3. C±p±ther²g±th±vaººan±

Laµµhihattho pure ±s²ti-±dik± c±p±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi purimabuddhesu kat±dhik±r± tattha tattha bhave vivaµµ³panissaya½ kusala½ upacinant², anukkamena upacitakusalam³l± sambhatavimokkhasambh±r± hutv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de vaªgah±rajanapade aññatarasmi½ migaluddakag±me jeµµhakamigaluddakassa dh²t± hutv± nibbatti, c±p±tiss± n±ma½ ahosi. Tena ca samayena upako ±j²vako bodhimaº¹ato dhammacakka½ pavattetu½ b±r±ºasi½ uddissa gacchantena satth±r± sam±gato “vippasann±ni kho te, ±vuso, indriy±ni, parisuddho chavivaººo pariyod±to, ka½si tva½, ±vuso, uddissa pabbajito, ko v± te satth±, kassa v± tva½ dhamma½ roces²”ti (mah±va. 11; ma. ni. 1.285) pucchitv±–
“Sabb±bhibh³ sabbavid³hamasmi, sabbesu dhammesu an³palitto;
sabbañjaho taºh±kkhaye vimutto, saya½ abhiññ±ya kamuddiseyya½. (Dha. pa. 353; mah±va. 11; kath±. 405; ma. ni. 1.285).
“Na me ±cariyo atthi, sadiso me na vijjati;
sadevakasmi½ lokasmi½, natthi me paµipuggalo.
“Ahañhi arah± loke, aha½ satth± anuttaro;
ekomhi samm±sambuddho, s²tibh³tomhi nibbuto.
“Dhammacakka½ pavattetu½, gacch±mi k±sina½ pura½;
andh²bh³tasmi½ lokasmi½, ±hañcha½ amatadundubhin”ti. (Mah±va. 11; kath±. 405; ma. ni. 1.285)–

Satth±r± attano sabbaññubuddhabh±ve dhammacakkapavattane ca pavedite pasannacitto so “hupeyyap±vuso, arahasi anantajino”ti (mah±va. 11; ma. ni. 1.285) vatv± ummagga½ gahetv± pakkanto vaªgah±rajanapada½ agam±si. So tattha eka½ migaluddakag±maka½ upaniss±ya v±sa½ kappesi. Ta½ tattha jeµµhakamigaluddako upaµµh±si. So ekadivasa½ d³ra½ migava½ gacchanto “mayha½ arahante m± pamajj²”ti attano dh²tara½ c±pa½ ±º±petv± agam±si saddhi½ puttabh±tukehi. S± cassa dh²t± abhir³p± hoti dassan²y±.

Atha kho upako ±j²vako bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ migaluddakassa ghara½ gato parivisitu½ upagata½ c±pa½ disv± r±gena abhibh³to bhuñjitumpi asakkonto bh±janena bhatta½ ±d±ya vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± bhatta½ ekamante nikkhipitv± “sace c±pa½ labhiss±mi, j²v±mi, no ce, mariss±m²”ti nir±h±ro nipajji. Sattame divase migaluddako ±gantv± dh²tara½ pucchi– “ki½ mayha½ arahante na pamajj²”ti? S± “ekadivasameva ±gantv± puna n±gatapubbo”ti ±ha. Migaluddako ca t±vadevassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± “ki½, bhante, aph±sukan”ti p±de parimajjanto pucchi. Upako nitthunanto parivattatiyeva. So “vadatha, bhante, ya½ may± sakk± k±tu½, sabba½ ta½ kariss±m²”ti ±ha. Upako ekena pariy±yena attano ajjh±saya½ ±rocesi. “Itaro j±n±si pana, bhante, kiñci sippan”ti. “Na j±n±m²”ti. “Na, bhante, kiñci sippa½ aj±nantena sakk± ghara½ ±vasitun”ti. So ±ha– “n±ha½ kiñci sippa½ j±n±mi, apica tumh±ka½ ma½sah±rako bhaviss±mi, ma½sañca vikkiºiss±m²”ti. M±gaviko “amh±kampi etadeva ruccat²”ti uttaras±µaka½ datv± attano sah±yakassa gehe katip±ha½ vas±petv± t±dise divase ghara½ ±netv± dh²tara½ ad±si.
Atha k±le gacchante tesa½ sa½v±samanv±ya putto nibbatti, subhaddotissa n±ma½ aka½su. C±p± tassa rodanak±le “upakassa putta, ±j²vakassa putta, ma½sah±rakassa putta, m± rodi m± rod²”ti-±din± puttatosanag²tena upaka½ uppaº¹esi. So “m± tva½ c±pe ma½ ‘an±tho’ti maññi, atthi me sah±yo anantajino n±ma, tass±ha½ santika½ gamiss±m²”ti ±ha. C±p± “evamaya½ aµµ²yat²”ti ñatv± punappuna½ tath± kathesiyeva. So ekadivasa½ t±ya tath± vutto kujjhitv± gantum±raddho. T±ya ta½ ta½ vatv± anun²yam±nopi saññatti½ an±gacchanto pacchimadis±bhimukho pakk±mi.
Bhagav± ca tena samayena s±vatthiya½ jetavane viharanto bhikkh³na½ ±cikkhi– “yo, bhikkhave, ajja ‘kuhi½ anantajino’ti idh±gantv± pucchati, ta½ mama santika½ peseth±”ti. Upakopi “kuhi½ anantajino vasat²”ti tattha tattha pucchanto anupubbena s±vatthi½ gantv± vih±ra½ pavisitv± vih±ramajjhe µhatv± “kuhi½ anantajino”ti pucchi. Ta½ bhikkh³ bhagavato santika½ nayi½su. So bhagavanta½ disv± “j±n±tha ma½ bhagav±”ti ±ha. “¾ma, j±n±mi, kuhi½ pana tva½ ettaka½ k±la½ vas²”ti? “Vaªgah±rajanapade, bhante”ti. “Upaka, id±ni mahallako j±to pabbajitu½ sakkhissas²”ti? “Pabbajiss±mi, bhante”ti. Satth± aññatara½ bhikkhu½ ±º±pesi– “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, ima½ pabb±jeh²”ti. So ta½ pabb±jesi. So pabbajito satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± bh±vana½ anuyuñjanto na cirasseva an±g±miphale patiµµh±ya k±la½ katv± avihesu nibbatto, nibbattakkhaºeyeva arahatta½ p±puºi. Avihesu nibbattamatt± satta jan± arahatta½ patt±, tesa½ aya½ aññataro. Vuttañheta½–
“Aviha½ upapann±se, vimutt± satta bhikkhavo;
r±gadosaparikkh²º±, tiºº± loke visattika½.
“Upakopalagaº¹o ca, pakkus±ti ca te tayo;
bhaddiyo khaº¹adevo ca, b±huraggi ca siªgiyo;
te hitv± m±nusa½ deha½, dibbayoga½ upaccagun”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.105).
Upake pana pakkante nibbindahaday± c±p± d±raka½ ayyakassa niyy±detv± pubbe upakena gatamagga½ gacchant² s±vatthi½ gantv± bhikkhun²na½ santike pabbajitv± vipassan±ya kamma½ karont² maggapaµip±µiy± arahatte patiµµhit±, attano paµipatti½ paccavekkhitv± pubbe upakena attan± ca kathitag±th±yo ud±navasena ekajjha½ katv±–
292. “Laµµhihattho pure ±si, so d±ni migaluddako;
±s±ya palip± ghor±, n±sakkhi p±rametave.
293. “Sumatta½ ma½ maññam±n±, c±pi puttamatosayi;
c±p±ya bandhana½ chetv±, pabbajissa½ punopaha½.
294. “M± me kujjhi mah±v²ra, m± me kujjhi mah±muni;
na hi kodhaparetassa, suddhi atthi kuto tapo.
295. “Pakkamissañca n±¼±to, kodha n±¼±ya vacchati;
bandhant² itthir³pena, samaºe dhammaj²vino.
296. “Ehi k±¼a nivattassu, bhuñja k±me yath± pure;
ahañca te vas²kat±, ye ca me santi ñ±tak±.
297. “Etto c±pe catubbh±ga½, yath± bh±sasi tvañca me;
tayi rattassa posassa, u¼±ra½ vata ta½ siy±.
298. “K±¼aªgini½va takk±ri½, pupphita½ girimuddhani;
phulla½ d±limalaµµhi½va, antod²peva p±µali½.
299. “Haricandanalittaªgi½, k±sikuttamadh±rini½;
ta½ ma½ r³pavati½ santi½, kassa oh±ya½ gacchasi.
300. “S±kuntikova sakuºi½, yath± bandhitumicchati;
±harimena r³pena, na ma½ tva½ b±dhayissasi.
301. “Imañca me puttaphala½, k±¼a upp±dita½ tay±;
ta½ ma½ puttavati½ santi½, kassa oh±ya gacchasi.
302. “Jahanti putte sappaññ±, tato ñ±t² tato dhana½;
pabbajanti mah±v²r±, n±go chetv±va bandhana½.
303. “Id±ni te ima½ putta½, daº¹ena churik±ya v±;
bh³miya½ v± nisumbhissa½, puttasok± na gacchasi.
304. “Sace putta½ siªg±l±na½, kukkur±na½ pad±hisi;
na ma½ puttakatte jammi, punar±vattayissasi.
305. “Handa kho d±ni bhaddante, kuhi½ k±¼a gamissasi;
katama½ g±manigama½, nagara½ r±jadh±niyo.
306. “Ahumha pubbe gaºino, assamaº± samaºam±nino;
g±mena g±ma½ vicarimha, nagare r±jadh±niyo.
307. “Eso hi bhagav± buddho, nadi½ nerañjara½ pati;
sabbadukkhappah±n±ya, dhamma½ deseti p±ºina½;
tass±ha½ santika½ gaccha½, so me satth± bhavissati.
308. “Vandana½ d±ni me vajj±si, lokan±tha½ anuttara½;
padakkhiºañca katv±na, ±diseyy±si dakkhiºa½.
309. “Eta½ kho labbhamamhehi, yath± bh±sasi tvañca me;
vandana½ d±ni te vajja½, lokan±tha½ anuttara½;
padakkhiºañca katv±na, ±disiss±mi dakkhiºa½.
310. “Tato ca k±¼o pakk±mi, nadi½ nerañjara½ pati;
so addas±si sambuddha½, desenta½ amata½ pada½.
311. “Dukkha½ dukkhasamupp±da½, dukkhassa ca atikkama½;
ariya½ caµµhaªgika½ magga½, dukkh³pasamag±mina½.
312. “Tassa p±d±ni vanditv±, katv±na na½ padakkhiºa½;
c±p±ya ±disitv±na, pabbaji½ anag±riya½;
tisso vijj± anuppatt±, kata½ buddhassa s±sanan”ti.–

Im± g±th± abh±si.

Tattha laµµhihatthoti daº¹ahattho. Pureti pubbe paribb±jakak±le caº¹agoºakukkur±d²na½ pariharaºattha½ daº¹a½ hatthena gahetv± vicaraºako ahosi. So d±ni migaluddakoti so id±ni migaluddehi saddhi½ sambhogasa½v±sehi migaluddo m±gaviko j±to. ¾s±y±ti taºh±ya. “¾say±”tipi p±µho, ajjh±sayahet³ti attho. Palip±ti k±mapaªkato diµµhipaªkato ca. Ghor±ti aviditavipul±natth±vahatt± d±ruºato ghor±. N±sakkhi p±rametaveti tasseva palipassa p±rabh³ta½ nibb±na½ etu½ gantu½ na asakkhi, na abhisambhun²ti att±nameva sandh±ya upako vadati.
Sumatta½ ma½ maññam±n±ti attani suµµhu matta½ madappatta½ k±magedhavasena lagga½ pamatta½ v± katv± ma½ sallakkhant². C±p± puttamatosay²ti migaluddassa dh²t± c±p± “±j²vakassa putt±”ti-±din± ma½ ghaµµent² putta½ tosesi ke¼±yasi. “Supati ma½ maññam±n±”ti ca paµhanti, supat²ti ma½ maññam±n±ti attho. C±p±ya bandhana½ chetv±ti c±p±ya tayi uppanna½ kilesabandhana½ chinditv±. Pabbajissa½ punopahanti puna dutiyav±rampi aha½ pabbajiss±mi.
Id±ni tass± “mayha½ attho natth²”ti vadati, ta½ sutv± c±p± kham±pent² “m± me kujjh²”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha m± me kujjh²ti ke¼ikaraºamattena m± mayha½ kujjhi. Mah±v²ra, mah±mun²ti upaka½ ±lapati. Tañhi s± pubbepi pabbajito, id±nipi pabbajituk±moti katv± khantiñca pacc±s²sant² “mah±mun²”ti ±ha. Tenev±ha– “na hi kodhaparetassa, suddhi atthi kuto tapo”ti, tva½ ettakampi asahanto katha½ citta½ damessasi, katha½ v± tapa½ carissas²ti adhipp±yo.
Atha n±¼a½ gantv± j²vituk±mos²ti c±p±ya vutto ±ha– “pakkamissañca n±¼±to, kodha n±¼±ya vacchat²”ti ko idha n±¼±ya vasissati, n±¼±tova aha½ pakkamiss±meva. So hi tassa j±tag±mo, tato nikkhamitv± pabbaji. So ca magadharaµµhe bodhimaº¹assa ±sannapadese, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Bandhant² itthir³pena, samaºe dhammaj²vinoti c±pe tva½ dhammena j²vante dhammike pabbajite attano itthir³pena itthikutt±kappehi bandhant² tiµµhasi. Yen±ha½ id±ni ediso j±to, tasm± ta½ pariccaj±m²ti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ vutte c±p± ta½ nivattetuk±m± “ehi, k±¼±”ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho– k±¼avaººat±ya, k±¼a, upaka, ehi nivattassu m± pakkami, pubbe viya k±me paribhuñja, ahañca ye ca me santi ñ±tak±, te sabbeva tuyha½ m± pakkamituk±mat±ya vas²kat± vasavattino kat±ti.
Ta½ sutv± upako “etto c±pe”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha c±peti c±pe. C±pasadisa-aªgalaµµhit±ya hi s±, c±p±ti n±ma½ labhi, tasm±, c±p±ti vuccati. Tva½ c±pe, yath± bh±sasi, id±ni y±disa½ kathesi, ito catubbh±gameva piyasamud±c±ra½ kareyy±si. Tayi rattassa r±g±bhibh³tassa purisassa u¼±ra½ vata ta½ siy±, aha½ panetarahi tayi k±mesu ca viratto, tasm± c±p±ya vacane na tiµµh±m²ti adhipp±yo.
Puna, c±p±, attani tassa ±satti½ upp±detuk±m± “k±¼aªginin”ti ±ha. Tattha, k±¼±ti tass±lapana½. Aªgininti aªgalaµµhisampanna½. Iv±ti upam±ya nip±to. Takk±ri½ pupphita½ girimuddhan²ti pabbatamuddhani µhita½ supupphitad±limalaµµhi½ viya. “Ukk±g±rin”ti ca keci paµhanti, aªgatthilaµµhi½ viy±ti attho. Girimuddhan²ti ca ida½ kenaci anupahatasobhat±dassanattha½ vutta½. Keci “k±liªginin”ti p±µha½ vatv± tassa kumbhaº¹alat±sadisanti attha½ vadanti. Phulla½ d±limalaµµhi½v±ti pupphita½ b²jap³ralata½ viya. Antod²peva p±µalinti d²pakabbhantare pupphitap±µalirukkha½ viya, d²paggahaºañcettha sobh±p±µih±riyadassanatthameva.
Haricandanalittaªginti lohitacandanena anulittasabbaªgi½. K±sikuttamadh±rininti uttamak±sikavatthadhara½. Ta½ manti t±disa½ ma½. R³pavati½ santinti r³pasampanna½ sam±na½. Kassa oh±ya gacchas²ti kassa n±ma sattassa, kassa v± hetuno, kena k±raºena, oh±ya pah±ya pariccajitv± gacchasi.
Ito parampi tesa½ vacanapaµivacanag±th±va µhapetv± pariyos±ne tisso g±th±. Tattha s±kuntikov±ti sakuºaluddo viya. ¾harimena r³pen±ti kesamaº¹an±din± sar²rajagganena ceva vatth±bharaº±din± ca abhisaªkh±rikena r³pena vaººena kittimena c±turiyen±ti attho. Na ma½ tva½ b±dhayissas²ti pubbe viya id±ni ma½ tva½ na b±dhitu½ sakkhissasi.
Puttaphalanti puttasaªkh±ta½ phala½ puttapasavo.
Sappaññ±ti paññavanto, sa½s±re ±d²navavibh±viniy± paññ±ya samann±gat±ti adhipp±yo. Te hi appa½ v± mahanta½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ bhogakkhandha½ v± pah±ya pabbajanti. Ten±ha– “pabbajanti mah±v²r±, n±go chetv±va bandhanan”ti, ayabandhana½ viya hatthin±go gihibandhana½ chinditv± mah±v²riy±va pabbajanti, na nih²nav²riy±ti attho.
Daº¹en±ti yena kenaci daº¹ena. Churik±y±ti khurena. Bh³miya½ v± nisumbhissanti pathaviya½ p±tetv± pothanavijjhan±din± vib±dhiss±mi. Puttasok± na gacchas²ti puttasokanimitta½ na gacchissasi.
Pad±his²ti dassasi. Puttakatteti puttak±raº±. Jamm²ti tass± ±lapana½, l±maketi attho.
Id±ni tassa gamana½ anuj±nitv± gamanaµµh±na½ j±nitu½ “handa kho”ti g±tham±ha.
Itaro pubbe aha½ aniyy±nika½ s±sana½ paggayha aµµh±si½, id±ni pana niyy±nike anantajinassa s±sane µh±tuk±mo, tasm± tassa santika½ gamiss±m²ti dassento “ahumh±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha gaºinoti gaºadhar±. Assamaº±ti na samitap±p±. Samaºam±ninoti samitap±p±ti eva½ saññino. Vicarimh±ti p³raº±d²su att±na½ pakkhipitv± vadati.
Nerañjara½ pat²ti nerañjar±ya nadiy± sam²pe tass± t²re. Buddhoti abhisambodhi½ patto, abhisambodhi½ patv± dhamma½ desento sabbak±la½ bhagav± tattheva vas²ti adhipp±yena vadati.
Vandana½ d±ni me vajj±s²ti mama vandana½ vadeyy±si, mama vacanena lokan±tha½ anuttara½ vadeyy±s²ti attho. Padakkhiºañca katv±na, ±diseyy±si dakkhiºanti buddha½ bhagavanta½ tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv±pi cat³su µh±nesu vanditv±, tato puññato mayha½ pattid±na½ dento padakkhiºa½ ±diseyy±si buddhaguº±na½ sutapubbatt± hetusampannat±ya ca eva½ vadati.
Eta½ kho labbhamamheh²ti eta½ padakkhiºakaraºa½ puñña½ amhehi tava d±tu½ sakk±, na nivattana½, pubbe viya k±m³pabhogo ca na sakk±ti adhipp±yo. Te vajjanti tava vandana½ vajja½ vakkh±mi.
Soti k±¼o, addas±s²ti addakkhi.
Satthudesan±ya½ saccakath±ya padh±natt± tabbinimutt±ya abh±vato “dukkhan”ti-±di vutta½, sesa½ vuttanayameva.

C±p±ther²g±th±vaººan± niµµhit±.