5. Subh±kamm±radh²tuther²g±th±vaººan±

Dahar±hanti-±dik± subh±ya kamm±radh²t±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant² anukkamena sambh±vitakusalam³l± upacitavimokkhasambh±r± sugat²suyeva sa½sarant² paripakkañ±º± hutv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahe aññatarassa suvaººak±rassa dh²t± hutv± nibbatti, r³pasampattisobh±ya subh±ti tass± n±ma½ ahosi. S± anukkamena viññuta½ patv±, satthu r±jagahappavesane satthari sañj±tappas±d± ekadivasa½ bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Satth± tass± indriyaparip±ka½ disv± ajjh±say±nur³pa½ catusaccagabbhadhamma½ desesi. S± t±vadeva sahassanayapaµimaº¹ite sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si. S± aparabh±ge ghar±v±se dosa½ disv± mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy± santike pabbajitv± bhikkhunis²le patiµµhit± uparimaggatth±ya bh±vanamanuyuñji. Ta½ ñ±tak± k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± k±mehi nimantent± pah³tadhana½ vibhavaj±tañca dassetv± palobhenti. S± ekadivasa½ attano santika½ upagat±na½ ghar±v±sesu k±mesu ca ±d²nava½ pak±sent² “dahar±han”ti-±d²hi catuv²satiy± g±th±hi dhamma½ kathetv± te nir±se katv± vissajjetv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karont² indriy±ni pariyodapent² bh±vana½ ussukk±petv± na cirasseva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Arahatta½ pana patv±–
339. “Dahar±ha½ suddhavasan±, ya½ pure dhammamassuºi½;
tass± me appamatt±ya, sacc±bhisamayo ahu.
340. “Tatoha½ sabbak±mesu, bhusa½ aratimajjhaga½;
sakk±yasmi½ bhaya½ disv±, nekkhammameva p²haye.
341. “Hitv±naha½ ñ±tigaºa½, d±sakammakar±ni ca;
g±makhett±ni ph²t±ni, ramaº²ye pamodite.
342. “Pah±yaha½ pabbajit±, s±pateyyamanappaka½;
eva½ saddh±ya nikkhamma, saddhamme suppavedite.
343. “Neta½ assa patir³pa½, ±kiñcaññañhi patthaye;
yo j±tar³pa½ rajata½, cha¹¹etv± punar±game.
344. “Rajata½ j±tar³pa½ v±, na bodh±ya na santiy±;
neta½ samaºas±ruppa½, na eta½ ariyaddhana½.
345. “Lobhana½ madanañceta½, mohana½ rajava¹¹hana½;
s±saªka½ bahu-±y±sa½, natthi cettha dhuva½ µhiti.
346. “Ettha ratt± pamatt± ca, sa½kiliµµhaman± nar±;
aññamaññena by±ruddh±, puth³ kubbanti medhaga½.
347. “Vadho bandho parikleso, j±ni sokapariddavo;
k±mesu adhipann±na½, dissate byasana½ bahu½.
348. “Ta½ ma½ ñ±t² amitt±va, ki½ vo k±mesu yuñjatha;
j±n±tha ma½ pabbajita½, k±mesu bhayadassini½.
349. “Na hiraññasuvaººena, parikkh²yanti ±sav±;
amitt± vadhak± k±m±, sapatt± sallabandhan±.
350. “Ta½ ma½ ñ±t² amitt±va, ki½ vo k±mesu yuñjatha;
j±n±tha ma½ pabbajita½, muº¹a½ saªgh±µip±ruta½.
351. “Uttiµµhapiº¹o uñcho ca, pa½suk³lañca c²vara½;
eta½ kho mama s±ruppa½, anag±r³panissayo.
352. “Vant± mahes²hi k±m±, ye dibb± ye ca m±nus±;
khemaµµh±ne vimutt± te, patt± te acala½ sukha½.
353. “M±ha½ k±mehi sa½gacchi½, yesu t±ºa½ na vijjati;
amitt± vadhak± k±m±, aggikkhandh³pam± dukh±.
354. “Paripantho esa bhayo, savigh±to sakaºµako;
gedho suvisamo ceso, mahanto mohan±mukho.
355. “Upasaggo bh²mar³po, k±m± sappasir³pam±;
ye b±l± abhinandanti, andhabh³t± puthujjan±.
356. “K±mapaªkena satt± hi, bah³ loke aviddas³;
pariyanta½ na j±nanti, j±tiy± maraºassa ca.
357. “Duggatigamana½ magga½, manuss± k±mahetuka½;
bahu½ ve paµipajjanti, attano rogam±vaha½.
358. “Eva½ amittajanan±, t±pan± sa½kilesik±;
lok±mis± bandhan²y±, k±m± maraºabandhan±.
359. “Umm±dan± ullapan±, k±m± cittappam±thino;
satt±na½ sa½kiles±ya, khippa½ m±rena o¹¹ita½.
360. “Anant±d²nav± k±m±, bahudukkh± mah±vis±;
appass±d± raºakar±, sukkapakkhavisosan±.
361. “S±ha½ et±disa½ katv±, byasana½ k±mahetuka½;
na ta½ pacc±gamiss±mi, nibb±n±bhirat± sad±.
362. “Raºa½ taritv± k±m±na½, s²tibh±v±bhikaªkhin²;
appamatt± vihass±mi, sabbasa½yojanakkhaye.
363. “Asoka½ viraja½ khema½, ariyaµµhaªgika½ uju½;
ta½ magga½ anugacch±mi, yena tiºº± mahesino.
364. “Ima½ passatha dhammaµµha½, subha½ kamm±radh²tara½;
aneja½ upasampajja, rukkham³lamhi jh±yati.
365. “Ajjaµµham² pabbajit±, saddh± saddhammasobhan±;
vin²tuppalavaºº±ya, tevijj± maccuh±yin².
366. “S±ya½ bhujiss± aºaº±, bhikkhun² bh±vitindriy±;
sabbayogavisa½yutt±, katakicc± an±sav±.
367. “Ta½ sakko devasaªghena, upasaªkamma iddhiy±;
namassati bh³tapati, subha½ kamm±radh²taran”ti.– Im± g±th± abh±si.
Tattha dahar±ha½ suddhavasan±, ya½ pure dhammamassuºinti yasm± aha½ pubbe dahar± taruº² eva suddhavasan± suddhavatthanivatth± alaªkatappaµiyatt± satthu santike dhamma½ assosi½. Tass± me appamatt±ya, sacc±bhisamayo ah³ti yasm± ca tass± me mayha½ yath±suta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhitv± appamatt±ya upaµµhitassatiy± s²la½ adhiµµhahitv± bh±vana½ anuyuñjantiy±va catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ abhisamayo “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.32) paµivedho ahosi.
Tatoha½ sabbak±mesu, bhusa½ aratimajjhaganti tato tena k±raºena satthu santike dhammassa sutatt± sacc±nañca abhisamitatt± manussesu dibbesu c±ti sabbesupi k±mesu bhusa½ ativiya arati½ ukkaºµhi½ adhigacchi½. Sakk±yasmi½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcake, bhaya½ sappaµibhayabh±va½ ñ±ºacakkhun± disv±, nekkhammameva pabbajja½ nibb±nameva, p²haye pihay±mi patthay±mi.
D±sakammakar±ni c±ti d±se ca kammak±re ca, liªgavipall±sena heta½ vutta½. G±makhett±n²ti g±me ca pubbaºº±paraººaviruhanakkhett±ni ca, g±mapariy±pann±ni v± khett±ni. Ph²t±n²ti samiddh±ni. Ramaº²yeti manuññe. Pamoditeti pamudite, bhogakkhandhe hitv±ti sambandho. S±pateyyanti santaka½ dhana½, maºikanakarajat±dipariggahavatthu½. Anappakanti mahanta½, pah±y±ti yojan±. Eva½ saddh±ya nikkhamm±ti “hitv±naha½ ñ±tigaºan”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena mahanta½ ñ±tiparivaµµa½ mahantañca bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya kammakammaphal±ni ratanattayañc±ti saddheyyavatthu½ saddh±ya saddahitv± gharato nikkhamma, saddhamme suppavedite samm±sambuddhena suµµhu pavedite ariyavinaye aha½ pabbajit±.
Eva½ pabbajit±ya pana neta½ assa patir³pa½, yadida½ cha¹¹it±na½ k±m±na½ pacc±gamana½. ¾kiñcaññañhi patthayeti aha½ akiñcanabh±va½ apariggahabh±vameva patthay±mi. Yo j±tar³parajata½, cha¹¹etv± punar±gameti yo puggalo suvaººa½ rajata½ aññampi v± kiñci dhanaj±ta½ cha¹¹etv± puna ta½ gaºheyya, so paº¹it±na½ antare katha½ s²sa½ ukkhipeyya?
Yasm± rajata½ j±tar³pa½ v±, na bodh±ya na santiy± na maggañ±º±ya na nibb±n±ya hot²ti attho. Neta½ samaºas±ruppanti eta½ j±tar³parajat±dipariggahavatthu, tassa v± pariggaºhana½ samaº±na½ s±ruppa½ na hoti. Tath± hi vutta½ “na kappati samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ j±tar³parajatan”ti-±di (c³¼ava. 446). Na eta½ ariyaddhananti eta½ yath±vuttapariggahavatthu saddh±didhana½ viya ariyadhammamayampi dhana½ na hoti, na ariyabh±v±vahato. Ten±ha “lobhanan”ti-±di.
Tattha lobhananti lobhupp±dana½. Madananti mad±vaha½. Mohananti sammohajanana½. Rajava¹¹hananti r±garaj±disa½va¹¹hana½. Yena pariggahita½, tassa ±saªk±vahatt± saha ±saªk±ya vattat²ti s±saªka½, yena pariggahita½, tassa yato kuto ±saªk±vahanti attho. Bahu-±y±santi sajjanarakkhaº±divasena bahuparissama½. Natthi cettha dhuva½ µhit²ti etasmi½ dhane dhuvabh±vo ca µhitibh±vo ca natthi, cañcalamanavaµµhitamev±ti attho.
Ettha ratt± pamatt± c±ti etasmi½ dhane ratt± sañj±tar±g± dasakusaladhammesu satiy± vippav±sena pamatt±. Sa½kiliµµhaman± lobh±disa½kilesena sa½kiliµµhacitt±va n±ma honti. Tato ca aññamaññamhi by±ruddh±, puth³ kubbanti medhaga½ antamaso m±t±pi puttena, puttopi m±tar±ti eva½ aññamañña½ paµiruddh± hutv± puth³ satt± medhaga½ kalaha½ karonti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½…pe… m±t±pi puttena vivadati puttopi m±tar± vivadat²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.168, 178).
Vadhoti maraºa½. Bandhoti addubandhan±dibandhana½. Pariklesoti hatthacched±diparikiles±patti. J±n²ti dhanaj±ni ceva pariv±raj±ni ca. Sokapariddavoti soko ca paridevo ca. Adhipann±nanti ajjhosit±na½. Dissate byasana½ bahunti yath±vuttavadhabandhan±dibheda½ avuttañca domanassup±y±s±di½ diµµhadhammika½ sampar±yikañca bahu½ bahuvidha½ byasana½ anattho k±mesu dissateva.
Ta½ ma½ ñ±t² amitt±va, ki½ vo k±mesu yuñjath±ti t±disa½ ma½ yath± k±mesu viratta½ tumhe ñ±t² ñ±tak± sam±n± anatthak±m± amitt± viya ki½ kena k±raºena k±mesu yuñjatha niyojetha. J±n±tha ma½ pabbajita½, k±mesu bhayadassininti k±me bhayato passanti½ pabbajita½ ma½ ±j±n±tha, ki½ ettaka½ tumhehi anaññ±tanti adhipp±yo.
Na hiraññasuvaººena, parikkh²yanti ±sav±ti k±m±sav±dayo hiraññasuvaººena na kad±ci parikkhaya½ gacchanti, atha kho tehi eva pariva¹¹hanteva. Ten±ha– “amitt± vadhak± k±m±, sapatt± sallabandhan±”ti. K±m± hi ahit±vahatt± mettiy± abh±vena amitt±, maraºahetut±ya ukkhitt±sikavadhakasadisatt± vadhak±, anubandhitv±pi anatth±vahanat±ya ver±nubandhasapattasadisatt± sapatt±, r±g±d²na½ sall±na½ bandhanato sallabandhan±.
Muº¹anti muº¹itakesa½. Tattha tattha nantak±ni gahetv± saªgh±µic²varap±rupanena saªgh±µip±ruta½.
Uttiµµhapiº¹oti vivaµadv±re ghare ghare patiµµhitv± labhanakapiº¹o. Uñchoti tadattha½ uñch±cariy±. Anag±r³panissayoti anag±r±na½ pabbajit±na½ upagantv± nissitabbato upanissayabh³to j²vitaparikkh±ro. Tañhi niss±ya pabbajit± j²vanti.
Vant±ti cha¹¹it±. Mahes²h²ti buddh±d²hi mahes²hi. Khemaµµh±neti k±mayog±d²hi anupaddavaµµh±nabh³te nibb±ne. Teti mahesayo. Acala½ sukhanti nibb±nasukha½ patt±. Tasm± ta½ patthentena k±m± pariccajitabb±ti adhipp±yo.
M±ha½ k±mehi sa½gacchinti aha½ kad±cipi k±mehi na sam±gaccheyya½. Kasm±ti ce ±ha “yesu t±ºa½ na vijjat²”ti-±di, yesu k±mesu upaparikkhiyam±nesu ekasmimpi anatthaparitt±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Aggikkhandh³pam± mah±bhit±paµµhena. Dukh± dukkhamaµµhena.
Paripantho esa bhayo yadida½ k±m± n±ma aviditavipul±natth±vahatt±. Savigh±to cittavigh±takaratt±. Sakaºµako vinivijjhanatt±. Gedho suvisamo cesoti giddhihetut±ya gedho. Suµµhu visamo mah±palibodho so. Duratikkamanaµµhena mahanto. Mohan±mukho mucch±pattihetuto.
Upasaggo bh²mar³poti atibhi½sanakasabh±vo, mahanto devat³pasaggo viya anatthak±didukkh±vahanato. Sappasir³pam± k±m± sappaµibhayaµµhena.
K±mapaªkena satt±ti k±masaªkh±tena paªkena satt± lagg±.
Duggatigamana½ magganti niray±di-ap±yag±mina½ magga½. K±mahetukanti k±mopabhogahetuka½. Bahunti p±º±tip±t±dibhedena bahuvidha½. Rogam±vahanti rujjanaµµhena rogasaªkh±tassa diµµhadhammik±dibhedassa dukkhassa ±vahanaka½.
Evanti “amitt± vadhak±”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena. Amittajanan±ti amittabh±vassa nibbattanak±. T±pan±ti sant±panak±, tapan²y±ti attho. Sa½kilesik±ti sa½kiles±vah±. Lok±mis±ti loke ±misabh³t±. Bandhaniy±ti bandhabh³tehi sa½yojanehi va¹¹hitabb±, sa½yojaniy±ti attho. Maraºabandhan±ti bhav±d²su nibbattinimittat±ya pavattak±raºato ca maraºavibandhan±.
Umm±dan±ti vipariº±madhamm±na½ viyogavasena sokumm±dakar±, va¹¹hiy± v± upar³parimad±vah±. Ullapan±ti “aho sukha½ aho sukhan”ti uddha½ uddha½ lap±panak±. “Ullolan±”tipi p±µho, bhattapiº¹animitta½ naªguµµha½ ullolento sunakho viya ±misahetu satte upar³paril±lan±, par±bhav±vaññ±tap±panak±ti attho. Cittappam±thinoti pari¼±hupp±dan±din± sampati ±yatiñca cittassa pamathanas²l±. “Cittappamaddino”ti v± p±µho, so evattho. Ye pana “cittappam±dino”ti vadanti, tesa½ cittassa pam±d±vah±ti attho. Sa½kiles±y±ti vib±dhan±ya upat±pan±ya v±. Khippa½ m±rena o¹¹itanti k±m± n±mete m±rena o¹¹ita½ kuminanti daµµhabb± satt±na½ anatth±vahanato.
Anant±d²nav±ti “lobhana½ madanañcetan”ti-±din±, “idha s²tassa purakkhato uºhassa purakkhato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.167) ca dukkhakkhandhasutt±d²su vuttanayena apariyant±d²nav± bahudos±. Bahudukkh±ti ±p±yik±dibahuvidhadukkh±nubandh±. Mah±vis±ti kaµuk±sayhaphalat±ya hal±hal±dimah±visasadis± Appass±d±ti satthadh±r±gatamadhubindu viya parittass±d±. Raºakar±ti s±r±g±disa½va¹¹hak±. Sukkapakkhavisosan±ti satt±na½ anavajjakoµµh±sassa vin±sak±.
S±hanti s± aha½, heµµh± vuttanayeneva satthu santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddh± k±me pah±ya pabbajitv± µhit±ti attho. Et±disanti evar³pa½ vuttappak±ra½. Katv±ti iti katv±, yath±vuttak±raºen±ti attho. Na ta½ pacc±gamiss±m²ti ta½ may± pubbe vantak±me puna na paribhuñjiss±mi. Nibb±n±bhirat± sad±ti yasm± pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya sabbak±la½ nibb±n±bhirat±, tasm± na ta½ pacc±gamiss±m²ti yojan±.
Raºa½ taritv± k±m±nanti k±m±na½ raºa½ taritv±, tañca may± k±tabba½ ariyamaggasa½pah±ra½ katv±. S²tibh±v±bhikaªkhin²ti sabbakilesadarathapari¼±hav³pasamena s²tibh±vasaªkh±ta½ arahatta½ abhikaªkhant². Sabbasa½yojanakkhayeti sabbesa½ sa½yojan±na½ khayabh³te nibb±ne abhirat±.
Yena tiºº± mahesinoti yena ariyamaggena buddh±dayo mahesino sa½s±ramahogha½ tiºº±, ahampi tehi gatamagga½ anugacch±mi, s²l±dipaµipattiy± anup±puº±m²ti attho.
Dhammaµµhanti ariyaphaladhamme µhita½. Anejanti paµippassaddha ejat±ya anejanti laddhan±ma½ aggaphala½. Upasampajj±ti samp±detv± aggamagg±dhigamena adhigantv±. Jh±yat²ti tameva phalajjh±na½ upanijjh±yati.
Ajjaµµham² pabbajit±ti pabbajit± hutv± pabbajitato paµµh±ya ajja aµµhamadivaso, ito at²te aµµhamiya½ pabbajit±ti attho. Saddh±ti saddh±sampann±. Saddhammasobhan±ti saddhamm±dhigamena sobhan±.
Bhujiss±ti d±sabh±vasadis±na½ kiles±na½ pah±nena bhujiss±. K±macchand±di-iº±pagamena aºaº±.
Im± kira tisso g±th± pabbajitv± aµµhame divase arahatta½ patv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjitv± nisinna½ theri½ bhikkh³na½ dassetv± pasa½santena bhagavat± vutt±.
Atha sakko dev±namindo ta½ pavatti½ dibbena cakkhun± disv± “eva½ satth±r± pasa½s²yam±n± aya½ ther² yasm± devehi ca payirup±sitabb±”ti t±vadeva t±vati½sehi devehi saddhi½ upasaªkamitv± abhiv±detv± añjali½ paggayha aµµh±si. Ta½ sandh±ya saªg²tik±rehi vutta½–
“Ta½ sakko devasaªghena, upasaªkamma iddhiy±;
namassati bh³tapati, subha½ kamm±radh²taran”ti.
Tattha t²su k±mabhavesu bh³t±na½ satt±na½ pati issaroti katv± bh³tapat²ti laddhan±mo sakko devar±j± devasaªghena saddhi½ ta½ subha½ kamm±radh²tara½ attano deviddhiy± upasaªkamma namassati, pañcapatiµµhitena vandat²ti attho.

Subh±kamm±radh²tuther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.

V²satinip±tavaººan± niµµhit±.