttiparip±can²y±na½ dhamm±na½ visesit±ya na cirasseva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ apad±ne (apa. ther² 2.1.1-19)–
“Bhagavati koº±gamane, saªgh±r±mamhi navanivesamhi;
sakhiyo tisso janiyo, vih±rad±na½ ad±simha.
“Dasakkhattu½ satakkhattu½, dasasatakkhattu½ sat±ni ca satakkhattu½;
devesu upapajjimha, ko pana v±do manussesu.
“Devesu mahiddhik± ahumha, m±nusakamhi ko pana v±do;
sattaratanassa mahes², itthiratana½ aha½ ±si½.
“Idha sañcitakusal±, susamiddhakulappaj±;
dhanañj±n² ca khem± ca, ahampi ca tayo jan±.
“¾r±ma½ sukata½ katv±, sabb±vayavamaº¹ita½;
buddhappamukhasaªghassa, niyy±detv± pamodit±.
“Yattha yatth³papajj±mi, tassa kammassa v±has±;
devesu aggata½ patt±, manussesu tatheva ca.
“Imasmi½yeva kappamhi, brahmabandhu mah±yaso;
kassapo n±ma gottena, uppajji vadata½ varo.
“Upaµµh±ko mahesissa, tad± ±si narissaro;
k±sir±j± kik² n±ma, b±r±ºasipuruttame.
“Tass±su½ satta dh²taro, r±jakaññ± sukhedhit±;
buddhopaµµh±nanirat±, brahmacariya½ cari½su t±.
“T±sa½ sah±yik± hutv±, s²lesu susam±hit±;
datv± d±n±ni sakkacca½, ag±reva vata½ cari½.
“Tena kammena sukatena, cetan±paºidh²hi ca;
jahitv± m±nusa½ deha½, t±vati½s³pag± aha½.
“Tato cut± y±mamaga½, tatoha½ tusita½ gat±;
tato ca nimm±narati½, vasavattipura½ gat±.
“Yattha yatth³papajj±mi, puññakammasamohit±;
tattha tattheva r±j³na½, mahesittamah±rayi½.
“Tato cut± manussatte, r±j³na½ cakkavattina½;
maº¹al²nañca r±j³na½, mahesittamak±rayi½.
“Sampattimanubhotv±na, devesu m±nusesu ca;
sabbattha sukhit± hutv±, nekaj±t²su sa½sari½.
“So hetu so pabhavo, tamm³la½ s±va s±sane khant²;
ta½ paµhamasamodh±na½, ta½ dhammarat±ya nibb±na½.
“Kiles± jh±pit± mayha½, bhav± sabbe sam³hat±;
n±g²va bandhana½ chetv±, vihar±mi an±sav±.
“Sv±gata½ vata me ±si, buddhaseµµhassa santike;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sana½.
“Paµisambhid± catasso, vimokkh±pi ca aµµhime;
cha¼abhiññ± sacchikat±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.
Arahatta½ pana patv± attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± ud±navasena–
450. “Mant±vatiy± nagare, rañño koñcassa aggamahesiy±;
dh²t± ±si½ sumedh±, pas±dit± s±sanakarehi.
451. “S²lavat² cittakath±, bahussut± buddhas±sane vinit±;
m±t±pitaro upagamma, bhaºati ubhayo nis±metha.
452. “Nibb±n±bhirat±ha½ asassata½ bhavagata½ yadipi dibba½;
kimaªga½ pana tucch± k±m±, appass±d± bahuvigh±t±.
453. “K±m± kaµuk± ±s², vis³pam± yesu mucchit± b±l±;
te d²gharatta½ niraye, samappit± haññante dukkhit±.
454. “Socanti p±pakamm±, vinip±te p±pavaddhino sad±;
k±yena ca v±c±ya ca, manas± ca asa½vut± b±l±.
455. “B±l± te duppaññ±, acetan± dukkhasamudayoruddh±;
desente aj±nant±, na bujjhare ariyasacc±ni.
456. “Sacc±ni ‘amma’buddhavaradesi, t±ni te bahutar± aj±nant± ye;
abhinandanti bhavagata½, pihenti devesu upapatti½.
457. “Devesupi upapatti, asassat± bhavagate aniccamhi;
na ca santasanti b±l±, punappuna½ j±yitabbassa.
458. “Catt±ro vinip±t±, duve ca gatiyo kathañci labbhanti;
na ca vinip±tagat±na½, pabbajj± atthi nirayesu.
459. “Anuj±n±tha ma½ ubhayo, pabbajitu½ dasabalassa p±vacane;
appossukk± ghaµissa½, j±timaraºappah±n±ya.
460. “Ki½ bhavagate abhinandi, tena k±yakalin± as±rena;
bhavataºh±ya nirodh±, anuj±n±tha pabbajiss±mi.
461. “Buddh±na½ upp±do, vivajjito akkhaºo khaºo laddho;
s²l±ni brahmacariya½, y±vaj²va½ na d³seyya½.
462. “Eva½ bhaºati sumedh±, m±t±pitaro ‘na t±va ±h±ra½;
±harissa½ gahaµµh±, maraºavasa½ gat±va hess±mi’.
463. “M±t± dukkhit± rodati pit± ca;
ass± sabbaso samabhihato;
ghaµenti saññ±petu½, p±s±datale cham±patita½.
464. “Uµµhehi puttaka ki½ soci, tena dinn±si v±raºavatimhi;
r±j± an²karatto, abhir³po tassa tva½ dinn±.
465. “Aggamahes² bhavissasi, anikarattassa r±jino bhariy±;
s²l±ni brahmacariya½, pabbajj± dukkar± puttaka.
466. “Rajje ±º± dhanamissariya½, bhog± sukh± daharik±si;
bhuñj±hi k±mabhoge, v±reyya½ hotu te putta.
467. “Atha ne bhaºati sumedh±, m± edisik±ni bhavagatamas±ra½;
pabbajj± v± hohiti, maraºa½ v± me na ceva v±reyya½.
468. “Kimiva p³tik±yamasuci½, savanagandha½ bhay±naka½ kuºapa½;
abhisa½viseyya½ bhasta½, asaki½ paggharita½ asucipuººa½.
469. “Kimiva taha½ j±nant², vik³laka½ ma½sasoºitupalitta½;
kimikulalaya½ sakuºabhatta½, ka¼evara½ kissa diyat²ti.
470. “Nibbuyhati sus±na½, acira½ k±yo apetaviññ±ºo;
chuddho ka¼iªgara½ viya, jiguccham±nehi ñ±t²hi.
471. “Chuddh³na na½ sus±ne, parabhatta½ nh±yanti jigucchant±;
niyak± m±t±pitaro, ki½ pana s±dh±raº± janat±.
472. “Ajjhosit± as±re, ka¼evare aµµhinh±rusaªgh±te;
khe¼assucc±rassavaparipuººe p³tik±yamhi.
473. “Yo na½ vinibbhujitv±, abbhantaramassa b±hira½ kayir±;
gandhassa asaham±n±, sak±pi m±t± jiguccheyya.
474. “Khandhadh±tu-±yatana½, saªkhata½ j±tim³laka½ dukkha½;
yoniso anuvicinant², v±reyya½ kissa iccheyya½.
475. “Divase divase tisatti, sat±ni navanav± pateyyu½ k±yamhi;
vassasatampi ca gh±to, seyyo dukkhassa ceva½ khayo.
476. “Ajjhupagacche gh±ta½, yo viññ±yeva½ satthuno vacana½;
d²gho tesa½ sa½s±ro, punappuna½ haññam±n±na½.
477. “Devesu manussesu ca, tiracch±nayoniy± asurak±ye;
petesu ca nirayesu ca, aparimit± dissante gh±t±.
478. “Gh±t± nirayesu bah³, vinip±tagatassa p²¼iyam±nassa;
devesupi att±ºa½, nibb±nasukh± para½ natthi.
479. “Patt± te nibb±na½, ye yutt± dasabalassa p±vacane;
appossukk± ghaµenti, j±timaraºappah±n±ya.
480. “Ajjeva t±tabhinikkhamissa½, bhogehi ki½ as±rehi;
nibbinn± me k±m±, vantasam± t±lavatthukat±.
481. “S± ceva½ bhaºati pitaraman²karatto, ca yassa s± dinn±;
upay±si v±raºavate, v±reyyamupaµµhite k±le.
482. “Atha asitanicitamuduke, kese khaggena chindiya sumedh±;
p±s±da½ pidahitv±, paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajji.
483. “S± ca tahi½ sam±pann±, an²karatto ca ±gato nagara½;
p±s±de ca sumedh±, aniccasañña½ subh±veti.
484. “S± ca manasi karoti, an²karatto ca ±ruh² turita½;
maºikanakabh³sitaªgo, katañjal² y±cati sumedha½.
485. “Rajje ±º± dhanamissariya½, bhog± sukh± daharik±si;
bhuñj±hi k±mabhoge, k±masukh± dullabh± loke.
486. “Nissaµµha½ te rajja½, bhoge bhuñjassu dehi d±n±ni;
m± dumman± ahosi, m±t±pitaro te dukkhit±.
487. “Ta½ ta½ bhaºati sumedh±, k±mehi anatthik± vigatamoh±;
m± k±me abhinandi, k±mesv±d²nava½ passa.
488. “C±tudd²po r±j±, mandh±t± ±si k±mabhoginamaggo;
atitto k±laªkato, na cassa parip³rit± icch±.