11. Dv±dasakanip±to

1. Uppalavaºº±ther²g±th±vaººan±

Dv±dasakanip±te ubho m±t± ca dh²t± c±ti-±dik± uppalavaºº±ya theriy± g±th±. Ayampi padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbattitv± viññuta½ patv±, mah±janena saddhi½ satthu santika½ gantv±, dhamma½ suºant² satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ iddhimant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± satt±ha½ buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. S± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu½ sa½sarant² kassapabuddhak±le b±r±ºasinagare kikissa k±sirañño gehe paµisandhi½ gahetv± sattanna½ bhagin²na½ abbhantar± hutv± v²sativassasahass±ni brahmacariya½ caritv± bhikkhusaªghassa pariveºa½ katv± devaloke nibbatt±.
Tato cavitv± puna manussaloka½ ±gacchant² ekasmi½ g±make sahatth± kamma½ katv± j²vanakaµµh±ne nibbatt±. S± ekadivasa½ khettakuµi½ gacchant² antar±magge ekasmi½ sare p±tova pupphita½ padumapuppha½ disv± ta½ sara½ oruyha tañceva puppha½ l±japakkhipanatth±ya paduminipattañca gahetv± ked±re s±lis²s±ni chinditv± kuµik±ya nisinn± l±je bhajjitv± pañca l±jasat±ni katv± µhapesi. Tasmi½ khaºe gandham±danapabbate nirodhasam±pattito vuµµhito eko paccekabuddho ±gantv± tass± avid³re µh±ne aµµh±si. S± paccekabuddha½ disv± l±jehi saddhi½ padumapuppha½ gahetv±, kuµito oruyha l±je paccekabuddhassa patte pakkhipitv± padumapupphena patta½ pidh±ya ad±si. Athass± paccekabuddhe thoka½ gate etadahosi– “pabbajit± n±ma pupphena anatthik±, aha½ puppha½ gahetv± pi¼andhiss±m²”ti gantv± paccekabuddhassa hatthato puppha½ gahetv± puna cintesi– “sace, ayyo, pupphena anatthiko abhaviss±, pattamatthake µhapetu½ n±dassa, addh± ayyassa attho bhavissat²”ti puna gantv± pattamatthake µhapetv± paccekabuddha½ kham±petv±, “bhante, imesa½ me l±j±na½ nissandena l±jagaºan±ya putt± assu, padumapupphassa nissandena nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne pade pade padumapuppha½ uµµhahat³”ti patthana½ ak±si. Paccekubuddho tass± passantiy±va ±k±sena gandham±danapabbata½ gantv± ta½ paduma½ nandam³lakapabbh±re paccekabuddh±na½ akkamanasop±nasam²pe p±dapuñchana½ katv± µhapesi.
S±pi tassa kammassa nissandena devaloke paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya cass± pade pade mah±padumapuppha½ uµµh±si. S± tato cavitv± pabbatap±de ekasmi½ padumasare padumagabbhe nibbatti. Ta½ niss±ya eko t±paso vasati. So p±tova mukhadhovanatth±ya sara½ gantv± ta½ puppha½ disv± cintesi– “ida½ puppha½ sesehi mahantatara½, ses±ni ca pupphit±ni ida½ makulitameva, bhavitabbamettha k±raºen±”ti udaka½ otaritv± ta½ puppha½ gaºhi. Ta½ tena gahitamattameva pupphita½. T±paso antopadumagabbhe nipannad±rika½ addasa. Diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya ca dh²tusineha½ labhitv± padumeneva saddhi½ paººas±la½ netv± mañcake nipajj±pesi. Athass± puññ±nubh±vena aªguµµhake kh²ra½ nibbatti. So tasmi½ pupphe mil±te añña½ nava½ puppha½ ±haritv± ta½ nipajj±pesi. Athass± ±dh±vanavidh±vanena k²¼itu½ samatthak±lato paµµh±ya padav±re padav±re padumapuppha½ uµµh±ti, kuªkumar±sissa viya ass± sar²ravaººo hoti. S± apatt± devavaººa½, atikkant± m±nusavaººa½ ahosi. S± pitari phal±phalatth±ya gate paººas±l±ya½ ohiyati.
Athekadivasa½ tass± vayappattak±le pitari phal±phalatth±ya gate eko vanacarako ta½ disv± cintesi– “manuss±na½ n±ma eva½vidha½ r³pa½ natthi, v²ma½siss±mi nan”ti t±pasassa ±gamana½ udikkhanto nis²di. S± pitari ±gacchante paµipatha½ gantv± tassa hatthato k±jakamaº¹alu½ aggahesi, ±gantv± nisinnassa cassa attano karaºavatta½ dassesi. Tad± so vanacarako manussabh±va½ ñatv± t±pasa½ abhiv±detv± nis²di. T±paso ta½ vanacaraka½ vanam³laphalehi ca p±n²yena ca nimantetv±, “bho purisa, imasmi½yeva µh±ne vasissasi, ud±hu gamissas²”ti pucchi. “Gamiss±mi, bhante, idha ki½ kariss±m²”ti? “Ida½ tay± diµµhak±raºa½ etto gantv± akathetu½ sakkhissas²”ti? “Sace, ayyo, na icchati, ki½k±raº± kathess±m²”ti t±pasa½ vanditv± puna ±gamanak±le maggasañj±nanattha½ s±kh±saññañca rukkhasaññañca karonto pakk±mi.
So b±r±ºasi½ gantv± r±j±na½ addasa. R±j± “kasm± ±gatos²”ti pucchi. “Aha½, deva, tumh±ka½ vanacarako pabbatap±de acchariya½ itthiratana½ disv± ±gatomh²”ti sabba½ pavatti½ kathesi. So tassa vacana½ sutv± vegena pabbatap±da½ gantv± avid³re µh±ne khandh±v±ra½ niv±setv± vanacarakena ceva aññehi ca purisehi saddhi½ t±pasassa bhattakicca½ katv± nisinnavel±ya tattha gantv± abhiv±detv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ nis²di. R±j± t±pasassa pabbajitaparikkh±rabhaº¹a½ p±dam³le µhapetv±, “bhante, imasmi½ µh±ne ki½ karoma, gamiss±m±”ti ±ha. “Gaccha, mah±r±j±”ti. “¾ma, gacch±mi, bhante, ayyassa pana sam²pe visabh±gaparis± atth²”ti assumh±, as±rupp± es± pabbajit±na½, may± saddhi½ gacchatu, bhanteti. Manuss±na½ n±ma citta½ duttosaya½, katha½ bah³na½ majjhe vasissat²ti? Amh±ka½ rucitak±lato paµµh±ya ses±na½ jeµµhakaµµh±ne µhapetv± paµijaggiss±ma, bhanteti.
So rañño katha½ sutv± daharak±le gahitan±mavaseneva, “amma, padumavat²”ti dh²tara½ pakkosi. S± ekavacaneneva paººas±lato nikkhamitv± pitara½ abhiv±detv± aµµh±si. Atha na½ pit± ±ha– “tva½, amma, vayappatt±, imasmi½ µh±ne raññ± diµµhak±lato paµµh±ya vasitu½ ayutt±, raññ± saddhi½ gaccha, amm±”ti. S± “s±dhu, t±t±”ti pitu vacana½ sampaµicchitv± abhiv±detv± rodam±n± aµµh±si. R±j± “imiss± pitu citta½ gaºhiss±m²”ti tasmi½yeva µh±ne kah±paºar±simhi µhapetv± abhiseka½ ak±si. Atha na½ gahetv± attano nagara½ ±netv± ±gatak±lato paµµh±ya sesitthiyo anoloketv± t±ya saddhi½yeva ramati. T± itthiyo iss±pakat± ta½ rañño antare paribhindituk±m± evam±ha½su– “n±ya½, mah±r±ja, manussaj±tik±, kaha½ n±ma tumhehi manuss±na½ vicaraºaµµh±ne padum±ni uµµhahant±ni diµµhapubb±ni, addh± aya½ yakkhin², n²haratha na½, mah±r±j±”ti. R±j± t±sa½ katha½ sutv± tuºh² ahosi.
Athass±parena samayena paccanto kupito. So “garugabbh± padumavat²”ti nagare µhapetv± paccanta½ agam±si. Atha t± itthiyo tass± upaµµh±yik±ya lañja½ datv± “imiss± d±raka½ j±tamattameva apanetv± eka½ d±rughaµika½ lohitena makkhitv± santike µhapeh²”ti ±ha½su. Padumavatiy±pi nacirasseva gabbhavuµµh±na½ ahosi. Mah±padumakum±ro ekakova kucchiya½ paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Avases± ek³napañcasat± d±rak± mah±padumakum±rassa m±tukucchito nikkhamitv± nipannak±le sa½sedaj± hutv± nibbatti½su. Athass± “na t±va aya½ sati½ paµilabhat²”ti ñatv± s± upaµµh±yik± eka½ d±rughaµika½ lohitena makkhitv± sam²pe µhapetv± t±sa½ itth²na½ sañña½ ad±si. T±pi pañcasat± itthiyo ekek± ekeka½ d±raka½ gahetv± cundak±rak±na½ santika½ pesetv± karaº¹ake ±har±petv± attan± attan± gahitad±rake tattha nipajj±petv± bahi lañchana½ katv± µhapayi½su.
Padumavat²pi kho sañña½ labhitv± ta½ upaµµh±yika½ “ki½ vij±tamhi, amm±”ti pucchi. S± ta½ santajjetv± “kuto tva½ d±raka½ labhissas²”ti vatv± “aya½ tava kucchito nikkhantad±rako”ti lohitamakkhita½ d±rughaµika½ purato µhapesi. S± ta½ disv± domanassappatt± “s²gha½ ta½ ph±letv± apanehi, sace koci passeyya, lajjitabba½ bhaveyy±”ti ±ha. S± tass± katha½ sutv± atthak±m± viya d±rughaµika½ ph±letv± uddhane pakkhipi.
R±j±pi paccantato ±gantv± nakkhatta½ paµim±nento bahinagare khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± nis²di. Atha t± pañcasat± itthiyo rañño paccuggamana½ ±gantv± ±ha½su– “tva½, mah±r±ja, na amh±ka½ saddahasi, amhehi vutta½ ak±raºa½ viya hoti, tva½ mahesiy± upaµµh±yika½ pakkos±petv± paµipuccha, d±rughaµika½ te dev² vij±t±”ti. R±j± ta½ k±raºa½ anupaparikkhitv±va “amanussaj±tik± bhavissat²”ti ta½ gehato nikka¹¹hi. Tass± r±jagehato saha nikkhamaneneva padumapupph±ni antaradh±yi½su, sar²racchav²pi vivaºº± ahosi. S± ekik±va antarav²thiy± p±y±si. Atha na½ ek± vayappatt± mahallik± itth² disv± dh²tusineha½ upp±detv± “kaha½ gacchasi, amm±”ti ±ha. “¾gantukamhi, vasanaµµh±na½ olokent² vicar±m²”ti. “Idh±gaccha, amm±”ti vasanaµµh±na½ datv± bhojana½ paµiy±desi.
Tass± imin±va niy±mena tattha vasam±n±ya t± pañcasat± itthiyo ekacitt± hutv± r±j±na½ ±ha½su– “mah±r±ja, tumhesu yuddha½ gatesu amhehi gaªg±devat±ya ‘amh±ka½ deve vijitasaªg±me ±gate balikamma½ katv± udakak²¼a½ kariss±m±’ti patthita½ atthi, etamattha½, deva, j±n±pem±”ti. R±j± t±sa½ vacanena tuµµho gaªg±ya udakak²¼a½ k±tu½ agam±si. T±pi attan± attan± gahitakaraº¹aka½ paµicchanna½ katv± ±d±ya nadi½ gantv± tesa½ karaº¹ak±na½ paµicch±danattha½ p±rupitv± p±rupitv± udake patitv± karaº¹ake vissajjesu½ Tepi kho karaº¹ak± sabbe saha gantv± heµµh±sote pas±ritaj±lamhi laggi½su. Tato udakak²¼a½ k²¼itv± rañño uttiººak±le j±la½ ukkhipant± te karaº¹ake disv± rañño santika½ ±nayi½su.
R±j± karaº¹ake oloketv± “ki½, t±t±, karaº¹akes³”ti ±ha. “Na j±n±ma, dev±”ti. So te karaº¹ake vivar±petv± olokento paµhama½ mah±padumakum±rassa karaº¹aka½ vivar±pesi. Tesa½ pana sabbesampi karaº¹akesu nipajj±pitadivasesuyeva puññiddhiy± aªguµµhato kh²ra½ nibbatti. Sakko devar±j± tassa rañño nikkaªkhabh±vattha½ antokaraº¹ake akkhar±ni likh±pesi– “ime kum±r± padumavatiy± kucchimhi nibbatt± b±r±ºasirañño putt±, atha ne padumavatiy± sapattiyo pañcasat± itthiyo karaº¹akesu pakkhipitv± udake khipi½su, r±j± ima½ k±raºa½ j±n±t³”ti. Karaº¹ake vivaµamatte r±j± akkhar±ni v±cetv± d±rake disv± mah±padumakum±ra½ ukkhipitv± vegena rathe yojetv± “asse kappetha, aha½ ajja antonagara½ pavisitv± ekacc±na½ m±tug±m±na½ piya½ kariss±m²”ti p±s±davara½ ±ruyha hatthig²v±ya sahassabhaº¹ika½ µhapetv± nagare bheri½ car±pesi– “yo padumavati½ passati, so ima½ sahassa½ gaºh±t³”ti.
Ta½ katha½ sutv± padumavat² m±tu sañña½ ad±si– “hatthig²vato sahassa½ gaºha, amm±”ti. “N±ha½ evar³pa½ gaºhitu½ visah±m²”ti ±ha. S± dutiyampi tatiyampi vutte “ki½ vatv± gaºh±mi, amm±”ti ±ha. “‘Mama dh²t± padumavati½ devi½ passat²’ti vatv± gaºh±h²”ti. S± “ya½ v± ta½ v± hot³”ti gantv± sahassacaªkoµaka½ gaºhi. Atha na½ manuss± pucchi½su– “padumavati½ devi½ passasi, amm±”ti? “Aha½ na pass±mi, dh²t± kira me passat²”ti ±ha. Te “kaha½ pana s±, amm±”ti vatv± t±ya saddhi½ gantv± padumavati½ sañj±nitv± p±desu nipati½su. Tasmi½ k±le s± “padumavat² dev² ayan”ti ñatv± “bh±riya½ vata itthiy± kamma½ kata½, y± eva½vidhassa rañño mahes² sam±n± evar³pe µh±ne nir±rakkh± vas²”ti ±ha.